Demographics of Los Angeles County

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Historical population
Census Pop.
18503,530
186011,333221.0%
187015,30935.1%
188033,381118.0%
1890101,454203.9%
1900170,29867.9%
1910504,131196.0%
1920936,45585.8%
19302,208,492135.8%
19402,785,64326.1%
19504,151,68749.0%
19606,038,77145.5%
19707,041,98016.6%
19807,477,4216.2%
19908,863,16418.5%
20009,519,3387.4%
20109,818,6053.1%
2019 (est.)10,039,1072.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[1]
1790-1960[2] 1900-1990[3]
1990-2000[4] 2010–2014[5]

The demographics of Los Angeles County include a diverse people by race, ethnicity, and nationality. The 2010 United States Census reported that Los Angeles County had a population of 9,818,605. The racial makeup of Los Angeles County was 4,936,599 (50.3%) White, 856,874 (8.7%) African American, 72,828 (0.7%) Native American, 1,346,865 (13.7%) Asian (4.0% Chinese, 3.3% Filipino, 2.2% Korean, 1.0% Japanese, 0.9% Vietnamese, 0.8% Indian, 0.3% Cambodian, 0.3% Thai, 0.1% Pakistani), 26,094 (0.3%) Pacific Islander (0.1% Samoan), 2,140,632 (21.8%) from other races, and 438,713 (4.5%) from two or more races.

As of 2018, Non-Hispanic whites numbered 2,728,321, or 27.8% of the population.[6] Hispanic or Latino residents of any race numbered 4,687,889 (47.7%); 35.8% of Los Angeles County's population was of Mexican ancestry; 3.7% Salvadoran, and 2.2% Guatemalan heritage,.[7]

Religion[edit]

As of 2000, there are over 1,700 Christian churches, 202 Jewish synagogues, 145 Buddhist temples, 48 Islamic mosques, 44 Baháʼí worship centers, 37 Hindu temples, 28 Tenrikyo churches and fellowships, 16 Shinto worship centers, and 14 Sikh gurdwaras in the county.[8] The Los Angeles Archdiocese has approximately 5 million members and is the largest in the United States.

Housing[edit]

The homeownership rate is 47.9%, and the median value for houses is $409,300. 42.2% of housing units are in multi-unit structures.

Undocumented Immigrants[edit]

As estimated by the Public Policy Institute of California in 2008, Los Angeles County is home to more than one-third of California's undocumented immigrants, who make up more than ten percent of the population.[9]

Population by race[edit]

2000[edit]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 9,519,338 people, 3,133,774 households, and 2,137,233 families residing in the county. The population density was 2,344 people per square mile (905/km2). There were 3,270,909 housing units at an average density of 806 per square mile (311/km2). The racial makeup of the county is 48.7% White[11] 11.0% African American, 0.8% Native American, 10.0% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 23.5% from other races, and 4.9% from two or more races. 44.6% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. The largest European-American ancestry groups are German (6%), Irish (5%), English (4%) and Italian (3%). 45.9% of the population reported speaking only English at home; 37.9% spoke Spanish, 2.22% Tagalog, 2.0% Chinese, 1.9% Korean, and 1.87% Armenian.[12]

Because the county is so populous, what is not so evident is that it has the largest Native American population of any county in the nation: according to the 2000 census, it has more than 153,550 people of indigenous descent, and most are from Latin America. "The invisible population that is virtually ignored by the census is that of indigenous people from Mexico, Central and South America."[13] In addition, there are Cherokee and other Native Americans from the USA, and Pacific Islanders like Native Hawaiians from Hawaii, Samoa and other Pacific Islands.[citation needed]

There were 3,133,774 households, out of which 36.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 14.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.61.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.0% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 32.6% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,189, and the median income for a family was $46,452. Males had a median income of $36,299 versus $30,981 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,683. There are 14.4% of families living below the poverty line and 17.9% of the population, including 24.2% of under 18 and 10.5% of those over 64.

According to TNS Financial Services, Los Angeles County has the highest number of millionaires of any county in the nation, totaling 261,081 households as of 2007.[14] In addition to millionaires, Los Angeles County has the largest number of homeless people, with "48,000 people living on the streets, including 6,000 veterans."[15]

2019 American Community Survey[edit]

Racial Makeup of Los Angeles County (2019)[16]

  White alone (52.14%)
  Black alone (8.08%)
  Native American alone (0.81%)
  Asian alone (14.69%)
  Pacific Islander alone (0.26%)
  Other race alone (19.90%)
  Two or more races (4.12%)

Racial/Ethnic Makeup of Los Angeles County excluding Hispanics from Racial Categories (2019)[16]
NH=Non-Hispanic

  White NH (25.87%)
  Black NH (7.74%)
  Native American NH (0.24%)
  Asian NH (14.51%)
  Pacific Islander NH (0.23%)
  Other race NH (0.40%)
  Two or more races NH (2.38%)
  Hispanic Any Race (48.63%)

According to the 2019 US Census Bureau estimates, Los Angeles County's population was 52.1% White (25.9% Non-Hispanic White), 8.1% Black or African American, 14.7% Asian, 0.8% Native American and Alaskan Native, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 19.9% Other Race, and 4.1% from two or more races.[16] The White population continues to remain the largest racial category as Hispanics in Los Angeles County primarily identify as White (54.0%) with others identifying as Other Race (40.1%), Multiracial (3.6%), Black (0.7%), American Indian and Alaskan Native (1.2%), Asian (0.4%), and Hawaiian and Pacific Islander (0.1%).[16] By ethnicity, 48.6% of the total population is Hispanic-Latino (of any race) and 51.4% is Non-Hispanic (of any race).[16]

If Latinos were excluded from the racial categories and treated as if they were a separate group, Los Angeles County's 2019 population would be 48.6% Latino, 25.9% White Non-Hispanic, 7.7% Black or African American, 14.5% Asian, 0.2% Native American and Alaskan Native, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.4% Other Race, and 2.4% from two or more races.[16]













Tables for places within Los Angeles County[edit]

Map of Los Angeles County showing population density in 2000 by census tract

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  2. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved May 26, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 26, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "American Fact Finder - Results". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 4, 2015. Retrieved April 7, 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  6. ^ "Los Angeles County, California". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 18, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  8. ^ Selected Non-Christian Religious Traditions in Los Angeles County: 2000 Prolades.com
  9. ^ Johnson, Hans; Hill, Laura (July 2011). "Illegal Immigration" (PDF). Publications. Public Policy Institute of California. Retrieved January 15, 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ This included over 65,000 Arabs and 75,000 Iranian, who many people would not count as White (see 2000 Census fact sheet table ). For a clear discussion of Arabs being counted as white, see Census.gov Archived December 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ "Language Map Data Center". Mla.org. July 17, 2007. Retrieved August 23, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  13. ^ "The Invisible Minority" Archived 2009-11-17 at the Wayback Machine, Indian Country Today, November 9, 2009, accessed March 12, 2010
  14. ^ Frank, Robert (May 5, 2008). "California Boasts Most Millionaires". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved September 29, 2011. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  15. ^ Nagourney, Adam (December 12, 2010). "Los Angeles Confronts Homelessness Reputation". New York Times. Retrieved December 14, 2010. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  16. ^ a b c d e f "B03002 HISPANIC OR LATINO ORIGIN BY RACE - Los Angeles County - 2019 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". U.S. Census Bureau. July 1, 2019. Retrieved January 29, 2021.
  17. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  18. ^ a b c d e f U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  19. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  20. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  21. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  22. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.
  23. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. U.S. Census website . Retrieved October 21, 2013.