Demographics of Antarctica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Children, adolescents and teachers of the school of Esperanza Base.

Antarctica has no permanent residents, and contains research stations and field camps that are staffed seasonally or year-round, and former whaling settlements.[1] The largest station, McMurdo Station, has a summer population of about 1,000 people and a winter population of about 200.[2] Approximately 12 nations, all signatory to the Antarctic Treaty, send personnel to perform seasonal (summer) or year-round research on the continent and in its surrounding oceans.

The population of people doing and supporting scientific research on the continent and its nearby islands south of 60 degrees south latitude (the region covered by the Antarctic Treaty)[3] varies from approximately 4,000 in summer to 1,000 in winter; in addition, approximately 1,000 personnel including ship's crew and scientists doing onboard research are present in the waters of the treaty region.

At least 11 children have been born in Antarctica. The first was Emilio Marcos Palma, born on 7 January 1978 to Argentine parents at Esperanza, Hope Bay, near the tip of the Antarctic peninsula.[4] The first girl born in the Antarctic Continent was Marisa De Las Nieves Delgado, born on May 27, 1978. The birth occurred at Fortín Sargento Cabral, Base Esperanza (Argentine Army) to parents Nestor Arturo Delgado and Juana Pabla Benitez, both Argentines from the province of Salta in northwest Argentina. At least 8 live births were recorded at Esperanza Base between 1978 and 1983. In 1984, Juan Pablo Camacho was born at the Presidente Eduardo Frei Montalva Base, becoming the first Chilean born in Antarctica. Soon after, a girl, Gisella, was born at the same station. In 2001, National Geographic reported that eight children had been born at Esperanza alone.

Nation Summer
(January)
population
3,687 total
(1998–99)
Winter
(July)
population
964 total

(1998–99)

Year-round
Stations
42 total
(1998–99)
Summer-only
Stations
32 total
(1998–99)
Argentina 302 165 6 7
Australia 201 75 4 4
Belgium 13      
Brazil 80 12 1  
Bulgaria 16     1
Chile 352 129 4 7
China 70 33 2  
Finland 11   1  
France 100 33 1  
Germany 51 9 1 1
India 60 25 1 1
Italy 106   1  
Japan 136 40 1 3
South Korea 14 14 1  
Netherlands 10      
New Zealand 60 10 1 1
Norway 30 6 1 1
Peru 28     1
Poland 70 20 1  
Romania 20 11    
Russia 254 102 6 3
South Africa 80 10 1 -
Spain 43   1  
Sweden 20     2
Ukraine     1  
United Kingdom 192 39 2 5
United States 1,378 248 3  
Uruguay     1  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cool Antarctica: Who lives in Antarctica? Archived January 12, 2016, at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ NSF: McMurdo Station
  3. ^ "ATS - The Antarctic Treaty". www.ats.aq. Archived from the original on 2011-06-03. Retrieved 2016-04-07.
  4. ^ "Born Freezing: Meet Antarctica's First Citizen - WebEcoist". webecoist.com. 15 February 2011.

External links[edit]