Demographics of Albania

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Flag of Albania.svg
Demographics of Albania
Indicator Rank Measure
Population
Population 138th 2,845,955
Density 110th 101
Ethnic diversity 13th 0.097000
Cultural diversity 29th 0.082000
Society
Human Development Index 68th 0.785
Inequality 51st 0.661
Literacy Rate 19th 97.6%
Life Expectancy 37th 77.8
Birth rate 153rd 13.1
Fertility rate 144th 1.54
Infant mortality 12.3
Death rate 152nd 6.47
Suicide rate 162nd 3.8
Albanian population development.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Albania, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. The demography of the Albania is monitored by the Institute of Statistics of Albania. The institute has performed demographic censuses since the 1924s.[1] The latest census in Albania was performed in April 2011, and has been deemed as unreliable both within and outside Albania.

Albania is a fairly linguistically homogeneous country with ethnic Albanians forming the majority in the country. Albania has 2,876,591 inhabitants according to the INSTAT calculations current as of January 1, 2017.

The first official population statistics for Albania was the 1923 census, when the country had a total of 823,000 inhabitants. Previous censuses carried out by the Ottoman Empire, which are not yet available. A shift in administrative borders in 1913 made comparison of various periods more complicated. Maddison from 2001, estimates that in Albania, about 200,000 people lived up to the year 1600, and that the population grew to 300,000 by 1700, implying an annual average growth rate of 0.4% in that period. However, population growth accelerated from the declaration of independence in 1912 to 1944 to 0.7% per year. This was due in part because Albania had the largest birth rate and the smallest death rate in Europe at the time.[2] After the second World War, population increase policies pursued by the communist government and a large life expectancy fueled a 2.5 percent annual increase for the following 45 years. The growth strained economic resources during communism in a Malthusian fashion that led to the collapse of the regime and the emigration of about 20 to 25 percent of the population in the following two decades. Albania experienced a demographic transition starting from 1960s, when crude birth rates began a slow decline, despite a government policy that called for a population increase. After the 1990s, the population showed an average decline of about 0.3 percent per year, caused by emigration. In the 2001 Census, the population declined to 3,023,000 from almost 3.3 million in 1990.

The latest census in Albania was scheduled for April 2011, and the results will be published in the following months. The permanent population of Albania at the 2011 census had reached 2.83 million. The population density was 98.5 inhabitants per square kilometre, and the overall life expectancy in Albania at birth was 78 years in 2011.[3] For the first time in the history of population censuses in Albania, the population in urban areas (53.7%) was larger than the population of rural areas (46.3%).[4] The Albanian language is the official language, but minority languages are officially used in some local government units. Albanian is declared as the native language by 98.76% of the population. The Albanian people are considered one of the most polyglot nation and people in Europe.[5] They generally speak more than two languages, which are French, Greek, Italian, and English, which are increasing due to migration return, and new Greek and Italian communities in the country. The main religions of Albania are Roman Catholicism (10.02%), Eastern Orthodoxy (6.75%) and Islam (58.79%). The 2011 census on religion and ethnicity has been deemed unreliable by the Council of Europe as well as other internal and external organisations and groups.

Albania has a high Human Development Index of 0.764, ranking 75th in the world in 2016.[6] In 2016, Albania had a total population of 2,886,026 million, 1,461,326 million being males and 1,424,700 females. Otherwise 42,922 inhabitants have left Albania and at the same year the number of immigrants in the country was by 25,846 inhabitants.[7]

Population[edit]

Population development from 1960 to 2010.
2016 Albanian population pyramid.

With a population of 2.87 million in 2017, Albania ranks 136th in the world by population. The population density is 101 inhabitants per square kilometre.[8] The overall life expectancy in Albania at birth is 78 years.[9] The total fertility rate of 1.70 children per mother is one of the lowest in the world. In 2016, the population of Albania was about 2,89 million, comprising 1,447 million male and 1,443 female persons.[10] There were 38,003 live births and 20,737 deaths in Albania. The natural increase of the population was positive, as the number of births exceeded the number of deaths by 17,266. Due to external migration and low birth rate, the population declined by 18,307. The total dependency ratio of population in Albania is 46.8%.

In 2001, the number of households amounted to 726,895.[11] The age structure was under 6 years by 10.8% and 65 years and older by 7.5%. However, the sex ratio amounted to 49.9% males and 50.1% females of the total population. Furthermore, 2,737,614 of the population was older than 6 years. In 2011, the total population was 2,831,741.[12] The comparison of the figures shows that the population has decreased by 7.7% in about ten years. Large scale emigration and fertility decline are supposed to be the main causes of the observed population decrease. A preliminary estimate of the number of persons that refused to participate in the census is 29,355 (1.04%). This figure is based on the number of dwellings for which a refusal was recorded and is included in the total population. The total population is composed of 1,421,810 males (50.2%) and 1,409,931 females (49.8%). For the first time in the history of population censuses in the nation, the population in urban areas is larger than the population of rural areas. According to 2011 census preliminary results, 53.7 percent of the population lives in urban areas and 46.3 percent in rural areas.

The 2011 census is regarded as unreliable and inaccurate by the Council of Europe, showing incompatibility with the protection of national minorities.[13] Also, the World Council of Churches sent letters to the United Nations Human Rights Council regarding the matter, having conducted their own questionnaire which showed major irregularities.[14] It was the first census to include ethnicity, was struck by controversy since according to article 20 of the Census law, there is a $1,000 fine for anyone who declares anything other than what was written down on the individual's birth certificate.[15] Some of the minorities, mainly the Greeks, boycotted the census.[16] The religious affiliation of the population was 56.7% Muslims, 13.79% undeclared, 10.03% Catholics, 6.75% Orthodox believers, 5.49% other, 2.5% Atheists, 2.09% Bektashis and 0.14% other Christians.[17]

According to the Institute of Statistics INSTAT, the population in 2016 was 2,886,026. Tirana County is the area with the highest population of 811,649 in the country. Fier County remains the population with the second highest population with a total of 312,488. The Counties with the lowest result are Gjirokastër, Kukës and Dibër respectively with 70,331, 84,035 and 134,153 inhabitants.[18] About 53.4% of Albania's population live in cities. The three largest counties account for half of the population.

View of Durrës

Almost 53.4% of the population of Albania living in cities. As of the Institute of Statistics (INSTAT), the three largest counties account for half of the population. Over 1 million people lives in the Tirana and Durrës, making it the largest urban area in Albania.[19] The capital Tirana, is one of largest cities in the Balkan Peninsula and ranks 7th with a population about 800,000.[20] The second largest is the port city of Durrës, with a population of 201.110, followed by Vlorë, the largest city in southern Albania, with 141.513 inhabitants. The Institute of Statistics forecast that the population may even increase by less than a fifth from 763.560 by 2011 to 909.252 by 2031, depending on the actual birth rate and the level of net migration.[21]

Total fertility rate[edit]

Total fertility rate by Qark/County in 2016 (INSTAT) [22]
County TFR
Albania 1.54
Kukës 2.29
Dibër 2.17
Lezhë 1.86
Elbasan 1.75
Durrës 1.60
Berat 1.59
Fier 1.56
Gjirokastër 1.46
Tiranë 1.41
Shkodër 1.39
Korçë 1.36
Vlorë 1.21

Population by Qark/County[edit]

Historical population by Qark/County in Albania (INSTAT) [23][24]
Qark/County 1989 population 2001 population 2018 population Change (1989-2018) Change in % (1989-2018)
Berat 222,901 193,020 127,431 -95,470 -43%
Dibër 226,324 189,854 120,978 -105,346 -47%
Durrës 218,530 245,179 289,628 + 71,098 +33%
Elbasan 357,497 362,736 278,547 -78,950 -22%
Fier 379,342 382,544 298,144 -81,198 -21%
Gjirokastër 155,998 112,831 62,952 - 93,046 -60%
Korçë 311,448 265,182 210,178 -101,270 -33%
Kukës 146,081 111,393 77,394 -68,687 -47%
Lezhë 165,254 159,182 126,800 -38,464 -23%
Shkodër 285,258 256,473 204,994 -80,264 -28%
Tiranë 449,228 597,899 883,996 +434,768 +97%
Vlorë 264,556 192,982 189,282 -75,274 -28%

Language[edit]

Map illustrating the various dialects of the Albanian language in Southern Europe.

The Albanian language is the official language of Albania. It has two distinct dialects, Tosk, spoken in the south, and Gheg, spoken in the north. The Shkumbin river is the rough dividing line between the two dialects. The language is spoken primarily in Greece, Italy, Kosovo, North Macedonia and Montenegro. Centuries-old communities speaking Albanian-based dialects can be found scattered in Greece (Arvanites), Southern Italy, Sicily and Calabria (Arbëreshë) and in Ukraine. However, due to the large Albanian diaspora, the total number of speakers is much higher than the native speakers in Southern Europe. The four dialects include Tosk Albanian, Gheg Albanian, Arbëresh and Arvanitika.

Albanians are considered of the most polyglot nation and people in Europe.[5] Albanians generally speak more than two languages. These languages are French, Greek, Italian, and English which are increasing due to migration return, and new Greek and Italian communities in the country. Italian is widely spoken throughout Albania. La Francophonie states that 320,000 French speakers can be found in Albania. Greek, the language of the Greek minority of the south, is also very widespread in that region. Nowadays, knowledge of English is growing very rapidly, especially among the youth.

The ethnic minorities languages include Aromanian, Serbian, Macedonian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Gorani, and Roma. Greek is the largest minority language of the country as well as the first largest foreign language. Approximately 5,000 Macedonian language-speakers can be found in Albania. Most of these living in the southeastern part of the country.

Religion[edit]

Population of Albania according to religious group 1923-2011
Religion
group
census 19231 census 19272 census 20113
Number % Number % Number %
Muslim 558,000 68.5 563,000 67.6 1,636,236 58.9
Catholic Christian 85,000 10.5 88,739 10.6 280,921 10.0
Orthodox Christian 171,000 20.5 181,000 21.7 188,992 6.8
No Religion 223,625 8.0
Not stated 454,046 16.2
Protestant 5,616 0.2
Traditional distribution of religions in Albania

The main religions of Albania are as of the 2011 Census, Islam 58.79%, Roman Catholicism 10.02, Eastern Orthodoxy 6.75%, Bektashi 2.09%, Evangelical 0.14%, Atheism 2.50%, 5.50% Nondenominational and 16.30% Others. Religious observance and practice is generally lax and polls have shown that, compared to the populations of other countries, few Albanians consider religion to be a dominant factor in their lives. Today, religion plays an important role in the lives of only 39% of Albanians. In addition, Albania is ranked among the least religious countries in the world.

The Constitution of Albania extends freedom of religion to all citizens and the government generally respects this right in practice. It declares no official religion and provides for equality of all religions. However, the predominant religious communities enjoy a greater degree of official recognition and social status based on their historical presence in the country. All registered religious groups have the right to hold bank accounts and to own property and buildings. Religious freedoms have in large part been secured by the generally amicable relationship among religions. The Ministry of Education has the right to approve the curricula of religious schools to ensure their compliance with national education standards while the State Committee on Cults oversees implementation. There are also 68 vocational training centers administered by religious communities.[25]

Government policy and practice contributed to the generally free exercise of religion. The government is secular and the Ministry of Education asserts that public schools in the country are secular and that the law prohibits ideological and religious indoctrination. Religion is not taught in public schools.[25]

Education[edit]

The University of Tirana is the largest and highest ranking university in Albania.

Literacy in the country is 98.7 percent.[26] The School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) of Albania is 16 years. The nation ranks 25th out of 167 countries in the World.[27] In 2015, the overall literacy rate in Albania was 98.7%; the male literacy rate was 99.2% and female literacy rate was 98.3%.

Education for primary (arsimi fillor), secondary (arsimi i mesëm), and tertiary (arsimi universitar) levels are mostly supported by the state. The academic year is much similar to that as in the United States, clases starts in September or October and ends in June or July.[28] Albanian is the primary language of instruction in all public schools.[29] Education takes place in three stages, the primary, secondary, and pre-university education. The primary education is obligatory from grade 1 to 9. Students must pass the graduation exams at the end of the 9th grade in order to continue their education. After the primary school, the general education is provided at the secondary schools. Students get prepared for the Matura examination, allowing them to obtain their matura diploma, which grants admission to higher education. The country follows the Bologna model in accordance with the 2007 Law on 'Higher Education'.[30] These institutions can be public or private, and may offer one, two or three levels of higher education depending on the institution.

Health[edit]

Albania has a universal health care system. In 2000, Albania had the world's 55th best healthcare performance.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Albania ranks around the 40th in the world in terms of life expectancy.[31][32] Compared to other Western countries, Albania has a low rate of obesity,[33] probably thanks to the health benefits of the Mediterranean diet.[34]

Period Life expectancy in

Years

Period Life expectancy in

Years

1938 [35] 38.0 1980–1985 70.7
1950–1955 55.3 1985–1990 71.9
1955–1960 59.3 1990–1995 71.7
1960–1965 64.9 1995–2000 73.0
1965–1970 66.2 2000–2005 74.8
1970–1975 67.7 2005–2010 75.7
1975–1980 69.7 2010–2015 77.7

Source: UN World Population Prospects[36]

Diaspora[edit]

Distribution of Albanians in Europe.

Since antiquity, Albanians have established communities in many regions throughout southern Europe. The modern Albanian diaspora was formed largely in the 15th century, when many Albanians emigrated to southern Italy, especially in Sicily and Calabria also to Greece, to escape either various socio-political difficulties and the Ottoman conquest. Other destinations includes Turkey, United States, Argentina and Chile.

Over the last twenty years, Albania has experienced major demographic changes, having the highest population growth in Europe following the collapse of communism in the country.[37] Albania has also shifted to population decline since the changes. However, during the final days of the transition from a communism to a capitalism in 1990, over a million Albanians moved to foreign countries. These include Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Scandinavia, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. About 440,000 of them settling in Greece, where Albanians make up 60% of immigrants.[38] 350,000 Albanians have migrated to Italy over the 1990s to 2000s, however the number has increased substantially.[39] The situation in Kosovo is similar. More than a million Albanians have left Kosovo since the late 1980s permanently, not counting those fleeing the Kosovo War who have subsequently returned.[40] Important destinations for emigrating Albanians from Kosovo have been Switzerland and Germany.[41]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Albania is inhabited mostly by Albanians (82.58%). It recognizes nine national minorities. These include Aromanians, Balkan Egyptians, Greeks, Bulgarians, Bosniaks, Macedonians, Montenegrins, Serbs and Roma.[42] As conducting a satisfactory census of ethnic minorities is one of the country's commitments to the European Union, the Government of Albania conducted an official census to clarify the ethnic composition of the population in 2011. The last census to include data on ethnic minorities was conducted in 1989.[43] The census conducted in 2001 did not collect information about ethnic groups and nationalities in the population.

Population of Albania according to ethnic group 1945–2011
Ethnic group Census 1945 Census 1950 Census 1955 Census 1960 Census 1979 Census 1989[44] Census 20111
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Albanians 1,075,500 95.9 1,186,100 97.3 1,349,100 97.0 1,581,745 97.3 2,535,913 97.9 3,117,601 98.0 2,312,356 82.58
Greeks 26,535 2.4 29,000 2.4 35,345 2.5 40,000 2.5 49,307 1.9 58,758[45] 1.8 24,243 0.87
Romani - - - - - - - - - - - - 8,301 0.30
Aromanians - - - - - - - - - - 782[46] - 8,266 0.30
Macedonians 14,400 1.3 2,273 0.2 3,341 0.2 4,235 0.3 4,097 0.2 4,697[47] 0.15 5,512 0.20
Balkan Egyptians - - - - - - - - - - - - 3,368 0.12
Serbs–Montenegrins - - 1,570 0.1 3,713 0.3 300 0.0 1,283 0.0 100[48] 0.00 366 0.01
Other - - - - - - - - 5,600 0.5 1,261 0.04 2,644 0.11
1 At the 2011 census a total of 390,938 (14% of the total population) did not declare their nationality, while another 44,144 (1.6%) considered the nationality as 'not relevant'. The census is regarded unreliable and inaccurate by the Council of Europe.

Vlachs (Aromanians) live in the south of the country,[49] whereas Montenegrins and Serbs live in the north.[50] Macedonians mostly live in Mala Prespa and the regions along the Macedonian border, known as 'Golo Brdo' and 'Gora'.

Vital statistics[51][52][53][54][55][edit]

Before WWII[edit]

[56][57][58] Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate
1934 1,010,000 33,884 14,440 19,444 34.7 16.7 18.0
1935 1,012,000 32,640 13,373 19,267 33.1 17.0 16.1
1936 1,014,000 34,199 16,788 17,411 33.7 16.6 17.1
1937 1,030,000 34,829 20,036 14,793 33.8 19.5 14.3
1938 1,048,000 36,138 18,512 17,626 34.3 17.7 16.6
1939 1,070,000 29,597 16,013 13,584 27.9 15.0 12.9
1940 1,088,000 33,651 17,812 15,839 31.3 16.4 14.9
1941 1,100,000 30,627 18,234 12,393 28.0 16.6 11.4
1942 1,117,000 36,683 15,899 20,784 32.8 14.2 18.6

After WWII[edit]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Female fertile population (15–49 years)
1950 1,215,200 47,291 17,215 30,076 38.9 14.2 24.7 6.07 259,472
1951 1,242,000 47,813 18,862 28,951 38.5 15.2 23.3 6.01 266,955
1952 1,270,000 44,727 19,826 24,901 35.2 15.6 19.6 5.47 274,437
1953 1,302,000 53,273 17,822 35,451 40.9 13.7 27.2 6.34 281,919
1954 1,340,000 54,635 17,560 37,075 40.8 13.1 27.7 6.33 289,403
1955 1,379,000 61,300 20,750 40,550 44.5 15.0 29.4 6.93 296,883
1956 1,421,000 59,565 16,370 43,195 41.9 11.5 30.4 6.46 304,368
1957 1,462,000 57,241 17,241 40,000 39.2 11.8 27.4 6.06 311,850
1958 1,507,000 63,007 14,059 48,948 41.8 9.3 32.5 6.51 319,332
1959 1,556,000 65,213 15,305 49,908 41.9 9.8 32.1 6.59 326,814
1960 1,608,800 69,686 16,775 52,911 43.3 10.4 32.9 6.85 334,298
1961 1,659,800 68,452 15,445 53,007 41.2 9.3 31.9 6.57 344,907
1962 1,711,319 67,209 18,363 48,846 39.3 10.7 28.5 6.27 355,516
1963 1,762,621 68,967 17,646 51,321 39.1 10.0 29.1 6.26 366,125
1964 1,814,135 68,599 15,811 52,788 37.8 8.7 29.1 6.06 376,733
1965 1,864,791 65,692 16,731 48,961 35.2 9.0 26.3 5.65 387,342
1966 1,914,573 65,127 16,469 48,658 34.0 8.6 25.4 5.32 397,953
1967 1,965,598 69,261 16,565 52,696 35.2 8.4 26.8 5.53 408,562
1968 2,022,272 71,869 16,214 55,655 35.5 8.0 27.5 5.60 419,170
1969 2,081,695 73,458 15,624 57,834 35.3 7.5 27.8 5.60 429,779
1970 2,135,479 69,507 19,774 49,733 32.5 9.3 23.3 5.16 440,387
1971 2,187,853 72,784 17,768 55,016 33.3 8.1 25.1 5.20 459,328
1972 2,243,126 73,607 17,616 55,991 32.8 7.9 25.0 5.06 478,266
1973 2,296,752 69,754 18,032 51,722 30.4 7.9 22.5 4.62 497,204
1974 2,350,124 71,862 17,726 54,136 30.6 7.5 23.0 4.59 516,146
1975 2,404,831 70,688 17,399 53,289 29.4 7.2 22.2 4.23 535,085
1976 2,458,526 70,510 17,029 53,481 28.7 6.9 21.8 4.08 554,024
1977 2,513,546 73,439 16,638 56,801 29.2 6.6 22.6 4.12 572,963
1978 2,566,266 70,594 16,219 54,375 27.5 6.3 21.2 3.84 591,903
1979 2,617,832 72,055 17,421 54,634 27.5 6.7 20.9 3.80 610,841
1980 2,671,997 70,680 16,981 53,699 26.5 6.4 20.1 3.62 629,779
1981 2,726,056 72,180 18,001 54,179 26.5 6.6 19.9 3.63 642,353
1982 2,784,278 77,232 16,521 60,711 27.7 5.9 21.8 3.80 655,703
1983 2,843,960 73,762 17,416 56,346 25.9 6.1 19.8 3.24 692,187
1984 2,904,429 79,177 16,618 62,559 27.3 5.7 21.5 3.41 706,500
1985 2,964,762 77,535 17,179 60,356 26.2 5.8 20.4 3.26 721,314
1986 3,022,635 76,435 17,369 59,066 25.3 5.7 19.5 3.11 735,741
1987 3,083,605 79,696 17,119 62,577 25.8 5.6 20.3 3.16 751,181
1988 3,142,336 80,241 17,027 63,214 25.5 5.4 20.1 3.03 774,598
1989 3,211,964 78,852 18,168 60,684 24.5 5.7 18.9 2.96 770,155
1990 3,266,790 82,125 18,193 63,932 25.1 5.6 19.6 3.04 800,572
1991 3,247,039 77,360 17,743 59,617 23.8 5.5 18.4 2.90 799,394
1992 3,227,287 75,425 18,026 57,399 23.4 5.6 17.8 2.86 798,216
1993 3,207,536 67,731 17,920 49,811 21.1 5.6 15.5 2.61 797,041
1994 3,187,784 72,180 18,340 53,840 22.6 5.8 16.9 2.82 795,863
1995 3,168,033 72,082 18,059 54,023 22.8 5.7 17.1 2.87 794,685
1996 3,148,281 68,359 17,601 50,758 21.7 5.6 16.1 2.77 793,510
1997 3,128,530 61,738 18,237 43,501 19.7 5.8 13.9 2.55 792,333
1998 3,108,778 60,139 18,250 41,889 19.3 5.9 13.5 2.53 791,156
1999 3,089,027 57,948 16,720 41,228 18.8 5.4 13.3 2.49 789,977
2000 3,060,173 51,242 16,421 34,821 16.7 5.4 11.4 2.25 788,801
2001 3,060,169 53,204 19,013 34,191 17.4 6.2 11.2 2.31 790,295
2002 3,051,010 42,525 19,187 23,338 13.9 6.3 7.6 1.90 788,952
2003 3,039,616 45,313 21,294 24,019 14.9 7.0 7.9 2.06 787,972
2004 3,026,939 40,989 20,269 20,720 13.5 6.7 6.8 1.86 785,321
2005 3,011,487 38,899 20,430 18,469 12.9 6.8 6.1 1.79 781,678
2006 2,992,547 35,892 20,852 15,040 12.0 7.0 5.0 1.67 777,045
2007 2,970,017 34,449 20,886 13,563 11.6 7.0 4.6 1.62 771,134
2008 2,947,314 33,443 20,749 12,694 11.3 7.0 4.3 1.58 762,943
2009 2,927,519 34,114 20,426 13,688 11.7 7.0 4.7 1.63 753,608
2010 2,913,021 34,061 20,107 13,954 11.7 6.9 4.8 1.63 744,637
2011 2,905,195 34,286 20,013 14,273 11.8 6.9 4.9 1.65 736,059
2012 2,900,401 35,473 20,870 14,603 12.2 7.2 5.0 1.70 727,028
2013 2,895,092 35,750 20,442 15,308 12.3 7.1 5.3 1.73 716,210
2014 2,889,104 35,760 20,656 15,104 12.4 7.1 5.2 1.74 705,993
2015 2,880,703 32,715 22,418 10,297 11.4 7.8 3.6 1.59 697,931
2016 2,876,101 31,733 21,388 10,345 11.0 7.4 3.6 1.54 693,111
2017[59] 2,873,457 30,869 22,232 8,637 10.7 7.7 3.0 1.48 692,680
2018[60] 2,866,376 28,934 21,804 7,130 10.1 7.6 2.5 1.37 691,302
2019[61] 2,854,191 28,561 21,937 6,624 10.0 7.7 2.3 1.36 683,999
Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Female fertile population (15–49 years)
Total 1950-2018 4,127,713 1,257,220 2,870,493 1645.4 501.2 1144.2
Average 1950-2018 2,508,630 59,822 18,221 41,601 23.8 7.3 16.6 3.28 597,579


Current vital statistics[62][edit]

Births

  • from January - March 2019 = 6,257
  • from January - March 2020 = 6,126
  • Difference between number of births in 2019 and 2020 (January - March) = Decrease -131 (-2.09%)

Deaths

  • from January - March 2019 = 6,361
  • from January - March 2020 = 6,115
  • Difference between number of deaths in 2019 and 2020 (January - March) = Positive decrease -246 (-3.87%)

Natural increase

  • from January - March 2019 = -104
  • from January - March 2020 = +11
  • Difference between natural increase in 2019 and 2020 (January - March) = Increase +115

Marriages and divorces[edit]

Vital statistics, marriages and divorces by decade[edit]

Births and fertility rates[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Background". instat.gov.al. The first statistical office was opened in 1924. It used to work out economic data on the Ministry of Public Affairs and Agriculture.
  2. ^ "Albania - history - geography". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  3. ^ "Dendësia e Popullsisë Population Density" (PDF). instat.gov.al. p. 21. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2017. Population Densitiy; number of persons per km2
  4. ^ "POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS IN ALBANIA" (PDF). instat.gov.al. p. 16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2017. For the first time in the history of population censuses in Albania, the population in urban areas is larger than the population of rural areas. According to 2011 census preliminary results, 53.7% of the population lives in urban areas and 46.3% in rural areas.
  5. ^ a b Gloyer, Gillian (2008). Albania: the Bradt travel guide (3rd ed.). Chalfont St. Peter: Bradt Travel Guides. p. 44. ISBN 9781841622460.
  6. ^ "Human Development Report 2016" (PDF). hdr.undp.org. p. 237.
  7. ^ "Population of Albania" (PDF). instat.gov.al. Tirana. 19 February 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Population of Albania" (PDF). instat.gov.al. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 October 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2017. The population of Albania on January 1st is 2,886,026 inhabitants, compared to the population of 2015 there is a decrease of 6,276 inhabitants. The population of Albania consists of 1,461,326 males and 1,424,700 females. The sex ratio of this population is 102.6 males for 100 females. The median age of the population of Albania on January the 1st 2015 is 34.7 years.
  9. ^ "Life expectancy at birth (years) 2000-2015". gamapserver.who.int.
  10. ^ "Demographics of Albania 2016". countrymeters.info. 30 June 2017.
  11. ^ Albania: 2001 population census Archived 21 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine, official web site. Retrieved on 19 June 2009
  12. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 January 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ "Third Opinion on Albania adopted on 23 November 2011" (PDF). Council of Europe. 4 June 2012. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  14. ^ "Letter of concern at the Albania Census 2011" (PDF). World Council of Churches. 6 May 2013. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  15. ^ "Macedonians and Greeks Join Forces against Albanian Census". balkanchronicle. Archived from the original on 12 January 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2011.
  16. ^ Cesari, Jocelyne (30 October 2014). The Oxford Handbook of European Islam. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780191026409. Retrieved 2 October 2017 – via Google Books.
  17. ^ "Albanian census 2011" (PDF). Instat.gov.al. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Popullsia e Shqipërisë" (PDF). instat.gov.al (in Albanian). p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2016. Qarqet me popullsinë më të ulët në vend janë Gjirokastra, Kukësi dhe Dibra, respektivisht me nga 70.331, 84.035 dhe 134.153 banorë.
  19. ^ "Popullsia e Shqipërisë" (PDF). instat.gov.al (in Albanian). p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 1 January 2016. Qarku Qarku me popullsinë më të lartë në Shqipëri mbetet Tirana me 811.649 (28,1%) banorë, e ndjekur nga Fieri me 312.488 (10,8%) dhe Elbasani me 298.913 (10,4%) banorë
  20. ^ "Population – INSTAT". Instat.gov.al. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
  21. ^ "Population projections at Prefecture level" (PDF). instat.gov.al. p. 45. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 March 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2017. The number of inhabitants in Tirana prefecture is forecasted to increase by less than a fifth from 763,560 in 2011 to 909,252 in 2031, according to the low internal migration scenario which also assumes a redirection of migrants to other centres of Albania.
  22. ^ "VJETARI STATISTIKOR RAJONAL 2012-2016" (PDF). INSTAT. p. 16.
  23. ^ "MIGRATION IN ALBANIA". p. 14. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  24. ^ "Treguesit Demografikë dhe Socialë" (PDF). 12 February 2018. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 12 February 2018.
  25. ^ a b "International Religious Freedom Report 2004: Albania". United States Department of State. 2004. Retrieved 2 June 2017. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  26. ^ "Albania: Literacy rate, ages 15 and above, total (%)". factfish.com.
  27. ^ "SCHOOL LIFE EXPECTANCY". world.bymap.org. 31 January 2017.
  28. ^ "The Albanian education system described and compared with the Dutch system" (PDF). nuffic.nl. p. 5. The academic year runs from October to June. Education is compulsory for children aged between six and fifteen.
  29. ^ "The Albanian education system described and compared with the Dutch system" (PDF). nuffic.nl. p. 5. The language of education is Albanian.
  30. ^ "The Albanian education system described and compared with the Dutch system" (PDF). nuffic.nl. p. 6. In principle, Albania follows the Bologna model in accordance with the 2007 Law on Higher Education (and supplements from 2010).
  31. ^ "Albania". who.int.
  32. ^ "LIFE EXPECTANCY AT BIRTH". CIA – The World Factbook.
  33. ^ "The World Is Getting Fatter and No One Knows How to Stop It". bloomberg.com. 6 April 2016.
  34. ^ "Living Smart, the Mediterranean Way of Being Albanian". agroweb.org. 1 May 2017.
  35. ^ Arjan, Gjonça (1998). "Mortality Transition in Albania" (PDF). ProQuest LLC: 221.
  36. ^ "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  37. ^ "Total Fertility Rates in selected European countries" (PDF). instat.gov.al. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 February 2017. Retrieved 11 July 2017. Albania’s fertility no longer the highest in Europe
  38. ^ Data on immigrants in Greece, from Census 2001 Archived March 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ Istituto nazionale di statistica: La popolazione straniera residente in Italia
  40. ^ "KOSOVO ENDE der GEDULD" (in German). Seit dem Abschluß des Rückführungsabkommens zwischen Bonn und Belgrad im Oktober 1996 kehrten jedoch erst rund 5000 Albaner zurück. Das Abkommen sieht vor, daß innerhalb von drei Jahren 135 000 Albaner die Bundesrepublik verlassen müssen.
  41. ^ 150,000 Albanians resided in Switzerland as of 2000 (6% of the total population of Switzerland). Eidgenössiche Volkszählung 2000: Sprachenlandschaft in der Schweiz
  42. ^ "Minority Rights and the Republic of Albania: Missing the Implementation". lup.lub.lu.se. p. 11. From the ethnic point of view, according to the Albanian government’s reports, 98 percent of the population is Albanian and only two percent consist of Greek, Macedonian, Montenegrin recognized as national Minorities and Roma, Aromaninan recognized as ethnic - linguistic Minorities by the Albanian state.
  43. ^ "2.3 Specific information on minorities" (PDF). lup.lub.lu.se. According to the data from 1989 Population and Housing Census
  44. ^ "Ethnic composition". pop-stat.mashke.org.
  45. ^ "2.3 Specific information on minorities" (PDF). lup.lub.lu.se. p. 17. According to the data from 1989 Population and Housing Census33 the number of this population was 58.758 inhabitants or in other terms 90.6 percent of completely ethnic minorities’ population.
  46. ^ "2.3.5.4 The number of Aromanian minority population" (PDF). lup.lub.lu.se. While in 1989 registration, the number of Aromanians living in Albania was reported to be of 782 inhabitants.
  47. ^ "2.3.2.4 The number of Macedonian minority population" (PDF). lup.lub.lu.se. The population census of 1945 revealed 3.431 inhabitants of Macedonian ethnicity. The census of 1960 revealed 4.235 inhabitants and that of 1989 revealed 4.697 inhabitants39.
  48. ^ "2.3.3.4 The number of Serbian-Montenegrin minority population" (PDF). lup.lub.lu.se. The statistical data on the number of this minority people were not defined specifically and accurately in the census of 1960, but according to the census of 1989, the number of Serbian-Montenegrin is 100 inhabitants.
  49. ^ "NL22_2: Map of Albania". Farsarotul.org. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  50. ^ Gruber, Siegfried. "Regional variation in marriage patterns in Albania at the beginning of the 20th century". Gewi.kfunigraz.ac.at. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
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  58. ^ "Population - INSTAT". Instat.gov.al. Archived from the original on 16 March 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  59. ^ "STATISTICAL YEARBOOK 2018" (PDF).
  60. ^ "STATISTICAL YEARBOOK 2019" (PDF).
  61. ^ "Demographic indicators, Q4 - 2019" (PDF).
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