Demographics of Norway

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Population density map of municipalities in Norway from 2016.
Total population in Norway 1735–2017, in millions.[1]
Historical population
YearPop.±%
1100,000—    
1000450,000+350.0%
1500250,000−44.4%
1665440,000+76.0%
1769723,618+64.5%
1801883,603+22.1%
18251,051,318+19.0%
18351,194,827+13.7%
18551,490,047+24.7%
18751,813,424+21.7%
18851,951,429+7.6%
18952,097,328+7.5%
19002,242,995+6.9%
19102,390,402+6.6%
19202,653,024+11.0%
19302,815,164+6.1%
19402,982,224+5.9%
19503,280,296+10.0%
19603,594,771+9.6%
19703,888,305+8.2%
19804,092,340+5.2%
19904,249,830+3.8%
20004,478,497+5.4%
20104,858,199+8.5%
20185,295,619+9.0%
Source: Statistics Norway [1] [2].

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Norway, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Total population[edit]

The total population of Norway on 1 January 2018 was 5,295,619.[2] Statistics Norway estimated that the 5,000,000 milestone was reached on 19 March 2012.[3]

Population growth rate in 2017[edit]

Total Fertility Rate from 1850 to 1899[edit]

The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[4]

A large size Norwegian nuclear family. Photo of 1890.
Years 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.32 4.07 3.91 4.2 3.94 4.33 4.39 4.27 4 3.21 3.87
Annual population growth in Norway 1951–2016, in thousands.[1]
Years 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 3.99 4.26 3.76 3.53 4.4 5.05 4.67 4.43 4.59 4.79
Years 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 5 4.74 4.88 4.67 4.94 5.01 4.61 4.58 4.84 4.65
Years 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.46 4.3 4.42 4.56 4.7 4.23 4.13 4.36 3.84 4.01
Years 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.29 4.42 4.34 4.31 4.49 4.4 4.43 4.28 4.61 4.45
Years 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.6 4.46 4.6 4.93 4.61 4.42 4.54 4.62 4.82 4.63
Years 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.3 4.52 4.69 4.55 4.6 4.61 4.38 4.3 4.22 4.26
Years 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.29 4.4 4.41 4.59 4.67 4.68 4.69 4.64 4.71 4.53
Years 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.4 4.47 4.51 4.59 4.56 4.48 4.56 4.42 4.31 4.43
Years 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899[4]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.51 4.35 4.47 4.38 4.52 4.47 4.48 4.53 4.47

Vital statistics since 1900[edit]

Data according to Statistics Norway, which collects the official statistics for Norway.[5]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rates[fn 1][4][6]
1900 2 231 000 66 229 35 345 30 884 29.7 15.8 13.8 4.4
1901 2 255 000 67 303 33 821 33 482 29.8 15.0 14.8 4.37
1902 2 276 000 66 494 31 670 34 824 29.2 13.9 15.3 4.26
1903 2 288 000 65 470 33 847 31 623 28.6 14.8 13.8 4.16
1904 2 298 000 64 143 32 895 31 248 27.9 14.3 13.6 4.07
1905 2 309 000 62 601 34 050 28 551 27.1 14.7 12.4 3.95
1906 2 319 000 62 091 31 668 30 423 26.8 13.7 13.1 3.92
1907 2 329 000 61 302 33 345 27 957 26.3 14.3 12.0 3.87
1908 2 346 000 61 686 33 366 28 320 26.3 14.2 12.1 3.87
1909 2 368 000 63 324 32 111 31 213 26.7 13.6 13.2 3.96
1910 2 384 000 61 486 32 207 29 279 25.8 13.5 12.3 3.82
1911 2 401 000 61 727 31 691 30 036 25.7 13.2 12.5 3.8
1912 2 423 000 61 409 32 663 28 746 25.3 13.5 11.9 3.72
1913 2 447 000 61 294 32 442 28 852 25.0 13.3 11.8 3.64
1914 2 472 000 62 111 33 280 28 831 25.1 13.5 11.7 3.62
1915 2 498 000 58 975 33 425 25 550 23.6 13.4 10.2 3.37
1916 2 522 000 61 120 34 910 26 210 24.2 13.8 10.4 3.43
1917 2 551 000 63 969 34 699 29 270 25.1 13.6 11.5 3.53
1918 2 578 000 63 468 44 218 19 250 24.6 17.2 7.5 3.44
1919 2 603 000 59 486 35 821 23 665 22.9 13.8 9.1 3.17
1920 2 635 000 69 326 33 634 35 692 26.3 12.8 13.5 3.61
1921 2 668 000 64 610 30 698 33 912 24.2 11.5 12.7 3.31
1922 2 695 000 62 908 32 484 30 424 23.3 12.1 11.3 3.18
1923 2 713 000 61 731 31 543 30 188 22.8 11.6 11.1 3.09
1924 2 729 000 58 021 30 850 27 171 21.3 11.3 10.0 2.85
1925 2 747 000 54 066 30 481 23 585 19.7 11.1 8.6 2.61
1926 2 763 000 54 163 29 933 24 230 19.6 10.8 8.8 2.59
1927 2 775 000 50 175 31 141 19 034 18.1 11.2 6.9 2.38
1928 2 785 000 49 881 30 301 19 580 17.9 10.9 7.0 2.34
1929 2 795 000 48 372 32 023 16 349 17.3 11.5 5.8 2.23
1930 2 807 000 47 844 29 616 18 228 17.0 10.5 6.5 2.19
1931 2 824 000 45 989 30 674 15 315 16.3 10.9 5.4 2.07
1932 2 842 000 45 451 30 102 15 349 16.0 10.6 5.4 2.04
1933 2 858 000 42 114 28 943 13 171 14.7 10.1 4.6 1.86
1934 2 874 000 41 833 28 340 13 493 14.6 9.9 4.7 1.82
1935 2 889 000 41 321 29 747 11 574 14.3 10.3 4.0 1.78
1936 2 904 000 42 240 30 100 12 140 14.5 10.4 4.2 1.84
1937 2 919 000 43 808 30 217 13 591 15.0 10.4 4.7 1.84
1938 2 936 000 45 319 29 211 16 108 15.4 9.9 5.5 1.88
1939 2 954 000 46 603 29 870 16 733 15.8 10.1 5.7 2.00
1940 2 973 000 47 943 32 045 15 898 16.1 10.8 5.3 1.95
1941 2 990 000 45 773 32 209 13 564 15.3 10.8 4.5 1.83
1942 3 009 000 53 225 32 062 21 163 17.7 10.7 7.0 2.11
1943 3 032 000 57 281 31 623 25 658 18.9 10.4 8.5 2.26
1944 3 060 000 62 241 32 652 29 589 20.3 10.7 9.7 2.45
1945 3 091 000 61 814 30 030 31 784 20.0 9.7 10.3 2.43
1946 3 127 000 70 727 29 220 41 507 22.6 9.3 13.3 2.77
1947 3 165 000 67 625 29 894 37 731 21.4 9.4 11.9 2.66
1948 3 201 000 65 618 28 375 37 243 20.5 8.9 11.6 2.62
1949 3 234 000 63 052 29 082 33 970 19.5 9.0 10.5 2.52
1950 3 265 000 62 410 29 699 32 711 19.1 9.1 10.0 2.46
1951 3 296 000 60 571 27 736 32 835 18.4 8.4 10.0 2.47
1952 3 328 000 62 543 28 417 34 126 18.8 8.5 10.3 2.58
1953 3 361 000 62 985 28 412 34 573 18.7 8.5 10.3 2.64
1954 3 394 000 62 739 29 158 33 581 18.5 8.6 9.9 2.67
1955 3 427 000 63 552 29 099 34 453 18.5 8.5 10.1 2.76
1956 3 460 000 64 171 29 981 34 190 18.5 8.7 9.9 2.83
1957 3 492 000 63 063 30 560 32 503 18.1 8.8 9.3 2.83
1958 3 523 000 62 985 31 645 31 340 17.9 9.0 8.9 2.86
1959 3 553 000 63 005 31 761 31 244 17.7 8.9 8.8 2.88
1960 3 581 000 61 880 32 543 29 337 17.3 9.1 8.2 2.85
1961 3 610 000 62 555 33 313 29 242 17.3 9.2 8.1 2.91
1962 3 639 000 62 254 34 318 27 936 17.1 9.4 7.7 2.89
1963 3 667 000 63 290 36 850 26 440 17.3 10.0 7.2 2.91
1964 3 694 000 65 570 35 171 30 399 17.8 9.5 8.2 2.95
1965 3 723 000 66 277 35 317 30 960 17.8 9.5 8.3 2.89
1966 3 753 000 67 061 36 010 31 051 17.9 9.6 8.3 2.86
1967 3 785 000 66 779 36 216 30 563 17.6 9.6 8.1 2.82
1968 3 819 000 67 350 37 668 29 682 17.6 9.9 7.8 2.76
1969 3 851 000 67 746 38 994 28 752 17.6 10.1 7.5 2.70
1970 3 877 000 64 551 38 723 25 828 16.6 10.0 6.7 2.61
1971 3 903 000 65 550 38 981 26 569 16.8 10.0 6.8 2.51
1972 3 933 000 64 260 39 375 24 885 16.3 10.0 6.3 2.37
1973 3 961 000 61 208 39 958 21 250 15.5 10.1 5.4 2.28
1974 3 985 000 59 603 39 464 20 139 15.0 9.9 5.1 2.15
1975 4 007 000 56 345 40 061 16 284 14.1 10.0 4.1 2.00
1976 4 026 000 53 474 40 216 13 258 13.3 10.0 3.3 1.88
1977 4 043 000 50 877 39 824 11 053 12.6 9.9 2.7 1.77
1978 4 059 000 51 749 40 682 11 067 12.7 10.0 2.7 1.79
1979 4 073 000 51 580 41 632 9 948 12.7 10.2 2.4 1.77
1980 4 086 000 51 039 41 340 9 699 12.5 10.1 2.4 1.74
1981 4 100 000 50 708 41 893 8 815 12.4 10.2 2.2 1.69
1982 4 115 000 51 245 41 454 9 791 12.5 10.1 2.4 1.70
1983 4 128 000 49 937 42 224 7 713 12.1 10.2 1.9 1.67
1984 4 140 000 50 274 42 528 7 746 12.1 10.3 1.9 1.66
1985 4 153 000 51 134 44 372 6 762 12.3 10.7 1.6 1.68
1986 4 167 000 52 514 43 560 8 954 12.6 10.5 2.1 1.71
1987 4 187 000 54 027 44 959 9 068 12.9 10.7 2.2 1.80
1988 4 209 000 57 526 45 354 12 172 13.7 10.8 2.9 1.84
1989 4 227 000 59 303 45 173 14 130 14.0 10.7 3.3 1.88
1990 4 241 000 60 939 46 021 14 918 14.4 10.9 3.5 1.93
1991 4 262 000 60 808 44 923 15 885 14.3 10.5 3.7 1.92
1992 4 286 000 60 109 44 731 15 378 14.0 10.4 3.6 1.88
1993 4 312 000 59 678 46 597 13 081 13.8 10.8 3.0 1.86
1994 4 325 000 59 200 44 076 15 124 13.7 10.2 3.5 1.85
1995 4 359 000 60 292 45 190 15 102 13.8 10.4 3.5 1.85
1996 4 381 000 60 927 43 860 17 067 13.9 10.0 3.9 1.88
1997 4 405 000 59 801 44 595 15 206 13.6 10.1 3.5 1.87
1998 4 431 000 58 130 44 045 14 085 13.1 9.9 3.2 1.81
1999 4 462 000 59 191 45 139 14 052 13.3 10.1 3.1 1.85
2000 4 491 000 59 229 44 225 15 004 13.2 9.8 3.3 1.84
2001 4 514 000 56 674 44 153 12 521 12.6 9.8 2.8 1.78
2002 4 538 000 55 445 44 711 10 734 12.2 9.9 2.4 1.75
2003 4 565 000 56 496 42 788 13 708 12.4 9.4 3.0 1.80
2004 4 592 000 56 959 41 635 15 324 12.4 9.1 3.3 1.83
2005 4 623 000 56 756 41 232 15 524 12.3 8.9 3.4 1.80
2006 4 661 000 58 545 41 068 17 477 12.6 8.8 3.7 1.90
2007 4 709 000 58 459 41 954 16 505 12.4 8.9 3.5 1.88
2008 4 768 000 60 497 41 712 18 785 12.7 8.7 3.9 1.96
2009 4 829 000 61 807 41 449 20 358 12.8 8.6 4.2 1.98
2010 4 889 000 61 442 41 500 19 942 12.6 8.5 4.1 1.95
2011 4 953 000 60 220 41 393 18 827 12.1 8.3 3.8 1.88
2012 5 019 000 60 255 41 992 18 263 12.0 8.4 3.6 1.85
2013 5 079 000 58 995 41 282 17 713 11.7 8.1 3.6 1.78
2014 5 137 000 59 084 40 394 18 690 11.5 7.9 3.6 1.76
2015 5 165 000 59 058 40 727 18 331 11.4 7.9 3.5 1.73
2016 5 213 000 58 890 40 726 18 164 11.3 7.8 3.5 1.71
2017 5 258 000 56 633 40 774 15 859 10.8 7.8 3.0 1.62
2018 5 296 000

Current natural increase[7][edit]

  • Births from January–June 2017 = Decrease 28,779
  • Births from January–June 2018 = Decrease 27,937
  • Deaths from January–June 2017 = Negative increase 20,990
  • Deaths from January–June 2018 = Negative increase 21,283
  • Natural increase from January–June 2017 = Decrease 7,789
  • Natural increase from January–June 2018 = Decrease 6,654

Total fertility rate[edit]

County Fertility rate (2017)
Østfold 1.61
Akershus 1.68
Oslo 1.50
Hedmark 1.59
Oppland 1.54
Buskerud 1.62
Vestfold 1.58
Telemark 1.53
Aust-Agder 1.63
Vest-Agder 1.72
Rogaland 1.82
Hordaland 1.67
Sogn og Fjordane 1.79
Møre og Romsdal 1.74
Sør-Trøndelag 1.60
Nord-Trøndelag 1.74
Nordland 1.63
Troms 1.53
Finnmark 1.62

Life expectancy at birth from 1846 to 2015[edit]

Sources: Our World In Data and the United Nations.

1543-1950

Years 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 48.0 44.8 45.0 48.0 49.5 49.7 48.5 47.9 51.6 50.4 50.4 50.2 51.6 49.9 50.0
Years 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 45.8 44.7 46.7 48.8 50.4 49.9 47.9 47.2 49.3 50.9
Years 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 49.7 50.0 49.7 47.8 47.6 46.8 49.7 51.8 53.1 51.9
Years 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 50.4 47.4 49.6 50.8 51.0 51.7 51.7 50.4 49.1 48.6
Years 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 49.8 49.7 51.4 50.6 52.8 53.8 53.7 54.0 51.6 53.5
Years 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 54.6 56.5 55.0 56.1 55.1 56.9 56.5 56.3 57.5 58.0
Years 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 58.0 57.7 58.3 57.8 58.2 57.3 57.7 50.3 56.8 58.9
Years 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 61.6 60.8 61.8 62.1 62.5 63.3 62.9 63.4 62.5 64.1
Years 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 64.1 64.6 65.5 66.2 65.8 65.8 66.0 67.1 67.4 65.9
Years 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 65.8 65.7 66.1 65.8 68.2 69.5 70.0 71.1 71.5 71.6

1950-2015

Period Life expectancy in
Years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 72.8 1985–1990 76.3
1955–1960 73.5 1990–1995 77.3
1960–1965 73.5 1995–2000 78.3
1965–1970 73.9 2000–2005 79.3
1970–1975 74.4 2005–2010 80.6
1975–1980 75.3 2010–2015 81.6
1980–1985 76.0

Source: UN World Population Prospects[9]

Ethnicity[edit]

COB data Norway.PNG

Ethnically, the residents of Norway are predominantly Norwegians, a North Germanic ethnic group descent. In Northern Norway live the Sami, who claim descent from people who settled the area around 8,000 years ago, probably from continental Europe through the Norwegian coast and through Finland along the inland glaciers. As of 2012, an official government study shows that 86.2% of the total population are ethnic Norwegians.[10] The national minorities of Norway include Scandinavian Romani, Roma, Jews, and Kvener, as well as a small Finnish community.

In the last decades, Norway has become home to increasing numbers of immigrants, foreign workers, and asylum-seekers from various parts of the world. Norway had a steady influx of immigrants from South Asia (mostly Pakistanis and Sri Lankans), East Asia (mainly Chinese), and Southeast Asia (e.g. Filipinos), Eastern Europe (e.g. Russians and Poles), Southern Europe (Greeks, Albanians and people from former Yugoslavia etc.), and Middle East countries (especially Iraqis and Palestinians), as well as Somalis, Turks, Moroccans, and some Latin Americans. After ten Eastern European and Baltic countries joined the EU in 2004, there has also been a substantial influx of people from Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

Immigrants constituted 13% of the population at the start of 2015, and an additional 2.6% were born in Norway by immigrant parents[11] (up from 8,3% and 1,5% in 2006[12]). The same year, 19% of births in Norway were to immigrant parents.[11] In 2006, non-Western immigrants constituted 75% of the total number of immigrants. They contribute much of the population growth. Among people of African descent in Oslo, almost 60% are younger than 30, compared to 20% of those of North American background.[12]

As of 2012, an official government study shows that more than 660,000 individuals (13.8%) are migrants and their descendants (110,000 second generation migrants born in Norway).[10]

Of these 660,000 immigrants and their descendants:

In 2012, of the total 660 000 with immigrant background, 407,262 had Norwegian citizenship (62.2 percent).[13]

Immigrants were represented in all Norwegian municipalities. The cities or municipalities with the highest share of immigrants in 2012 was Oslo (26 percent) and Drammen (18 percent).[14] The share in Stavanger was 16%.[14] According to Reuters, Oslo is the "fastest growing city in Europe because of increased immigration".[15] In recent years, immigration has accounted for most of Norway's population growth.[12]

Rank Country of origin[16] Population (2018)[17]
1.  Poland 110,509
2.  Lithuania 43,930
3.  Somalia 42,406
4.  Sweden 38,870
5.  Pakistan 37,412
6.  Iraq 33,416
7.  Syria 29,889
8.  Germany 27,542
9.  Eritrea 26,218
10.  Philippines 23,972
11.  Vietnam 23,065
12.  Iran 22,150
13.  Denmark 21,237
14.  Russia 20,990
15.  Afghanistan 20,762

Genetics of the native people of Norway[edit]

Y-chromosome DNA[edit]

Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) represents the male lineage, The Norwegian Y-chromosome pool may be summarized as follows where haplogroups R1 & I comprise generally more than 85% of the total chromosomes.[18]

  • I ~ 55%
  • R1 ~ 35%
  • NOP ~ 5%
  • Other Haplogroups ~ 5%

Mitochondrial DNA[edit]

Mitochondrial DNA mtDNA represents the female lineage, Haplogroup H represent about 40% of the Norwegian mitochondrial DNA lineages[19]

  • H ~ 40%
  • JT ~ 23%
  • UK ~ 22%
  • IWX ~ 5%
  • V ~ 5%
  • Other lineages ~ 5%

Immigration[edit]

As of 2012, an official study shows that the quotient of the total population that is either born outside Norway, or has one or two parents born abroad, or has one or more grandparents born abroad is 1,100,000 to 5,017,500 (which equals 21.9%).[20]

About a half million of these, however, identify as ethnic Norwegians who may have, for example, Swedish or Danish ancestors. As of 2012, an official government study shows that 86.2%[10] of the total population are ethnic Norwegians and more than 660,000 individuals (13.8%)[10] are migrants and their descendants (110,000[10] second generation migrants born in Norway).

Of these 660,000 immigrants and their descendants:

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Population pyramid 2016

Norway is an ancient country and it is claimed that as far back as 1665, there were already 440,000 people living here. Despite wars, steady growth through the ages has continued to the point where the Norway population in 2014 now stands at approximately 5,091,246.[21]

Historical landmarks were reached in 1825, when the population of Norway hit 1,051,318 and thereby exceeded one million for the first time in the country’s history and in 1900, the numbers had reached 2,240,032.[21]

Throughout the 20th century, population growth was steady and on a census by census basis, it generally increased in that century by between 3% and 4%.[21]

The following demographic statistics are from the World Population Review.[21]

  • One birth every 4 minutes
  • One death every 5 minutes
  • One net migrant every 11 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 8 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[6]

Population
5,320,045 (July 2017 est.)
3,570,554 (1960)
2,376,952 (1910)
1,583,525 (1860)
Population - comparative

Slightly greater than British Columbia, but slightly less than Singapore and Eritrea.

Total fertility rate
1.85 children born/woman (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 145th
Median age
total: 39.2 years Country comparison to the world: 57th
male: 38.4 years
female: 40 years (2017 est.)
total: 39.7 years (2010 est.)
male: 38.8 years
female: 40.5 years
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.9 years

Note: data is calculated based on actual age at first births (2015 est.)

Population growth rate
1.01% (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 113rd
Birth rate
12.2 births/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 164th
Death rate
8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate
5.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 17
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 81.9 years Country comparison to the world: 18th
male: 79.8 years
female: 84 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births Country comparison to the world: 221st
male: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Population pyramid for Norway as of 1 January 2017.
Age structure
0-14 years: 18% (male 490,915/female 466,515) (2017 est.)
15-24 years: 12.58% (male 343,103/female 326,053)
25-54 years: 41.01% (male 1,125,334/female 1,056,330)
55-64 years: 11.71% (male 315,223/female 307,639)
65 years and over: 16.71% (male 409,057/female 479,876)
0–14 years: 18.8% (male 472,060; female 449,649) (2011 est)
15–64 years: 66.2% (male 1,662,852; female 1,593,501)
65 years and over: 15.0% (male 325,937; female 416,306)
0–14 years: 26.0% (male 476,748; female 452,559) (1960 est)[citation needed]
15–64 years: 63.0% (male 1,125,525; female 1,123,206)
65 years and over: 11.0% (male 175,485; female 214,184)
0–14 years: 35.0% (male 423,253; female 408,204) (1910 est)[citation needed]
15–64 years: 57.3% (male 640,835; female 722,443)
65 years and over: 7.7% (male 82,312; female 99,905)
0–14 years: 35.9% (male 288,510; female 280,249) (1860 est.)[citation needed]
15–64 years: 58.0% (male 446,391; female 472,405)
65 years and over: 6.1% (male 42,130; female 53,840)
Ethnic groups

Norwegian 83.2% (includes about 60,000 Sami), other European 8.3%, other 8.5% (2017 est.)

Languages

Bokmal Norwegian (official), Nynorsk Norwegian (official), small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities note: Sami has three dialects: Lule, North Sami, and South Sami; Sami is an official language in nine municipalities in Norway's three northernmost countries: Finnmark, Nordland, and Troms

Religions

Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 71.5%, Roman Catholic 2.8%, other Christian 3.9%, Muslim 2.8%, other 2%, unspecified 7.5% (2016 est.)

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 52.1 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 27.3
elderly dependency ratio: 24.8
potential support ratio: 4

Note: data include Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands

Urbanization
urban population: 82.2% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

Note: data include Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 18 years (2015)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24
total: 11.1% Country comparison to the world: 118th
male: 13%
female: 9.3% (2016 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female

Religion[edit]

The Lutheran Church of Norway is the former state church and the vast majority remain at least nominal members. Other religions do, however, enjoy religious freedom and have prospered with immigration in recent years, particularly Islam and Roman Catholicism. Saint Olaf is the patron saint of Norway. He is regarded by some as the eternal king and has a reputation and place in history unchallenged by any other Norwegian King for the last 1000 years.

Religion Members Percent As of 2017[22]
Christianity 4,080,412 77.6%
The Church of Norway (Lutheran) 3,740,920 71.1%
Roman Catholicism 152,022 2.9%
Pentecostalism 39,263 0.7%
The Swedish Church in Norway 9,483 0.2%
Eastern Orthodox Christianity 21,993 0.4%
The Free Lutheran Church 19,469 0.4%
Jehovah's Witnesses 12,479 0.2%
The Mission Society 10,843 0.2%
Methodism 10,432 0.2%
Baptists 10,510 0.2%
Other Christianity 52,998 1.0%
Non-Christian religions 186,811 3.6%
Islam 153,067 2.9%
Buddhism 17,351 0.3%
Hinduism 8,965 0.2%
Sikhism 3,654 0.1%
Bahá'í Faith 1,146 0.0%
Judaism 769 0.0%
Other religions 1,859 0.0%
Non-religious and unknown 898,175 17.1%
Humanism 92,919 1.8%
Total 5,258,317 100.0%

Language[edit]

Official languages[edit]

Norwegian (the written standards Bokmål and Nynorsk).
Five Uralic languages – Finnish, South Sami, Lule Sami, North Sami and Kven – are additional official languages of some municipalities.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In fertility rates, 2.1 and above is a stable population and have been marked blue, 2 and below leads an aging population and the result is that the population reduces.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Data from Statistics Norway table 05803: Population, births, deaths, marriages, migration and population increase. Figures for 1735-1815 and 1838 are taken from Michael Drake: Population and Society in Norway 1735-1865. Before 1816 estimated mean population.
  2. ^ Population per 1 January 2013 and population changes in 2012. Counties SSB, retrieved 14 September 2013
  3. ^ Nina Berglund: Norwegians now number 5 million Norwegians now number 5 million News in English, 18 March 2012
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Max Roser (2014), "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Our World In Data, Gapminder Foundation
  5. ^ Statistics Norway
  6. ^ a b "World Factbook EUROPE : NORWAY", The World Factbook, July 12, 2018
  7. ^ "Population and population changes". Statistics Norway. Retrieved 18 November 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Life expectancy". Our World in Data. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
  9. ^ "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
  11. ^ a b Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre, 1. januar 2015 Statistics Norway, 4 March 2015. Accessed 28 December 2015.
  12. ^ a b c Fakta om innvandrebefolkningen i Oslo IMDi-rapport 5A-2007.
  13. ^ "Three categories of immigration background, country of birth and citizenship by country background and sex. 1 January 2012 " Archived 20 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. Statistics Norway. 26 April 2012. Accessed 27 April 2012. Archived 7 August 2011.
  14. ^ a b Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre, 1. januar 2012 Statistics Norway, retrieved 30 March 2013
  15. ^ Hare, Sophie. "Factbox – facts about Norway". Reuters. 22 July 2011. Accessed 22 July 2011.
  16. ^ Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents
  17. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, 1 January 2018". Statistics Norway (in Norwegian).
  18. ^ Helgason et al. 2000, Zerjal et al. 2001, Passarino et al. 2002, Rootsi et al. 2004, Dupuy et al. 2006, Lindqvist et al. 2006
  19. ^ Passarino et al. 2002, Loogväli et al. 2004, Tambets et al. 2004, Lappalainen et al. 2006
  20. ^ SSB: 1,1 million nordmenn har «innvandrerbakgrunn»
  21. ^ a b c d World Population Review: Norway Population 2018, 14 June 2018
  22. ^ Statistics Norway – Church of Norway and other religious and philosophical communities