Demographics of Guinea

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Guinea, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Demographics of Guinea describes the condition and overview of Guinea's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations.

Population[edit]

Guinea's total population, from 1961 to 2003. Guinea's population came close to tripling in forty years.

According to the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects[1][2] the total population was 12,414,293 in 2018, compared to only 3 094 000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 42.9%, 53.8% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 3.3% was 65 years or older .[3]

Total population Population aged 0–14 (%) Population aged 15–64 (%) Population aged 65+ (%)
1950 3 094 000 37.1 57.6 5.3
1955 3 300 000 38.6 57.0 4.4
1960 3 541 000 40.0 56.2 3.8
1965 3 823 000 41.8 54.9 3.4
1970 4 154 000 42.2 54.6 3.2
1975 4 287 000 42.6 54.3 3.1
1980 4 407 000 43.3 53.5 3.2
1985 4 924 000 43.9 52.8 3.3
1990 5 759 000 44.4 52.3 3.3
1995 7 565 000 44.6 52.1 3.3
2000 8 344 000 44.2 52.4 3.3
2005 9 041 000 43.6 53.0 3.3
2010 9 982 000 42.9 53.8 3.3

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Guinea not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [3]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-1955 151 000 110 000 41 000 47.2 34.3 12.9 6.00 218
1955-1960 165 000 115 000 50 000 48.1 33.5 14.6 6.24 214
1960-1965 179 000 119 000 59 000 48.5 32.4 16.1 6.51 210
1965-1970 196 000 126 000 70 000 49.0 31.5 17.5 6.80 206
1970-1975 204 000 123 000 82 000 48.5 29.1 19.3 6.85 191
1975-1980 210 000 115 000 95 000 48.2 26.5 21.8 6.91 174
1980-1985 224 000 113 000 111 000 48.0 24.2 23.8 6.95 159
1985-1990 252 000 117 000 135 000 47.2 22.0 25.2 6.86 145
1990-1995 303 000 132 000 171 000 45.5 19.8 25.7 6.58 131
1995-2000 345 000 144 000 201 000 43.4 18.1 25.3 6.19 119
2000-2005 361 000 136 000 224 000 41.5 15.7 25.8 5.80 104
2005-2010 380 000 132 000 248 000 39.9 13.9 26.1 5.45 93
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Fertility and Births[edit]

Total Fertility Rate (TFR) (Wanted Fertility Rate) and Crude Birth Rate (CBR):[4]

Year CBR (Total) TFR (Total) CBR (Urban) TFR (Urban) CBR (Rural) TFR (Rural)
1992 41 5.67 (5.1) 37 5.18 (4.5) 42 5.89 (5.3)
1999 36.9 5.5 (5.0) 32.9 4.4 (3.8) 38.4 6.1 (5.6)
2005 38.4 5.7 (5.1) 31.8 4.4 (3.9) 40.8 6.3 (5.7)
2012 34 5.1 (4.6) 29.4 3.8 36.1 5.8
2018 33.6 4.8 (4.3) 29.4 3.8 (3.4) 35.8 5.5 (4.9)

Fertility data as of 2012 and 2018 (DHS Program):[5]

Administrative region Total fertility rate (2012) Total fertility rate (2018) Percentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnant (2012) Percentage of women age 15-49 currently pregnant (2018) Mean number of children ever born to women age 40-49 (2012) Mean number of children ever born to women age 40-49 (2018)
Boké 4.7 4.8 14.4 9.7 5.6 5.2
Conakry 3.6 3.2 6.2 5.8 4.8 4.1
Faranah 5.8 5.8 11.6 10.5 6.7 5.8
Kankan 6.9 6.5 14.4 13.6 6.9 6.9
Kindia 5.2 5.0 12.4 10.2 6.2 5.5
Labé 5.3 5.6 8.9 7.6 6.5 5.0
Mamou 5.4 4.1 8.4 7.9 6.1 4.8
N'Zérékoré 5.1 4.5 11.0 6.3 5.6 4.2

Life expectancy[edit]

Period Life expectancy in
Years[6]
1950–1955 33.07
1955–1960 Increase 34.33
1960–1965 Increase 35.38
1965–1970 Increase 36.14
1970–1975 Increase 37.43
1975–1980 Increase 39.87
1980–1985 Increase 43.05
1985–1990 Increase 47.92
1990–1995 Increase 51.28
1995–2000 Increase 51.61
2000–2005 Decrease 51.31
2005–2010 Increase 55.45
2010–2015 Increase 57.93

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Fulɓe (singular Pullo). Called Peuhl or Peul in French, Fula or Fulani in English, who are chiefly found in the mountainous region of Fouta Djallon;
  • Maninka. Malinke in French, Mandingo in English, mostly inhabiting the savanna of Upper Guinea and the Forest region;
  • Susus or Soussous. Susu is not a lingua franca in Guinea. Although it is commonly spoken in the coastal areas, including the capital, Conakry, it is not largely understood in the interior of the country.
  • Several small groups (Gerzé or Kpelle, Toma, Kissis, etc.) in the forest region and Bagas (including Landoumas), Koniaguis etc, In the coastal area.

West Africans make up the largest non-Guinean population. Non-Africans total about 30,000 (mostly French, other Europeans, and Lebanese). Seven national languages are used extensively; the major written languages are French, Pular (English: Fula; French: Peul or Peuhl), and Arabic.

Other languages have established Latin orthographies that are used somewhat, notably for Susu and Maninka. The N'Ko script is increasingly used on a grassroots level for the Maninka language.

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019.[7]

  • One birth every 1 minutes
  • One death every 5 minutes
  • One net migrant every 60 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 2 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook.[8]

Population[edit]

11,855,411 (July 2018 est.)

Age structure[edit]

Population pyramid of Guinea in 2017
0-14 years: 41.4% (male 2,473,486 /female 2,435,139)
15-24 years: 19.23% (male 1,145,488 /female 1,134,103)
25-54 years: 30.8% (male 1,827,246 /female 1,824,162)
55-64 years: 4.72% (male 269,995 /female 289,164)
65 years and over: 3.85% (male 203,754 /female 252,874) (2018 est.)

Median age[edit]

total: 19 years. Country comparison to the world: 204th
male: 18.8 years
female: 19.3 years (2018 est.)
Total: 18.9 years
Male: 18.7 years
Female: 19.1 years (2017 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

2.75% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 13th
2.61% (2017 est.)

Birth rate[edit]

36.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 16th

Death rate[edit]

8.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 64th

Total fertility rate[edit]

4.98 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 14th

Mother's mean age at first birth[edit]

18.9 years (2012 est.)
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Contraceptive prevalence rate[edit]

8.7% (2016)

Net migration rate[edit]

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 84th

Dependency ratios[edit]

total dependency ratio: 84.2 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 78.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 17.8 (2015 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 62.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 60.4 years (2018 est.)
female: 64 years (2018 est.)
total population: 61 years
male: 59.5 years
female: 62.6 years (2017 est.)

Urbanization[edit]

urban population: 36.1% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 3.54% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

at birth 1.03 male(s)/female
under 15 years 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over 0.78 male(s)/female
total population 1 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

HIV/AIDS[edit]

Adult prevalence rate: 1.5% (2017 est.) People living with HIV/AIDS: 120,000 (2017 est.) Deaths: 5,100 (2017 est.)

Nationality[edit]

noun Guinean(s)
adjective Guinean

Ethnic groups[9][edit]

Religions [10][edit]

Languages [10][edit]

French (official), each ethnic group has its own language

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2015 est.)

total population: 30.4% (2015 est.)
male: 38.1% (2015 est.)
female: 22.8% (2015 est.)

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)[edit]

total: 9 years (2014)
male: 10 years (2014)
female: 8 years (2014)

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24[edit]

total: 1% (2012 est.)
male: 1.5% (2012 est.)
female: 0.6% (2012 est.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  2. ^ ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision".
  4. ^ "MEASURE DHS: Demographic and Health Surveys". microdata.worldbank.org.
  5. ^ "Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples (EDS-MICS) 2012" (PDF). Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples.
  6. ^ "World Population Prospects - Population Division - United Nations". esa.un.org. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  7. ^ "Guinea Population 2019", World Population Review
  8. ^ "The World FactBook - Gambia, The", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018 This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  9. ^ CIA "The World Factbook"
  10. ^ a b "Africa :::GUINEA". CIA The World Factbook.

 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document: "2007 edition".