Demographics of Burundi

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Demographics of Burundi
Burundi single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of Burundi in 2020
Population12,696,478 (2022 est.)
Growth rate3.63% (2022 est.)
Birth rate35.17 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate5.96 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy67.42 years
 • male65.32 years
 • female69.59 years
Fertility rate5.03 children born/woman (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate37.84 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate7.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years43.83%
65 and over3.06%
Sex ratio
Total0.99 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
At birth1.03 male(s)/female
Under 151.02 male(s)/female
65 and over0.62 male(s)/female
Nationality
NationalityBurundian
Language
OfficialKirundi, French, English, Swahili

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Burundi, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Burundi, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

At 206.1 persons per km², Burundi has the second-largest population density in Sub-Saharan Africa. Most people live on farms near areas of fertile volcanic soil. The population is made up of three major ethnic groupsHutu (Bahutu), Tutsi (Batutsi or Watusi), and Twa (Batwa). Kirundi is the common language. Intermarriage takes place frequently between the Hutus and Tutsis. The terms "pastoralist" and "agriculturist", often used as ethnic designations for Watusi and Bahutu, respectively, are only occupational titles which vary among individuals and groups. Although Hutus encompass the majority of the population, historically Tutsis have been politically and economically dominant.

Population[edit]

According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects[1][2], the total population was 11,891,000 in 2020, compared to only 2 309 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2020 was 45.3%, 52.4% were between 15 and 65 years of age, while 2.4% of the population was 65 years or older. .[3]

Total population Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 2 309 000 40.9 55.9 3.2
1955 2 537 000 42.4 54.5 3.1
1960 2 798 000 43.8 53.2 2.9
1965 3 094 000 45.3 51.8 3.0
1970 3 479 000 45.5 51.5 3.0
1975 3 701 000 45.4 51.3 3.3
1980 4 157 000 44.7 52.2 3.1
1985 4 751 000 46.2 50.9 3.0
1990 5 439 000 47.9 49.3 2.8
1995 5 987 000 50.3 47.1 2.5
2000 6 379 000 50.1 47.4 2.5
2005 7 365 000 47.0 50.7 2.3
2010 8 676 000 45.1 52.7 2.2
2015 10 160 000 45.5 52.4 2.1
2020 11 891 000 45.3 52.4 2.4

Population Estimates by Sex and Age Group (01.VII.2015): [4]

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 4 822 838 5 000 990 9 823 828 100
0–4 856 714 855 769 1 712 483 17.43
5–9 679 740 699 260 1 379 000 14.04
10–14 604 457 629 629 1 234 086 12.56
15–19 496 353 525 562 1 021 915 10.40
20–24 467 123 507 522 974 645 9.92
25–29 397 323 446 043 843 366 8.58
30–34 321 348 337 758 659 106 6.71
35–39 236 115 230 446 466 561 4.75
40–44 182 701 183 765 366 466 3.73
45–49 153 796 156 798 310 594 3.16
50–54 134 933 130 247 265 180 2.70
55–59 113 470 111 808 225 278 2.29
60–64 74 556 70 655 145 211 1.48
65-69 44 744 46 041 90 785 0.92
70-74 25 722 28 826 54 548 0.56
75-79 16 056 20 164 36 220 0.37
80+ 17 687 20 697 38 384 0.39
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 2 140 911 2 184 658 4 325 569 44.03
15–64 2 577 718 2 700 604 5 278 322 53.73
65+ 104 209 115 728 219 937 2.24

Population Estimates by Sex and Age Group (01.VII.2020): [5]

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 6 080 391 6 229 209 12 309 600 100
0–4 874 372 864 599 1 738 971 14.13
5–9 869 861 865 182 1 735 043 14.10
10–14 813 776 816 817 1 630 593 13.25
15–19 635 015 647 234 1 282 249 10.42
20–24 536 485 556 280 1 092 765 8.88
25–29 496 482 527 430 1 023 911 8.32
30–34 443 784 481 580 925 364 7.52
35–39 360 774 378 666 739 439 6.01
40–44 268 219 268 291 536 510 4.36
45–49 190 837 196 746 387 583 3.15
50–54 163 759 171 797 335 555 2.73
55–59 140 489 143 340 283 830 2.31
60–64 118 050 122 024 240 075 1.95
65-69 82 201 86 101 168 302 1.37
70-74 43 526 48 289 91 815 0.75
75-79 24 811 30 186 54 997 0.45
80+ 17 951 24 649 42 600 0.35
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 2 558 009 2 546 598 5 104 607 41.47
15–64 3 353 893 3 871 836 7 225 729 58.70
65+ 168 489 189 225 357 714 2.91

UN population projections[edit]

Numbers are in thousands. UN medium variant projections[3]

  • 2020 11,891
  • 2025 13,764
  • 2030 15,773
  • 2035 17,932
  • 2040 20,253
  • 2045 22,728
  • 2050 25,325

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Burundi not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [3]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 121 000 61 400 59 600 50.0 25.4 24.6 6.80 166
1955-1960 130 000 63 800 66 200 48.8 24.0 24.8 6.86 157
1960-1965 142 600 66 400 76 200 48.4 22.5 25.9 7.05 149
1965-1970 158 000 69 400 88 600 48.0 21.1 26.9 7.23 140
1970-1975 171 400 73 800 97 600 47.7 20.5 27.2 7.26 136
1975-1980 197 400 76 000 121 400 50.2 19.4 30.9 7.40 132
1980-1985 229 000 82 400 146 600 51.4 18.5 32.9 7.38 117
1985-1990 261 000 87 400 173 600 51.2 17.1 34.1 7.46 104
1990-1995 273 800 100 200 173 600 47.9 17.5 30.4 7.30 111
1995-2000 271 000 101 600 169 400 43.8 16.4 27.4 7.05 103
2000-2005 294 400 92 200 202 200 42.8 13.4 29.4 6.77 88
2005-2010 346 000 90 000 256 000 43.1 11.2 31.9 6.39 70
2010-2015 397 400 86 600 310 800 42.2 9.2 33.0 5.95 52
2015-2020 432 800 88 600 344 200 39.3 8.0 31.2 5.45 42
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000; CBR-CDR); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Fertility and births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[6][7] [8]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1987 6.6 (5.3) 5.2 (4.2) 6.6 (5.4)
2010 44.5 6.4 (4.2) 37.3 4.8 (3.4) 45.3 6.6 (4.3)
2016-17 37.9 5.5 (3.6) 33.0 4.1 (3.0) 38.5 5.7 (3.7)

Fertility data as of 2010 (DHS Program):[7] The fertility rate in the Bujumbura Mairie Province fell to 3.7 by 2016-2017; the other regions were not aggregated in the report, for easy reference and comparison to the below chart.[8] Per the 2016-2017 report, the average number of desired children in Burundi, nationwide, by both men and women of 15 to 49 years of age who are either paired up or married, is 4 children or less, and slightly less for men than for women. Per the report, this suggests an excess fecundity (more children than desired) of 1.8 children per couple nationwide; 1.1 in urban areas (where 3.0 children are desired, and the fertility rate is 4.1) and 2.0 in rural areas (where 3.7 children are desired and the fertility rate is 5.7). However, the number of desired children appears to be based on the lowest-desired rate - that of paired but unmarried men (3.7 children) rather than the highest (4.0, desired by married women) or even an overall average.[8]

Region Total fertility rate Percentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnant Mean number of children ever born to women age 40-49
Bujumbura Mairie 4.2 7.9% 5.3
Nord 6.7 10.1% 6.4
Centre-Est 6.3 10.5% 6.6
Ouest 7.1 11.7% 7.2
Sud 6.2 10.8% 6.8


Life expectancy at Birth[edit]

Period Life expectancy in
Years[9]
1950–1955 39.03
1955–1960 Increase 40.52
1960–1965 Increase 42.03
1965–1970 Increase 43.53
1970–1975 Increase 44.23
1975–1980 Increase 46.29
1980–1985 Increase 47.28
1985–1990 Increase 48.51
1990–1995 Decrease 47.04
1995–2000 Increase 47.31
2000–2005 Increase 51.42
2005–2010 Increase 55.27
2010–2015 Increase 58.92
2015–2020 Increase 61.02

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[10]

  • One birth every 1 minutes
  • One death every 6 minutes
  • One net migrant every 288 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[11]

Population[edit]

12,696,478 (2022 est.)
12,241,065 (July 2021 est.)
10,742,276 (July 2015 est.)
Note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2015 est.)

Religions[edit]

Roman Catholic 58.6%, Protestant 35.3% (includes Adventist 2.7% and other Protestant 32.6%), Muslim 3.4%, other 1.3%, none 1.3% (2016-17 est.)

Age structure[edit]

Population pyramid of Burundi in 2020
0-14 years: 43.83% (male 2,618,868/female 2,581,597)
15-24 years: 19.76% (male 1,172,858/female 1,171,966)
25-54 years: 29.18% (male 1,713,985/female 1,748,167)
55-64 years: 4.17% (male 231,088/female 264,131)
65 years and over: 3.06% (male 155,262/female 207,899) (2020 est.)

Median age[edit]

Total: 17.7 years. Country comparison to the world: 217th
Male: 17.4 years
Female: 18.0 years (2020 est.)
Total: 17.0 years
Male: 16.8 years
Female: 17.2 years (2015 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

3.63% (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 4th
3.68% (2021 est.)
3.28% (2015 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

5.03 children born/woman (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 10th
5.1 children born/woman (2021 est.)

Birth rate[edit]

35.17 births/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 16th
35.48 births/1,000 population (2021 est.) Country comparison to the world: 16th

Death rate[edit]

5.96 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 161st
6.07 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

7.09 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 12nd
7.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
4.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Population distribution[edit]

One of Africa's most densely populated countries; concentrations tend to be in the north and along the northern shore of Lake Tanganyika in the west; most people live on farms near areas of fertile volcanic soil

Urbanization[edit]

urban population: 14.4% of total population (2022)
rate of urbanization: 5.43% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Urban population: 13.7% of total population (2020)
Rate of urbanization: 5.68% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Mother's mean age at first birth[edit]

21.5 years (2016/17 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-49
21.3 years (2010 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Sex ratio[edit]

At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
Total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 67.42 years. Country comparison to the world: 190th
male: 65.32 years
female: 69.59 years (2022 est.)
Total population: 67.07 years Country comparison to the world: 150th
male: 64.98 years
female: 69.22 years (2021 est.)
Total population: 60.9 years
Male: 59.2 years
Female: 62.7 years (2017 est.)

Dependency ratios[edit]

Total dependency ratio: 91.0
Youth dependency ratio: 86.4
Elderly dependency ratio: 4.5
Potential support ratio: 22.0 (2020 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate[edit]

28.5% (2016/17)

HIV/AIDS[edit]

Adult prevalence rate: 1.2% (2019 est.) Country comparison to the world (37th)
People living with HIV/AIDS: 85,000 (2019 est.)
Deaths: 1,800 (2019 est.)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight[edit]

27.2% (2018/2019)

Major infectious diseases[edit]

Degree of risk: very high
Food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
Vectorborne disease: malaria and dengue fever
Water contact disease: schistosomiasis
Animal contact disease: rabies (2020)

Nationality[edit]

Noun: Burundian(s)
Adjective: Burundian

Ethnic groups[edit]

Hutu (Bantu) 85%, Tutsi 14%, Twa (Pygmy) 1% Europeans 3,000, South Asians 2,000 [12]

Religions[edit]

Roman Catholic 62.1%, Protestant 23.9% (includes Adventist 2.3% and other Protestant 21.6%), Islam 2.5%, Other 3.6%, Unspecified 7.9% (2008 est.)

Languages[edit]

Kirundi (official) only: 29.7%, French (official) only: 0.3%, Kirundi and French: 8.4%, Kurundi, French and English: 2.4%, Swahili only: 0.2%, other language combinations: 2%, unspecified: 56.9% (2008 est.)
NOTE: Data represents only languages read and written by people 10 years of age or older; spoken Kirundi is nearly universal.

Literacy[edit]

Definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Total population: 68.4%
Male: 76.3%
Female: 61.2% (2017 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)[edit]

total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2018)

Education expenditure[edit]

5.1% of GDP (2018)

References[edit]

  1. ^ ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  2. ^ ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: Data Query". Esa.un.org. Retrieved 2021-01-28.
  4. ^ "UNSD — Demographic and Social Statistics".
  5. ^ "UNSD — Demographic and Social Statistics".
  6. ^ "Enquête Démographique et de Santé au Burundi 1987" (PDF). Dhsprogram.com. Retrieved 2017-08-27.
  7. ^ a b "Enquête Démographique et de Santé au Burundi ABCD" (PDF). Dhsprogram.com. Retrieved 2017-08-27.
  8. ^ a b c "Troisième Enquête Démographique et de Santé du Burundi de 2016-2017". Dhsprogram.com. Retrieved 2017-08-27.
  9. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 2021-01-28.
  10. ^ "Burundi Population 2019", World Population Review
  11. ^ "The World FactBook - Burundi", The World Factbook, January 28, 2022Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  12. ^ "Africa :: BURUNDI". CIA The World Factbook. 14 April 2022. 2015 archived edition

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document: "2008 edition".