Demographics of Los Angeles
The demographics of Los Angeles are determined by population surveys such as the American Community Survey and the United States Census. According to U.S. Census Bureau projections, Los Angeles' population was 3,884,307 in 2013.
Race, ethnicity, and national origin
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The 1990 United States Census and 2000 United States Census found that non-Hispanic whites were becoming a minority in Los Angeles. Estimates for the 2010 United States Census results find Latinos to be approximately half (47-49%) of the city's population, growing from 40% in 2000 and 30-35% in 1990 census.
- Hispanic or Latino (of any race): 47.5%
- White: 41.3% (Non-Hispanic Whites: 29.4%)
- Asian: 10.7%
- Black or African American: 9.8%
- Two or more races: 2.8%
- Native American: 0.5%
- Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander: 0.2%
- Other: 25.2%
Approximately 59.4% of Los Angeles' residents were born in the United States, and 0.9% were born in Puerto Rico, US territories, or abroad to American parents. 39.7% of the population were foreign-born. Most foreigners (64.5%) were born in Latin America. A large minority (26.3%) were born in Asia. Smaller numbers were born in Europe (6.5%), Africa (1.5%), Northern America (0.9%), and Oceania (0.3%).
According to the 2006-2008 American Community Survey, the linguistic composition of Los Angeles was as follows out of a population of 3,473,790 people over the age of 5:
- English: 40.2% (1,397,555)
- Language other than English: 59.8% (2,076,235)
- Speak English less than "very well": 30.5% (1,058,358)
- Spanish: 43.6% (1,513,106)
- Speak English less than "very well": 23.2% (806,252)
- Other Indo-European languages: 7.0% (242,461)
- Speak English less than "very well": 2.8% (98,907)
- Asian languages and Pacific Islander languages: 7.9% (275,109)
- Speak English less than "very well": 4.0% (140,058)
- Other languages: 1.3% (45,559)
- Speak English less than "very well": 0.4% (13,141).
Households and educational attainment
According to the 2006-2008 American Community Survey, the types of households were as follows out of 1,275,534 total:
- Family households: 61.1% (778,991)
- With own children under 18 years: 30.9% (394,253)
- Married-couple family: 39.1% (498,998)
- With own children under 18 years: 19.6% (250,054)
- Male householder, no wife present, family: 6.9% (88,600)
- With own children under 18 years: 3.0% (38,239)
- Female householder, no husband present, family: 15.0% (191,393)
- With own children under 18 years: 8.3% (105,960)
- Non-family households: 38.9% (496,543)
- Householder living alone: 30.2% (385,843)
- 65 years and over: 8.0% (102,016)
- Households with one or more people under 18 years: 34.6% (441,723)
- Households with one or more people 65 years and over: 21.1% (268,624)
- Average household size: 2.87
- Average family size: 3.67
According to the same survey, the educational status of residents over 25 years (2,407,775 total) was as follows:
- Less than 9th grade: 15.9% (383,385)
- 9th to 12th grade, no diploma: 11.1% (267,833)
- High school graduate: 21.1% (509,021)
- Some college, no degree: 16.7% (402,973)
- Associate degree: 5.9% (141,764)
- Bachelor's degree: 19.2% (462,701)
- Graduate or professional degree: 10.0% (240,098)
- Percent high school graduate or higher: 72.9%
- Percent bachelor's degree or higher: 29.2%
Income and poverty
According to the 2006-2008 American Community Survey, the income status of residents was as follows:
- Median household income: $48,610
- Mean household income: $76,557
- Median family income: $53,008
- Mean family income: $83,965
- Median non-family income: $38,227
- Mean non-family income: $61,155
According to the same survey, the poverty status of residents was as follows:
- All families: 15.6%
- Married-couple families: 10.2%
- Families with female householder, no husband present: 30.1%
- All people: 18.9%
- Under 18 years: 27.8%
- 18 years and over: 16.0%
- 18 to 64 years: 16.5%
- 65 years and over: 12.9%
According to the 2006-2008 American Community Survey, the employment status of residents was as followsSource:
- Population 16 years and over: 2,923,315
- In labor force: 65.8% (1,924,833)
- Civilian labor force: 65.8% (1,923,236)
- Employed: 61.3% (1,792,596)
- Unemployed: 4.5% (130,640)
- Armed Forces: 0.1% (1,597)
- Not in labor force: 34.2% (998,482)
In the 1980 and 1990 Census, Bosnians established themselves in fairly large numbers in L.A. before the breakup of the former Yugoslavia and Bosnian Civil War of the 1990s. However, Yugoslav immigration was present in Los Angeles and Southern California (i.e. San Pedro, Los Angeles) since the turn of the 20th century.
Salvadoran Americans are the second largest Hispanic population in Los Angeles, a city which holds the largest Salvadoran population out side of El Salvador and the Salvadoran diaspora living abroad and overseas. These were refugees that arrived in the 1980s and 1990s during the Salvadoran Civil War which was part of the Central American Crisis.
Once a tradition the descendants of original Anglo-American settlers whom represented civic leaders and economic influence in the city of L.A. held Iowa picnics in MacArthur Park, but that's no longer held since the early 1970s.
Persons of the Bahá'í Faith, Mormons in the Latter-Day Saints churches, Seventh-day Adventists with their church-operated Loma Linda University, and the Church of Scientology headquarters are large theological/religious influences in Los Angeles and throughout Southern California. Los Angeles has the largest Roman Catholic Archdiocese (Archdiocese of Los Angeles) in the USA.
Cherokee Indians, among other Native American tribes such as the Apache, Choctaw, Comanche, Hopi, Muscogee (Creek), Navajo, Nez Perce, Paiute, Shawnee and Zuni made Los Angeles probably have the largest Urban Indian population.
L.A. along with Pasadena in the turn of the 20th century were one of two earliest world-known retirement communities to attracted a large number of senior citizens looked for a warmer climate to better fight health ailments.
L.A. hosts the fourth largest number of Muslims in the United States. When the estimated 500,000 Muslims living in the greater Los Angeles area are included, Los Angeles hosts the second largest number of Muslims among U.S. cities.
- Major U.S. metropolitan areas differ in their religious profiles, Pew Research Center
- "America's Changing Religious Landscape". Pew Research Center: Religion & Public Life. May 12, 2015.
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- Extraordinary Groups: An Examination of Unconventional Lifestyles - Page 9