Democratic Party of Turkmenistan
|Founded||16 December 1991|
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The Democratic Party of Turkmenistan (DPT) (Turkmen: Türkmenistanyň Demokratik partiýasy) is the dominant political party in Turkmenistan. The DPT was led by former Soviet provincial Party leader Saparmurat Niyazov from the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s until his death in 2006. In 2013 President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow suspended his party membership for the duration of his presidency. The current leader is Kasymguly Babaev.
The DPT was created following the dissolution of the Soviet Union as a successor party to the Communist Party of the Turkmen SSR. The internal structure of the old party was effectively unchanged in the transition, as was the old guard. The DPT has faced limited and sporadic challenges from alternative political parties in the past but have never faced a significant challenge during an election because of the often repressive nature of politics in the country. Opposition parties are usually crushed before they make any significant grounds in public opinion. This has been the case even after the formal legalization of opposition parties in 2010.
|Name||Term start||Term end||Notes|
|Saparmurat Niyazov||16 December 1991||21 December 2006||Died in office|
|Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow||21 December 2006||18 August 2013||Acting until 4 August 2007, Resigned|
|Kasymguly Babaev||18 August 2013||incumbent|
Due to the lack of opposition parties to contest for government, the DPT controls most, if not all, industries of significant revenue directly. Central planning is a key element of party policy and serves as the basis of functionality for government services. The party's ideology "Turkmen nationalism" was theorized by former party leader Saparmurat Niyazov for the purpose of an authoritarian state ideology in Turkmenistan.
Turkmenistan elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The Elections in Turkmenistan have been widely criticized for being completely fraudulent and attempting to give an appearance of legitimacy to what is in reality a dictatorship.
Assembly of Turkmenistan
The Assembly is a 50 member legislative body officially led by the President of Turkmenistan. The DPT, not unlike every other facet of political life in Turkmenistan, holds every seat. The last election for the assembly was held in December 2004 where the DPT received 100% of the votes cast of an estimated voter turnout of 76.9%
- Turkmen president quits top party
- Гурбангулы Бердымухамедов приостановил членство в Демпартии Туркменистана на время своего президентства
- http://www.europeanforum.net/country/turkmenistan retrieved: 12/23/2014
- Country Studies accessed on July 31, 2008
- Badykova, Najia (2004-06-18). "The Turkmen Economy: Challenges and Opportunities". St Antony's College, University of Oxford. Retrieved on July 31, 2008.
- BBC: Sunday, 19 December, 2004, 17:22 GMT: Turkmenistan's 'sham poll' closes