Demographics of British Columbia

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Map of British Columbia regional districts with population density.

Population of British Columbia (2016): 4,648,055

Percentage of National Population: 13.2% (unchanged)

Population Growth Rate: 5.6%

Vital statistics[edit]

Birth rate: 1.2 births per 1,000 [1] (Canadian average ≈ 11)

Death rate: 2.3 deaths per 1,000

Infant mortality rate: 4.0 deaths per 1,000 live births [2]

Life expectancy at birth: 81.12 years[3]

Total fertility rate: 1.4 children born per woman [4] (Canadian average = 1.61)

Population of British Columbia since 1851[edit]

Population of British Columbia from 1851 to 2011
Year Population Five year
 % change
Ten year
 % change
Rank among
provinces
1851 55,000 n/a n/a n/a
1861 51,524 n/a -6.3 n/a
1871 36,247 n/a -29.7 7
1881 49,459 n/a 36.4 8
1891 98,173 n/a 98.5 8
1901 178,657 n/a 82.0 6
1911 392,480 n/a 119.7 6
1921 524,582 n/a 33.7 6
1931 694,263 n/a 32.3 6
1941 817,861 n/a 17.8 4
1951 1,165,210 n/a 42.5 3
1956 1,398,464 20.0 n/a 3
1961 1,629,082 16.5 39.8 3
1966 1,873,674 15.0 34.0 3
1971 2,184,620 16.6 34.1 3
1976 2,466,610 12.9 31.6 3
1981 2,744,467 11.3 25.6 3
1986 2,883,370 5.1 16.9 3
1991 3,282,061 13.8 19.6 3
1996 3,724,500 13.5 29.2 3
2001 3,907,738 4.9 19.1 3
2006 4,113,487 5.4 10.4 3
2011 4,400,057 7.0 12.6 3
2016 4,648,055 5.6 13.0 3
Source: Statistics Canada[5]

Age structure[edit]

  Males Females
Age
Group  
Number Percent Number Percent
0-4 105,808 2.4% 100,116 2.2%
5-9 117,909 2.8% 111,383 2.6%
10-14 133,809 3.1% 126,388 3.0%
15-19 143,449 3.4% 136,227 3.2%
20-24 155,369 3.7% 147,770 3.5%
25-29 139,521 3.3% 138,299 3.3%
30-34 144,788 3.4% 145,869 3.4%
35-39 155,429 3.7% 158,364 3.7%
40-44 177,381 4.2% 179,216 4.2%
45-49 172,786 4.1% 177,082 4.2%
50-54 157,596 3.7% 159,965 3.8%
55-59 138,096 3.2% 139,772 3.3%
60-64 101,610 2.4% 103,764 2.4%
65-69 80,051 1.9% 82,363 1.9%
70-74 70,060 1.6% 72,493 1.7%
75-79 54,572 1.3% 64,344 1.5%
80-84 36,304 0.8% 53,047 1.2%
85+ 24,544 0.6% 48,978 1.1%
Totals 2,109,082 49.6% 2,145,440 50.4%
Source: BCStats[6]

Ethnicity[edit]

British Columbia has a very diverse ethnic population. First-generation immigrants from the British Isles remain a strong component of local society despite limitations on immigration from Britain since the ending of special status for British subjects in the 1960s. Also present in large numbers relative to other cities in Canada (except Toronto), and also present in BC ever since the province was first settled (unlike Toronto), are many European ethnicities of the first and second generation, notably Germans, Ukrainians, Scandinavians, Yugoslavs and Italians; third-generation Europeans are generally of mixed lineage, and traditionally intermarried with other ethnic groups more than in any other Canadian province. In recent decades, the proportion of those of Chinese and South Asian ethnicity has risen sharply, though still outnumbered by the historically-strong population of those of German ancestry. Visible minorities have become an important factor in ethnic-based politics, though most visible minorities are less numerous than the long-standing non-British European ethnicities making up BC's "invisible minorities".

Further information: Statistics Canada. "Population by selected ethnic origins, by province and territory (2006 Census) (British Columbia)"[7]

Note: The following statistics represent both single (e.g., "German") and multiple (e.g., "part Chinese, part English") responses to the 2006 and 2016 Census, and thus add up to more than 100%.

Ethnic Origin Population (2016)[8] Percent (2016) Population (2006) Percent (2006)
English 1,203,540 26.39% 1,207,245 29.63%
Canadian 866,530 19% 720,200 17.67%
Scottish 860,775 18.88% 828,145 20.32%
Irish 675,135 14.80% 618,120 15.17%
German 603,265 13.23% 561,570 13.78%
Chinese 540,155 11.84% 432,435 10.60%
French 388,815 8.53% 361,215 8.86%
Indian 309,315 6.78% 232,370 5.70%
Ukrainian 229,205 5.03% 197,265 4.84%
Native American 220,245 4.83% 193,060 4.74%
Dutch (Netherlands) 213,670 4.69% 196,420 4.82%
Italian 166,095 3.64% 143,155 3.51%
Polish 149,635 3.28% 128,360 3.15%
Norwegian 138,430 3.04% 129,420 3.18%
Russian 131,060 2.87% 114,105 2.80%
Welsh 113,905 2.5% 104,275 2.56%
Swedish 110,030 2.41% 104,025 2.55%
Filipino 158,215 3.47% N/A N/A
Métis 90,515 1.98% N/A N/A
American (USA) 78,170 1.71% N/A N/A
Spanish 64,470 1.41% N/A N/A
Korean 63,300 1.39% N/A N/A
Danish 58,205 1.28% N/A N/A
Hungarian (Magyar) 56,535 1.24% N/A N/A
Japanese 51,150 1.12% N/A N/A
Source: Statistics Canada[9]

Future Projections[edit]

Ethnic Origin by Regional Group Population in 2016[10] Percent of 4,560,240 Population in 2036[11][12] Percent of 5,709,000
European origins 2,908,420 63.8% 2,907,000 50.9%
East and Southeast Asian origins 820,065 18% 1,339,000 23.5%
South and West Asian origins 414,400 9.1% 712,000 12.5%
Aboriginal origins 270,585 5.9% 428,000 7.5%
Latin, Central and South American origins 44,115 1% 91,000 1.6%
African origins 43,500 1% 80,000 1.4%
Arab origins 19,840 0.4% 55,000 1%
Other 49,225 1.1% 97,000 1.7%
*Percentages total more than 100% due to multiple responses, e.g. German-East Indian, Norwegian-Irish-Polish

Indo-Canadians[edit]

Visible minorities and Aboriginal Peoples[edit]

Note: Statistics Canada defines visible minorities as defined in the Employment Equity Act which defines visible minorities as "persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour".
Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
European 2,908,420 63.8%
Visible minority group
Source:[13]
South Asian 365,705 8%
Chinese 508,480 11.2%
Black 43,500 1%
Filipino 145,025 3.2%
Latin American 44,115 1%
Arab 19,840 0.4%
Southeast Asian 54,920 1.2%
West Asian 48,695 1.1%
Korean 60,495 1.3%
Japanese 51,145 1.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 8,760 0.2%
Multiple visible minority 40,465 0.9%
Total visible minority population 1,381,235 30.3%
Aboriginal group
Source:[14]
First Nations 172,520 3.8%
Métis 89,405 2%
Inuit 1,610 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 2,695 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 4,350 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 270,585 5.9%
Total population 4,560,240 100%

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

A large number of immigrants have lived in British Columbia for 30 years or less.[8]

Interprovincial Migration[edit]

Number of Years each Provinces and Territories had with positive interprovincial immigration since 1971

British Columbia has traditionally been gaining population from interprovincial migration. Over the last 46 years, British Columbia only had 12 years of negative interprovincial immigration: the lowest in the country. The only time they significantly lost population to this phenomenon was during the 1990s, when they were in the negatives for 5 consecutive years.[15]

Interprovincial migration in British Columbia
In-migrants Out-migrants Net migration
2007 / 2008 57,396 42,753 14,643
2008 / 2009 51,061 41,066 9,995
2009 / 2010 49,469 40,741 8,728
2010 / 2011 47,854 44,433 3,421
2011 / 2012 48,593 51,304 -2,711
2012 / 2013 43,830 45,698 -1,868
2013 / 2014 52,281 42,806 9,475
2014 / 2015 61,026 40,647 20,379
2015 / 2016 63,788 37,215 26,573
2016 / 2017 59,583 43,420 16,163

Source: Statistics Canada[16]

Religions[edit]

Religion in British Columbia in 2001.
Population by religion, Canada and BC
(2001 Census)
Canada B.C.
number % number %
Total population 29,639,035 3,868,875
No religious affiliation 4,900,090 17% 1,388,300 36%
Protestant 8,654,850 29% 1,213,295 31%
Catholic 12,936,905 44% 675,320 17%
Christian not included elsewhere 780,450 3% 200,345 5%
Sikh 278,410 1% 135,310 3%
Buddhist 300,345 1% 85,540 2%
Muslim 579,640 2% 56,220 1%
Christian Orthodox 479,620 2% 35,655 1%
Hindu 297,200 1% 31,500 1%
Jewish 329,995 1% 21,230 1%
Eastern religions 37,550 0% 9,970 0%
Other religions 63,975 0% 16,205 0%
Source: Statistics Canada 2001 Census
http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/demo30c.htm

Languages[edit]

Language(s) first learned and still understood Total % Male Female
English only 2,825,780 73.03% 1,403,230 1,422,545
French only 54,405 1.41% 27,340 27,060
Both English and French 6,784 0.18% 3,360 3,452
Other languages 981,910 25.38% 470,145 511,765
Source: Statistics Canada 2001 Census

See also[edit]

Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References[edit]

  1. ^ BC's birth rate, teen births lowest in Pacific Northwest — Sightline Institute
  2. ^ 25_imr.FH10
  3. ^ http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/DATA/pop/vital/exp0_bc.csv
  4. ^ Northwest's birth rate, teen births hit record lows — Sightline Institute
  5. ^ Statistics Canada - Population
  6. ^ http://www.bcstats.gov.bc.ca/data/pop/pop/dynamic/PopulationStatistics/Query.asp?category=Health&type=HA&topic=Estimates&agegrouptype=Standard&subtype=&region=0&year=2005&agegroup=5-year&gender=a&rowsperpage=50000&output=file
  7. ^ Population by selected ethnic origins, by province and territory (2006 Census) (British Columbia)
  8. ^ a b "Census Profile, 2016 Census British Columbia [Province]". Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  9. ^ 2001 Canadian Census Archived 2006-06-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census British Columbia [Province]". Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  11. ^ "Population by visible minority group, place of residence and projection scenario, Canada, 2011 and 2036". Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  12. ^ "Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036" (PDF). Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  13. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  14. ^ [2], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  15. ^ Cite error: The named reference :2 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  16. ^ Cite error: The named reference :1 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).