Demographics of Guinea

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Demographics of Guinea
Guinea single age population pyramid 2020.png
Population pyramid of Guinea in 2020
Population13,237,832 (2022 est.)
Growth rate2.76% (2022 est.)
Birth rate35.67 births/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Death rate8.12 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Life expectancy63.9 years
 • male62.04 years
 • female65.82 years
Fertility rate4.85 children born/woman (2022 est.)
Infant mortality rate49.63 deaths/1,000 live births
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.)
Age structure
0–14 years41.2%
65 and over3.91%
Sex ratio
Total1 male(s)/female (2022 est.)
At birth1.03 male(s)/female
Under 151.02 male(s)/female
65 and over0.68 male(s)/female
Nationality
NationalityGuinean
Language
OfficialFrench

Demographics of Guinea describes the condition and overview of Guinea's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations.

Population[edit]

Guinea's total population, from 1961 to 2003. Guinea's population came close to tripling in forty years.
Population, fertility rate and net reproduction rate, United Nations estimates

According to the 2022 revision of the World Population Prospects[1][2] the total population was 13,531,906 in 2021, compared to only 3 094 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 42.9%, 53.8% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.3% was 65 years or older .[3]

Total population Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 3 094 000 37.1 57.6 5.3
1955 3 300 000 38.6 57.0 4.4
1960 3 541 000 40.0 56.2 3.8
1965 3 823 000 41.8 54.9 3.4
1970 4 154 000 42.2 54.6 3.2
1975 4 287 000 42.6 54.3 3.1
1980 4 407 000 43.3 53.5 3.2
1985 4 924 000 43.9 52.8 3.3
1990 5 759 000 44.4 52.3 3.3
1995 7 565 000 44.6 52.1 3.3
2000 8 344 000 44.2 52.4 3.3
2005 9 041 000 43.6 53.0 3.3
2010 9 982 000 42.9 53.8 3.3

Population Estimates by Sex and Age Group (01.VII.2020):[4]

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 6 091 847 6 467 776 12 559 623 100
0–4 1 037 280 1 022 153 2 059 433 16.40
5–9 959 509 929 185 1 888 694 15.04
10–14 822 307 806 488 1 628 795 12.97
15–19 657 907 666 443 1 324 350 10.54
20–24 528 044 567 632 1 095 676 8.72
25–29 417 642 512 403 930 045 7.41
30–34 339 033 443 928 782 962 6.23
35–39 275 317 357 350 632 667 5.04
40–44 228 609 289 300 517 909 4.12
45–49 192 971 228 709 421 680 3.36
50–54 162 513 181 040 343 553 2.74
55–59 135 604 137 422 273 025 2.17
60–64 110 535 105 633 216 168 1.72
65-69 85 963 81 143 167 106 1.33
70-74 62 168 59 044 121 212 0.97
75-79 39 993 39 338 79 331 0.63
80+ 36 453 40 565 77 018 0.61
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0–14 2 819 096 2 757 826 5 576 922 44.40
15–64 3 048 174 3 489 860 6 538 034 52.06
65+ 224 577 220 090 444 667 3.54

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Guinea not complete. The website Our World in Data prepared the following estimates based on statistics from the Population Department of the United Nations.[5]

Mid-year population (thousands) Live births (thousands) Deaths (thousands) Natural change (thousands) Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate (TFR) Infant mortality (per 1000 live births) Life expectancy (in years)
1950 2 984   135   85   49 45.0 28.6 16.4 5.97 202.7 35.55
1951   3 032   137   88   49 45.1 29.1 16.1 5.98 202.7 35.55
1952   3 081   139   90   49 45.2 29.2 16.0 5.99 202.6 35.59
1953   3 131   142   92   50 45.3 29.3 16.0 6.01 202.3 35.67
1954   3 182   145   93   51 45.4 29.3 16.1 6.02 201.9 35.73
1955   3 234   147   94   53 45.5 29.1 16.3 6.04 201.5 35.90
1956   3 288   150   96   54 45.5 29.1 16.5 6.05 200.9 35.97
1957   3 342   152   97   56 45.6 29.0 16.6 6.07 200.2 36.06
1958   3 399   155   98   57 45.6 28.8 16.9 6.08 199.3 36.25
1959   3 457   158   99   59 45.6 28.6 17.0 6.10 198.3 36.36
1960   3 517   161   100   61 45.7 28.4 17.3 6.11 197.3 36.55
1961   3 579   164   101   63 45.7 28.1 17.5 6.13 196.1 36.75
1962   3 642   166   102   65 45.7 27.9 17.7 6.14 194.9 36.91
1963   3 708   169   102   67 45.6 27.6 18.0 6.15 193.7 37.16
1964   3 776   172   103   68 45.5 27.4 18.1 6.17 192.4 37.34
1965   3 845   175   104   71 45.5 27.1 18.4 6.18 191.1 37.60
1966   3 917   178   105   73 45.4 26.8 18.6 6.19 189.7 37.84
1967   3 991   181   106   75 45.3 26.5 18.8 6.20 188.2 38.12
1968   4 067   184   106   78 45.3 26.1 19.3 6.21 186.8 38.56
1969   4 145   188   107   81 45.3 25.9 19.4 6.23 185.3 38.72
1970   4 222   192   108   84 45.4 25.6 19.8 6.24 183.9 39.01
1971   4 298   195   109   86 45.4 25.3 20.1 6.26 182.3 39.31
1972   4 372   199   110   89 45.4 25.0 20.4 6.28 180.7 39.67
1973   4 445   202   111   92 45.4 24.9 20.6 6.31 179.0 39.89
1974   4 517   205   112   94 45.4 24.6 20.7 6.34 177.2 40.14
1975   4 588   209   112   97 45.3 24.3 21.1 6.37 175.3 40.59
1976   4 659   212   112   100 45.3 23.9 21.4 6.40 173.2 41.02
1977   4 730   216   112   104 45.4 23.6 21.8 6.43 170.9 41.41
1978   4 805   220   112   108 45.5 23.2 22.3 6.47 168.6 41.90
1979   4 885   225   112   113 45.9 22.9 23.0 6.54 166.2 42.39
1980   4 973   229   112   116 45.9 22.5 23.3 6.54 163.8 42.88
1981   5 067   233   113   120 45.9 22.2 23.7 6.56 161.4 43.32
1982   5 171   239   113   126 46.1 21.8 24.3 6.58 159.1 43.93
1983   5 282   244   114   131 46.1 21.5 24.7 6.59 156.8 44.38
1984   5 402   250   114   136 46.2 21.1 25.1 6.60 154.4 44.95
1985   5 532   256   114   142 46.3 20.7 25.6 6.61 152.0 45.52
1986   5 671   263   116   148 46.4 20.4 26.0 6.64 149.7 45.92
1987   5 821   271   117   154 46.6 20.0 26.5 6.67 147.4 46.42
1988   5 977   278   119   159 46.5 19.9 26.7 6.66 145.0 46.59
1989   6 136   285   121   164 46.5 19.7 26.8 6.66 142.4 46.85
1990   6 354   292   123   169 46.3 19.5 26.8 6.63 139.6 47.00
1991   6 616   305   126   180 46.4 19.1 27.3 6.59 136.6 47.55
1992   6 832   316   126   190 46.2 18.5 27.8 6.55 133.4 48.36
1993   7 046   322   126   196 45.9 18.0 27.9 6.49 129.9 48.96
1994   7 262   328   129   199 45.2 17.7 27.4 6.41 126.6 49.17
1995   7 468   331   128   204 44.4 17.1 27.3 6.34 123.0 49.87
1996   7 683   340   127   213 44.2 16.6 27.7 6.25 119.1 50.54
1997   7 843   345   126   219 43.7 15.9 27.8 6.16 115.5 51.36
1998   7 993   342   123   219 42.7 15.4 27.3 6.08 111.9 52.05
1999   8 175   346   123   223 42.2 15.0 27.2 6.01 108.1 52.36
2000   8 337   349   124   225 41.6 14.8 26.8 5.94 104.4 52.48
2001   8 446   349   124   226 41.0 14.5 26.5 5.85 100.8 52.66
2002   8 578   348   121   227 40.5 14.1 26.5 5.79 97.3 53.28
2003   8 772   353   121   232 40.1 13.7 26.4 5.74 94.0 53.68
2004   8 961   359   120   239 39.9 13.4 26.5 5.72 91.0 54.12
2005   9 140   366   120   247 39.9 13.0 26.9 5.70 88.4 54.63
2006   9 331   373   119   254 39.8 12.7 27.1 5.66 86.0 55.11
2007   9 547   381   119   262 39.8 12.4 27.4 5.62 84.0 55.55
2008   9 780   390   119   271 39.8 12.1 27.6 5.56 82.0 56.04
2009   10 021   399   120   279 39.7 11.9 27.8 5.51 80.4 56.35
2010   10 271   405   120   285 39.4 11.7 27.7 5.40 78.8 56.72
2011   10 528   410   121   289 38.9 11.5 27.5 5.30 77.4 57.02
2012   10 789   415   121   294 38.4 11.2 27.2 5.20 76.1 57.41
2013   11 055   422   121   301 38.1 10.9 27.2 5.12 74.8 57.79
2014   11 333   430   123   307 37.9 10.9 27.0 5.05 73.9 57.89
2015   11 626   441   125   316 37.9 10.7 27.2 5.02 72.7 58.13
2016   11 931   446   124   323 37.4 10.4 27.0 4.93 71.2 58.76
2017   12 241   449   124   325 36.6 10.1 26.5 4.79 70.1 59.11
2018   12 555   451   125   326 35.9 9.9 26.0 4.67 68.8 59.35
2019   12 878   456   125   331 35.4 9.7 25.7 4.58 67.4 59.72
2020   13 205   462   130   332 34.9 9.8 25.1 4.49 66.0 59.33
2021   13 532   466   135   331 34.4 10.0 24.4 4.40 64.4 58.89

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[6][7]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1992 41 5.67 (5.1) 37 5.18 (4.5) 42 5.89 (5.3)
1999 36.9 5.5 (5.0) 32.9 4.4 (3.8) 38.4 6.1 (5.6)
2005 38.4 5.7 (5.1) 31.8 4.4 (3.9) 40.8 6.3 (5.7)
2012 34 5.1 (4.6) 29.4 3.8 36.1 5.8
2018 33.6 4.8 (4.3) 29.4 3.8 (3.4) 35.8 5.5 (4.9)
2021 32.5 4.1 28.5 3.1 34.3 4.7

Fertility data as of 2012 and 2018 (DHS Program):[8]

Administrative region Total fertility rate (2012) Total fertility rate (2018) Percentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnant (2012) Percentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnant (2018) Mean number of children ever born to women age 40-49 (2012) Mean number of children ever born to women age 40-49 (2018)
Boké 4.7 4.8 14.4 9.7 5.6 5.2
Conakry 3.6 3.2 6.2 5.8 4.8 4.1
Faranah 5.8 5.8 11.6 10.5 6.7 5.8
Kankan 6.9 6.5 14.4 13.6 6.9 6.9
Kindia 5.2 5.0 12.4 10.2 6.2 5.5
Labé 5.3 5.6 8.9 7.6 6.5 5.0
Mamou 5.4 4.1 8.4 7.9 6.1 4.8
N'Zérékoré 5.1 4.5 11.0 6.3 5.6 4.2

Life expectancy[edit]

Period Life expectancy in
Years[9]
1950–1955 33.07
1955–1960 Increase 34.33
1960–1965 Increase 35.38
1965–1970 Increase 36.14
1970–1975 Increase 37.43
1975–1980 Increase 39.87
1980–1985 Increase 43.05
1985–1990 Increase 47.92
1990–1995 Increase 51.28
1995–2000 Increase 51.61
2000–2005 Decrease 51.31
2005–2010 Increase 55.45
2010–2015 Increase 57.93

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Fulɓe (singular Pullo). Called Peuhl or Peul in French, Fula or Fulani in English, who are chiefly found in the mountainous region of Fouta Djallon;
  • Maninka. Malinke in French, Mandingo in English, mostly inhabiting the savanna of Upper Guinea and the Forest region;
  • Susus or Soussous. Susu is not a lingua franca in Guinea. Although it is commonly spoken in the coastal areas, including the capital, Conakry, it is not largely understood in the interior of the country.
  • Several small groups (Gerzé or Kpelle, Toma, Kissis, etc.) in the forest region and Bagas (including Landoumas), Koniaguis etc.), In the coastal area.

West Africans make up the largest non-Guinean population. Non-Africans total about 30,000 (mostly French, other Europeans, and Lebanese). Seven national languages are used extensively; the major written languages are French, Pular (English: Fula; French: Peul or Peuhl), and Arabic.

Other languages have established Latin orthographies that are used somewhat, notably for Susu and Maninka. The N'Ko script is increasingly used on a grassroots level for the Maninka language.

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2022.[10]

  • One birth every 1 minutes
  • One death every 5 minutes
  • One net migrant every 131 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 1 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.[11]

Population[edit]

13,237,832 (2022 est.)
11,855,411 (July 2018 est.)

Religions[edit]

Muslim 89.1%, Christian 6.8%, animist 1.6%, other 0.1%, none 2.4% (2014 est.)

Age structure[edit]

Population pyramid of Guinea in 2020
0-14 years: 41.2% (male 2,601,221/female 2,559,918)
15-24 years: 19.32% (male 1,215,654/female 1,204,366)
25-54 years: 30.85% (male 1,933,141/female 1,930,977)
55-64 years: 4.73% (male 287,448/female 305,420)
65 years and over: 3.91% (male 218,803/female 270,492) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 41.4% (male 2,473,486 /female 2,435,139)
15-24 years: 19.23% (male 1,145,488 /female 1,134,103)
25-54 years: 30.8% (male 1,827,246 /female 1,824,162)
55-64 years: 4.72% (male 269,995 /female 289,164)
65 years and over: 3.85% (male 203,754 /female 252,874) (2018 est.)

Median age[edit]

total: 19.1 years. Country comparison to the world: 205th
male: 18.9 years
female: 19.4 years (2020 est.)
total: 19 years. Country comparison to the world: 204th
male: 18.8 years
female: 19.3 years (2018 est.)
Total: 18.9 years
Male: 18.7 years
Female: 19.1 years (2017 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

2.76% (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 14th
2.75% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 13th
2.61% (2017 est.)

Birth rate[edit]

35.67 births/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 13th
36.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 16th

Death rate[edit]

8.12 deaths/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 82nd
8.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 64th

Total fertility rate[edit]

4.85 children born/woman (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 11st
4.98 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 14th

Mother's mean age at first birth[edit]

19.9 years (2018 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 20-49
18.9 years (2012 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Contraceptive prevalence rate[edit]

10.9% (2018)
8.7% (2016)

Net migration rate[edit]

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2022 est.) Country comparison to the world: 89th

Dependency ratios[edit]

total dependency ratio: 84.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 78.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 17.8 (2015 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 63.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 205th
male: 62.04 years
female: 65.82 years (2022 est.)
total population: 62.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 60.4 years (2018 est.)
female: 64 years (2018 est.)
total population: 61 years
male: 59.5 years
female: 62.6 years (2017 est.)

Urbanization[edit]

urban population: 37.7% of total population (2022)
rate of urbanization: 3.64% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
urban population: 36.1% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 3.54% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

at birth 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.78 male(s)/female
total population 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS[edit]

Adult prevalence rate: 1.5% (2017 est.) People living with HIV/AIDS: 120,000 (2017 est.) Deaths: 5,100 (2017 est.)

Nationality[edit]

noun Guinean(s)
adjective Guinean

Ethnic groups[edit]

[12]

Languages[edit]

French (official), each ethnic group has its own language.[13]

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

total population: 39.6%
male: 54.4%
female: 27.7% (2018)
total population: 30.4% (2015 est.)
male: 38.1% (2015 est.)
female: 22.8% (2015 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)[edit]

total: 9 years
male: 10 years
female: 8 years (2014)

Major infectious diseases[edit]

degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and yellow fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
aerosolized dust or soil contact diseases: Lassa fever (2016)

note: on 21 March 2022, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a Travel Alert for polio in Africa; Guinea is currently considered a high risk to travelers for circulating vaccine-derived polioviruses (cVDPV); vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) is a strain of the weakened poliovirus that was initially included in oral polio vaccine (OPV) and that has changed over time and behaves more like the wild or naturally occurring virus; this means it can be spread more easily to people who are unvaccinated against polio and who come in contact with the stool or respiratory secretions, such as from a sneeze, of an “infected” person who received oral polio vaccine; the CDC recommends that before any international travel, anyone unvaccinated, incompletely vaccinated, or with an unknown polio vaccination status should complete the routine polio vaccine series; before travel to any high-risk destination, CDC recommends that adults who previously completed the full, routine polio vaccine series receive a single, lifetime booster dose of polio vaccine

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24[edit]

total: 1% (2012 est.)
male: 1.5% (2012 est.)
female: 0.6% (2012 est.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  2. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022: Demographic indicators by region, subregion and country, annually for 1950-2100" (XSLX). population.un.org ("Total Population, as of 1 July (thousands)"). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved July 17, 2022.
  3. ^ "Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision".
  4. ^ "UNSD — Demographic and Social Statistics".
  5. ^ "Population & Demography Data Explorer". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2022-07-22.
  6. ^ "MEASURE DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys". microdata.worldbank.org.
  7. ^ Guinea MIS, 2021 - Final Report (French)
  8. ^ "Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples (EDS-MICS) 2012" (PDF). Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2014-07-10.
  9. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  10. ^ "Guinea Population 2022", World Population Review
  11. ^ Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: "The World FactBook - Gambia, The", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018
  12. ^ "The World Factbook – Central Intelligence Agency". Cia.gov. Retrieved 26 December 2020.
  13. ^ "Africa :::GUINEA". CIA The World Factbook. 14 April 2022.

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from World Factbook (2023 ed.). CIA. (Archived 2007 edition)