2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

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2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries

← 2016 February 3 to August 11, 2020 2024 →

  Joe Biden February 2020 crop.jpg Bernie Sanders March 2020 (cropped).jpg Elizabeth Warren by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Candidate Joe Biden Bernie Sanders Elizabeth Warren
Home state Delaware Vermont Massachusetts
Delegate count 2,687[2] 1,073[2] 63[2]
Contests won 46 9 0
Popular vote 19,076,052[3] 9,679,213[3] 2,831,472[3]
Percentage 51.8% 26.3% 7.7%

  Michael Bloomberg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg Amy Klobuchar by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Candidate Michael Bloomberg Pete Buttigieg Amy Klobuchar
Home state New York Indiana Minnesota
Delegate count 59[2] 21[2] 7[2]
Contests won 1 2 0
Popular vote 2,493,409[3] 924,237[3] 529,713[3]
Percentage 6.8% 2.5% 1.4%

  Tulsi Gabbard (48011616441) (cropped).jpg
Candidate Tulsi Gabbard
Home state Hawaii
Delegate count 2[2]
Contests won 0
Popular vote 273,940[3]
Percentage 0.7%

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2020 California Democratic presidential primary2020 Oregon Democratic presidential primary2020 Washington Democratic presidential primary2020 Idaho Democratic presidential primary2020 Nevada Democratic presidential caucuses2020 Utah Democratic presidential primary2020 Arizona Democratic presidential primary2020 Montana Democratic presidential primary2020 Wyoming Democratic presidential caucuses2020 Colorado Democratic presidential primary2020 New Mexico Democratic presidential primary2020 North Dakota Democratic presidential caucuses2020 South Dakota Democratic presidential primary2020 Nebraska Democratic presidential primary2020 Kansas Democratic presidential primary2020 Oklahoma Democratic presidential primary2020 Texas Democratic presidential primary2020 Minnesota Democratic presidential primary2020 Iowa Democratic presidential caucuses2020 Missouri Democratic presidential primary2020 Arkansas Democratic presidential primary2020 Louisiana Democratic presidential primary2020 Wisconsin Democratic presidential primary2020 Illinois Democratic presidential primary2020 Michigan Democratic presidential primary2020 Indiana Democratic presidential primary2020 Ohio Democratic presidential primary2020 Kentucky Democratic presidential primary2020 Tennessee Democratic presidential primary2020 Mississippi Democratic presidential primary2020 Alabama Democratic presidential primary2020 Georgia Democratic presidential primary2020 Florida Democratic presidential primary2020 South Carolina Democratic presidential primary2020 North Carolina Democratic presidential primary2020 Virginia Democratic presidential primary2020 West Virginia Democratic presidential primary2020 District of Columbia Democratic presidential primary2020 Maryland Democratic presidential primary2020 Delaware Democratic presidential primary2020 Pennsylvania Democratic presidential primary2020 New Jersey Democratic presidential primary2020 New York Democratic presidential primary2020 Connecticut Democratic presidential primary2020 Rhode Island Democratic presidential primary2020 Vermont Democratic presidential primary2020 New Hampshire Democratic presidential primary2020 Maine Democratic presidential primary2020 Massachusetts Democratic presidential primary2020 Alaska Democratic presidential primary2020 Hawaii Democratic presidential primary2020 Puerto Rico Democratic presidential primary2020 U.S. Virgin Islands presidential caucuses#Democratic caucuses2020 Northern Mariana Islands presidential caucuses#Democratic caucuses2020 American Samoa presidential caucuses#Democratic caucuses2020 Guam presidential caucuses#Democratic caucuses2020 Democrats Abroad presidential primary2020 Democratic National Convention roll call map.svg
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Previous Democratic nominee

Hillary Clinton

Democratic nominee

Joe Biden

Presidential primaries and caucuses were organized by the Democratic Party to select the 3,979[b] pledged delegates to the 2020 Democratic National Convention held on August 17–20 to determine the party's nominee for president in the 2020 United States presidential election. The elections took place in all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, five U.S. territories, and Democrats Abroad, and occurred between February 3 and August 11.

A total of 29 major candidates declared their candidacies for the primaries,[4] the largest field of presidential primary candidates for any American political party since the modern primaries began in 1972, exceeding the field of 17 major candidates in the 2016 Republican Party presidential primaries.[5] Former Vice President Joe Biden led polls throughout 2019, with the exception of a brief period in October when Senator Elizabeth Warren experienced a surge in support.[6] 18 of the 29 declared candidates withdrew before the formal beginning of the primary due to low polling, fundraising, and media coverage. The first primary was marred by controversy, as technical issues with vote reporting resulted in a three-day delay in vote counting in the Iowa caucus, as well as subsequent recounts. The certified results of the caucus eventually showed Mayor Pete Buttigieg winning the most delegates, while Senator Bernie Sanders won the popular vote in the state. Sanders then went on to win the New Hampshire primary in a narrow victory over Buttigieg before handily winning the Nevada caucus, cementing his status as the front-runner for the nomination.[7][8]

Biden, whose campaign fortunes had suffered from losses in Iowa, New Hampshire and Nevada, made a comeback by overwhelmingly winning the South Carolina primary, motivated by strong support from African American voters, an endorsement from South Carolina U.S. Representative Jim Clyburn, as well as Democratic establishment concerns about nominating Sanders.[9] After Biden won South Carolina, and before the Super Tuesday primaries, several moderate candidates dropped out of the race and endorsed Biden in what was viewed as a consolidation of the party's moderate wing.[10] Biden then went on to win 10 out of 15 contests on Super Tuesday, beating back challenges from Sanders, Warren, and former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, solidifying his lead.[10]

On April 8, Biden became the presumptive nominee after Sanders, the only other candidate remaining, withdrew from the race.[11] In early June, Biden passed the threshold of 1,991 delegates to win the nomination.[12][13] In total, seven candidates received pledged delegates: Biden, Sanders, Warren, Bloomberg, Buttigieg, Senator Amy Klobuchar and U.S. Representative Tulsi Gabbard.[14] On August 11, Biden announced that former presidential candidate Senator Kamala Harris would be his running mate.[15] Biden and Harris were officially nominated for president and vice president by delegates at the Democratic National Convention on August 18 and 19.[16][17] Biden and Harris went on to win the presidency and vice presidency in the general election on November 3, defeating the incumbents President Donald Trump and Vice President Mike Pence.

Biden became the first Democratic candidate since Bill Clinton, and the third ever Democratic candidate,[c] to win the nomination without carrying either Iowa or New Hampshire, the first two states on the primary/caucus calendar.

The primaries were initially scheduled to go through June 6. However, the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States caused a number of states to shift their primaries to later in the year.

Background[edit]

After Hillary Clinton's loss in the previous election, many felt the Democratic Party lacked a clear leading figure.[18] Divisions remained in the party following the 2016 primaries, which pitted Clinton against Bernie Sanders.[19][20] Between the 2016 election and the 2018 midterm elections, Senate Democrats generally shifted to the political left in relation to college tuition, healthcare, and immigration.[21][22] The 2018 elections saw the Democratic Party regain the House of Representatives for the first time in eight years, picking up seats in both urban and suburban districts.[23][24]

Reforms since 2016[edit]

On August 25, 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) members passed reforms to the Democratic Party's primary process in order to increase participation[25] and ensure transparency.[26] State parties are encouraged to use a government-run primary whenever available and increase the accessibility of their primary through same-day or automatic registration and same-day party switching. Caucuses are required to have absentee voting, or to otherwise allow those who cannot participate in person to be included.[25]

Independent of the results of the primaries and caucuses, the Democratic Party, from its group of party leaders and elected officials, also appointed 771[a] unpledged delegates (superdelegates) to participate in its national convention.

In contrast to all previous election cycles since superdelegates were introduced in 1984, superdelegates will no longer have the right to cast decisive votes on the convention's first ballot for the presidential nomination. They will be allowed to cast non-decisive votes if a candidate has clinched the nomination before the first ballot, or decisive votes on subsequent ballots in a contested convention.[27][28] In that case, the number of votes required shall increase to a majority of pledged and superdelegates combined. Superdelegates are not precluded from publicly endorsing a candidate before the convention.

There were also a number of changes to the process of nomination at the state level. A decline in the number of caucuses occurred after 2016, with Democrats in Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Minnesota, Nebraska, North Dakota, and Washington all switching from various forms of caucuses to primaries (with Hawaii, Kansas, and North Dakota switching to party-run "firehouse primaries"). This has resulted in the lowest number of caucuses in the Democratic Party's recent history, with only three states (Iowa, Nevada, and Wyoming) and four territories (American Samoa, Guam, Northern Marianas, and U.S. Virgin Islands) using them. In addition, six states were approved in 2019 by the DNC to use ranked-choice voting in the primaries: Alaska, Hawaii, Kansas, and Wyoming for all voters; Iowa and Nevada for absentee voters.[29] Rather than eliminating candidates until a single winner is chosen, voters' choices would be reallocated until all remaining candidates have at least 15%, the threshold to receive delegates to the convention.[30]

Several states which did not use paper ballots widely in 2016 and 2018, adopted them for the 2020 primary and general elections,[31] to minimize potential interference in vote tallies, a concern raised by intelligence officials,[32] election officials[33] and the public.[34] The move to paper ballots enabled audits to start where they had not been possible before, and in 2020 about half the states audit samples of primary ballots to measure accuracy of the reported results.[35] Audits of caucus results depend on party rules, and the Iowa Democratic party investigated inaccuracies in precinct reports, resolved enough to be sure the delegate allocations were correct, and decided it did not have authority or time to correct all errors.[36][37][38]

Rules for number of delegates[edit]

Number of pledged delegates per state[edit]

The number of pledged delegates from each state is proportional to the state's share of the electoral college, and to the state's past Democratic votes for president.[39][40] Thus less weight is given to swing states and Republican states, while more weight is given to strongly Democratic states, in choosing a nominee.

Six pledged delegates are assigned to each territory, 44 to Puerto Rico, and 12 to Democrats Abroad. Each jurisdiction can also earn bonus delegates by holding primaries after March or in clusters of 3 or more neighboring states.[39]

Within states, a quarter of pledged delegates are allocated to candidates based on statewide vote totals, and the rest based on votes in each Congressional District, though some states use divisions other than congressional districts. For example, Texas uses state Senate districts.[41][39] Districts which have voted Democratic in the past get more delegates, and fewer delegates are allocated for swing districts and Republican districts.[39] For example, House Speaker Pelosi's strongly Democratic district 12 has 7 delegates, or one per 109,000 people, and a swing district, CA-10, which became Democratic in 2018, has 4 delegates, or one per 190,000 people.[42][43][44]

Candidate threshold[edit]

Candidates who received under 15% of the votes in a state or district didn't get any delegates from that area. Candidates who got 15% or more of the votes divided delegates in proportion to their votes.[42][45] These rules apply at the state level to state delegates and within each district for those delegates. The 15% threshold was established in 1992[46] to limit "fringe" candidates.[47] The threshold now means that any sector of the party (moderate, progressive, etc.) which produces many candidates, thus dividing supporters' votes, may win few delegates, even if it wins a majority of votes.[47][48][46]

Schedule and results[edit]

2020 Democratic presidential primary and caucus calendar.svg

  February   March 3 (Super Tuesday)   March 10   March 14–17   March 24–29   April 4–7   April 28   May   June

2020 Democratic presidential primary and caucus calendar rescheduled.svg

  February   March 3 (Super Tuesday)   March 10   March 14–17   April 7–17   April 28   May   June   July–August

Date
(daily totals)
Total pledged
delegates
Contest
and total popular vote
Delegates won and popular vote
Joe Biden Bernie Sanders Elizabeth Warren Michael Bloomberg Pete Buttigieg Amy Klobuchar Tulsi Gabbard Other
February 3 41 Iowa
172,300[d]
[e]14[e]
23,605 (13.7%)
9
45,652 (26.5%)
5
34,909 (20.3%)

16 (0.0%)
[f]12[f]
43,209 (25.1%)
1
21,100 (12.2%)

16 (0.0%)

3,793 (2.2%)
February 11 24 New Hampshire
298,377

24,944 (8.4%)
9
76,384 (25.6%)

27,429 (9.2%)

4,675 (1.6%)
9
72,454 (24.3%)
6
58,714 (19.7%)

9,755 (3.3%)

24,022 (8.1%)
February 22 36 Nevada
101,543[g]
9
19,179 (18.9%)
24
41,075 (40.5%)

11,703 (11.5%)
3
17,598 (17.3%)

7,376 (7.3%)

32 (0.0%)

4,580 (4.5%)
February 29 54 South Carolina
539,263
39
262,336 (48.7%)
15
106,605 (19.8%)

38,120 (7.1%)

44,217 (8.2%)

16,900 (3.1%)

6,813 (1.3%)

64,272 (11.9%)
March 3
(Super Tuesday)
(1,344)
52 Alabama
452,093
44
286,065 (63.3%)
8
74,755 (16.5%)

25,847 (5.7%)

52,750 (11.7%)

1,416 (0.3%)

907 (0.2%)

1,038 (0.2%)

9,315 (2.1%)
6 American Samoa
351

31 (8.8%)

37 (10.5%)

5 (1.4%)
4
175 (49.9%)
2
103 (29.3%)
31 Arkansas
229,122
[h]19[h]
93,012 (40.6%)
9
51,413 (22.4%)

22,971 (10.0%)
3
38,312 (16.7%)

7,649 (3.3%)

7,009 (3.1%)

1,593 (0.7%)

7,163 (3.1%)
415 California
5,784,364
172
1,613,854 (27.9%)
225
2,080,846 (36.0%)
11
762,555 (13.2%)
7
701,803 (12.1%)

249,256 (4.3%)

126,961 (2.2%)

33,769 (0.6%)

215,320 (3.7%)
67 Colorado
960,128
21
236,565 (24.6%)
29
355,293 (37.0%)
[i]8[i]
168,695 (17.6%)
[j]9[j]
177,727 (18.5%)

10,037 (1.0%)

11,811 (1.2%)
24 Maine
205,937
[k]13[k]
68,729 (33.4%)
9
66,826 (32.4%)
2
32,055 (15.6%)

24,294 (11.8%)

4,364 (2.1%)

2,826 (1.4%)

1,815 (0.9%)

5,028 (2.4%)
91 Massachusetts
1,418,180
[l]45[l]
473,861 (33.4%)
30
376,990 (26.6%)
16
303,864 (21.4%)

166,200 (11.7%)

38,400 (2.7%)

17,297 (1.2%)

10,548 (0.7%)

31,020 (2.2%)
75 Minnesota
744,198
[m]43[m]
287,553 (38.6%)
27
222,431 (29.9%)
5
114,674 (15.4%)

61,882 (8.3%)

7,616 (1.0%)

41,530 (5.6%)

2,504 (0.3%)

6,008 (0.8%)
110 North Carolina
1,332,382
68
572,271 (43.0%)
37
322,645 (24.2%)
2
139,912 (10.5%)
3
172,558 (13.0%)

43,632 (3.3%)

30,742 (2.3%)

6,622 (0.5%)

44,000 (3.3%)
37 Oklahoma
304,281
21
117,633 (38.7%)
13
77,425 (25.4%)
1
40,732 (13.4%)
2
42,270 (13.9%)

5,115 (1.7%)

6,733 (2.2%)

5,109 (1.7%)

9,264 (3.0%)
64 Tennessee
516,250
36
215,390 (41.7%)
22
129,168 (25.0%)
1
53,732 (10.4%)
[n]5[n]
79,789 (15.5%)

17,102 (3.3%)

10,671 (2.1%)

2,278 (0.4%)

8,120 (1.6%)
228 Texas
2,094,428
113
725,562 (34.6%)
99
626,339 (29.9%)
5
239,237 (11.4%)
11
300,608 (14.4%)

82,671 (3.9%)

43,291 (2.1%)

8,688 (0.4%)

68,032 (3.2%)
29 Utah
220,582
7
40,674 (18.4%)
16
79,728 (36.1%)
[o]3[o]
35,727 (16.2%)
[p]3[p]
33,991 (15.4%)

18,734 (8.5%)

7,603 (3.4%)

1,704 (0.8%)

2,421 (1.1%)
16 Vermont
158,032
5
34,669 (21.9%)
11
79,921 (50.6%)

19,785 (12.5%)

14,828 (9.4%)

3,709 (2.3%)

1,991 (1.3%)

1,303 (0.8%)

1,826 (1.2%)
99 Virginia
1,323,693
67
705,501 (53.3%)
31
306,388 (23.1%)
1
142,546 (10.8%)

128,030 (9.7%)

11,199 (0.8%)

8,414 (0.6%)

11,288 (0.9%)

10,327 (0.8%)
March 3–10 13 Democrats Abroad
39,984
4
9,059 (22.7%)
9
23,139 (57.9%)

5,730 (14.3%)[q]

892 (2.2%)[r]

616 (1.5%)

224 (0.6%)

146 (0.4%)

178 (0.4%)
March 10
(352)
20 Idaho
108,649
12
53,151 (48.9%)
8
46,114 (42.4%)

2,878 (2.6%)

2,612 (2.4%)

1,426 (1.3%)

774 (0.7%)

876 (0.8%)

818 (0.8%)
125 Michigan
1,587,679
73
840,360 (52.9%)
52
576,926 (36.3%)

26,148 (1.6%)

73,464 (4.6%)

22,462 (1.4%)

11,018 (0.7%)

9,461 (0.6%)

27,840 (1.8%)
36 Mississippi
274,391
34
222,160 (81.0%)
2
40,657 (14.8%)

1,550 (0.6%)

6,933 (2.5%)

562 (0.2%)

440 (0.2%)

1,003 (0.4%)

1,086 (0.4%)
68 Missouri
666,112
44
400,347 (60.1%)
24
230,374 (34.6%)

8,156 (1.2%)

9,866 (1.5%)

3,309 (0.5%)

2,682 (0.4%)

4,887 (0.7%)

6,491 (1.0%)
14 North Dakota
14,546
6
5,742 (39.5%)
8
7,682 (52.8%)

366 (2.5%)

113 (0.8%)

164 (1.1%)

223 (1.5%)

89 (0.6%)

167 (1.1%)
89 Washington
1,558,776
46
591,403 (37.9%)
43
570,039 (36.6%)

142,652 (9.2%)

122,530 (7.9%)

63,344 (4.1%)

33,383 (2.1%)

13,199 (0.9%)

22,226 (1.4%)
March 14 6 Northern Mariana Islands
134
2
48 (35.8%)
4
84 (62.7%)

2 (1.5%)
March 17
(441)
67 Arizona
613,355
38
268,029 (43.7%)
29
200,456 (32.7%)

35,537 (5.8%)

58,797 (9.6%)[s]

24,868 (4.1%)

10,333 (1.7%)[s]

3,014 (0.5%)

12,321 (2.0%)
219 Florida
1,739,214
162
1,077,375 (61.9%)
57
397,311 (22.8%)

32,875 (1.9%)

146,544 (8.4%)

39,886 (2.3%)

17,276 (1.0%)

8,712 (0.5%)

19,235 (1.1%)
155 Illinois
1,674,133
95
986,661 (58.9%)
60
605,701 (36.2%)

24,413 (1.5%)

25,500 (1.5%)

9,729 (0.6%)

9,642 (0.6%)

12,487 (0.7%)
April 7 84 Wisconsin
925,065
56
581,463 (62.9%)
28
293,441 (31.7%)

14,060 (1.5%)

8,846 (1.0%)

4,946 (0.5%)

6,079 (0.7%)

5,565 (0.6%)

10,665 (1.2%)
April 10 15 Alaska
19,759[t]
8
10,834 (54.8%)
7
8,755 (44.3%)

170 (0.9%)[u]
April 17 14 Wyoming
15,391[t]
10
10,912 (70.9%)
4
4,206 (27.3%)

273 (1.8%)[u]
April 28 136 Ohio
894,383
115
647,284 (72.4%)
21
149,683 (16.7%)

30,985 (3.5%)

28,704 (3.2%)

15,113 (1.7%)

11,899 (1.3%)

4,560 (0.5%)

6,155 (0.7%)
May 2 39 Kansas
146,873[t]
29
110,041 (74.9%)
10
33,142 (22.6%)

3,690 (2.5%)[u]
May 12 29 Nebraska
164,582
29
126,444 (76.8%)

23,214 (14.1%)

10,401 (6.3%)

4,523 (2.7%)
May 19 61 Oregon
618,711
46
408,315 (66.0%)
15
127,345 (20.6%)

59,355 (9.6%)

10,717 (1.7%)

12,979 (2.1%)
May 22 24 Hawaii
35,044[t]
16
21,215 (60.5%)
8
12,337 (35.2%)

1,492 (4.3%)[u]
June 2
(479)
20 District of Columbia
110,688
19
84,093 (76.0%)

11,116 (10.0%)
1
14,228 (12.9%)

442 (0.4%)

809 (0.7%)
82 Indiana
497,927
80
380,836 (76.5%)
2
67,688 (13.6%)

14,344 (2.9%)

4,783 (1.0%)

17,957 (3.6%)

3,860 (0.8%)

2,657 (0.5%)

5,802 (1.2%)
96 Maryland
1,050,773
96
879,753 (83.7%)

81,939 (7.8%)

27,134 (2.6%)

6,773 (0.6%)

7,180 (0.7%)

5,685 (0.5%)

4,226 (0.4%)

38,083 (3.6%)
19 Montana
149,973
18
111,706 (74.5%)
1
22,033 (14.7%)

11,984 (8.0%)

4,250 (2.8%)
34 New Mexico
247,880
30
181,700 (73.3%)
4
37,435 (15.1%)

14,552 (5.9%)

2,735 (1.1%)

11,458 (4.6%)
186 Pennsylvania
1,595,508
151
1,264,624 (79.3%)
35
287,834 (18.0%)

43,050 (2.7%)
26 Rhode Island
103,982
25
79,728 (76.7%)
1
15,525 (14.9%)

4,479 (4.3%)

651 (0.6%)

3,599 (3.5%)
16 South Dakota
52,661
13
40,800 (77.5%)
3
11,861 (22.5%)
June 6
(14)
7 Guam
388
5
270 (69.6%)
2
118 (30.4%)
7 U.S. Virgin Islands
550
7
502 (91.3%)

28 (5.1%)

20 (3.6%)
June 9
(133)
105 Georgia
1,086,729[v]
105
922,177 (84.9%)

101,668 (9.4%)

21,906 (2.0%)

7,657 (0.7%)

6,346 (0.6%)

4,317 (0.4%)

4,117 (0.4%)

18,541 (1.7%)
28 West Virginia
187,482
28
122,518 (65.3%)

22,793 (12.2%)

5,741 (3.1%)

3,759 (2.0%)

3,455 (1.8%)

3,011 (1.6%)

4,163 (2.2%)

22,042 (11.8%)
June 23
(328)
54 Kentucky
537,905
52
365,284 (67.9%)

65,055 (12.1%)

15,300 (2.8%)

9,127 (1.7%)

5,296 (1.0%)

5,859 (1.1%)
2[w]
71,984 (13.4%)
274 New York
1,759,039
231
1,136,679 (64.6%)
43
285,908 (16.3%)

82,917 (4.7%)

39,433 (2.2%)

22,927 (1.3%)

11,028 (0.6%)

9,083 (0.5%)

171,064 (9.7%)
July 7
(147)
21 Delaware
91,682
21
81,954 (89.4%)

6,878 (7.5%)

2,850 (3.1%)
126 New Jersey
958,762
121
814,188 (84.9%)
5
140,412 (14.7%)

4,162 (0.4%)
July 11 54 Louisiana
267,286
54
212,555 (79.5%)

19,859 (7.4%)

6,426 (2.4%)

4,312 (1.6%)

2,363 (0.9%)

2,431 (0.9%)

1,962 (0.7%)

17,378 (6.5%)
July 12 51 Puerto Rico
7,022
44
3,930 (56.0%)
5
932 (13.3%)

101 (1.4%)
2
894 (12.7%)

158 (2.3%)

31 (0.4%)

194 (2.8%)

782 (11.1%)
August 11 60 Connecticut
264,416
60
224,500 (84.9%)

30,512 (11.5%)





3,429 (1.3%)

5,975 (2.3%)
Total
3,986 pledged delegates
36,922,938 votes
2,714
19,080,153 (51.68%)
1,113
9,680,042 (26.22%)
61
2,831,566 (7.67%)
49
2,552,320 (6.91%)
24
924,279 (2.50%)
7
540,055 (1.46%)
2
273,977 (0.74%)
2
1,040,546 (2.82%)

Election day postponements and cancellations[edit]

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States, a number of presidential primaries were rescheduled. On April 27, New York cancelled its primary altogether on the grounds that there was only one candidate left with an active campaign. Andrew Yang responded with a lawsuit, arguing that the decision infringes on voting rights,[64] and in early May, the judge ruled in favor of Yang.[65]

2020 Democratic primaries altered due to COVID-19.
Primary Original
schedule
Altered
schedule
Vote in
person?
Last
changed
Ref.
Ohio March 17 April 28[x] Cancelled March 25 [66][67]
Georgia March 24 June 9 Held April 9 [68][69]
Puerto Rico March 29 July 12 Held May 21 [70][71][72]
Alaska April 4 April 10[y] Cancelled March 23 [73]
Wyoming April 4 April 17[z] Cancelled March 22 [74]
Hawaii April 4 May 22[aa] Cancelled March 27 [75][76][77]
Louisiana April 4 July 11[ab] Held April 14 [78][79]
Maryland April 28 June 2 Held March 17 [80]
Pennsylvania April 28 June 2 Held March 27 [81]
Rhode Island April 28 June 2 Held March 23 [82]
New York April 28 June 23 Held April 27 [83][84][85]
Delaware April 28 July 7 Held May 7 [86][87]
Connecticut April 28 August 11 Held April 17 [88]
Kansas May 2 May 2[ac] Cancelled March 30 [89]
Guam May 2 June 6 Held June 4 [90]
Indiana May 5 June 2 Held March 20 [91]
West Virginia May 12 June 9 Held April 1 [92]
Kentucky May 19 June 23 Held March 16 [93]
New Jersey June 2 July 7[ad] Held April 8 [94]

In addition, the DNC elected to delay the 2020 Democratic National Convention from July 13–16 to August 17–20.[95]

Candidates[edit]

Major candidates in the 2020 Democratic presidential primaries had held significant elective office or received substantial media coverage.

Nearly 300 candidates who did not receive significant media coverage also filed with the Federal Election Commission to run for president in the primary.[96]

Nominee[edit]

Candidate Born Most recent position State Campaign announced Pledged delegates[97] Popular vote[98] Contests won Article Running mate Ref.

Joe Biden
November 20, 1942
(age 77)
Scranton, Pennsylvania
47th Vice President of the United States (2009–2017) Flag of Delaware.svg
Delaware
April 25, 2019 2,687 18,431,136
(51.48%)
46
(AL, AK, AZ, AR, CT, DE, DC, FL, GA, GU, HI, ID, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MS, MO, MT, NE, NJ, NM, NY, NC, OH, OK, OR, PA, PR, RI, SC, SD, TN, TX, VA, VI, WA, WV, WI, WY)
Joe Biden 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
Secured nomination:
June 2, 2020
Kamala Harris [99]

Withdrew during the primaries[edit]

Candidate Born Most recent position State Campaign announced Campaign suspended Delegates won[97] Popular vote[98] Contests won Article Ref.
Bernie Sanders March 2020 (cropped).jpg
Bernie Sanders
September 8, 1941
(age 78)
Brooklyn, New York
U.S. senator from Vermont (2007–present)  Vermont February 19, 2019 April 8, 2020
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[100]
1,073 9,679,213
(26.63%)
9
(CA, CO, DA, NV, NH, ND, MP, UT, VT)
Bernie Sanders 2020 logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[101][102]
Tulsi Gabbard (48011616441) (cropped).jpg
Tulsi Gabbard
April 12, 1981
(age 39)
Leloaloa, American Samoa
U.S. representative from HI-02 (2013–2021)  Hawaii January 11, 2019 March 19, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[103]
2 273,940
(0.76%)
0 Tulsi Gabbard logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[104][105]
Elizabeth Warren by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Elizabeth Warren
June 22, 1949
(age 71)
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
U.S. senator from Massachusetts (2013–present)  Massachusetts February 9, 2019
Exploratory committee: December 31, 2018
March 5, 2020
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[106]
63 2,780,873
(7.77%)
0 Elizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[107][108]
Michael Bloomberg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Michael Bloomberg
February 14, 1942
(age 78)
Boston, Massachusetts
Mayor of New York City, New York (2002–2013)
CEO of Bloomberg L.P.
 New York November 24, 2019
Exploratory committee: November 21, 2019
March 4, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[109]
59 2,475,130
(6.92%)
1
(AS)
Mike Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[110][111]
Amy Klobuchar by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Amy Klobuchar
May 25, 1960
(age 60)
Plymouth, Minnesota
U.S. senator from Minnesota (2007–present)  Minnesota February 10, 2019 March 2, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[112]
7 524,400
(1.47%)
0 Amy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[113][112]
Pete Buttigieg by Gage Skidmore (cropped).jpg
Pete Buttigieg
January 19, 1982
(age 38)
South Bend, Indiana
Mayor of South Bend, Indiana (2012–2020)  Indiana April 14, 2019
Exploratory committee: January 23, 2019
March 1, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[114]
21 912,214
(2.55%)
1
(IA)
Pete for America logo (Strato Blue).svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[115][116]

Tom Steyer
June 27, 1957
(age 63)
Manhattan, New York
Hedge fund manager
Founder of Farallon Capital and Beneficial State Bank
 California July 9, 2019 February 29, 2020
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[117]
0 258,848
(0.72%)
0 Tom Steyer 2020 logo (black text).svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[118][119]
Deval Patrick 2016.jpg
Deval Patrick
July 31, 1956
(age 64)
Chicago, Illinois
Governor of Massachusetts (2007–2015)  Massachusetts November 14, 2019 February 12, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[120]
0 27,116
(0.08%)
0 Devallogo2020.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[121][122]
Michael Bennet by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Michael Bennet
November 28, 1964
(age 55)
New Delhi, India
U.S. senator from Colorado (2009–present)  Colorado May 2, 2019 February 11, 2020
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[123]
0 62,260
(0.17%)
0 Michael Bennet 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[124][125]
Andrew Yang by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Andrew Yang
January 13, 1975
(age 45)
Schenectady, New York
Entrepreneur
Founder of Venture for America
 New York November 6, 2017 February 11, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[126]
0 160,231
(0.45%)
0 Andrew Yang 2020 logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[127][128]


Other notable individuals who were not major candidates terminated their campaigns during the primaries:

Withdrew before the primaries[edit]

Candidate Born Experience State Campaign
announced
Campaign
suspended
Popular vote Article Ref.
John Delaney by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Delaney
April 16, 1963
(age 57)
Wood-Ridge, New Jersey
U.S. representative from MD-06 (2013–2019)  Maryland July 28, 2017 January 31, 2020
(endorsed Biden)[135]
19,342 John Delaney 2020 logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[136][137]
Cory Booker by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Cory Booker
April 27, 1969
(age 51)
Washington, D.C.
U.S. senator from New Jersey (2013–present)
Mayor of Newark, New Jersey (2006–2013)
 New Jersey February 1, 2019 January 13, 2020
(ran successfully for reelection)[138]
(endorsed Biden)[139]
31,575 Cory Booker 2020 Logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[140][141]
Marianne Williamson November 2019.jpg
Marianne Williamson
July 8, 1952
(age 68)
Houston, Texas
Author
Founder of Project Angel Food
Independent candidate for U.S. House from CA-33 in 2014
 California January 28, 2019
Exploratory committee:
November 15, 2018
January 10, 2020
(endorsed Sanders, then Biden as nominee)[142][143]
22,334 Marianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[144][145]
Julian Castro 2019 crop.jpg
Julián Castro
September 16, 1974
(age 45)
San Antonio, Texas
Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (2014–2017)
Mayor of San Antonio, Texas (2009–2014)
 Texas January 12, 2019
Exploratory committee: December 12, 2018
January 2, 2020
(endorsed Warren, then Biden as presumptive nominee)[146][147]
37,037 Julian Castro 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[148][149]
Kamala Harris April 2019.jpg
Kamala Harris
October 20, 1964
(age 55)
Oakland, California
U.S. senator from California (2017–2021)
Attorney General of California (2011–2017)
 California January 21, 2019 December 3, 2019
(endorsed Biden[150] who later chose her as vice presidential running-mate)
844 Kamala Harris 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[151][152]
Steve Bullock by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Steve Bullock
April 11, 1966
(age 54)
Missoula, Montana
Governor of Montana (2013–2021)
Attorney General of Montana (2009–2013)
 Montana May 14, 2019 December 2, 2019
(ran for U.S. Senate; lost election, endorsed Biden as nominee)[153]
549 Steve Bullock 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[154][155]
Joe Sestak August 2019 (3) (cropped).jpg
Joe Sestak
December 12, 1951
(age 68)
Secane, Pennsylvania
U.S. representative from PA-07 (2007–2011)
Former Vice Admiral of the United States Navy
 Virginia June 23, 2019 December 1, 2019
(endorsed Klobuchar, then Biden as nominee)[156][157]
5,251 Campaign
FEC filing
[158][159]
Wayne Messam by Marc Nozell (cropped).jpg
Wayne Messam
June 7, 1974
(age 46)
South Bay, Florida
Mayor of Miramar, Florida (2015–present)  Florida March 28, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 13, 2019
November 19, 2019 0[ae] Wayne Messam 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[160][161]
Beto O'Rourke April 2019.jpg
Beto O'Rourke
September 26, 1972
(age 47)
El Paso, Texas
U.S. representative from TX-16 (2013–2019)  Texas March 14, 2019 November 1, 2019
(endorsed Biden)[162]
1[ae][163] Beto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[164][165]
Tim Ryan by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Tim Ryan
July 16, 1973
(age 47)
Niles, Ohio
U.S. representative from OH-13 (2013–present)
U.S. representative from OH-17 (2003–2013)
 Ohio April 4, 2019 October 24, 2019
(ran successfully for reelection)[166]
(endorsed Biden)
[167]
0[ae] Timryan2020.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[168][169]
Bill de Blasio by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Bill de Blasio
May 8, 1961
(age 59)
Manhattan, New York
Mayor of New York City, New York (2014–2022)  New York May 16, 2019 September 20, 2019
(endorsed Sanders, then Biden as presumptive nominee)[170][171]
0[ae] Bill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[172][173]
Kirsten Gillibrand August 2019.jpg
Kirsten Gillibrand
December 9, 1966
(age 53)
Albany, New York
U.S. senator from New York (2009–present)
U.S. representative from NY-20 (2007–2009)
 New York March 17, 2019
Exploratory committee: January 15, 2019
August 28, 2019
(endorsed Biden)[174]
0[ae] Gillibrand 2020 logo.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[175][176]
Seth Moulton August 2019.jpg
Seth Moulton
October 24, 1978
(age 41)
Salem, Massachusetts
U.S. representative from MA-06 (2015–present)  Massachusetts April 22, 2019 August 23, 2019
(ran successfully for reelection)[177]
(endorsed Biden)[178]
0[ae]
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[179][180]
Jay Inslee by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Jay Inslee
February 9, 1951
(age 69)
Seattle, Washington
Governor of Washington (2013–present)
U.S. representative from WA-01 (1999–2012)
U.S. representative from WA-04 (1993–1995)
 Washington March 1, 2019 August 21, 2019
(ran successfully for reelection)[181]
(endorsed Biden as presumptive nominee)[182]
1[ae][183]
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[184][185]
John Hickenlooper by Gage Skidmore.jpg
John Hickenlooper
February 7, 1952
(age 68)
Narberth, Pennsylvania
Governor of Colorado (2011–2019)
Mayor of Denver, Colorado (2003–2011)
 Colorado March 4, 2019 August 15, 2019
(ran successfully for U.S. Senate)[186]
(endorsed Bennet, then Biden as presumptive nominee)[187]
[188]
1[ae][183] John Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaign logo.png
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[189][190]

Mike Gravel
May 13, 1930
(aged 90)
Springfield, Massachusetts
U.S. senator from Alaska (1969–1981)
Candidate for president in 2008
Candidate for Vice President in 1972
 California April 2, 2019
Exploratory committee: March 19, 2019
August 6, 2019
(co-endorsed Gabbard and Sanders)[191]
0[ae] Gravel Mg web logo line two color.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[192][191]
Eric Swalwell (48016282941) (cropped).jpg
Eric Swalwell
November 16, 1980
(age 39)
Sac City, Iowa
U.S. representative from CA-15 (2013–present)  California April 8, 2019 July 8, 2019[193]
(ran successfully for reelection)
(endorsed Biden)[194][195]
0[ae] Eric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaign logo.svg
__________
Campaign
FEC filing
[196][197]
MAJ Richard Ojeda.jpg
Richard Ojeda
September 25, 1970
(age 49)
Rochester, Minnesota
West Virginia state senator from WV-SD07 (2016–2019)  West Virginia November 11, 2018 January 25, 2019
(ran for U.S. Senate; lost primary)[198]
(endorsed Biden)[199]
0[ae]

Campaign
FEC filing

[200][201]

Other notable individuals who were not major candidates terminated their campaigns before the primaries:

Political positions[edit]

Debates and forums[edit]

In December 2018, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) announced the schedule for 12 official DNC-sanctioned debates, set to begin in June 2019, with six debates in 2019 and the remaining six during the first four months of 2020. Candidates are allowed to participate in forums featuring multiple other candidates as long as only one candidate appears on stage at a time; if candidates participate in any unsanctioned debate with other presidential candidates, they will lose their invitation to the next DNC-sanctioned debate.[210][211]

The DNC also announced that it would not partner with Fox News as a media sponsor for any debates.[212][213] Fox News had last held a Democratic debate in 2003.[214] All media sponsors selected to host a debate will as a new rule be required to appoint at least one female moderator for each debate, to ensure there will not be a gender-skewed treatment of the candidates and debate topics.[215]

Debate schedule
Debate Date Time
(ET)
Viewers Location Sponsor(s) Moderator(s)
1A June 26, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~24.3 million
(15.3m live TV; 9m streaming)[216]
Arsht Center,
Miami, Florida[217]
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
José Díaz-Balart
Savannah Guthrie
Lester Holt
Rachel Maddow
Chuck Todd[218]
1B June 27, 2019 9–11 p.m. ~27.1 million
(18.1m live TV; 9m streaming)[219]
2A July 30, 2019 8–10:30 p.m. ~11.5 million
(8.7m live TV; 2.8m streaming)
Fox Theatre,
Detroit, Michigan[220]
CNN Dana Bash
Don Lemon
Jake Tapper[221]
2B July 31, 2019[222] 8–10:30 p.m. ~13.8 million
(10.7m live TV; 3.1m streaming)[223]
3 September 12, 2019 8–11 p.m. 14.04 million live TV[224] Health and Physical Education Arena,
Texas Southern University,
Houston, Texas[225]
ABC News
Univision
Linsey Davis
David Muir
Jorge Ramos
George Stephanopoulos[226]
4 October 15, 2019[227] 8–11 p.m. ~8.8 million
(8.34m live TV; 0.45m streaming)[228]
Rike Physical Education Center,
Otterbein University,
Westerville, Ohio
CNN
The New York Times[229]
Erin Burnett
Anderson Cooper
Marc Lacey[230]
5 November 20, 2019[231] 9–11 p.m. ~7.9 million
(6.6m live TV; 1.3m streaming)[232]
Oprah Winfrey sound stage,
Tyler Perry Studios,
Atlanta, Georgia[233]
MSNBC
The Washington Post
Rachel Maddow
Andrea Mitchell
Ashley Parker
Kristen Welker[234]
6 December 19, 2019 8–11 p.m.[235] ~14.6 million
(6.17m live TV; 8.4m streaming)[236]
Gersten Pavilion,
Loyola Marymount University,
Los Angeles, California[237]
PBS
Politico
Tim Alberta
Yamiche Alcindor
Amna Nawaz
Judy Woodruff[238]
7 January 14, 2020 9–11:15 p.m.[239] ~11.3 million
(7.3m live TV; 4.0m streaming)[240]
Sheslow Auditorium,
Drake University,
Des Moines, Iowa[241][242]
CNN
The Des Moines Register
Wolf Blitzer
Brianne Pfannenstiel
Abby Phillip[243]
8 February 7, 2020 8–10:30 p.m.[244] ~11.0 million
(7.8m live TV; 3.2m streaming)[245]
Thomas F. Sullivan Arena,
Saint Anselm College,
Manchester, New Hampshire[241][246]
ABC News
WMUR-TV
Apple News
Linsey Davis
Monica Hernandez
David Muir
Adam Sexton
George Stephanopoulos[244]
9 February 19, 2020 9–11 p.m.[247] ~33.16 million
(19.66m live TV; 13.5m streaming)[248][249][250]
Le Théâtre des Arts,
Paris Las Vegas,
Paradise, Nevada[247]
NBC News
MSNBC
Telemundo
The Nevada Independent
Vanessa Hauc
Lester Holt
Hallie Jackson
Jon Ralston
Chuck Todd[247]
10 February 25, 2020 8–10 p.m.[251] ~30.4 million
(15.3m live TV; 15.1m streaming)[252]
Gaillard Center,
Charleston, South Carolina[241]
CBS News
BET
Twitter
Congressional Black Caucus Institute[253]
Margaret Brennan
Major Garrett
Gayle King
Norah O'Donnell
Bill Whitaker[253]
11 March 15, 2020 8–10 p.m.[254] ~11.4 million
(10.8m live TV; 0.6m streaming)[255]
CNN studio
Washington, D.C.[256]
CNN
Univision
Congressional Hispanic Caucus BOLD
Dana Bash
Ilia Calderón
Jake Tapper[256]


Primary election polling[edit]

The following graph depicts the standing of each candidate in the poll aggregators from December 2018 to April 2020.

Polling aggregates
      Joe Biden       Others/Undecided
      Bernie Sanders       Tulsi Gabbard
      Elizabeth Warren       Michael Bloomberg
      Amy Klobuchar       Pete Buttigieg
      Andrew Yang       Cory Booker
      Kamala Harris       Beto O'Rourke
      Debates       Caucuses and primaries
      COVID-19 pandemic national emergency declaration

Italics indicate withdrawn candidates; bold indicates events.


Timeline[edit]

Richard Ojeda 2020 presidential campaignEric Swalwell 2020 presidential campaignMike Gravel 2020 presidential campaignJohn Hickenlooper 2020 presidential campaignJay Inslee 2020 presidential campaignSeth Moulton 2020 presidential campaignKirsten Gillibrand 2020 presidential campaignBill de Blasio 2020 presidential campaignTim Ryan 2020 presidential campaignBeto O'Rourke 2020 presidential campaignWayne Messam 2020 presidential campaignJoe Sestak 2020 presidential campaignSteve Bullock 2020 presidential campaignKamala Harris 2020 presidential campaignJulián Castro 2020 presidential campaignMarianne Williamson 2020 presidential campaignCory Booker 2020 presidential campaignJohn Delaney 2020 presidential campaignAndrew Yang 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bennet 2020 presidential campaignDeval Patrick 2020 presidential campaignTom Steyer 2020 presidential campaignPete Buttigieg 2020 presidential campaignAmy Klobuchar 2020 presidential campaignMichael Bloomberg 2020 presidential campaignElizabeth Warren 2020 presidential campaignTulsi Gabbard 2020 presidential campaignBernie Sanders 2020 presidential campaignJoe Biden 2020 presidential campaign
Nominee
Exploratory
committee
Suspended
campaign
Midterm
elections
Iowa
caucuses
New Hampshire
primary
South Carolina
primary
Super
Tuesday
National emergency
declared due to
coronavirus
Wisconsin primary
Democratic
convention
Won
election

Ballot access[edit]

Filing for the primaries began in October 2019.[257][258] Yes indicates that the candidate was on the ballot for the primary contest, Dropped indicates that the candidate was a recognized write-in candidate, and No indicates that the candidate did not appear on the ballot in that state's contest. Maybe indicates that a candidate withdrew before the election but was still listed on the ballot.

Primaries and caucuses
State/
Territory
Date
Biden
Sanders
Gabbard
Warren
Bloomberg
Klobuchar
Buttigieg
Steyer
Patrick
Bennet
Yang
Other
Ref
IA[af] Feb 3 Ballot access not required [259]
NH Feb 11 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Recognized Write-in Klobuchar-Yes Buttigieg-Yes Steyer-Yes Patrick-Yes Bennet-Yes Yang-Yes Other–Yes[A] [130][260]
NV[af] Feb 22 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-Yes Buttigieg-Yes Steyer-Yes Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other-Recognized Write-in, Withdrawn[B] [261]
SC Feb 29 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-Yes Buttigieg-Yes Steyer-Yes Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [C] [262]
AL Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [D] [263]
AR Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other-Yes[E] [264]
AS[af] Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Withdrawn Other–No [265]
CA Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Yes[F] [266]
CO Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Withdrawn Other–Yes[G] [267]
ME Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn [H] [268]
MA Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [D] [269]
MN Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [D] [270]
NC Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [D] [271]
OK Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [I] [272]
TN Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [D] [273][274]
TX Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Yes[J] [275]
UT Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Withdrawn Other–Yes[K] [276]
VT Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Recognized Write-in, Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Yes[L] [277]
VA Mar 3 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Yes Bloomberg-Yes Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [I] [278]
DA Mar 3
Mar 10
Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Withdrawn Other-No [279]
ID Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Yes[M] [280]
MI Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [N] [281]
MS Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Withdrawn Other–No [282]
MO Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Yes[O] [283]
ND[af] Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [B] [284]
WA Mar 10 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [C] [285]
MP[af] Mar 14 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes Gabbard-No Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [286]
AZ Mar 17 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Yes[P] [287]
FL Mar 17 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [N] [288]
IL Mar 17 Biden-Yes Gabbard-Yes Sanders-Yes Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [C] [289]
WI Apr 7 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes Gabbard-Withdrawn Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Withdrawn Other–Withdrawn [B] [290]
AK Apr 10 Biden-Yes Sanders-Withdrawn Gabbard-Withdrawn Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other–No [291]
WY[af] Apr 17 Biden-Yes Sanders-Withdrawn Gabbard-Withdrawn Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other–No [292]
OH Apr 28 Biden-Yes Sanders-Withdrawn Gabbard-Withdrawn Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-Withdrawn Yang-Recognized Write-in, Withdrawn Other–No [293]
KS May 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Withdrawn Gabbard-Withdrawn Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [294]
NE May 12 Biden-Yes Sanders-Withdrawn Gabbard-Withdrawn Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [295]
OR May 19 Biden-Yes Sanders-Withdrawn Gabbard-Withdrawn Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [296]
HI May 22 Biden-Yes Sanders-Withdrawn Gabbard-Withdrawn Warren-Withdrawn Bloomberg-Withdrawn Klobuchar-Withdrawn Buttigieg-Withdrawn Steyer-Withdrawn Patrick-Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Withdrawn Other–No [297][298]
DC Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [299]
IN Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [300]
MD Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn [I] [301]
MT Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-No Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [302]
NM Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No, Withdrawn Steyer-No Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [303]
PA Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [304]
RI Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [305]
SD Jun 2 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-No Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [306]
GU[af] Jun 6 Ballot access not required [307]
VI[af] Jun 6 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-No Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other–No [308]
GA Jun 9 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other–Yes, Withdrawn [B] [309]
WV Jun 9 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-Yes[Q] [310]
KY Jun 23 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [311]
NY Jun 23 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-No [312]
DE Jul 7 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-No Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [313]
NJ Jul 7 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-No Warren-No Bloomberg-No Klobuchar-No Buttigieg-No Steyer-No Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [314]
LA Jul 11 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-Yes, Withdrawn Bennet-Yes, Withdrawn Yang-Yes, Withdrawn Other-Yes[R] [315]
PR Jul 12 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn No No No Other–No [316][317]
CT Aug 11 Biden-Yes Sanders-Yes, Withdrawn Gabbard-Yes, Withdrawn Warren-Yes, Withdrawn Bloomberg-Yes, Withdrawn Klobuchar-Yes, Withdrawn Buttigieg-Yes, Withdrawn Steyer-Yes, Withdrawn Patrick-No Bennet-No Yang-No Other-No [318]

Candidates listed in italics have suspended their campaigns.

  1. ^ Cory Booker, Mosie Boyd, Steve Bullock, Steve Burke, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Jason Dunlap, Michael A. Ellinger, Ben Gleib, Mark Greenstein, Kamala Harris, Henry Hewes, Tom Koos, Lorenz Kraus, Rita Krichevsky, Raymond Moroz, Joe Sestak, Sam Sloan, David Thistle, Thomas Torgeson, Robby Wells, and Marianne Williamson
  2. ^ a b c d John Delaney
  3. ^ a b c Cory Booker and John Delaney
  4. ^ a b c d e Cory Booker, Julián Castro, John Delaney, and Marianne Williamson
  5. ^ Cory Booker, Mosie Boyd, Steve Bullock, Julián Castro, John Delaney, Kamala Harris, Joe Sestak, and Marianne Williamson
  6. ^ Cory Booker, Mosie Boyd, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Michael A. Ellinger, Mark Greenstein, Joe Sestak, and Marianne Williamson
  7. ^ Cory Booker, Roque De La Fuente III, Rita Krichevsky, Robby Wells, and Marianne Williamson
  8. ^ Cory Booker and Marianne Williamson
  9. ^ a b c Cory Booker, Julián Castro, and Marianne Williamson
  10. ^ Cory Booker, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Robby Wells, and Marianne Williamson
  11. ^ Nathan Bloxham, Cory Booker, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, and Marianne Williamson
  12. ^ Julián Castro, Mark Greenstein, and Marianne Williamson
  13. ^ Cory Booker, Steve Burke, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, and Marianne Williamson
  14. ^ a b Cory Booker, Julián Castro, John Delaney, Joe Sestak, and Marianne Williamson
  15. ^ Cory Booker, Steve Burke, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Bill Haas, Henry Hewes, Leonard J. Steinman II, Velma Steinman, Robby Wells, and Marianne Williamson
  16. ^ Cory Booker, Julián Castro, Roque De La Fuente III, John Delaney, Michael A. Ellinger, Henry Hewes, and Marianne Williamson
  17. ^ David Lee Rice
  18. ^ Steve Burke, John Delaney and Robby Wells

National convention[edit]

The 2020 Democratic National Convention was scheduled to take place in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on July 13–16, 2020,[319][320][321] but was postponed and rescheduled to take place on August 17–20 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[322]

The event became a virtual "Convention Across America" with voting held online before the opening gavel, and the non-televised events held remotely over ZOOM.

Endorsements[edit]

Campaign finance[edit]

This is an overview of the money being raised and spent by each campaign for the entire period running from January 1, 2017, to March 31, 2020, as it was reported to the Federal Election Commission (FEC). Total raised is the sum of all individual contributions (large and small), loans from the candidate, and transfers from other campaign committees. The last column, Cash On Hand (COH), has been calculated by subtracting the "spent" amount from the "raised" amount, thereby showing the remaining cash each campaign had available for its future spending as of February 29, 2020. As of February 29, 2020, the major candidates have raised $989,234,992.08.

  Candidate who has withdrawn
Campaign finances by candidate
Candidate Total raised Individual contributions Debt Spent COH
Total Unitemized Pct
Joe Biden[323] $134,790,836 $134,425,574 $53,187,451 39.57% $0 $108,403,972 $26,386,865
Michael Bennet[324] $7,514,313 $6,795,438 $2,336,988 34.39% $0 $7,343,017 $171,295
Michael Bloomberg[325] $1,062,963,445 $916,332 $847,932 92.54% $14,789,537 $1,051,783,859 $11,179,585
Cory Booker[326] $26,022,021 $22,780,231 $7,706,938 33.83% $848,391 $25,697,926 $324,095
Steve Bullock[327] $5,513,606 $5,489,635 $1,753,850 31.95% $0 $5,426,704 $86,902
Pete Buttigieg[328] $102,739,747 $101,397,049 $43,744,949 43.14% $2,726,793 $96,727,933 $6,011,814
Julian Castro[329] $10,302,020 $10,264,194 $6,620,621 64.50% $0 $9,740,367 $561,654
Bill de Blasio[330] $1,423,279 $1,423,240 $142,001 9.98% $100,351 $1,418,570 $4,709
John Delaney[331] $29,438,502 $2,582,672 $346,526 13.42% $1,493,250 $29,418,380 $42,165
Tulsi Gabbard[332] $15,101,213 $12,423,632 $7,104,998 57.19% $93,239 $14,461,004 $640,210
Kirsten Gillibrand[333] $15,951,202 $6,278,790 $1,979,345 31.52% $0 $14,493,053 $1,458,149
Mike Gravel[334] $330,059 $330,059 $322,076 97.58% $0 $249,480 $2,544
Kamala Harris[335] $41,077,632 $39,259,853 $15,720,913 40.04% $1,070,014 $40,741,479 $336,153
John Hickenlooper[336] $3,509,495 $3,352,659 $562,301 16.77% $0 $3,509,495 $0
Amy Klobuchar[337] $53,957,026 $49,878,773 $22,256,527 44.62% $0 $51,675,390 $2,281,636
Jay Inslee[338] $6,942,575 $6,911,292 $3,455,790 50.00% $0 $6,895,255 $47,319
Wayne Messam[339] $126,918 $124,318 $38,835 31.24% $81,876 $126,918 $0
Seth Moulton[340] $2,292,043 $1,498,825 $342,499 22.85% $216,528 $2,285,828 $6,214
Richard Ojeda[341] $119,478 $77,476 $48,742 62.91% $44,373 $117,507 $1,971
Beto O'Rourke[342] $18,533,565 $18,448,678 $9,436,714 51.15% $10,825 $18,251,127 $282,439
Deval Patrick[343] $3,105,910 $2,670,871 $271,909 10.18% $250,000 $3,041,852 $64,058
Tim Ryan[344] $1,341,246 $1,285,074 $435,025 33.85% $0 $1,340,943 $304
Bernie Sanders[345] $214,887,421 $201,327,757 $114,214,155 56.73% $0 $204,090,570 $16,252,830
Joe Sestak[346] $449,345 $440,127 $107,003 24.31% $0 $445,768 $3,577
Tom Steyer[347] $347,533,363 $3,719,361 $2,505,879 67.37% $24,000 $347,268,261 $265,219
Eric Swalwell[348] $2,604,856 $892,373 $340,385 38.14% $0 $2,604,856 $0
Elizabeth Warren[349] $128,442,944 $115,863,061 $66,516,352 57.41% $1,295,996 $123,908,764 $4,534,180
Marianne Williamson[350] $8,218,677 $8,209,773 $4,698,946 57.24% $238,180 $8,146,249 $72,428
Andrew Yang[351] $41,802,018 $41,141,162 $20,455,232 49.72% $2,010 $41,286,953 $604,061

Maps[edit]

Democratic primary and caucus calendar as of March 12, 2020, prior to a number of delays
  February
  March 3 (Super Tuesday)
  March 10
  March 14–17
  March 24–29
  April 4–7
  April 28
  May
  June
Democratic primary and caucus calendar by currently scheduled date, after delays due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States
  February
  March 3 (Super Tuesday)
  March 10
  March 14–17
  April 7–17
  April 28
  May
  June
  July–August
Map legend
  Joe Biden
  Bernie Sanders
  Elizabeth Warren
  Michael Bloomberg
  Pete Buttigieg
  Amy Klobuchar
  Tom Steyer
  Tie

See also[edit]

National Conventions
Presidential primaries

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b 2,376 of 4,750 delegates needed to win any subsequent ballots at a contested convention.[1] The number of extra unpledged delegates (superdelegates), who after the first ballot at a contested convention participate in any subsequently needed nominating ballots (together with the 3,979 pledged delegates), was expected to be 771 as of December 2019, but the exact number of superdelegates is still subject to change due to possible deaths, resignations, accessions, or potential election as a pledged delegate.[1]
  2. ^ The overall number of pledged delegates is subject to change as possible penalties are not yet included.[1]
  3. ^ George McGovern was the first candidate back in 1972
  4. ^ Includes only the final caucus alignment, after voters supporting non-viable candidates in the first round were allowed to transfer their vote to a different candidate.
  5. ^ 8 (but not all) statewide delegates were reallocated towards Biden as the sole remaining candidate at the state convention on June 13, 3 from Sanders, 3 from Warren, and 2 from Buttigieg. Sanders and Buttigieg retained a part of their statewide delegates, and Iowa's allocation apparently did not follow any logical rule pattern.[49][50]
  6. ^ Prior to reallocation at the state convention on June 13, Buttigieg had won the caucus with 14 initial delegates, which was the electoral but not final step of delegate selection.
  7. ^ Includes only the final caucus alignment, after voters supporting non-viable candidates in the first round were allowed to transfer their vote to a different candidate and ranked-choice early voting ballots were reallocated to candidates receiving at least 15%.
  8. ^ 2 statewide delegates initially awarded to Bloomberg were reallocated to Biden at the state convention on 30 May as the former withdrew.[51]
  9. ^ Statewide delegates (theoretically 4) were directly left out of the calculation for Warren due to her withdrawal.[52]
  10. ^ Statewide delegates (theoretically 5) were directly left out of the calculation for Bloomberg due to his withdrawal.[53]
  11. ^ 2 statewide delegates initially awarded to Warren were reallocated to Biden at the state convention on May 30 as the former withdrew.[54]
  12. ^ 8 statewide delegates initially awarded to Warren were reallocated to Biden at the state committee meeting on May 16 as the former withdrew.[55]
  13. ^ 5 statewide delegates initially awarded to Warren were reallocated to Biden at the state convention on May 31 as the former withdrew.[56]
  14. ^ Statewide delegates (theoretically 5) were directly left out of the calculation for Bloomberg due to his withdrawal.[57]
  15. ^ Statewide delegates (theoretically 2) were directly left out of the calculation for Warren due to her withdrawal.[58]
  16. ^ Statewide delegates (theoretically 2) were directly left out of the calculation for Bloomberg due to his withdrawal.[59]
  17. ^ Suspended campaign during the voting period.
  18. ^ Suspended campaign during the voting period and officially withdrew from the ballot on March 7.
  19. ^ a b While Bloomberg, Klobuchar and four other candidates had formally withdrawn and were not published in the final state canvass, those ballots were included by the state as part of overall cast ballots and any media covering the primary reported individual vote tallies for those candidates.[60][61][62]
  20. ^ a b c d Includes only the final-round count of a ranked-choice ballot, in which the candidates receiving the fewest votes are progressively eliminated and their votes reallocated to voters' highest-ranked remaining choice, until only candidates receiving at least 15% remain.
  21. ^ a b c d Inactive votes from the final round, which had no choice for a viable candidate with 15% (Biden, Sanders) listed.
  22. ^ Does not include votes cast in the March 24 presidential preference primary before it was cancelled.[63]
  23. ^ Two delegates were awarded to Uncommitted.
  24. ^ First rescheduled to June 2, then shifted back to April 28 with in-person voting canceled; mail-in ballots must be received by 7:30 p.m. on April 28, 2020 to be counted.
  25. ^ Mail-in ballots must be received by April 10 to be counted.
  26. ^ Mail-in ballots must be received by April 17 to be counted.
  27. ^ Mail-in ballots must be received by May 22; results to be announced on May 23.
  28. ^ The original rescheduled date was on June 20 before being delayed for the second time.
  29. ^ Mail-in ballots must be received by May 2.
  30. ^ Mail-in ballots must be received by July 14 to be counted.
  31. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Candidate did not appear on any ballots.
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h Caucus

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Stevens, Matt (February 22, 2020). "How to Win the Democratic Nomination, and Why It Could Get Complicated". The New York Times. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Associated Press Election Services - Delegate Tracker". Associated Press. Retrieved April 30, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Democratic Convention - Nationwide Popular Vote". The Green Papers. Retrieved September 11, 2020.
  4. ^ Burns, Alexander; Flegenheimer, Matt; Lee, Jasmine C.; Lerer, Lisa; Martin, Jonathan (January 10, 2020). "Who's Running for President in 2020?". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 22, 2020.
  5. ^ Jacobson, Louis (May 2, 2019). "Warren just took the lead in a key polling average. History is vague on what happens next". PolitiFact. Archived from the original on May 22, 2019. Retrieved June 23, 2019.
  6. ^ Bump, Philip (October 10, 2019). "Warren just took the lead in a key polling average. History is vague on what happens next". The Washington Post. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  7. ^ Nilsen, Ella (February 22, 2020). "Bernie Sanders just won the Nevada caucuses". Vox. Retrieved February 23, 2020.
  8. ^ Frostenson, Sarah (February 23, 2020). "Bernie Sanders is the Frontrunner". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  9. ^ Korecki, Natasha; Siders, David (February 23, 2020). "Sanders sends Democratic establishment into panic mode". Politico. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  10. ^ a b Korecki, Natasha (March 2, 2020). "How Biden engineered his astonishing comeback". Politico. Retrieved October 22, 2020.
  11. ^ Ember, Sydney (April 8, 2020). "Bernie Sanders Is Dropping Out of 2020 Democratic Race for President". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved April 8, 2020.
  12. ^ Detrow, Scott (June 5, 2020). "Biden Formally Clinches Democratic Nomination, While Gaining Steam Against Trump". NPR. Retrieved June 5, 2020. The AP delegate estimate reached the magic number of 1,991 delegates for Biden as seven states and the District of Columbia continue counting votes from Tuesday's primaries
  13. ^ "Biden wins Guam presidential primary". The Hill. June 6, 2020. Retrieved June 7, 2020. That gave Biden five of Guam's seven pledged delegates, pushing him over the 1,991-delegate threshold to clinch the nomination
  14. ^ "Delegate Tracker". interactives.ap.org. Retrieved August 13, 2020.
  15. ^ "Biden picks Kamala Harris as running mate, adding former 2020 rival to ticket". CBS News. August 11, 2020.
  16. ^ "Democrats Officially Nominate Joe Biden as Their Presidential Candidate | Voice of America - English". www.voanews.com. Retrieved August 20, 2020.
  17. ^ "Kamala Harris officially becomes the first black woman to be a major party's vice presidential nominee". CNN. August 20, 2020.
  18. ^ Easley, Jonathan (March 31, 2017). "For Democrats, no clear leader". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  19. ^ Vyse, Graham (April 28, 2017). "The 2020 Democratic primary is going to be the all-out brawl the party needs". The New Republic. Archived from the original on January 29, 2018. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  20. ^ Edsall, Thomas B. (September 7, 2017). "The Struggle Between Clinton and Sanders Is Not Over". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 26, 2018. Retrieved March 25, 2018.
  21. ^ Schor, Elana (December 30, 2017). "Dem senators fight to out-liberal one another ahead of 2020". Politico. Archived from the original on February 3, 2018. Retrieved January 23, 2018.
  22. ^ Miller, Ryan W. (June 29, 2018). "New York's Kirsten Gillibrand, Bill de Blasio echo progressive calls to 'abolish ICE'". USA Today. Archived from the original on July 2, 2018. Retrieved July 4, 2018.
  23. ^ Graham, David A. (November 7, 2018). "The Democrats Are Back, and Ready to Take On Trump". The Atlantic. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  24. ^ Skelley, Geoffrey (November 8, 2018). "The Suburbs—All Kinds Of Suburbs—Delivered The House To Democrats". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved September 20, 2019.
  25. ^ a b "DNC Passes Historic Reforms to the Presidential Nominating Process". Democratic Party. August 25, 2018. Archived from the original on March 26, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  26. ^ O'Malley Dillon, Jen; Cohen, Larry (October 2018). "Report of the Unity Reform Commission" (PDF). Democratic Party. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 27, 2019. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  27. ^ Detrow, Scott (June 27, 2018). "DNC Officials Vote To Scale Back Role Of 'Superdelegates' In Presidential Nomination". NPR. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  28. ^ Putnam, Josh (May 15, 2019). "Magic Number? Determining the Winning Number of Democratic Delegates Will Be Tougher in 2020". Frontloading HQ. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  29. ^ Daley, David (July 9, 2019). "Ranked Choice Voting Is On a Roll: 6 States Have Opted In for the 2020 Democratic Primary". In These Times. ISSN 0160-5992. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  30. ^ Risch, Emily (June 14, 2019). "How ranked choice voting will affect Democratic presidential primary". FairVote. Retrieved August 22, 2019.
  31. ^ "Verifier". Verified Voting. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  32. ^ Pierson, Shelby (January 22, 2020). "Election Security Boss: Threats To 2020 Are Now Broader, More Diverse". National Public Radio. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  33. ^ Pierson, Shelby (January 27, 2020). "Election Officials To Convene Amid Historic Focus On Voting And Interference". National Public Radio. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  34. ^ Fessler, Pam (January 21, 2020). "American Distrust Of The Voting Process Is Widespread, NPR Poll Finds". National Public Radio. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  35. ^ "State Audit Laws". Verified Voting. Archived from the original on January 4, 2020. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  36. ^ Coltrain, Nick (February 29, 2020). "'We don't have time to correct every error': Iowa Democrats vote 26-14 to certify caucus results". Des Moines Register. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  37. ^ Belin, Laura (March 1, 2020). "Deep dive on Iowa Democratic Party's vote to certify 2020 caucus results". BleedingHeartland.com. Retrieved March 5, 2020.
  38. ^ Bump, Philip (February 10, 2020). "What five voters in rural Iowa demonstrate about the flawed results of the state's caucuses". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved March 27, 2020.
  39. ^ a b c d "The Math Behind the Democratic Delegate Allocation – 2020". The Green Papers. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  40. ^ "Democratic delegate rules, 2020". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  41. ^ "Thresholds for Democratic Party Delegate Allocation". 270towin.com. Electoral Ventures LLC. Retrieved March 6, 2020. A few states use divisions other than congressional districts. For example, Texas uses state senatorial districts. However, the broad point is the same - there are separate statewide and 'local' proportional delegate allocations.
  42. ^ a b Tolan, Casey (February 29, 2020). "Pay attention, California: Delegate math could shape which Democrat takes on Trump". Mercury News. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  43. ^ "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
  44. ^ "Each of California's 53 Congressional Districts (CDs) are allocated from 4 to 11 District- Level delegates" (PDF). California Democratic Party. January 6, 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 2, 2020. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  45. ^ Sides, John (February 17, 2020). "Everything you need to know about delegate math in the presidential primary". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 2, 2020.
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