Demographics of Bhutan

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Demographics of Bhutan
Bhutan single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of Bhutan in 2020
Population867,775 (2022 est.)
Growth rate0.97% (2022 est.)
Birth rate15.94 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate6.22 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy72.31 years
 • male71.19 years
 • female73.49 years
Fertility rate1.79 children born/woman (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate27.04 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years24.52%
65 and over6.6%
Sex ratio
Total1.08 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
At birth1.05 male(s)/female
Under 151.05 male(s)/female
65 and over0.97 male(s)/female
Nationality
NationalityBhutanese

This is a demography of the population of Bhutan including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Bhutanese people in national dress at the Wangdi Phodrang festival

The Royal Government of Bhutan listed the country's population as 752,700 in 2003.[1]

The Bhutanese numbers can be reconstructed from their 9th Five Year Plan documents,[2] which lists the exact number of households in each gewog. If the Bhutanese refugee advocate groups are correct, a spot check of a southern gewog should show a massive under-reporting of population.[citation needed]

The CIA World Fact book number has since been adjusted with a note of former inconsistencies, and attributes the difference to the government not including the "first modern census of Bhutan, conducted in 2005".[1] In the 1970s Bhutan was one of the most isolated countries in the world and nobody knew how many people lived there since no census had ever been taken.

Demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population[edit]

708,427 (July 2011 est.)
716,896 (July 2012 est.)
750,125 (July 2016 est.)[3]

Population by Sex and Age Group[edit]

Population Estimates by Sex and Age Group (01.VII.2013) (Estimates) (Data refer to projected figures based on the Population and Housing Census 2005 (district projection)): [4]
Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 381 582 351 421 733 004 100
0-4 42 725 41 999 84 724 11,56
5-9 38 396 37 725 76 121 10,38
10-14 32 169 31 593 63 762 8,70
15-19 35 432 34 403 69 835 9,53
20-24 36 526 34 745 71 271 9,72
25-29 35 433 32 065 67 498 9,21
30-34 33 279 28 491 61 770 8,43
35-39 28 766 24 060 52 827 7,21
40-44 23 774 19 545 43 319 5,91
45-49 19 391 16 213 35 604 4,86
50-54 15 245 13 209 28 455 3,88
55-59 12 257 10 806 23 063 3,15
60-64 9 602 8 645 18 247 2,49
65-69 7 268 6 741 14 009 1,91
70-74 5 169 4 956 10 124 1,38
75-79 3 338 3 313 6 651 0,91
80+ 2 812 2 912 5 724 0,78
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 113 290 111 317 224 607 30,64
15-64 249 705 222 182 471 887 64,38
65+ 18 587 17 922 36 509 4,98
Population by Sex and Age Group (Census 30.V.2017): [5]
Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 380 453 346 692 727 145 100
0–4 29 176 28 298 57 474 7.90
5–9 32 035 30 956 62 991 8.66
10–14 34 656 34 296 68 952 9.48
15–19 34 679 33 607 68 286 9.39
20–24 41 075 34 340 75 415 10.37
25–29 42 802 36 478 79 280 10.90
30–34 35 059 30 121 65 180 8.96
35–39 29 689 25 860 55 549 7.64
40–44 22 274 19 221 41 495 5.71
45–49 18 865 16 668 35 533 4.89
50–54 15 456 13 861 29 317 4.03
55–59 12 379 11 519 23 898 3.29
60–64 10 498 10 213 20 711 2.85
65-69 7 585 7 069 14 654 2.02
70-74 5 876 5 592 11 468 1.58
75-79 3 965 3 906 7 871 1.08
80-84 2 651 2 746 5 397 0.74
85-89 1 262 1 338 2 600 0.36
90-94 338 439 777 0.11
95-99 120 143 263 0.04
100+ 13 21 34 <0.01
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 95 867 93 550 189 417 26.05
15–64 262 776 231 888 494 664 68.03
65+ 21 810 21 254 43 064 5.92
Population Estimates by Sex and Age Group (30.VII.2020): [5]
Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 390 877 358 054 748 931 100
0–4 29 208 28 557 57 765 7.71
5–9 30 495 29 235 59 730 7.98
10–14 33 159 32 388 65 547 8.75
15–19 34 343 34 200 68 543 9.15
20–24 36 655 33 428 70 083 9.36
25–29 42 547 35 456 78 003 10.42
30–34 39 913 34 311 74 224 9.91
35–39 32 294 28 047 60 341 8.06
40–44 26 259 22 904 49 163 6.56
45–49 20 171 17 597 37 768 5.04
50–54 17 115 15 289 32 404 4.33
55–59 13 709 12 419 26 128 3.49
60–64 11 132 10 667 21 799 2.91
65-69 8 849 8 583 17 432 2.33
70-74 6 171 5 792 11 963 1.60
75-79 4 399 4 346 8 745 1.17
80-84 2 587 2 734 5 321 0.71
85+ 1 871 2 101 3 972 0.53
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 92 862 90 180 183 042 24.44
15–64 274 138 244 318 518 456 69.23
65+ 23 877 23 556 47 433 6.33

Median age

Total: 27.2 years
Male: 27.7 years
Female: 26.6 years (2016 est.[6])

Urbanization[7]

urban population: 38.6% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 3.69% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Vital statistics[edit]

Below is a table of Bhutan vital statistics since 1950 published by the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[8]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR1 CDR1 NC1 TFR1 IMR1
1950-1955 9,000 5,000 4,000 47.9 27.1 20.8 6.67 184.8
1955-1960 10,000 6,000 5,000 49.0 26.8 22.3 6.67 181.4
1960-1965 12,000 6,000 6,000 48.5 25.7 22.8 6.67 174.1
1965-1970 13,000 7,000 7,000 47.8 24.1 23.8 6.67 163.1
1970-1975 16,000 7,000 8,000 47.0 22.0 25.1 6.67 149.3
1975-1980 18,000 8,000 10,000 45.8 19.6 26.2 6.67 133.2
1980-1985 20,000 8,000 12,000 42.7 17.1 25.6 6.39 117.1
1985-1990 21,000 8,000 13,000 40.4 15.0 25.3 6.11 104.0
1990-1995 19,000 7,000 12,000 35.2 12.5 22.7 5.27 87.5
1995-2000 16,000 5,000 11,000 29.2 9.9 19.3 4.13 69.7
2000-2005 15,000 5,000 11,000 25.2 7.9 17.2 3.30 52.8
2005-2010 15,000 5,000 10,000 21.5 7.2 14.4 2.61 44.4
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Births and deaths[edit]

[9][10] (Government estimates) [11]

Year Population Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2005 635,000 12,538 4,498 8,040 19.7 7.1 12.6 2.4
2016 726,596 9,718 3,541 6,177 13.4 4.9 8.5
2017 727,145 9,841 3,367 6,474 13.5 4.6 8.9 1.7
2018 734,374 10,711 3,364 7,347 14.6 4.6 10.0
2019 741,672 9,667 3,220 6,447 13.0 4.3 8.7
2020 748,931 9,769 3,109 6,660 13.0 4.2 8.8

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

Total population: 70.2 years
Male: 68.8 years
Female: 71.7 years (2017[3] est.)

Life expectancy at birth is 70.2 years, which is an increase from 66.3 years in 2005. Women (71.7 years) live longer than men (68.8).

In 2018, Prime Minister Tshering Tobgay announced that the average life expectancy at birth has surpassed 70.[12]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ngalop people and Sharchop people 63%
Lhotsampas (also known as Nepalis) 22%
Indigenous or migrant ethnic groups 15%

[1]

Religions[edit]

Tibetan Buddhism 75.3%
Hinduism 22.1%
Other 2.6%

[1]

Languages[edit]

Tshangla (sometimes referred to as Sharchopkha) 28%
Dzongkha (official) 24%
Nepali (locally referred as Lhotshamkha) 22%
Other 26%

[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "South Asia ::BHUTAN". CIA The World Factbook.
  2. ^ "Reports". Department of Planning, Ministry of Finance. Archived from the original on 2005-09-06. Retrieved 2005-08-19.
  3. ^ a b "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  4. ^ "Demographic Yearbook – 2020". New York: United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  5. ^ a b "Demographic Yearbook – 2020". New York: United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 2022-05-18.
  6. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Archived from the original on June 13, 2007. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  7. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". cia.gov. Archived from the original on February 11, 2009. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
  8. ^ "Bhutan: Demographic Profile, Medium Variant 1950–2100". World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, Population Projections and Estimates Section. Retrieved 2011-10-30. (entry: Bhutan)
  9. ^ "Live births, deaths, and infant deaths, latest available year (2002 - 2016)" (PDF). United Nations Statistics Division. 2 January 2018.
  10. ^ "Vital Statistics Report 2020". Bhutan National Statistics Bureau. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Population". Bhutan National Statiscits Bureau. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  12. ^ KuenselOnline

External links[edit]