Demographics of Colombia
|Demographics of Colombia|
|Population||48,301,354 (at 2015)(28th)|
|Density||42.25 inhab/sq km (72th)|
|Growth rate||1.27% (105rd)|
|Birth rate||18.9 births/1,000 population (111th)|
|Death rate||5.8/1,000 population (178th)|
|Life expectancy||79 (34th)|
|• male||76 (37th)|
|• female||83 (22th)|
|Fertility rate||2.30 children/woman (103rd)|
|Net migration rate||-0.65 (2014)|
|65 and over||7.6%|
|Under 15||1.02 male(s)/female|
|15–64 years||0.95 male(s)/female|
|65 and over||0.75 male(s)/female|
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Colombia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The Demography of Colombia is characterized for being the third-most populous country in Latin America, after Mexico and Brazil. Colombia experienced rapid population growth like most countries, but four decades of an armed conflict pushed millions of Colombians out of the country. However, a rebound economy in the 2000s in urban centres (perhaps the most urbanized Latin American nation) improved the situation of living standards for Colombians in a traditional class stratified economy. In the years following 2002 the safety has been improving throughout the country. Young citizens now invest in education so they can stay and contribute to the country's future. Today the country has lots of economic potential.
- 1 Census
- 2 Vital statistics
- 3 Ethnic diversity
- 4 Languages
- 5 Migration
- 6 CIA World Factbook demographic statistics
- 7 References
- 8 External links
|Note: Diverse sources Census respective year DANE *First census after 35 years **First modern census
Source: DANEDANE Simple
According to the 2005 census, there are 46,219,699 Colombians in the world (42,888,592 living in the national territory and 3,331,107 living abroad). On 2005 there was 3,378,345 Colombians living permanently on exterior. More recently, according with MRE estimates this indicator may ascends to 4,700,000 on 2012.
|5||Bogotá, Distrito Capital||Bogotá||1,587 km²||6,778,691 (not metropolitan)|
|15||Cundinamarca||Bogotá||24,210 km²||2,228,478 (without Bogotá)|
|17||Guaviare||San José del Guaviare||53,460 km²||81,411|
|19||La Guajira||Riohacha||20,848 km²||623,250|
|20||Magdalena||Santa Marta||23,188 km²||1,136,901|
|23||Norte de Santander||Cúcuta||21,658 km²||1,228,028|
|27||San Andrés and Providencia||San Andrés||52 km²||59,573|
|31||Valle del Cauca||Cali||22,140 km²||4,060,196|
|33||Vichada||Puerto Carreño||100,242 km²||55,158|
20th and 21st centuries
Colombian census from 1912:
- On 1912 census estimated 5,472,604 inhabitants.
- On 1918 census estimated 5,855,077 inhabitants.
- On 1928 census estimated 7,851,110 inhabitants.
- On 1938 census estimated 8,697,041 inhabitants.
- On 1951 census estimated 12,739,910 inhabitants.
- On 1964 census estimated 18,337,973 inhabitants.
- On 1973 census estimated 23,881,851 inhabitants.
- On 1985 census estimated 31,593,587 inhabitants.
- On 1993 census estimated 37,422,791 inhabitants.
- On 2005 census estimated 42,888,592 inhabitants.
- On 2016 census will estimate inhabitants.
According to the 2015 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 48,229,000 in 2015, compared to only 12,342,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2015 was 24.3%, 68.7% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 7% was 65 years or older .
Structure of the population (01.07.2013) (Estimates) (Data are revised projections taking into consideration also the results of 2005 census) :
Movement from rural to urban areas was very heavy in the middle of the twentieth century, but has since tapered off. The urban population increased from 31% of the total population in 1938, to 57% in 1951 and about 70% by 1990. Currently the figure is about 77%. Thirty cities have a population of 100,000 or more. The nine eastern lowlands departments, constituting about 54% of Colombia's area, have less than 3% of the population and a density of less than one person per square kilometer (two people per sq. mi.).
The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates.
|* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)|
Births and deaths
|Year||Population (x1000)||Live births||Deaths||Natural increase||Crude birth rate||Crude death rate||Rate of natural increase||TFR|
Fertility and Births
Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):
|Year||CBR (Total)||TFR (Total)||CBR (Urban)||TFR (Urban)||CBR (Rural)||TFR (Rural)|
|1986||3,34 (2,81)||2,76 (2,42)||4,88 (3,87)|
|1990||26.1||2,9 (2,2)||25.7||2,5 (2,1)||27.0||3,8 (2,7)|
|1995||26||3,0 (2,2)||25||2,5 (1,9)||30||4,3 (2,8)|
|2000||22.7||2,6 (1,8)||21.6||2,3 (1,7)||25.6||3,8 (2,3)|
|2005||20.4||2,4 (1,7)||19.0||2,1 (1,5)||24.3||3,4 (2,1)|
|2010||18||2,1 (1,6)||17||2,0 (1,5)||20||2,8 (1,9)|
Total fertility rate by departments
|Norte de Santander||2.4|
|San Andrés y Providencia||2.1|
|Valle del Cauca||1.7|
Registered births and deaths
|This section requires expansion. (March 2014)|
Colombia is ethnically diverse, its people descending from the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, Africans originally brought to the country as slaves, and 20th-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East, all contributing to a diverse cultural heritage. The demographic distribution reflects a pattern that is influenced by colonial history. Whites tend to live mainly in urban centers, like Bogotá, Medellín or Cali, and the burgeoning highland cities. The populations of the major cities also include mestizos. Mestizo campesinos (people living in rural areas) also live in the Andean highlands where some Spanish conquerors mixed with the women of Amerindian chiefdoms. Mestizos include artisans and small tradesmen that have played a major part in the urban expansion of recent decades.
The 2005 census reported that the "non-ethnic population", consisting of whites and mestizos (those of mixed white European and Amerindian ancestry), constituted 86% of the national population. 10.6% is of African ancestry. Indigenous Amerindians comprise 3.4% of the population. 0.01% of the population are Roma. An extraofficial estimate considers that the 49% of the Colombian population is Mestizo or of mixed European and Amerindian ancestry, and that approximately 37% is White, mainly of Spanish lineage, but there is also a large population of Middle East descent; among the upper class there is a considerable input of Italian and German ancestry.
Many of the Indigenous peoples experienced a reduction in population during the Spanish rule  and many others were absorbed into the mestizo population, but the remainder currently represents over eighty distinct cultures. Reserves (resguardos) established for indigenous peoples occupy 30,571,640 hectares (305,716.4 km2) (27% of the country's total) and are inhabited by more than 800,000 people. Some of the largest indigenous groups are the Wayuu, the Paez, the Pastos, the Emberá and the Zenú. The departments of La Guajira, Cauca, Nariño, Córdoba and Sucre have the largest indigenous populations.
The Organización Nacional Indígena de Colombia (ONIC), founded at the first National Indigenous Congress in 1982, is an organization representing the indigenous peoples of Colombia. In 1991, Colombia signed and ratified the current international law concerning indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989.
Black Africans were brought as slaves, mostly to the coastal lowlands, beginning early in the 16th century and continuing into the 19th century. Large Afro-Colombian communities are found today on the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. The population of the department of Chocó, running along the northern portion of Colombia's Pacific coast, is over 80% black. British and Jamaicans migrated mainly to the islands of San Andres and Providencia. A number of other Europeans and North Americans migrated to the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including people from the former USSR during and after the Second World War.
Many immigrant communities have settled on the Caribbean coast, in particular recent immigrants from the Middle East. Barranquilla (the largest city of the Colombian Caribbean) and other Caribbean cities have the largest populations of Lebanese, Palestinian, and other Arabs. There are also important communities of Chinese, Japanese, Romanis and Jews. There is a major migration trend of Venezuelans, due to the political and economic situation in Venezuela.
Spanish (of which Colombia has the third-largest population of speakers in the world after Mexico and the United States) is the official language, and there are small communities in urban areas speaking other European languages such as German, French, English, Italian and Portuguese. There are 65 indigenous languages and two Creole languages: one in San Basilio de Palenque and one in San Andrés; and also San Andrés is the only place of Colombia where are two official languages: Spanish and English. There are 5,000 speakers of Romani in Colombia.
Historically, a sizable percentage of Colombian emigration has also been motivated by the need to escape from political persecution and bipartisan violence during the periods of "La Violencia" (1948–1958), and later due to the effects of the nation's current conflict (since 1964). This has resulted in numerous applications for political asylum abroad.
Colombians have emigrated in comparably high rates to the United States. Other Colombians migrated to Canada and Europe (most to Spain, but also to France and Italy, and the United Kingdom). Among other locations.
Today millions of Colombians have returned to their country due to improvements in security, Colombia is now a country on the road to recovery. Colombia is creating an economy that is today considered attractive and prosperous by many national and international investors. There are policies of the Colombian Government to help Colombians with housing loans. There is a support system for returning migrants. Certificates of competency are issued and there is a free employment service to help people find job.
CIA World Factbook demographic statistics
44,725,543 (July 2011 est.)
total: 27.7 years
male: 26.7 years
female: 28.6 years (2010 est.)
At birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate
0.7% (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS
170,000 (2007 est.)
HIV/AIDS – deaths
9,800 (2007 est.)
noun: Colombia adjective: Colombian(s)
Roman Catholic 90%, Other 10% (Atheist, Evangelist, Christians, Agnostic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, Mormon, Jewish and Muslim).
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 93.4%
female: 93.7% (2005 census)
- "Animated clock". Colombian State Department. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "CIA – The World Factbook – Rank Order – Net migration rate". CIA. Retrieved 2009-02-23.
- "Can Young People Rebuild Colombia's Social Capital?". theglobalist.com. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "La historia del censo en Colombia". Caracol. 28 September 2005. Consulted 16 April 2012.
- "visibilización estadística de los grupos étnicos" (PDF). Censo General 2005. Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadistica (DANE). Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- Bushnell, David & Rex A. Hudson (2010) "The Society and Its Environment"; Colombia: a country study: pp. 87, 92. Washingtion D.C.: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress.
- "The ethnic and cultural diversity of Colombia" (PDF) (in Spanish). pedagogica.edu.co. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- Bushnell & Hudson, pp. 87–88.
- "Society and slavery" (in Spanish). colombia.com. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- "Resguardos indígenas – Concentra el 43% de los bosques naturales" (in Spanish). siac.gov.co. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- "Hostein, N. (2010). El pueblo wayuu de la Guajira colombo-venezolana: un panorama de su cultura. Cuadernos de Antropología, 20(1).". Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- "Los pueblos indígenas de Colombia en el umbral del nuevo milenio. Población, cultura y territorio: bases para el fortalecimiento social y económico de los pueblos indígenas". dnp.gov.co. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- "Ratifications for Colombia". ilo.org. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- "Ethnic groups in Colombia" (PDF) (in Spanish). dane.gov.co. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
- Luis Álvaro Gallo Martínez (2011). "Inmigrantes a Colombia: Personajes extranjeros llegados a Colombia" (PDF). rodriguezuribe.co.
- Wabgou, M., Vargas, D. & Carabalí, J. A. (2012). "Las migraciones internacionales en Colombia. Investigación & Desarrollo, 20(1) 142–167.". uninorte.edu.co.
- "The Arab immigration to Colombia" (in Spanish). nodo50.org. Retrieved 30 January 2014.
- Echeverry Hernández. "Análisis de la migración venezolana a Colombia durante el gobierno de Hugo Chávez (1999–2011). Identificación de capital social y compensación económica" (in Spanish). Revista Análisis Internacional – Revistas.utadeo.edu.co. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- Llegaron los venezolanos. Semana.com. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
- "Opportunities for Colombians who are returning to the country" (in Spanish). conexioncolombia.com. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "Colombia provides opportunities for the development of its citizens in the country" (in Spanish). conexioncolombia.com. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- "Entrepreneurship and employment programme for those who return to the country" (in Spanish). elempleo.com. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
- The World Factbook – Colombia
- This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2006 edition".