Democratic Republican Party (South Korea)
|Democratic Republican Party|
|Succeeded by||Democratic Justice Party|
|Political position||Right-wing to Far-right|
|Colours||Brown and Blue|
|Politics of South Korea
|Democratic Republican Party|
|Revised Romanization||Minju Gonghwadang|
The Democratic Republican Party (DRP) was a conservative, authoritarian and broadly state corporatist or nationalist political party in South Korea, ruling from shortly after its formation on February 2, 1963, to its dissolution under Chun Doo-hwan in 1980. Under the control of Park Chung Hee, dictator of South Korea from his military coup d'état of 1961 until his assassination in 1979, the party oversaw a period of accelerated, state-directed industrialization and socio-economic modernization known as the "Miracle of the Han River", where a predominantly poor and agrarian country was transformed into an industrial "tiger economy". The combination of state and corporate chaebol power pioneered by the party continues to be deeply built into the foundations of the South Korean economic system.
Following the promulgation in October 1972 of the Yushin Constitution, which implemented numerous authoritarian centralizing measures such as the direct appointment of a third of the National Assembly by the President, the DRP assumed an unprecedented level of political power. For the next eight years, South Korea was essentially a one-party state ruled by the DRP.
After Park's assassination on 26 October 1979 and the seizure of power by Chun Doo-hwan in the coup d'état of December Twelfth, the DRP was dissolved in 1980, and nominally superseded by the Korean National Party. However, leadership of the state was assumed by the Democratic Justice Party, which may be seen as a spiritual successor of the DRP in terms of its constitutional vision and mimicking of Park's leadership style. Through this evolution, the Grand National Party may be seen as the modern heir of the DRP, though the policies advocated by Korean conservatives have changed significantly since South Korea's democratization in the late 1980s and 1990s.
|Election||Candidate||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome||Party Name|
|1963||Park Chung-hee||4,702,640||46.6%||Elected||Democratic Republican Party|
|1967||Park Chung-hee||5,688,666||51.4%||Elected||Democratic Republican Party|
|1971||Park Chung-hee||6,342,828||53.2%||Elected||Democratic Republican Party|
|1972||Park Chung-hee||2,357 (electoral vote)||99.91%||Elected||Democratic Republican Party|
|1978||Park Chung-hee||2,578 (electoral vote)||99.96%||Elected||Democratic Republican Party|
|Election||Total seats won||Total votes||Share of votes||Outcome of election||Election leader||Party Name|
110 / 175
|3,112,985||33.5%||110 seats; Majority||Park Chung-hee||Democratic Republican Party|
129 / 175
|5,494,922||50.6%||19 seats; Majority||Park Chung-hee||Democratic Republican Party|
113 / 204
|5,460,581||48.8%||16 seats; Majority||Park Chung-hee||Democratic Republican Party|
146 / 219
|4,251,754||38.7%||40 seats; Majority||Park Chung-hee||Democratic Republican Party|
145 / 231
|4,695,995||31.7%||2 seats; Majority||Park Chung-hee||Democratic Republican Party|
- Kohli, A. (2004). State-Directed Development: Political Power and Industrialization in the Global Periphery. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 92.
- Kwak, Ki-Sung (2012), Media and Democratic Transition in South Korea, Routledge, p. 31
- Kim, B. K. & Vogel, E. F. (eds.) (2011). The Park Chung Hee Era: The Transformation of South Korea. Harvard University Press. p. 125.
- Youngmi Kim, The Politics of Coalition in Korea (Taylor & Francis, 2011) p22
- Kohli, p. 27.