Secular Progressive Alliance

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Secular Progressive Alliance
AbbreviationSPA
PresidentM. K. Stalin
FounderM. Karunanidhi
FoundedApril 2006
IdeologyBig tent
Factions:
Social democracy[1]
Secularism[2]
Communism[3]
Marxism[4]
Seats in Lok Sabha
38 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
8 / 245
Seats in State Legislative Assemblies
Number of states and union territories in government
1 / 31

Secular Progressive Alliance, formerly known as Democratic Progressive Alliance, is an alliance of Indian political parties formed by the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK).

History[edit]

The alliance was known as the Democratic Progressive Alliance 2006–2009 and 2014–2016. It became the Secular Progressive Alliance in 2021.

DMK Third Front Alliance
Election Allied parties
2006 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam+Indian National Congress, Pattali Makkal Katchi, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Indian Union Muslim League
2014 Indian general election in Tamil Nadu[5] Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam+Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi, Puthiya Tamilagam, Indian Union Muslim League, Manithaneya Makkal Katchi
2021 Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly election Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam+Indian National Congress, Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Indian Union Muslim League, Manithaneya Makkal Katchi, Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi, Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi

Withdrawals[edit]

The Left parties defected to the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK)-led front in 2009 after it withdrew support to the Congress-led United Progressive Alliance coalition in the Centre.

The Pattali Makkal Katchi withdrew support in 2008 over differences with the DMK but it still remained in the Congress-led UPA in the Centre. But after differences of seat sharing before the 15th Lok Sabha, it withdrew support to the UPA also and crossed over to the AIADMK-led front.

The Manithaneya Makkal Katchi was formed in 2009 by the Tamil Nadu Muslim Munnetra Kazagham and immediately joined the DPA. But before the Lok Sabha elections, its demand for two Lok Sabha seats and one Rajya Sabha seat was turned down by the DMK who offered them a lone Lok Sabha seat. The MMK withdrew from the DPA and as of now tied up with small parties like actor Sarath Kumar-led Akila Indiya Samathuva Makkal Katchi, the Puthiya Tamilzhagam and the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP).

Members[edit]

16th Assembly of Tamil Nadu[edit]

No Party Current No. of MLAs in Tamil Nadu Assembly Current No. of MPs in Lok Sabha
1 Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 125 20
2 Indian National Congress 18 8
3 Communist Party of India 2 2
4 Communist Party of India (Marxist) 2 2
5 Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi 4 2
6 Marumalarchi Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam 4 1
7 Indian Union Muslim League 0 1
8 Kongunadu Makkal Desia Katchi 1 1
9 Manithaneya Makkal Katchi 2 0
10 All India Forward Bloc 0 0
11 Tamizhaga Vazhvurimai Katchi 1 0
12 Makkal Viduthalai Katchi 0 0
13 Aathi Thamizhar Peravai 0 0
- Total 159 37

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dravida Munnetra Kazgham (DMK)". Business Standard India. Retrieved 10 August 2019.
  2. ^ Soper, J. Christopher; Fetzer, Joel S. (2018). Religion and Nationalism in Global Perspective. Cambridge University Press. pp. 200–210. ISBN 978-1-107-18943-0.
  3. ^ Chakrabarty, Bidyut (2014). Communism in India: Events, Processes and Ideologies. Oxford University Press. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-199-97489-4.
  4. ^ "Party constitution". India: All India Forward Bloc. 2017. Retrieved 22 April 2017.
  5. ^ "DMK-led Democratic Progressive Alliance to mobilise people under 'secular front'". The Economic Times. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2021.