Demographics of Colombia
|Demographics of Colombia|
|Population||48,301,354 (at 2015)(28th) |
|Density||42.25 inhab/sq km (72th)|
|Growth rate||1.27% (105rd)|
|Birth rate||18.9 births/1,000 population (111th)|
|Death rate||5.8/1,000 population (178th)|
|Life expectancy||79 (34th)|
|• male||76 (37th)|
|• female||83 (22th)|
|Fertility rate||2.30 children/woman (103rd)|
|Net migration rate||-0.65 (2014)|
|65 and over||7.6%|
|Under 15||1.02 male(s)/female|
|15–64 years||0.95 male(s)/female|
|65 and over||0.75 male(s)/female|
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Colombia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The Demography of Colombia is characterized for being the third-most populous country in Latin America, after Mexico and Brazil. Colombia experienced rapid population growth like most countries, but four decades of an armed conflict pushed millions of Colombians out of the country. However, a rebound economy in the 2000s in urban centres (perhaps the most urbanized Latin American nation) improved the situation of living standards for Colombians in a traditional class stratified economy. In the years following 2002 the safety has been improving throughout the country. Young citizens now invest in education so they can stay and contribute to the country's future. Today the country has lots of economic potential.
- 1 Census
- 2 Vital statistics
- 3 Ethnic diversity
- 4 Languages
- 5 Migration
- 6 CIA World Factbook demographic statistics
- 7 References
- 8 External links
|Note: Diverse sources Census respective year DANE *First census after 35 years **First modern census
Source: DANEDANE Simple
According to the 2005 census, there are 46,219,699 Colombians in the world (42,888,592 living in the national territory and 3,331,107 living abroad). On 2005 there was 3,378,345 colombians living permanently on exterior. More recently, according with MRE estimates this indicator may ascends to 4,700,000 on 2012.
|5||Bogotá, Distrito Capital||Bogotá||1,587 km²||6,778,691 (not metropolitan)|
|15||Cundinamarca||Bogotá||24,210 km²||2,228,478 (without Bogotá)|
|17||Guaviare||San José del Guaviare||53,460 km²||81,411|
|19||La Guajira||Riohacha||20,848 km²||623,250|
|20||Magdalena||Santa Marta||23,188 km²||1,136,901|
|23||Norte de Santander||Cúcuta||21,658 km²||1,228,028|
|27||San Andrés and Providencia||San Andrés||52 km²||59,573|
|31||Valle del Cauca||Cali||22,140 km²||4,060,196|
|33||Vichada||Puerto Carreño||100,242 km²||55,158|
Siglos XX y XXI
Colombian census from 1912:
- On 1912 census estimated 5,472,604 inhabitants.
- On 1918 census estimated 5,855,077 inhabitants.
- On 1928 census estimated 7,851,110 inhabitants.
- On 1938 census estimated 8,697,041 inhabitants.
- On 1951 census estimated 12,739,910 inhabitants.
- On 1964 census estimated 18,337,973 inhabitants.
- On 1973 census estimated 23,881,851 inhabitants.
- On 1985 census estimated 31,593,587 inhabitants.
- On 1993 census estimated 37,422,791 inhabitants.
- On 2005 census estimated 42,888,592 inhabitants.
- On 2016 census will estimate inhabitants.
According to the 2015 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 48,229,000 in 2015, compared to only 12,342,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2015 was 24.3%, 68.7% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 7% was 65 years or older .
Movement from rural to urban areas was very heavy in the middle of the twentieth century, but has since tapered off. The urban population increased from 31% of the total population in 1938, to 57% in 1951 and about 70% by 1990. Currently the figure is about 77%. Thirty cities have a population of 100,000 or more. The nine eastern lowlands departments, constituting about 54% of Colombia's area, have less than 3% of the population and a density of less than one person per square kilometer (two people per sq. mi.).
|1950-1955||628 000||219 000||409 000||47.3||16.5||30.6||6.76||123||50.6||49.0||52.3|
|1955-1960||697 000||203 000||494 000||45.4||13.2||32.2||6.76||105||55.2||53.5||56.9|
|1960-1965||787 000||203 000||584 000||44.2||11.4||32.8||6.76||92||57.9||56.2||59.7|
|1965-1970||845 000||206 000||639 000||41.1||10.0||31.1||6.18||82||60.0||58.3||61.8|
|1970-1975||800 000||202 000||598 000||34.2||8.7||25.5||4.90||73||61.7||59.6||63.9|
|1975-1980||853 000||199 000||654 000||32.5||7.6||24.9||4.25||57||64.0||61.7||66.3|
|1980-1985||900 000||191 000||709 000||30.7||6.5||24.2||3.70||43||66.8||63.6||70.2|
|1985-1990||904 000||201 000||703 000||27.7||6.2||21.5||3.18||35||68.0||64.5||71.7|
|1990-1995||898 000||219 000||679 000||25.1||6.1||19.0||2.84||28||68.7||64.5||73.0|
|1995-2000||853 000||223 000||630 000||21.9||5.7||16.2||2.50||24||70.3||66.5||74.2|
|2000-2005||842 000||234 000||608 000||20.1||5.6||14.5||2.30||21||71.7||68.0||75.5|
|2005-2010||804 000||249 000||555 000||18.0||5.6||12.4||2.10||19||72.9||69.2||76.7|
|2010-2015||764 000||273 000||491 000||16.2||5.8||10.4||1.93||16||73.9||70.3||77.6|
|2015-2020||729 000||300 000||429 000||14.8||6.1||8.7||1.83||14||74.9||71.4||78.6|
|* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)|
Births and deaths 
|Year||Population (x1000)||Live births||Deaths||Natural increase||Crude birth rate||Crude death rate||Rate of natural increase||TFR|
|2009||699 775||196 933||502 842|
|2010||654 627||200 524||454 103|
|2012||665 499||195 823||469 676|
|2013||662 554||179 646||482 908||2,350|
Fertility and Births
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):
|Year||CBR (Total)||TFR (Total)||CBR (Urban)||TFR (Urban)||CBR (Rural)||TFR (Rural)|
|1986||3,34 (2,81)||2,76 (2,42)||4,88 (3,87)|
|1990||26,1||2,9 (2,2)||25,7||2,5 (2,1)||27,0||3,8 (2,7)|
|1995||26||3,0 (2,2)||25||2,5 (1,9)||30||4,3 (2,8)|
|2000||22,7||2,6 (1,8)||21,6||2,3 (1,7)||25,6||3,8 (2,3)|
|2005||20,4||2,4 (1,7)||19,0||2,1 (1,5)||24,3||3,4 (2,1)|
|2010||18||2,1 (1,6)||17||2,0 (1,5)||20||2,8 (1,9)|
Total fertility rate by departments
|Departament||TFR 2010 |
|Norte de Santander||2.4|
|San Andrés y Providencia||2.1|
|Valle del Cauca||1.7|
Registered births and deaths
|This section requires expansion. (March 2014)|
The country has a diverse population that reflects its colourful history and the peoples that have populated here from ancient times to the present. The historic amalgam of three main groups are the basics of Colombia's current demographics: indigenous Amerindians, European immigrants, and African slaves, have intermingled without limitation in its history.
Many of the Indigenous peoples experienced a reduction in population during the Spanish rule and many others were absorbed into the mestizo population, but the remaining 800,000 currently represent over 80 distinct cultures. Today, less than 3.5% of the population can be identified as fully indigenous on the basis of language and customs. Most of the indigenous population live in the country's flatlands in the south and east.
The European immigrants were Spanish colonists, but many other Europeans (i.e. the Italians, Germans and the French). In smaller numbers, Belgian, Lithuanian, Dutch, British, Portuguese, Swiss, Poles, Russians and Croatian communities. Most of the Europeans immigrated in the 20th century, during the First and the Second World War (1939–1945) and the Cold War (1945–1990) as well fleeing the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s.
Other immigrant populations include Asians and Middle Easterners, particularly Arabs (esp. Lebanese and Syrians but also Palestinians), Chinese, Japanese, Koreans, Southeast Asians (esp. Vietnam after the end of the Vietnam War), Armenians arrived in large numbers after World War I, and East Indians or Pakistanis settled in Colombia. The Venezuelan population is increasing in Bogotá, Bucaramanga, Cali, Cúcuta, Medellín, Santa Marta and Cartagena de Indias.
In the 1990s and 2000s, about half a million immigrants from Europe and North America (mainly the United States) usually are retired came to settle in urban areas and coasts of Colombia. It is not a new phenomenon, when about 5,000 Americans settled the Caribbean region in the late 19th century.
The Africans were brought as slaves, mostly to the coastal lowlands, beginning early in the sixteenth century, and continuing into the nineteenth century. After abolition, a national ideology of mestizaje encouraged the mixing of the indigenous and white people into a single mestizo ethnic identity .
Colombian culture, cuisine, music and social life are from the polyglot ethnic and racial balance. One famous Colombian emigrant, pop music singer Shakira of Barranquilla is herself of Italian, French and Lebanese ancestry.
The 2005 census reported that the "non-ethnic population", consisting of whites and mestizos (those of mixed white European and Amerindian ancestry), constituted 86% of the national population. An extraofficial estimate considers that the population of Colombia was composed of these racial groups:
- 49% Mestizo (European and Amerindian).
- 37% White (European).
- 10.6% Afro-Colombian, includes Mulatto (European and Black/African) and Zambo (African and Amerindian).
- 3.4% Amerindian.
- 0.01% Roma
Other ethnic groups include Arabs counted with the Whites (Lebanese, Palestinians and Syrians), Chinese, Romani from Eastern Europe, and South Asians (East Indians). However a number of other Europeans and North Americans migrated to the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and, in smaller numbers, Poles, Lithuanians, English, Irish, and Croats during and after the Second World War. Today there is significant ongoing immigration of Venezuelans due to the political and economic situation in Venezuela.
Many immigrant communities have settled on the Caribbean coast, in particular recent immigrants from the Middle East. Barranquilla (the largest city of the Colombian Caribbean) and other Caribbean cities have the largest populations of Palestinian, Lebanese, and other Arabs, Sephardi Jews and Romanies. There are also important communities of Chinese and Japanese.
Spanish (of which Colombia has the second-largest population of speakers after Mexico) is the official language, and there are small communities in urban areas speaking other European languages such as German, French, English, Italian and Portuguese. There are 65 indigenous languages and two Creole languages: one in San Basilio de Palenque and one in San Andrés; and also San Andrés is the only place of Colombia where are two official lenguages: Spanish and English. There are 5,000 speakers of Romani in Colombia.
Historically, a sizable percentage of Colombian emigration has also been motivated by the need to escape from political persecution and bipartisan violence during the periods of "La Violencia" (1948–1958), and later due to the effects of the nation's current conflict (since 1964). This has resulted in numerous applications for political asylum abroad.
Colombians have emigrated in comparably high rates to the United States. Other Colombians migrated to Canada and Europe (most to Spain, but also to France and Italy, and the United Kingdom). Among other locations.
Today millions of Colombians have returned to their country due to improvements in security, Colombia is now a country on the road to recovery. Colombia is creating an economy that is today considered attractive and prosperous by many national and international investors. There are policies of the Colombian Government to help Colombians with housing loans. There is a support system for returning migrants. Certificates of competency are issued and there is a free employment service to help people find job.
CIA World Factbook demographic statistics
44,725,543 (July 2011 est.)
total: 27.7 years
male: 26.7 years
female: 28.6 years (2010 est.)
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.7% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
170,000 (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
9,800 (2007 est.)
noun: Colombia adjective: Colombian(s)
Roman Catholic 90%, Other 10% (Atheist, Evangelist, Christians, Agnostic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, Mormon, Jewish and Muslim).
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.4%
female: 93.7% (2005 census)
- "Animated clock". Colombian State Department. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "CIA - The World Factbook -- Rank Order - Net migration rate". CIA. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
- "Can Young People Rebuild Colombia's Social Capital?". theglobalist.com. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "La historia del censo en Colombia". Caracol. 28 September 2005. Consulted 16 April 2012.
- "visibilización estadística de los grupos étnicos" (PDF). Censo General 2005. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadistica (DANE). Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- Bushnell, David & Rex A. Hudson (2010) "The Society and Its Environment"; Colombia: a country study: pp. 87, 92. Washingtion D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress.
- "White Colombians" (PDF). Retrieved 28 May 2013.
- Análisis de la migración venezolana a Colombia durante el gobierno de Hugo Chávez (1999–2011). Identificación de capital social y compensación económica | Echeverry Hernández | Revista Análisis Internacional. Revistas.utadeo.edu.co (10 February 2012). Retrieved on 8 October 2012.
- Llegaron los venezolanos, Articulo Impreso Archivado. Semana.com (11 March 2012). Retrieved on 8 October 2012.
- "Opportunities for Colombians who are returning to the country" (in Spanish). conexioncolombia.com. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "Colombia provides opportunities for the development of its citizens in the country" (in Spanish). conexioncolombia.com. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "Entrepreneurship and employment programme for those who return to the country" (in Spanish). elempleo.com. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- The World Factbook - Colombia
- This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2006 edition".