Demographics of Montenegro

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Montenegro, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Total population[edit]

Population censuses in 1921–2011[1][edit]

census date population population density
(per km2)
1921 311,341 22.5
1931 360,044 26.1
1948 377,189 27.3
1953 419,873 30.4
1961 471,894 34.2
1971 529,604 38.3
1981 584,310 42.3
1991 615,035 44.5
2003 620,145 44.9
2011 620,029 44.9

The 2003 census was undertaken by Montenegro, which, together with Serbia, constituted Serbia and Montenegro. The census population was 620,145 (including diaspora 672,656).

  • According to a 2005 estimate made by the Statistical Office of Montenegro, Montenegro has about 623,000 inhabitants. [2][permanent dead link]
  • According to a 2006 estimate made by the Statistical Office of Montenegro, Montenegro has about 624,000 inhabitants. [3][permanent dead link]
  • According to a 2007 estimate made by the Statistical Office of Montenegro, Montenegro has about 625,000 inhabitants. [4][permanent dead link]
  • According to a 2008 estimate made by the Statistical Office of Montenegro, Montenegro has 627,478 inhabitants. [5][permanent dead link]

Age structure[edit]

census date 0–14 years 15–64 years 65 years or older
1921 37.7% 56.3% 6.0%
1931 36.5% 57.2% 6.3%
1948 38.3% 54.4% 7.4%
1953 35.5% 57.1% 7.4%
1961 36.4% 56.5% 7.1%
1971 31.9% 60.4% 7.6%
1981 27.5% 64.3% 8.2%
1991 25.3% 66.5% 8.2%
2003 20.6% 67.5% 12.0%
2011 19.2% 68.1% 12.8%

Vital statistics[2][3][edit]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Female fertile population (15-49 years)
1950 397,001 11,904 3,682 8,222 30.0 9.3 20.7 4.25 96,666
1951 407,001 12,898 4,416 8,482 31.7 10.9 20.8 4.52 98,818
1952 415,998 13,308 3,859 9,449 32.0 9.3 22.7 4.55 100,970
1953 422,037 13,880 4,775 9,105 32.9 11.3 21.6 4.50 103,122
1954 428,001 14,428 3,862 10,566 33.7 9.0 24.7 4.48 106,325
1955 435,003 13,550 3,935 9,615 31.1 9.0 22.1 4.05 109,526
1956 440,998 13,654 3,871 9,783 31.0 8.8 22.2 3.90 112,728
1957 446,999 13,751 4,172 9,579 30.8 9.3 21.4 3.80 114,825
1958 453,001 13,684 3,537 10,147 30.2 7.8 22.4 3.68 116,170
1959 460,001 12,614 3,469 9,145 27.4 7.5 19.9 3.43 113,294
1960 467,002 13,127 3,583 9,544 28.1 7.7 20.4 3.58 112,441
1961 473,409 12,994 3,335 9,659 27.4 7.0 20.4 3.54 111,590
1962 482,758 13,006 3,747 9,259 26.9 7.8 19.2 3.33 116,271
1963 492,113 12,982 3,454 9,528 26.4 7.0 19.4 3.26 118,519
1964 501,379 12,599 3,550 9,049 25.1 7.1 18.0 3.15 121,230
1965 510,260 12,333 3,431 8,902 24.2 6.7 17.4 3.12 122,378
1966 520,000 12,209 3,199 9,010 23.5 6.2 17.3 3.06 125,718
1967 527,507 11,486 3,385 8,101 21.8 6.4 15.4 2.83 129,437
1968 534,792 11,027 3,429 7,598 20.6 6.4 14.2 2.65 134,670
1969 520,484 11,259 3,325 7,934 21.6 6.4 15.2 2.67 137,450
1970 525,002 10,636 3,516 7,120 20.3 6.7 13.6 2.47 140,852
1971 530,854 10,866 3,264 7,602 20.5 6.1 14.3 2.71 134,967
1972 538,997 10,938 3,512 7,426 20.3 6.5 13.8 2.61 139,772
1973 545,254 10,665 3,304 7,361 19.6 6.1 13.5 2.49 142,576
1974 551,996 10,551 3,199 7,352 19.1 5.8 13.3 2.40 145,104
1975 557,995 10,557 3,279 7,278 18.9 5.9 13.0 2.34 147,571
1976 567,996 10,711 3,465 7,246 18.9 6.1 12.8 2.30 150,832
1977 575,269 10,738 3,559 7,179 18.7 6.2 12.5 2.26 153,702
1978 581,958 10,584 3,660 6,924 18.2 6.3 11.9 2.18 155,604
1979 588,997 10,365 3,826 6,539 17.6 6.5 11.1 2.12 155,338
1980 579,382 10,542 3,703 6,839 18.2 6.4 11.8 2.15 155,072
1981 586,029 10,335 3,680 6,655 17.6 6.3 11.4 2.24 151,056
1982 592,900 10,579 3,618 6,961 17.8 6.1 11.7 2.23 153,072
1983 599,358 10,657 4,194 6,463 17.8 7.0 10.8 2.16 155,008
1984 605,924 10,521 3,915 6,606 17.4 6.5 10.9 2.10 155,795
1985 606,839 10,724 3,926 6,798 17.7 6.5 11.2 2.12 156,436
1986 607,711 10,455 3,922 6,533 17.2 6.5 10.8 2.04 158,026
1987 608,144 10,567 3,990 6,577 17.4 6.6 10.8 2.04 159,914
1988 605,000 10,190 3,661 6,529 16.8 6.1 10.8 1.95 163,892
1989 601,000 9,634 3,833 5,801 16.0 6.4 9.7 1.85 162,362
1990 597,000 9,380 3,936 5,444 15.7 6.6 9.1 1.79 164,450
1991 591,843 9,609 3,975 5,634 16.2 6.7 9.5 2.07 150,676
1992 594,000 9,524 4,393 5,131 16.0 7.4 8.6 2.07 150,859
1993 596,000 8,922 4,471 4,451 15.0 7.5 7.5 1.95 151,042
1994 599,000 8,887 4,660 4,227 14.8 7.8 7.1 1.96 151,226
1995 601,000 9,492 4,931 4,561 15.8 8.2 7.6 2.11 151,408
1996 604,464 9,094 4,982 4,112 15.0 8.2 6.8 2.04 151,592
1997 606,759 8,758 5,153 3,605 14.4 8.5 5.9 1.98 151,774
1998 609,054 9,211 5,312 3,899 15.1 8.7 6.4 2.10 151,958
1999 606,677 8,828 5,393 3,435 14.6 8.9 5.7 2.03 152,142
2000 604,950 9,184 5,412 3,772 15.2 8.9 6.2 2.13 152,325
2001 607,389 8,839 5,431 3,408 14.6 8.9 5.6 2.04 152,997
2002 609,828 8,499 5,513 2,986 13.9 9.0 4.9 1.95 153,623
2003 612,267 8,344 5,704 2,640 13.6 9.3 4.3 1.91 154,117
2004 613,353 7,849 5,707 2,142 12.8 9.3 3.5 1.80 154,048
2005 614,261 7,352 5,839 1,513 12.0 9.5 2.5 1.69 153,298
2006 615,025 7,531 5,968 1,563 12.2 9.7 2.5 1.73 152,881
2007 615,875 7,834 5,979 1,855 12.7 9.7 3.0 1.79 152,728
2008 616,969 8,258 5,708 2,550 13.4 9.3 4.1 1.88 152,163
2009 618,294 8,642 5,862 2,780 14.0 9.5 4.5 1.98 151,446
2010 619,428 7,418 5,633 1,785 12.0 9.1 2.9 1.70 150,802
2011 620,079 7,215 5,847 1,368 11.6 9.4 2.2 1.65 150,151
2012 620,601 7,459 5,922 1,537 12.0 9.5 2.5 1.72 149,382
2013 621,207 7,475 5,917 1,558 12.0 9.5 2.5 1.73 148,536
2014 621,810 7,529 6,014 1,515 12.1 9.7 2.4 1.75 147,669
2015 622,159 7,386 6,329 1,057 11.9 10.2 1.7 1.73 146,886
2016 622,303 7,569 6,464 1,105 12.2 10.4 1.8 1.79 146,207
2017 622,373 7,432 6,523 909 11.9 10.5 1.5 1.78 145,539
2018[4] 622,227 7,264 6,504 760 11.7 10.5 1.2 1.76 144,894
2019[5][6] 622,028 7,223 6,595 628 11.6 10.6 1.0 1.76 144,083
Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate Female fertile population (15-49 years)
Total 1950-2019 715,515 313,119 402,396 1276.4 558.6 717.8
Average 1950-2019 560,580 10,222 4,473 5,749 18.2 8.0 10.3 2.39 141,000

Current vital statistics[7][edit]

Births

  • from January - October 2019 = 5,978
  • from January - October 2020 = 5,961
  • Difference between number of births in 2019 and 2020 (January - October) = Decrease -17 (-0.28%)

Deaths

  • from January - October 2019 = 5,458
  • from January - October 2020 = 5,710
  • Difference between number of deaths in 2019 and 2020 (January - October) = Negative increase +252 (+4.62%)

Natural increase

  • from January - October 2019 = +520
  • from January - October 2020 = +251
  • Difference between natural increase in 2019 and 2020 (January - October) = Decrease -269

Marriages and divorces[8][edit]

Vital statistics, marriages and divorces by decade[edit]

Births and fertility rates[10][11][edit]

Nationality/Ethnicity[edit]

Ethnic population 1948–20111[edit]

The vast majority (over 90%) of the population of Montenegro is of Slavic origin. Albanians make up 5 percent of the population (4.9% at the 2011 census), while there is also a small Romani and "Egyptians" minority (total 1,2% at the 2011 census). The Slavic population of Montenegro uses a large diversity in ethnic identities to describe their ethnicity. During the first decades after WW II most Slavic people identified themselves as Montenegrins, with less than 2% Serbs and less than 2% Croats in 1948. During the last decades of the existence of Yugoslavia up to 5% of the population declared themselves Yugoslavs (South-Slavs). During and after the Yugoslav Wars the ethnic identity of the Serbs (and in general the political influence of Serbia) became increasingly important in Montenegro and at the 2003 census almost one third of the population identified themselves as Serbs. The Serbs live mostly along the borders with Bosnia and Serbia, while the Montenegrins live in the center of the country. The Slavic population are in majority Eastern Orthodox Christians, but there is also a large Muslim minority, like in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Although most of the Slavic Muslims in Montenegro initially also identified themselves as Montenegrins, gradually over time more and more Slavic Muslims started to use the term Muslim as an ethnic designation, thus opting for a distinctive ethno-religious identity. After the Yugoslav Wars this changed again and at the 2003 and 2011 census most ethnic Muslims declared themselves Bosniaks, mainly because they had some historical relations with Bosniaks in Bosnia and Herzegovina and mostly live in the northeast of Montenegro.

Ethnic
group
census 1948 census 1953 census 1961 census 1971 census 1981 census 1991 census 2003 census 2011
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
Montenegrins 342,009 90.7 363,686 86.6 383,988 81.4 355,632 67.2 400,488 68.5 380,647 61.9 267,669 43.2 278,865 45.0
Serbs 6,707 1.8 13,864 3.3 14,087 3.0 39,512 7.5 19,407 3.3 57,453 9.3 198,414 32.0 178,110 28.7
Croats 6,808 1.8 9,814 2.3 10,664 2.3 9,192 1.7 6,904 1.2 6,244 1.0 6,811 1.1 6,021 0.9
Yugoslavs 1,559 0.3 10,943 2.1 31,243 5.3 26,159 4.3 1,860 0.3 1,154 0.2
Muslims 387 0.1 6,424 1.5 30,665 6.5 70,236 13.3 78,080 13.4 89,614 14.6 24,625 4.0 20,537 3.3
Bosniaks 48,184 7.8 53,605 8.6
Albanians 19,425 5.1 23,460 5.6 25,803 5.5 35,671 6.7 37,735 6.5 40,415 6.6 31,163 5.0 30,439 4.9
Romani 162 0.0 230 0.1 183 0.0 396 0.1 1,471 0.3 3,282 0.5 2,601 0.4 6,251 1.0
Macedonians 133 0.0 362 0.1 593 0.1 723 0.1 875 0.1 1,072 0.2 819 0.1 900 0.1
Others/undeclared 1,558 0.4 2,033 0.5 4,352 0.9 7,299 1.4 8,107 1.4 10,149 1.7 37,9992 6.1 44,5244 7.2
Total 377,189 419,873 471,894 529,604 584,310 615,035 620,1453 620,029
1 Source: Statistical Office of Montenegro[dubious ]

2 including 415 Slovenes (0.07%), 362 Hungarians (0.06%), 240 Russians (0.03%), 225 Egyptians (0.04%), 127 Italians (0.02%), 118 Germans (0.02%), 2,180 others (0.31%), no response 26,906 (4.34%), Regional affiliation 1,258 (0.2%), Unknown 6,168 (0.99%)

3 The total population including diaspora was 672,656 (Montenegrins 273,366 or 40.64%, Serbs: 201,892 or 30.01%, Bosniaks: 63,272 or 9.41%, Albanians: 47,682 or 7.09%, Muslims: 28,714 or 4.27%, Croats: 7,062 or 1.05%)

4 including 354 Slovenes (0.05%), 337 Hungarians (0.05%), 946 Russians (0.15%), 2,054 Egyptians (0.33%), 135 Italians (0.02%), 131 Germans (0.02%), 197 Gorani (0.03%),104 Turkish (0.01%), 8,090 others (1,30%), Regional affiliation 1,202 (0.2%), Unknown 30,170 (4.8%)

Ethnic structure by region[edit]

Ethnic structure of Montenegro by settlements 2003.
Ethnic structure of Montenegro by settlements 2003.
Ethnic structure of Montenegro by settlements 2003.
Share of Montenegrins in Montenegro by settlements 2003.
Share of Serbs in Montenegro by settlements 2003.
Share of ethnic Muslims in Montenegro by settlements 2003.
Share of Albanians in Montenegro by settlements 2003.
Ethnic structure of Montenegro by municipalities 2003.
Ethnic structure of Montenegro by municipalities 2003.
Ethnic structure of Montenegro by municipalities 2003.
Ethnic structure of Montenegro by municipalities 2003.

According to the 2003 census (November 2003 data)

Andrijevica total 6.384

not declared 234 or 3,67% no data 488 or 7,64%

Bar total 45.223

Berane total 40.885

Bijelo Polje total 57.124

other 165 or 0,29% not declared 1.033 or 1,81% no data 1.514 or 2,65%

Budva total 16.095

Cetinje total 18.749

Danilovgrad total 16.400

Herceg Novi total 33971

Kolašin total 9.975

Kotor total 23.481

Mojkovac total 10.274

Nikšić total 76.671

Plav total 21.604

Pljevlja total 36.918

Plužine total 4.294

Podgorica total 179.403

Rožaje total 27.562

Šavnik total 2.972

Tivat total 13.991

Ulcinj total 26.435

Žabljak total 4.245

This census witnessed the emerging of ethnic Bosniaks; although there are still people who declare themselves as ethnic Muslims. Also, there are very few people left who consider themselves Yugoslavs. Also a noticeable difference compared to 1991 census is the reemerging in the number of Serbs, from nearly 60,000 to 200,000 in a decade (compared to 1931s 90% strong Serb community).

Others include small ethnic groups of perceived non-European/Slavic origins: Romani, Balkan Egyptians and Black Montenegrins who are thought to be local Turks.

Linguistic structure[edit]

Linguistic map of the Republic of Montenegro according to the 2003 census.
Linguistic structure of Montenegro by municipalities 2003.
Linguistic structure of Montenegro by municipalities 2003.

Religious structure[edit]

Religion map of the Republic of Montenegro according to the 2003 census.
Religious structure of Montenegro by municipalities 2003.
Religious structure of Montenegro by municipalities 2003.

From 2003:

Refugees from Kosovo[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] Statistical yearbook 2011
  2. ^ MONSTAT
  3. ^ "Eurostat database".
  4. ^ "Statistical yearbook 2019" (PDF).
  5. ^ "Vital statistics in Montenegro 2019" (PDF).
  6. ^ "The estimate of number of population and demographic indicators 2019" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Monthly statistical review".
  8. ^ "Marriages and divorces".
  9. ^ "Marriages and divorces in Montenegro in 2019" (PDF).
  10. ^ "Population estimations - Data".
  11. ^ "Live births by age of mother".