Demographics of Dallas–Fort Worth

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Historical populations
Census Pop.
20005,161,544
20106,371,77323.4%

As of the 2010 United States census,[1] there were 6,371,773 people. The racial makeup of the MSA was 50.2% White, 15.4% African American, 0.6% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 10.0% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.5% of the population.

The median income for a household in the MSA was $48,062, and the median income for a family was $55,263. Males had a median income of $39,581 versus $27,446 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $21,839.

Dallas Downtown.jpg

Ethnic groups[edit]

Whites[edit]

Hispanics and Latinos[edit]

Mexicans[edit]

Dallas-Fort Worth has a very large Mexican-American population.

Salvadorans[edit]

As of 2009, Salvadoran Americans are the second largest Hispanic and Latino ethnic group in DFW. They often settle in the same areas occupied by Mexican-Americans. In 2000, of the Salvadorans in Dallas County, 47% are in the City of Dallas. That year, 3.6% of the foreign-born in Dallas were from El Salvador. There is a small Salvadoran settlement in East Dallas.[2] As of 2009, in Irving the Salvadoran-origin people are 11.8% of those born outside of the United States; this percentage is larger than the average percentage of Salvadorans in Dallas-Fort Worth area cities.[3] There are also Salvadoran populations in Farmers Branch and Garland.[2]

In the 1990s the number of people of Salvadoran origins increased by 172%. As of 2009, many Salvadorans work legally in the U.S. due to their "Temporary Protected Status".[2]

The Consulate of El Salvador is in central Dallas.[4]

Blacks[edit]

African-Americans[edit]

The Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex gained approximately 233,000 new African-Americans between 2000 and 2010. Second only behind Atlanta, Georgia during that time span.[5]

In 1995, the city of Dallas elected its first black mayor Ron Kirk. He held office from 1995 to 2002. Dallas' Black Chamber of Commerce was established in 1926 and is the oldest in the United States.[6] Fort Worth and some surrounding cities also have a black chamber of commerce.

Notable African-American cultural point of interest includes the African-American Museum of Dallas in Fair Park and the Dallas Black Dance Theatre and The Black Academy of Arts and Letters both in downtown.[6] In Fort Worth, The Lenora Roll Heritage Center Museum and National Multicultural Western Heritage Museum houses history highlighting African-American culture primarily in the North Texas region.[7] In Irving, the Jackie Townsell Bear Creek Heritage Center is a museum that tells the story of Bear Creek of West Irving, one of the oldest established black communities in North Texas.[8]

In northern DFW suburbs, the black population rate has grown 178 percent since the 1990s. The strongest growth is in the southern suburbs, for example Cedar Hill was approximately 51.9 percent black in 2010, after a gain of more than 12,500 new black residents since the last decade.[9] The southern suburbs (DeSoto, Duncanville, Lancaster, Cedar Hill) have been noted as the core of the African-American middle class and upper middle class community in the metroplex.[5] Historically, the black community was strongly concentrated in the inner-city of Dallas and Fort Worth but that has slowly changed since the 1980s.[10]

In the 1990s and 2000s the Dallas Independent School District (DISD) was majority black. From 2000 to 2010 the number of black students decreased by 20,000. In 2010 that was the lowest in the post-1965 history of DISD. One reason for the decline in the percentage of black students is the move of black people to suburbs; they did so due to a perception that public schools there have a higher quality than those in DISD, as well as general desires for higher quality housing and lower crime environments. Cedar Hill ISD, DeSoto ISD, Lancaster ISD, Arlington ISD, Grand Prairie ISD, Garland ISD, Mansfield ISD, and Mesquite ISD had taken many black students during that period. Other reasons for the decline in the percentage of black students include a growth in charter schools which take students who would otherwise attend DISD schools, a perception that DISD has moved its focus away from black students and towards Hispanic students, and the fact that many Hispanics have moved into traditionally black neighborhoods.[11]

Black Enterprise magazine has consistently ranked Dallas as a "Top 10 city for African-Americans".[12]

The Dallas Weekly is the largest African-American centric publication based in the region.[13] The Dallas Examiner is the other most widely circulated African-American centric publication based in the metroplex.

Dallas Black Pride is a celebration event established by the metroplex's growing black gay community.

Paul Quinn College is the only HBCU in the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. The metroplex is also home to one of the largest HBCU football classics in the country with the State Fair Classic.

Nigerians[edit]

As of 2000, of the recent Nigerian immigrant population in DFW, 61% live in Dallas County, and of the total number in Dallas County 49% live within the Dallas city limits.[14] DFW has one of the largest Nigerian-American populations in the country.[15]

Nigerians have a strong presence among top performers at the local universities in the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington area.

The main area of Nigerian settlement in Dallas, also occupied by African-Americans, includes a market frequented by Nigerians, a Nigerian-centered restaurant, and many rental units.[16] It is in proximity to U.S. Highway 75.[14]

Ethiopians[edit]

As of 2012 there are about 35,000 ethnic Ethiopians in the DFW area. Every year Ethiopian Day is held in Plano; the Mutual Assistance Association for Ethiopian Community organizes this festival.[17] As of 2012 there were several Ethiopian restaurants in Dallas.[18]

Asians[edit]

The Greater Dallas Asian American Chamber serves the DFW Asian community.[19]

The Asian American Heritage Festival is held every year.[20]

Chinese[edit]

According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 5,762 ethnic Chinese lived in Dallas County.[21]

Plano, along with Houston, has one of the state's two major settlements of Chinese Americans.[22] As of 2011, 5% Plano's population is ethnic Chinese.[23] As of the 2000 U.S. Census, of the foreign-born residents of Plano, 17% originated from China.[24] Richardson also has a Chinese immigrant community.[25] In 2010 over 15% of the people in Richardson are ethnic Chinese. The D-FW China Town is located in Richardson.[26]

Indians[edit]

In 2000, a number slightly over 50% of the Asian Indians in the DFW area lived in Dallas County, and almost 20% lived in Collin County. Most Indians live in suburbs northwest, north, and east of Dallas. Many Indians work for telecommunications companies, Electronic Data Systems (EDS), and Texas Instruments, and Asian Indians tend to live near their workplaces. They also tend to live in public school districts with good reputations.[24]

As of 2000, 40% of the Asian Indians in Dallas County lived in the City of Dallas. The remainder lived in suburban cities.[24] Of the suburbs in the DFW area, Richardson in Dallas County had one of the earliest Indian settlements.[25] As of 2009 the largest Asian ethnic group in Irving is the Asian Indians.[3] As of 2009 the Indians have mainly settled into an area in western Irving along Texas State Highway 114.[27] In order to absorb the Indian population, dense condominium and rental properties have opened in western Irving.[28] This area is in proximity to high technology companies.[28] Mesquite has a group of Indian Americans, mostly Kerala-origin Indian Christians.[24] Their settlement, one of the earliest of the Indian Americans in DFW, was influenced by proximity to Dallas-based hospitals such as Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas and Parkland Hospital as well as having initial low income and difficulties moving to mostly-white northern suburbs; people from Kerala have relatively dark skin, and at the time this made them potential discrimination targets.[29]

As of 2000, of the foreign-born residents of Plano, 9% originated from India. The reputation of the Plano Independent School District has attracted many Indian residents.[24] India Bazaar, the main Indian-American grocery store of DFW with 7 locations, is based in Plano. The location in Valley Ranch, a neighborhood in Irving with a high population of Indians, is located in an Indian-oriented strip shopping center north of Texas Interstate 635.[30]

The India Association of North Texas headquarters are in Richardson.[25]

Koreans[edit]

As of 2014 there were about 86,000 ethnic Koreans in North Texas.[19]

The Korean Society of Dallas serves the Korean community. There is a South Korean consular office in Dallas. The office opened in June 2013 and is the first consul officer is Dong-Chan Kim.[19]

As of 2012 there was a dispute between ethnic Korean business owners and African-Americans in the DFW area. Mayor of Dallas Mike Rawlings attempted to mediate this dispute.[31] American Airlines began nonstop flights from Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport to Incheon Airport near Seoul in May 2013. In January 2014 Shin-Soo Choo was scheduled to visit Dallas.[19]

Vietnamese[edit]

As of 2014, the DFW area has almost 72,000 people of Vietnamese origins.[32]

As of 2000 12% of the foreign-born population of Garland originated from Vietnam. There are two strip-style shopping malls along Walnut Street that cater to Vietnamese people, and there is also a community center that as of 2009 hosts first generation Vietnamese immigrants.[33] Garland Road serves as a center of the Vietnamese community.[34] During the same year, 14% of the foreign-born population of Arlington originated from Vietnam. Within Arlington most Vietnamese live in the southern portion.[35] That year 4% of the foreign-born of Plano originated in Vietnam. As of 2009 there is also a first-generation Vietnamese population in East Dallas, in the "Little Asia" area. As of 2000 there are fewer Vietnamese in the northern suburbs, which are wealthier compared to other parts of the DFW area.[24]

The first people of Vietnamese origins began arriving in the DFW area in the 1970s.[33] They were refugees from the Vietnam War.[34]

The St. Peter Vietnamese Catholic Church opened in 1998. It, as of 2014, has about 1,350 members and 75 families. As of that year, Pham Minh is the pastor. St. Peter opened because the Vietnamese congregation at St. Pius X Church, which began taking in Vietnamese in 1975, had become so large.[34]

After the 2014 opening of the Banh Shop, a Vietnamese-style restaurant owned by Yum! Brands, a petition that asked for a change of the restaurant's logo opened. This petition argued that the logo was too similar to the star of the Vietnamese Communist Party. The president of the Vietnamese-American Community of Greater Dallas, Thanh Cung, signed this petition. As a result, the company changed the logo.[36]

Religion[edit]

As of 2000 the Dallas Metropolitan Community Church (MCC), an LGBT-friendly church, has 3,000 members, making it the largest MCC in the United States.[37]

According to a study by the Pew Research Center Dallas is 78% Christian,1% Jewish, 1% Muslim, and 18% Non Religious.[38]

LGBT[edit]

The Dallas-Fort Worth area has a robust and diverse LGBT population. The Oak Lawn/Cedar Springs Road area serves as Dallas's gayborhood.[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Brettell, Caroline B. '"Big D" Incorporating New Immigrants in a Sunbelt Suburban Metropolis' (Chapter 3). In: Singer, Audrey, Susan Wiley Hardwick, and Caroline Brettell. Twenty-First Century Gateways: Immigrant Incorporation in Suburban America (James A. Johnson metro series). Brookings Institution Press, 2009. ISBN 0815779283, 9780815779285. Start p. 53.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ a b c Brettell, p.66.
  3. ^ a b Brettell, p.60.
  4. ^ Brettell, p. 66-67.
  5. ^ a b http://www.governing.com/topics/economic-dev/gov-new-black-south.html
  6. ^ a b http://www.visitdallas.com/things-to-do/diverse-dallas/african-american/
  7. ^ http://www.tarrantcountyblackhistory.org/
  8. ^ http://cityofirving.org/496/Jackie-Townsell-Bear-Creek-Heritage-Cent
  9. ^ http://www.dallasnews.com/news/local-news/20110227-census-shows-black-population-expanding-in-dallas-fort-worth-suburbs.
  10. ^ Crawford, Selwyn and Michael E. Young. "Census shows black population expanding in Dallas-Fort Worth suburbs." The Dallas Morning News. February 27, 2011. Retrieved on August 5, 2016.
  11. ^ Hacker, Holly K.; Tawnell D. Hobbs (2010-06-09). "'Black flight' changing the makeup of Dallas schools". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on 2010-07-03. Retrieved 2017-02-08. 
  12. ^ http://www.blackenterprise.com/mag/top-10-cities-for-african-americans-2007/
  13. ^ http://www.dallasweekly.com/news/metro/
  14. ^ a b Brettell, p. 67.
  15. ^ Cordell, Dennis D. "Paradoxes of Immigrant Incorporation: High Achievement and Perceptions of Discrimination by Nigerians in Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas (USA)" (Chapter 2). In: Falola, Toyin and Niyi Afolabi. Trans-Atlantic Migration: The Paradoxes of Exile (African Studies). Routledge, November 21, 2007. ISBN 1135900787, 9781135900786. CITED: p. 14
  16. ^ Brettell, p. 68.
  17. ^ Minora, Leslie. "Food, coffee and incense fill the air at Ethiopian Day in Plano" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. September 2, 2012. Updated September 3, 2012. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  18. ^ Hudson, Travis. "Couple who ran Ethiopian restaurant shot to death in front of their Lower Greenville home" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. August 15, 2012. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  19. ^ a b c d Fleck, Deborah. "Korean community welcomes Shin-Soo Choo to town " (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. January 1, 2014. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  20. ^ "Photos: Chopstick Challenge and more at Plano Chinese Alliance Church's Asia fest" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  21. ^ Solamillo, Stanley. "From Half a World Away: The First Chinese in Dallas: 1873 - 1940." Legacies: A History Journal for Dallas and North Central Texas, Volume 19, Number 02, Fall, 2007. p. 16-22. CITED: p. 22.
  22. ^ Railey, Kimberley. "Cornyn seeks to lure Chinese Americans to GOP" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. September 3, 2014. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  23. ^ Meyers, Jessica. "Rare Chinese bilingual program highlights Plano schools’ diversity" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. November 4, 2011. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  24. ^ a b c d e f Brettell, p. 64.
  25. ^ a b c Brettell, p.56.
  26. ^ Light, Nanette. "Three decades later, Dallas Chinese Community Center still heart of Asian culture" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. February 21, 2014. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  27. ^ Brettell, p. 60-61.
  28. ^ a b Brettell, p.-61.
  29. ^ Brettell, p.-65.
  30. ^ http://www.indiabazaar.us/
  31. ^ Haag, Matthew. "Dallas mayor tries to calm South Dallas dispute between blacks, Korean-Americans " (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. February 11, 2012. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  32. ^ Railey, Kimberley. "Cornyn aims to draw Vietnamese-Americans to GOP" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. July 7, 2014. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  33. ^ a b Brettell, p. 62.
  34. ^ a b c Spellings, Sarah. "Vietnamese church in East Dallas brings immigrant community together" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. July 11, 2014. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  35. ^ Brettell, p. 63.
  36. ^ Robinson-Jacobs, Karen. "Yum Brands will change Dallas Banh Shop's red star logo after complaints" (Archive). The Dallas Morning News. September 18, 2014. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.
  37. ^ Anuik, Jonathan (Lakehead University). "Metropolitan Community Church." In: Stange, Mary Zeiss, Carol K. Oyster, and Jane E. Sloan (editors). Encyclopedia of Women in Today's World, Volume 1 (Encyclopedia of Women in Today's World, Mary Zeiss Stange Sage reference). SAGE, February 23, 2011. ISBN 1412976855, 9781412976855. p. 942.
  38. ^ "Religious Landscape Study". Retrieved 2015-08-25. 
  39. ^ "Dallas LGBT Fact Sheet" (Archive). SRJ Marketing Communications, hosted at Southern Methodist University. p. 1/7. Retrieved on September 22, 2014.

External links[edit]