Demographics of Guinea

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Guinea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Guinea describes the condition and overview of Guinea's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations.

Population[edit]

Guinea's total population, from 1961 to 2003. Guinea's population came close to tripling in forty years.

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 9 982 000 in 2010, compared to only 3 094 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 42.9%, 53.8% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.3% was 65 years or older .[1]

Total population (x 1000) Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 3 094 37.1 57.6 5.3
1955 3 300 38.6 57.0 4.4
1960 3 541 40.0 56.2 3.8
1965 3 823 41.8 54.9 3.4
1970 4 154 42.2 54.6 3.2
1975 4 287 42.6 54.3 3.1
1980 4 407 43.3 53.5 3.2
1985 4 924 43.9 52.8 3.3
1990 5 759 44.4 52.3 3.3
1995 7 565 44.6 52.1 3.3
2000 8 344 44.2 52.4 3.3
2005 9 041 43.6 53.0 3.3
2010 9 982 42.9 53.8 3.3

Structure of the population [2][edit]

Structure of the population (01.07.2009) (Estimates, data refer to national projections) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 5 038 823 5 178 768 10 217 591 100
0-4 866 996 841 512 1 708 508 16,72
5-9 686 211 669 042 1 355 253 13,26
10-14 581 127 574 099 1 155 226 11,31
15-19 621 661 604 330 1 225 991 12,00
20-24 517 007 479 384 996 391 9,75
25-29 344 997 323 194 668 191 6,54
30-34 260 720 305 081 565 801 5,54
35-39 216 535 277 817 494 352 4,84
40-44 204 559 273 805 478 364 4,68
45-49 163 816 202 762 366 578 3,59
50-54 147 915 167 118 315 033 3,08
55-59 118 129 122 576 240 705 2,36
60-64 87 782 94 724 182 506 1,79
65-69 66 929 72 237 139 166 1,36
70-74 54 579 56 714 111 293 1,09
75+ 99 860 114 373 214 233 2,10
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 2 134 334 2 084 653 4 218 987 41,29
15-64 2 683 121 2 850 791 5 533 912 54,16
65+ 221 368 243 324 464 692 4,55

Structure of the population (DHS 2012) (Males 21 009, Females 22 948 = 43 957) :

Age Group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0-4 17,1 15,1 16,1
5-9 17,6 16,0 16,8
10-14 15,6 14,6 15,1
15-19 9,3 9,0 9,1
20-24 6,3 7,2 6,8
25-29 5,6 7,1 6,4
30-34 4,2 5,2 4,7
35-39 4,2 5,0 4,6
40-44 4,0 3,9 3,9
45-49 3,1 3,2 3,2
50-54 2,6 4,8 3,8
55-59 2,1 2,8 2,5
60-64 2,9 2,1 2,5
65-69 2,0 1,4 1,7
70-74 1,4 1,2 1,3
75-79 0,9 0,6 0,7
80+ 1,0 0,7 0,9
Age group Male (%) Female (%) Total (%)
0-14 50,3 45,7 48,0
15-64 44,4 50,4 47,4
65+ 5,3 3,9 4,6

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Guinea not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [1]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 151 000 110 000 41 000 47.2 34.3 12.9 6.00 218
1955-1960 165 000 115 000 50 000 48.1 33.5 14.6 6.24 214
1960-1965 179 000 119 000 59 000 48.5 32.4 16.1 6.51 210
1965-1970 196 000 126 000 70 000 49.0 31.5 17.5 6.80 206
1970-1975 204 000 123 000 82 000 48.5 29.1 19.3 6.85 191
1975-1980 210 000 115 000 95 000 48.2 26.5 21.8 6.91 174
1980-1985 224 000 113 000 111 000 48.0 24.2 23.8 6.95 159
1985-1990 252 000 117 000 135 000 47.2 22.0 25.2 6.86 145
1990-1995 303 000 132 000 171 000 45.5 19.8 25.7 6.58 131
1995-2000 345 000 144 000 201 000 43.4 18.1 25.3 6.19 119
2000-2005 361 000 136 000 224 000 41.5 15.7 25.8 5.80 104
2005-2010 380 000 132 000 248 000 39.9 13.9 26.1 5.45 93
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[3]


Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1992 41 5,67 (5,1) 37 5,18 (4,5) 42 5,89 (5,3)
1999 36,9 5,5 (5,0) 32,9 4,4 (3,8) 38,4 6,1 (5,6)
2005 38,4 5,7 (5,1) 31,8 4,4 (3,9) 40,8 6,3 (5,7)
2012 34 5,1 (4,0) 29,4 3,8 (2,9) 36,1 5,8 (4,6)

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Fulɓe (singular Pullo). Called Peuhl or Peul in French, Fula or Fulani in English, who are chiefly found in the mountainous region of Fouta Djallon;
  • Maninka. Malinke in French, Mandingo in English, mostly inhabiting the savanna of Upper Guinea and the Forest region;
  • Susus or Soussous. Susu is not a lingua franca in Guinea. Although it is commonly spoken in the coastal areas, including the capital, Conakry, it is not largely understood in the interior of the country.

West Africans make up the largest non-Guinean population. Non-Africans total about 30,000 (mostly French, other Europeans, and Lebanese). Seven national languages are used extensively; the major written languages are French, Pular (English: Fula; French: Peul or Peuhl), and Arabic.

Other languages have established Latin orthographies that are used somewhat, notably for Susu and Maninka. The N'Ko alphabet is increasingly used on a grassroots level for the Maninka language.

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Population

10,601,009 (July 2011 est.)

Population growth rate

2.645% (2011 est.)

Net migration rate

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)
note: as a result of conflict in neighboring countries, Guinea is host to approximately 141,500 refugees from Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, and Sierra Leone (2006 est.)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

total population: 58.11 years
male: 56.63 years
female: 59.64 years (2011 est.)

Nationality

noun: Guinean(s)
adjective: Guinean

Ethnic groups

Fula 50%, Malinke 25%, Susu 15%, smaller ethnic groups 10%

Religions

Muslim 85%, Christian 10% (mainly Roman Catholic Church and Evangelical denominations), indigenous beliefs 5%.[4]

Official census does not break in ethnicity or religion

Languages

French (official), each ethnic group has its own language

Literacy

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 29.5%
male: 42.6%
female: 18.1% (2003 est.)

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2007 edition".