Demographics of Grenada

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Grenada, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Census population and average annual growth rate
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1871 37,684 —    
1881 42,403 +1.19%
1891 53,209 +2.30%
1901 63,438 +1.77%
1911 66,750 +0.51%
1921 66,302 −0.07%
1946 72,387 +0.35%
1960 88,677 +1.46%
1970 92,775 +0.45%
1981 89,088 −0.37%
1991 85,123 −0.45%
2001 103,137 +1.94%
2011 —    
Source:[1]

Population[edit]

According to the 2001 census Grenada has 103,137 inhabitants.[1] The estimated mid-year population of 2014 is 106,300 (medium fertility scenario of The 2012 Revision of the World Population Prospects).[2]

Vital statistics[edit]

Average population (x 1000)[3] Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate[4] Infant mortality rate[4]
1950 77 2 962 1 056 1 906 38.6 13.8 24.9
1951 77 3 037 1 276 1 761 39.6 16.7 23.0
1952 77 3 119 1 255 1 864 40.4 16.3 24.2
1953 78 3 283 1 084 2 199 42.0 13.9 28.2
1954 79 3 507 793 2 714 44.2 10.0 34.2
1955 81 3 919 1 205 2 714 48.4 14.9 33.5
1956 83 3 627 1 179 2 448 43.8 14.2 29.6
1957 85 4 664 908 3 756 55.1 10.7 44.4
1958 86 4 253 973 3 280 49.2 11.2 37.9
1959 88 4 115 919 3 196 46.6 10.4 36.2
1960 90 4 016 1 032 2 984 44.7 11.5 33.2
1961 91 3 691 1 022 2 669 40.4 11.2 29.2
1962 92 3 419 840 2 579 37.0 9.1 27.9
1963 93 3 445 827 2 618 36.9 8.9 28.0
1964 94 3 374 804 2 570 35.9 8.5 27.3
1965 95 2 968 822 2 146 31.4 8.7 22.7
1966 95 2 820 852 1 968 29.7 9.0 20.7
1967 95 2 816 786 2 030 29.7 8.3 21.4
1968 95 2 994 822 2 172 31.6 8.7 22.9
1969 95 2 757 768 1 989 29.1 8.1 21.0
1970 94 2 741 743 1 998 29.0 7.9 21.2
1971 94 2 879 739 2 140 30.6 7.8 22.7
1972 94 2 939 660 2 279 31.3 7.0 24.3
1973 94 2 933 726 2 207 31.3 7.8 23.6
1974 93 2 734 734 2 000 29.4 7.9 21.5
1975 92 2 890 619 2 271 31.3 6.7 24.6
1976 91 2 712 678 2 034 29.7 7.4 22.2
1977 90 2 628 806 1 822 29.1 8.9 20.2
1978 89 2 521 765 1 756 28.3 8.6 19.7
1979 89 2 664 739 1 925 30.1 8.3 21.7
1993 98 2 220 745 1 475 22.6 7.6 15.0
1994 99 2 254 777 1 477 22.7 7.8 14.9
1995 100 2 286 807 1 479 22.8 8.0 14.8
1996 101 2 096 782 1 314 20.8 7.8 13.0
1997 101 2 191 707 1 484 21.7 7.0 14.7
1998 101 1 938 819 1 119 19.1 8.1 11.0
1999 101 1 791 794 997 17.7 7.8 9.8
2000 102 1 883 716 1 167 18.5 7.0 11.5
2001 102 1 899 727 1 172 18.6 7.1 11.5
2002 102 1 733 896 837 17.0 8.8 8.2
2003 102
2004 103
2005 104.441 1 804 834 970 17.3 8.0 9.3 2.2 9.4
2006 104.708 1 663 771 892 15.9 7.4 8.5 1.9 13.8
2007 104.981 1 825 765 1 060 17.4 7.3 10.1 2.2 7.1
2008 105.298 1 809 842 967 17.2 8.0 9.2 2.1 5.0
2009 105.175 1 800 781 1 019 17.1 7.4 9.7 2.0 7.8
2010 105.038 1 709 831 878 16.3 7.9 8.4 1.9 12.3
2011 106.667 1 812 795 1 017 17.0 7.5 9.5 2.2 15.5
2012 107.559 1 661 857 804 15.4 8.0 7.5 1.9 13.2
2013 108.580 1 838 822 1 016 16.9 7.6 9.4 2.1 17.4
2014 109.374
2015 110.566

Ethnic groups[edit]

The vast majority of the population of Grenada are of African descent (89.4% at the 2001 census).[1] There is also a significant mixed population (8.2%), along with a small European origin minority (0.4%), East Indians (1.6%), and there are small numbers of Lebanese/Syrians (0.04%) and Chinese (0.02%).

Amerindians[edit]

Grenada has a small population of pre-Columbian native Caribs. According to the 2001 census there are only 125 Caribs remaining (0.12% of the total population).

Languages[edit]

Apart from a 114-year period of French occupancy (1649-1763) English has been the country's official language. However, over time the minority of the population use a colloquial spoken language considered to be either English-based creole languages or (Grenadian Creole English) and which is said reflects the African, European and Indian heritage of the nation.[5]

The Grenadian creoles originally influenced by French, now contain elements from a variety of Grenadian Creole and a little of the African languages. Grenadian Creole French is mainly spoken in smaller rural areas, but today it can only be heard in a few small pockets of the society. Grenadian Creole French is mainly known as Patois and may have similarities to the Saint Lucian Creole French.

It is believed that the one-time native or indigenous languages were Iñeri and Karina.

Religion[edit]

Historically the religious makeup of the islands of Grenada covers the period from first European occupation in the 17th century. This has always been predominantly Christian and largely Roman Catholic (due to the first occupants being French) and from the 1891 census we get a snapshot of the population and its religious proclivities - over half were Roman Catholic (55%), a third were Church of England (36%), others listed were Wesleyan (6%) and Presbyterian (0.88%).

More recently, according to the 2001 census, 89.1% percent of the population of Grenada is considered Christian, 1.5% is non-Christian and 3.6% has no religion or stated "other" (5.7%).[1]

Roughly one half of Christians are Roman Catholics (44.6% of the total population), a reflection of early French influence on the island, and one half are Protestant. Anglicanism constitutes the largest Protestant group, with 11.5% of the population. Pentecostals are the second largest group (11.3%), followed by Seventh-day Adventists (10.5% of the population). Other Christians include Baptists (2.9%), Church of God (2.6%), Methodists (1.8%), Evangelicals (1.6%) Jehovah's Witnesses (1.1%), and Brethren Christian (0.5%).

The number of non-Christians is small. These religious groups include the Rastafarian Movement (1.1% of the population), Hinduism (0.2%) and Muslims (0.3%).

The World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from The World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated [6]

Nationality[edit]

  • noun: Grenadian(s)
  • adjective: Grenadian

Population[edit]

  • 110,694

Languages[edit]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Religions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d [1]
  2. ^ Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2012 Revision
  3. ^ [2] United nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  4. ^ a b [3] Demographic Profile Grenada
  5. ^ Alleyne, Mervyn C. "A Linguistic Perspective on the Caribbean", Latin American Program, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 1985
  6. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: GRENADA". CIA The World Factbook.