Democratic Party of Moldova
|Parliamentary group leader||Dumitru Diacov|
|Founded||8 February 1997|
|European affiliation||Party of European Socialists (associate)|
|International affiliation||Socialist International|
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The Democratic Party of Moldova (Romanian: Partidul Democrat din Moldova, PDM) is a centre-left political party in the Republic of Moldova. The party was established in 1997 and it is an associate member of the Party of European Socialists (PES) and is a full member of the Socialist International.
- 1 History
- 2 DPM congresses
- 3 Logo
- 4 Organization and DPM team
- 5 Leadership
- 6 Objectives
- 7 Election results
- 8 International membership
- 9 References
- 10 External links
The party was established on 8 February 1997 as the Movement for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova (MDPM). On 17 October 1998 at the Congress, the leadership of the party was chosen and the status and political program based on the principles of social democracy was adopted. In parliamentary elections of March 1998, the electoral bloc formed on the basis of the Movement – the Bloc for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova – won over 18% of the votes and 24 seats in Parliament respectively, which allowed it to participate in governance, within the Alliance for Democracy and Reforms (ADR). From 1997 until the summer of 2009, the party was led by Dumitru Diacov, who, within 1997-2001, held the position of Chairman of Parliament. In 1999, Ion Sturza, the MDPM representative, was appointed for the position of the Prime Minister.
On 15 April 2000, at the Congress of the Movement for a Democratic and Prosperous Moldova was changed its name to the Democratic Party of Moldova. In parliamentary elections of February 2001, the DPM won 79,757 votes (5.02%) but failed to overcome the 6% electoral threshold. On 25 May 2003, at the local elections, the party won over 8.3% of the votes and took good position in the country.
On 22 November 2003, at the Congress the new objectives of the party were set. One of the core document that was adopted at the Congress was the new edition of the political program, where the party declares an immutable character of its scopes and principals. At the Congress, the Democratic Party declared the intention to become a member of Socialist International and the Resolution on relationships between Democratic Party of Moldova and the trade union movement was adopted. On 8 May 2004, in respond to the voters' expectations regarding strengthening the reforming and democratic forces, the Democratic Party of Moldova, the Alliance “Our Moldova” and Social and Liberal Party (SLP) established the Democratic Moldova Block (DMB).
Following the parliamentary elections held on 6 March 2005, the DPM won 8 seats in the parliament, being the only party which had lost the election in 2001 and came back in the parliament in 2005. In October 2007, the SLP MPs joined the DPM’s parliamentary group and the number of democrats increased to 11, thus, the DPM became at that time the third political force in the Parliament.
After merging of the PDM with the Social-Liberal Party, which took place at the Congress on 10 February 2008, Dumitru Diacov was re-elected as a chairman of the party, and former SLP leader Oleg Serebrian became the deputy chairman. The PDM's party hymn became the Beethoven's "Ode to Joy", which symbolizes the pro-European vector of the party and its adhesion to the European federalist flow. On 19 July 2009, Marian Lupu was elected as party chairman at the Extraordinary Congress of the PDM.
In the 29 July 2009 elections, the DPM won 13 seats, and became in a very short time one out of four components of the Alliance for European Integration (AEI) that gained the majority at the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. Marian Lupu, the DPM’s candidate, was delegated as the candidate of the Alliance for European Integration for the position of the President of the Republic of Moldova at the elections held on 10 November and 7 December 2009 but did not gain enough votes.
At the early 2013, following the resonant case “Pădurea Domnească” (Reign Forest) the alliance fell apart. In May 2013, DPM (with 15 MPs), the Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova (31 MPs) and the Liberal Reformist Party (7 MPS) established the new governing coalition - the Pro-European Coalition.
Following the parliamentary elections of 30 November 2014, the DPM won 15.8% and formed the pro-European governing coalition, having 19 MPs in the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova. After the elections, the DPM and LDPM (23 MPs) has established the minority governing coalition – the Political Alliance for a European Moldova.
Since 2009, the Democratic Party has been a full member of the Socialist International. From 2010 until 2015, the DPM was an observer member of the Party of European Socialists and in June 2015, the PDM became an associate member of the Party of European Socialists.
The government headed by Mr. Pavel Filip was voted and appointed, with the votes of 57 members of parliament: 20 PDM’s MPs, 13 LP’s MPs, 14 former Communist Party’s MPs, 8 LDPM’s MPs and 2 former LDPM’s MPs.
The VIIIth Congress was called after the decisions adopted at the meeting of the DPM’s Political Council held on 10 December 2016 when the party leader, Mr. Marian Lupu, announced his resignation from the PDM’s chairman position. The main task of the VIIIth Congress was the election of new leadership, adoption of new changes in the party's statute and streamlining new modernization objectives of the party. The businessman, Mr. Vlad Plahotniuc was elected for the position of the DPM chairman and he gained unanimous supportive votes of delegates at the congress. Mr. Vlad Plahotniuc said that he would focus on the modernization of the political party, to become a party that promotes citizens' interests rather than geopolitical ones. The congress delegates also elected Mr. Pavel Filip as first deputy chairman of the PDM, voted the list of the new National Political Council and adopted the new edition of the Party Statute.
According to the organizers, about 1000 delegates from all the districts of the country and guests from abroad participated in the congress.
On 10 March 2017, the 14 former Communist MPs who formed SDPM "Social Democratic Platform for Moldova" joined the parliamentary faction of the Democratic Party of Moldova. Democratic faction leader, Mr. Marian Lupu said at the press briefing that the decision of the 14 MPS “is a step that will lead to the strengthening of the parliamentary majority”, thus, the DPM become largest political group in the Parliament.
In the 2019 parliamentary election, the DPM received 23.6% of the vote, gaining 30 seats in parliament, making it the second largest party in Moldova.
The DPM’s doctrine is based on the principles of social democracy. It has the following core values: Equality, so that all individuals can realize their potential on fair terms; Solidarity, so that all people have everything they need for a decent standard of living; and Freedom, so that each individual can build his/her own personal life project.
|The event||The date of the event||Decisions/results|
|The Congress for the constitution
of the Social-Political Movement
"FOR A DEMOCRATIC AND PROSPERITY MOLDOVA"
|8 February 1997|
|The Congress I of PmDPM||17 October 1998||
|The Congress II of PmDPM||15 April 2000|
|The Congress III of DPM||22 November 2003||
|The Congress IV of DPM||3 July 2005||
|The Congress V of DPM||10 February 2008||
|The Extraordinary Congress VI of the DPM||19 July 2009||
|The Congress VII of DPM||16 June 2012||
|The Congress VIII of DPM||24 December 2016|
|The Congress IX of DPM||7 September 2019||
The logo of the Democratic Party of Moldova is composed of three roses growing from a stem, crowned with a semicircle.
Organization and DPM team
The DPM’s National Political Council is the governing body of the party during the period between two congresses. The meeting of the National Political Council is convened at least twice a year by the Chairman of the DPM or at the request of at least 1/3 of the members of the National Political Council. The DPM’s National Political Council is elected by the Congress for a term of four years, the numerical composition being determined by the DPM’s Congress decision. The Political Council is representative of the members of all the districts of the country, which ensures the PDM members' decision-making power is valued and respected. The DPM’s Executive Board is the decision-making executive body of the DPM, which coordinates the activity of the latter during the period between meetings of the National Political Council. The Executive Board is elected for a term of four and composed of 31 members. The Permanent Bureau is the body that carries out an operational analysis and synthesis of the activity of the party during the period between meetings of the National Political Council and the Executive Board and is convened weekly or when necessary, at the request of Chairman of the DPM. The Permanent Bureau of the DPM brings together the Chairman, First Deputy Chairman, Honorary Chairman, Deputy-Chairmen and Secretary General of the DPM. This leadership is mandated by party members to analyze and decide on the day-to-day political activities of the DPM.
The DPM includes Women Organization, Democratic Youth, "Treasure of the Nation" Elderly People Organization, and local elected officials. The Women Organization is the most powerful, active and representative party organization of women in Moldova.
The number of the party members
The number of the party members: ~ 54,200 (07/2018)
- Pavel Filip - President of the DPM; the MP in the parliament of the RM
- Dumitru Diacov - honorary chairman; president of the DPM faction in Parliament
- Alexandru Jizdan - DPM Secretary General; the MP in the parliament of the RM
The DPM aims to achieve the following political objectives, according to its core values and the needs of sustainable development of the Republic of Moldova:
1. Consolidation of the constitutional order in the state, guaranteeing respect for political, economic and social human rights in line with the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the European Convention on Human Rights and other international legal instruments;
2. Building and confirmation in the Republic of Moldova of a civil nation according to the principle "we are all Moldovans as citizens of the Republic of Moldova", while respecting the right of every citizen to ethnic self-identification;
3. Completion of the process of territorial reintegration of the Republic of Moldova through political decisions, in a peaceful manner;
4. Assignment of a socially active role to the state, which through strong institutions should become a balancing force in society. The state is the one who should take care to ensure public welfare, to perform the tasks of common interest, to promote justice and solidarity in society. The attributes of strong public institutions are good governance, law and transparency;
5. Reformation and modernization of local and central public administration, whose activity needs to be aligned with the interests of the country and oriented towards serving citizens;
6. Implementation in the Republic of Moldova of the concept of a powerful social state that plays a key role in protecting against social risks, in ensuring economic and social well-being of its citizens, focusing on education, research, innovation, culture and adherence to national values;
7. Enforcement of the right of citizens to work and of the right to build their own future in economic and social security. In this regard, the DPM believes that the state is obliged to invest in the citizen and ensure well-paid jobs and continuous professional training of citizens;
8. Establishment of a fair system of redistribution of state revenues aimed at providing decent living conditions for people unable to work (children, elderly people, disabled people, etc.) It is necessary to develop and use the resources of society to ensure equal rights, to give everyone a chance to create their own destiny, to reduce economic inequalities, to fight poverty and ensure social justice;
9. Development the optimal set of programs for the social protection of vulnerable social groups, paying great attention to development and promotion of policies of social inclusion and employment of disabled people;
10. Establishment of an effective health care and education system, to which every citizen should have access, regardless of available financial resources;
11. Diversification and development of modern programs for training and adoption of young people in conjunction with the policies based on the active ageing concept;
12. Guaranteeing the right to private property and ensuring free and fair competition as the basis of the market economy, human dignity and security. Private property is an economic expression of a free initiative of the citizen and a key factor in overall economic progress, individual and collective well-being;
13. Consolidation of representative democracy to lend more credibility to institutions and to ensure citizens the right to free expression and participation in decision-making processes;
14. Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms, the right to cultural, linguistic, religious and ethnic identity of citizens of the Republic of Moldova. We seek to combat and condemn any kind of extremism, manifestations of racism, chauvinism, ethnic or territorial separatism;
15. Ensuring equal opportunities between men and women, acknowledgment of women’s role in the family and Moldovan society, support and promotion of gender equality in the decisive structures of the party and the state;
16. Development of an equitable tax system aimed at guaranteeing security and helping reduce social tensions, as well as facilitate economic development;
17. Application of economic policies aimed at sustainable and uniform economic growth throughout the country based on innovation, productivity and competitiveness, creating conditions to generate revenues in budgets of all levels sufficient to ensure the implementation of social policies, as well as the well-being of the population;
18. Development of a competitive mixed economy, aimed at combining a dynamic private system, an effective public sector and a system of quality services available to citizens. Combination of efforts of these sectors, including by applying the concept of Private Public Partnership;
19. Implementation of the sustainable development principle aimed at meeting current needs. Conservation of environment which is threatened by human activities, risks of climate change and loss of biodiversity. The state must respond to the current needs of society in a manner that does not negatively affect the future of new generations;
20. Strengthening of the constitutional status of permanent neutrality;
21. Promotion of a balanced foreign policy aimed at ensuring the image and interests of the Republic of Moldova in the regional and global context, by integrating the Republic of Moldova into the European Union and developing cooperation with the CIS countries.
The Democratic Party of Moldova looks forward to the future.
|Year of elections||# Votes||% of votes||# Seats||+/–|
21 / 101
0 / 101
8 / 101
0 / 101
13 / 101
15 / 101
19 / 101
30 / 101
Note: in 2005, the DPM has participated at the elections together with the Alliance "Our Moldova"
District and Municipal Councils
|Year of elections||# Votes||% of votes||# Seats|
117 / 1,103
226 / 1,120
259 / 1,116
Note: in 2017 the number of representatives at the leading positions are 31 persons (the chairmen and deputy chairmen of the districts).
Town and village councils
|Year of elections||# Votes||% of votes||# Seats|
1,155 / 10,621
2,663 / 10,630
2,810 / 10,564
|Year of elections||Mayors||% of votes||# Seats|
74 / 895
220 / 898
287 / 898
Note: in 2017 the number of mayors is 396 persons.
The Democratic Party is a consultative member of the Socialist International (since 1 July 2008) and collaborates with the Party of European Socialists and with the Social Democrat and Social-Liberal Orientation parties from the other countries.
In June 2018, the Democratic Party of Moldova has joined the Social Democratic group of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe.
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- "Full Member Parties". Socialist International. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- Statute DPM
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- Democratic Party of Moldova welcomed into PES family
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- The A to Z of Moldova
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- Guvernul Pavel Filip
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- Modificarea siglei PDM
- http://www.pdm.md/en/national-political-council-dpm/ National Political Council DPM
- http://www.pdm.md/en/standing-bureau/ Standing Bureau
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- Numarul membrilor de partid
- "Ultima ora! Noul lider al Partidului Democrat este Pavel Filip", Pro TV, retrieved September 7, 2019
- Sloganul partidului
- Numărul de mandate
- Fracţiuni parlamentare
- Number of representatives with leading positions
- Number of mayors
- ДПМ была принята в Группу социал-демократов Парламентской ассамблеи ОБСЕ