People's Democratic Party (Spain)

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People's Democratic Party
Partido Demócrata Popular
Abbreviation PDP
Founded 21 July 1982
Dissolved 4 June 1989
Split from Union of the Democratic Centre
Merged into People's Party
Ideology Christian democracy[1]
Political position Centre-right
European affiliation European People's Party

The People's Democratic Party (Spanish: Partido Demócrata Popular, PDP), renamed as Christian Democracy (Spanish: Democracia Cristiana, DC) from March 1988 until it merged into the People's Party in June 1989,[2] was a Christian-democratic political party in Spain.


Logo between 1988 and 1989.

The PDP was founded in 1974 and integrated as a faction within the Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) until 1977, when it dissolved inside UCD. In August 1982, 13 deputies under the leadership of Óscar Alzaga split from the UCD and founded the PDP, entering into alliance with the People's Alliance (AP), which received the second largest number of votes in the 1982 and 1986 general elections.

In 1989 the party, along with the Popular Alliance and the Liberal Party (PL), merged with others to create the new People's Party (PP).[3][4]

The party President was Óscar Alzaga until 1986, then Javier Rupérez led the party into a merger with AP and PL. Jaime Mayor Oreja, now a leading PP politician, was a leading member of PDP.

The PDP was a member of the European People's Party from 1986 onwards.[5]

In 1988 the party was renamed as "Christian Democracy" (Democracia Cristiana).

Electoral performance[edit]

Cortes Generales[edit]

Election Leader Votes  % # Seats Outcome Notes
Congress Senate
1982 Óscar Alzaga 5,548,107 26.36 #2
16 / 350
10 / 208
PSOE majority Within AP–PDP
1986 5,247,677 25.97 #2
21 / 350
11 / 208
PSOE majority Within People's Coalition

European Parliament[edit]

Election Candidate Votes  % # Seats
1987 Javier Rupérez 170,866 0.89 #12
0 / 60

Local elections[edit]

Election Candidate Votes  % # Seats
1987 Óscar Alzaga 319,519 1.6 #6
1,520 / 65,577


  1. ^ Matuschek, Peter (2004), "Who Learns from Whom?: The Failure of Spanish Christian Democracy and the Success of the Partido Popular", Christian Democratic Parties in Europe since the End of the Cold War, Leuven University Press, p. 246 
  2. ^ "The PDP begins to disappear today to give way to the Christian Democracy" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 1988-03-04. 
  3. ^ "La Democracia Cristiana se integra en el Partido Popular por mayoría absoluta". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). 5 June 1989. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  4. ^ "El PP cobrará desde septiembre 36 millones mensuales de la Democracia Cristiana". El País (in Spanish). 4 June 1989. Retrieved 31 July 2015. 
  5. ^ Thomas Jansen; Steven Van Hecke (2011). At Europe's Service: The Origins and Evolution of the European People's Party. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 51. ISBN 978-3-642-19414-6. 

External links[edit]