Demographics of Norway

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Demographics of Norway
Population pyramid Norway 2017.svg
Population pyramid 2017
Population density map of municipalities in Norway from 2016.
Total population in Norway 1735–2017, in millions.[1]
Historical population
YearPop.±%
150,000—    
1000200,000+300.0%
1500250,000+25.0%
1665440,000+76.0%
1769723,618+64.5%
1801883,603+22.1%
18251,051,318+19.0%
18351,194,827+13.7%
18551,490,047+24.7%
18751,813,424+21.7%
18851,951,429+7.6%
18952,097,328+7.5%
19002,242,995+6.9%
19102,390,402+6.6%
19202,653,024+11.0%
19302,815,164+6.1%
19402,982,224+5.9%
19503,280,296+10.0%
19603,594,771+9.6%
19703,888,305+8.2%
19804,092,340+5.2%
19904,249,830+3.8%
20004,478,497+5.4%
20104,858,199+8.5%
20195,328,212+9.7%
Source: Statistics Norway [1] [2]. 2019:[2]

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Norway, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Total population[edit]

The total population of Norway on 1 January 2021 was 5,391,369.[3] Statistics Norway estimated that the 5,000,000 milestone was reached on 19 March 2012.[4]

Population growth rate in 2017[edit]

Total fertility rate from 1850 to 1899[edit]

The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.[5]

A large size Norwegian nuclear family. Photo of 1890.
Years 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.32 4.07 3.91 4.2 3.94 4.33 4.39 4.27 4 3.21 3.87
Annual population growth in Norway 1951–2016, in thousands.[1]
Years 1811 1812 1813 1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 3.99 4.26 3.76 3.53 4.4 5.05 4.67 4.43 4.59 4.79
Years 1821 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 1830[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 5 4.74 4.88 4.67 4.94 5.01 4.61 4.58 4.84 4.65
Years 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.46 4.3 4.42 4.56 4.7 4.23 4.13 4.36 3.84 4.01
Years 1841 1842 1843 1844 1845 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.29 4.42 4.34 4.31 4.49 4.4 4.43 4.28 4.61 4.45
Years 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.6 4.46 4.6 4.93 4.61 4.42 4.54 4.62 4.82 4.63
Years 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.3 4.52 4.69 4.55 4.6 4.61 4.38 4.3 4.22 4.26
Years 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.29 4.4 4.41 4.59 4.67 4.68 4.69 4.64 4.71 4.53
Years 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.4 4.47 4.51 4.59 4.56 4.48 4.56 4.42 4.31 4.43
Years 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899[5]
Total Fertility Rate in Norway 4.51 4.35 4.47 4.38 4.52 4.47 4.48 4.53 4.47

Vital statistics since 1900[edit]

Data according to Statistics Norway, which collects the official statistics for Norway.[6]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rates[fn 1][5][7]
1900 2,231,000 66,229 35,345 30,884 29.7 15.8 13.8 4.40
1901 2,255,000 67,303 33,821 33,482 29.8 15.0 14.8 4.37
1902 2,276,000 66,494 31,670 34,824 29.2 13.9 15.3 4.26
1903 2,288,000 65,470 33,847 31,623 28.6 14.8 13.8 4.16
1904 2,298,000 64,143 32,895 31,248 27.9 14.3 13.6 4.07
1905 2,309,000 62,601 34,050 28,551 27.1 14.7 12.4 3.95
1906 2,319,000 62,091 31,668 30,423 26.8 13.7 13.1 3.92
1907 2,329,000 61,302 33,345 27,957 26.3 14.3 12.0 3.87
1908 2,346,000 61,686 33,366 28,320 26.3 14.2 12.1 3.87
1909 2,368,000 63,324 32,111 31,213 26.7 13.6 13.2 3.96
1910 2,384,000 61,486 32,207 29,279 25.8 13.5 12.3 3.82
1911 2,401,000 61,727 31,691 30,036 25.7 13.2 12.5 3.80
1912 2,423,000 61,409 32,663 28,746 25.3 13.5 11.9 3.72
1913 2,447,000 61,294 32,442 28,852 25.0 13.3 11.8 3.64
1914 2,472,000 62,111 33,280 28,831 25.1 13.5 11.7 3.62
1915 2,498,000 58,975 33,425 25,550 23.6 13.4 10.2 3.37
1916 2,522,000 61,120 34,910 26,210 24.2 13.8 10.4 3.43
1917 2,551,000 63,969 34,699 29,270 25.1 13.6 11.5 3.53
1918 2,578,000 63,468 44,218 19,250 24.6 17.2 7.5 3.44
1919 2,603,000 59,486 35,821 23,665 22.9 13.8 9.1 3.17
1920 2,635,000 69,326 33,634 35,692 26.3 12.8 13.5 3.61
1921 2,668,000 64,610 30,698 33,912 24.2 11.5 12.7 3.31
1922 2,695,000 62,908 32,484 30,424 23.3 12.1 11.3 3.18
1923 2,713,000 61,731 31,543 30,188 22.8 11.6 11.1 3.09
1924 2,729,000 58,021 30,850 27,171 21.3 11.3 10.0 2.85
1925 2,747,000 54,066 30,481 23,585 19.7 11.1 8.6 2.61
1926 2,763,000 54,163 29,933 24,230 19.6 10.8 8.8 2.59
1927 2,775,000 50,175 31,141 19,034 18.1 11.2 6.9 2.38
1928 2,785,000 49,881 30,301 19,580 17.9 10.9 7.0 2.34
1929 2,795,000 48,372 32,023 16,349 17.3 11.5 5.8 2.23
1930 2,807,000 47,844 29,616 18,228 17.0 10.5 6.5 2.19
1931 2,824,000 45,989 30,674 15,315 16.3 10.9 5.4 2.07
1932 2,842,000 45,451 30,102 15,349 16.0 10.6 5.4 2.04
1933 2,858,000 42,114 28,943 13,171 14.7 10.1 4.6 1.86
1934 2,874,000 41,833 28,340 13,493 14.6 9.9 4.7 1.82
1935 2,889,000 41,321 29,747 11,574 14.3 10.3 4.0 1.78
1936 2,904,000 42,240 30,100 12,140 14.5 10.4 4.2 1.84
1937 2,919,000 43,808 30,217 13,591 15.0 10.4 4.7 1.84
1938 2,936,000 45,319 29,211 16,108 15.4 9.9 5.5 1.88
1939 2,954,000 46,603 29,870 16,733 15.8 10.1 5.7 2.00
1940 2,973,000 47,943 32,045 15,898 16.1 10.8 5.3 1.95
1941 2,990,000 45,773 32,209 13,564 15.3 10.8 4.5 1.83
1942 3,009,000 53,225 32,062 21,163 17.7 10.7 7.0 2.11
1943 3,032,000 57,281 31,623 25,658 18.9 10.4 8.5 2.26
1944 3,060,000 62,241 32,652 29,589 20.3 10.7 9.7 2.45
1945 3,091,000 61,814 30,030 31,784 20.0 9.7 10.3 2.43
1946 3,127,000 70,727 29,220 41,507 22.6 9.3 13.3 2.77
1947 3,165,000 67,625 29,894 37,731 21.4 9.4 11.9 2.66
1948 3,201,000 65,618 28,375 37,243 20.5 8.9 11.6 2.62
1949 3,234,000 63,052 29,082 33,970 19.5 9.0 10.5 2.52
1950 3,265,000 62,410 29,699 32,711 19.1 9.1 10.0 2.46
1951 3,296,000 60,571 27,736 32,835 18.4 8.4 10.0 2.47
1952 3,328,000 62,543 28,417 34,126 18.8 8.5 10.3 2.58
1953 3,361,000 62,985 28,412 34,573 18.7 8.5 10.3 2.64
1954 3,394,000 62,739 29,158 33,581 18.5 8.6 9.9 2.67
1955 3,427,000 63,552 29,099 34,453 18.5 8.5 10.1 2.76
1956 3,460,000 64,171 29,981 34,190 18.5 8.7 9.9 2.83
1957 3,492,000 63,063 30,560 32,503 18.1 8.8 9.3 2.83
1958 3,523,000 62,985 31,645 31,340 17.9 9.0 8.9 2.86
1959 3,553,000 63,005 31,761 31,244 17.7 8.9 8.8 2.88
1960 3,581,000 61,880 32,543 29,337 17.3 9.1 8.2 2.85
1961 3,610,000 62,555 33,313 29,242 17.3 9.2 8.1 2.91
1962 3,639,000 62,254 34,318 27,936 17.1 9.4 7.7 2.89
1963 3,667,000 63,290 36,850 26,440 17.3 10.0 7.2 2.91
1964 3,694,000 65,570 35,171 30,399 17.8 9.5 8.2 2.95
1965 3,723,000 66,277 35,317 30,960 17.8 9.5 8.3 2.89
1966 3,753,000 67,061 36,010 31,051 17.9 9.6 8.3 2.86
1967 3,785,000 66,779 36,216 30,563 17.6 9.6 8.1 2.82
1968 3,819,000 67,350 37,668 29,682 17.6 9.9 7.8 2.76
1969 3,851,000 67,746 38,994 28,752 17.6 10.1 7.5 2.70
1970 3,877,000 64,551 38,723 25,828 16.6 10.0 6.7 2.61
1971 3,903,000 65,550 38,981 26,569 16.8 10.0 6.8 2.51
1972 3,933,000 64,260 39,375 24,885 16.3 10.0 6.3 2.37
1973 3,961,000 61,208 39,958 21,250 15.5 10.1 5.4 2.28
1974 3,985,000 59,603 39,464 20,139 15.0 9.9 5.1 2.15
1975 4,007,000 56,345 40,061 16,284 14.1 10.0 4.1 2.00
1976 4,026,000 53,474 40,216 13,258 13.3 10.0 3.3 1.88
1977 4,043,000 50,877 39,824 11,053 12.6 9.9 2.7 1.77
1978 4,059,000 51,749 40,682 11,067 12.7 10.0 2.7 1.79
1979 4,073,000 51,580 41,632 9,948 12.7 10.2 2.4 1.77
1980 4,086,000 51,039 41,340 9,699 12.5 10.1 2.4 1.74
1981 4,100,000 50,708 41,893 8,815 12.4 10.2 2.2 1.70
1982 4,115,000 51,245 41,454 9,791 12.5 10.1 2.4 1.71
1983 4,128,000 49,937 42,224 7,713 12.1 10.2 1.9 1.67
1984 4,140,000 50,274 42,581 7,693 12.1 10.3 1.9 1.66
1985 4,153,000 51,134 44,372 6,762 12.3 10.7 1.6 1.68
1986 4,167,000 52,514 43,560 8,954 12.6 10.5 2.1 1.71
1987 4,187,000 54,027 44,959 9,068 12.9 10.7 2.2 1.80
1988 4,209,000 57,526 45,354 12,172 13.7 10.8 2.9 1.84
1989 4,227,000 59,303 45,173 14,130 14.0 10.7 3.3 1.89
1990 4,241,000 60,939 46,021 14,918 14.4 10.9 3.5 1.93
1991 4,262,000 60,808 44,923 15,885 14.3 10.5 3.7 1.92
1992 4,286,000 60,109 44,731 15,378 14.0 10.4 3.6 1.88
1993 4,312,000 59,678 46,597 13,081 13.8 10.8 3.0 1.86
1994 4,325,000 60,092 44,071 16,021 13.7 10.2 3.5 1.87
1995 4,359,000 60,292 45,190 15,102 13.8 10.4 3.5 1.87
1996 4,381,000 60,927 43,860 17,067 13.9 10.0 3.9 1.89
1997 4,405,000 59,801 44,595 15,206 13.6 10.1 3.5 1.87
1998 4,431,000 58,352 44,112 14,240 13.1 9.9 3.2 1.81
1999 4,462,000 59,298 45,170 14,128 13.3 10.1 3.1 1.85
2000 4,491,000 59,234 44,002 15,232 13.2 9.8 3.3 1.85
2001 4,514,000 56,696 43,981 12,715 12.6 9.8 2.8 1.78
2002 4,538,000 55,434 44,465 10,969 12.2 9.9 2.4 1.75
2003 4,565,000 56,458 42,478 13,980 12.4 9.4 3.0 1.80
2004 4,592,000 56,951 41,200 15,751 12.4 9.1 3.3 1.83
2005 4,623,000 56,756 41,232 15,524 12.3 8.9 3.4 1.84
2006 4,661,000 58,545 41,253 17,292 12.6 8.8 3.7 1.90
2007 4,709,000 58,459 41,954 16,505 12.4 8.9 3.5 1.90
2008 4,768,000 60,497 41,712 18,785 12.7 8.7 3.9 1.96
2009 4,829,000 61,807 41,449 20,358 12.8 8.6 4.2 1.98
2010 4,889,000 61,442 41,499 19,943 12.6 8.5 4.1 1.95
2011 4,953,000 60,220 41,393 18,827 12.1 8.3 3.8 1.88
2012 5,019,000 60,255 41,992 18,263 12.0 8.4 3.6 1.85
2013 5,079,000 58,995 41,282 17,713 11.7 8.1 3.6 1.78
2014 5,137,000 59,084 40,394 18,690 11.5 7.9 3.6 1.76
2015 5,165,000 59,058 40,727 18,331 11.4 7.9 3.5 1.73
2016 5,213,000 58,890 40,726 18,164 11.3 7.8 3.5 1.71
2017 5,258,000 56,633 40,774 15,859 10.8 7.8 3.0 1.62
2018 5,296,000 55,120 40,840 14,280 10.4 7.7 2.8 1.56
2019 5,328,000 54,495 40,684 13,811 10.2 7.6 2.6 1.53
2020 5,367,580 52,979 40,611 12,368 9.9 7.5 2.4 1.48
2021 5,391,369

Current natural increase[edit]

  • Births from January–March 2020 = Decrease 13,036
  • Births from January–March 2021 = Increase 13,726
  • Deaths from January–March 2020 = Negative increase 10,837
  • Deaths from January–March 2021 = Positive decrease 10,096
  • Natural increase from January–March 2020 = Decrease 2,199
  • Natural increase from January–March 2021 = Increase 3,630

Total fertility rate[edit]

County Fertility rate (2020)
Viken 1.53
Oslo 1.38
Innlandet 1.43
Vestfold og Telemark 1.47
Agder 1.52
Rogaland 1.64
Vestland 1.53
Møre og Romsdal 1.58
Trøndelag 1.46
Nordland 1.41
Troms og Finnmark 1.41

Life expectancy at birth from 1846 to 2015[edit]

Sources: Our World In Data and the United Nations.

1543–1950

Years 1846 1847 1848 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 48.0 44.8 45.0 48.0 49.5 49.7 48.5 47.9 51.6 50.4 50.4 50.2 51.6 49.9 50.0
Years 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 45.8 44.7 46.7 48.8 50.4 49.9 47.9 47.2 49.3 50.9
Years 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 1880[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 49.7 50.0 49.7 47.8 47.6 46.8 49.7 51.8 53.1 51.9
Years 1881 1882 1883 1884 1885 1886 1887 1888 1889 1890[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 50.4 47.4 49.6 50.8 51.0 51.7 51.7 50.4 49.1 48.6
Years 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 1897 1898 1899 1900[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 49.8 49.7 51.4 50.6 52.8 53.8 53.7 54.0 51.6 53.5
Years 1901 1902 1903 1904 1905 1906 1907 1908 1909 1910[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 54.6 56.5 55.0 56.1 55.1 56.9 56.5 56.3 57.5 58.0
Years 1911 1912 1913 1914 1915 1916 1917 1918 1919 1920[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 58.0 57.7 58.3 57.8 58.2 57.3 57.7 50.3 56.8 58.9
Years 1921 1922 1923 1924 1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 61.6 60.8 61.8 62.1 62.5 63.3 62.9 63.4 62.5 64.1
Years 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 64.1 64.6 65.5 66.2 65.8 65.8 66.0 67.1 67.4 65.9
Years 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950[8]
Life expectancy in Norway 65.8 65.7 66.1 65.8 68.2 69.5 70.0 71.1 71.5 71.6

1950-2015

Period Life expectancy in
Years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 72.8 1985–1990 76.3
1955–1960 73.5 1990–1995 77.3
1960–1965 73.5 1995–2000 78.3
1965–1970 73.9 2000–2005 79.3
1970–1975 74.4 2005–2010 80.6
1975–1980 75.3 2010–2015 81.6
1980–1985 76.0

Source: UN World Population Prospects[9]

Ethnicity[edit]

COB data Norway.PNG

Ethnically, the residents of Norway are predominantly Norwegians, a North Germanic ethnic group. In Northern Norway there is a population of Sami people, who claim descent from people who settled the area around 8,000 years ago, probably from continental Europe through the Norwegian coast and through Finland along the inland glaciers. As of 2020, an official government study shows that 75.2% of the total population are ethnic Norwegians (born in Norway with two parents also born in Norway).[10] The national minorities of Norway include: Scandinavian Romani, Roma, Jews, and Kvener, as well as a small Finnish community.

In the last decades, Norway has become home to increasing numbers of immigrants, foreign workers, and asylum-seekers from various parts of the world. Norway had a steady influx of immigrants from South Asia (mostly Pakistanis and Sri Lankans), East Asia (mainly Chinese), and Southeast Asia/Pacific Islands (e.g. Filipinos), Eastern Europe (e.g. Russians) and (Central Europe Poles), Southern Europe (Greeks, Albanians and people from former Yugoslavia etc.), and Middle East countries (especially Iraqis and Kurdish Iranians), as well as Somalis, Turks, Moroccans, and some Latin Americans. After ten Eastern European and Baltic countries joined the EU in 2004, there has also been a substantial influx of people from Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

Immigrants constituted 14.7% of the population at the start of 2020, 3.5% were born in Norway to two immigrant parents, 5.2% to one foreign-born and one Norwegian-born parent and 75.2% born to two-Norwegian born parents.[11] The same year, 19% of births in Norway were to immigrant parents.[11] In 2006, non-Western immigrants constituted 75% of the total number of immigrants. They contribute much of the population growth. Among people of African descent in Oslo, almost 60% are younger than 30, compared to 20% of those of North American background.[12]

As of 2020, an official government study shows that more than 1,333,620 people (24.8%) living in Norway are either first-generation immigrants or have one or two foreign-born parents.[13]

Of these 979,254 immigrants and their descendants (born in Norway with two foreign born parents):

In 2012, of the total 660 000 with immigrant background, 407,262 had Norwegian citizenship (62.2 percent).[14]

Immigrants were represented in all Norwegian municipalities. The cities or municipalities with the highest share of immigrants in 2012 was Oslo (26 percent) and Drammen (18 percent).[15] The share in Stavanger was 16%.[15] According to Reuters, Oslo is the "fastest growing city in Europe because of increased immigration".[16] In recent years, immigration has accounted for most of Norway's population growth.[12]

Rank Country of origin[17] Population (2021)[18]
1.  Poland 117,331
2.  Lithuania 48,564
3.  Somalia 43,593
4.  Pakistan 39,257
5.  Sweden 39,031
6.  Syria 37,581
7.  Iraq 34,671
8.  Eritrea 30,213
9.  Germany 28,639
10.  Philippines 26,337
11.  Vietnam 23,811
12.  Iran incl. Kurdistan province 23,765
13.  Thailand 22,707
14.  Russia 22,561
15.  Afghanistan 22,361
16.  Denmark 20,833
17.  Turkey 20,679
18.  India 19,282
19.  Bosnia-Herzegovina 18,738
20.  Romania 18,291

Genetics of the native people of Norway[edit]

Y-chromosome DNA[edit]

Y-Chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) represents the male lineage, The Norwegian Y-chromosome pool may be summarized as follows where haplogroups R1 & I comprise generally more than 85% of the total chromosomes.[19]

  • I – 55%
  • R1 – 35%
  • NOP ~ 5%
  • Other Haplogroups ~ 5%

Mitochondrial DNA[edit]

Mitochondrial DNA mtDNA represents the female lineage, Haplogroup H represent about 40% of the Norwegian mitochondrial DNA lineages[20]

  • H ~ 40%
  • JT ~ 23%
  • UK ~ 22%
  • IWX ~ 5%
  • V ~ 5%
  • Other lineages ~ 5%

Immigration[edit]

As of January 1st, 2020, official data shows that the quotient of the total population that is either born outside Norway, or has one or two parents born abroad abroad is 1,333,620 to 5,367,580 (which equals 24.8%).[13]

About a half million of these, however, identify as ethnic Norwegians who may have, for example, Swedish or Danish ancestors. As of 2020, an official government study shows that 75.2%[13] of the total population are ethnic Norwegians and more than 1,333,620 individuals (24.8%) are migrants and their descendants (790,497 are first-generation immigrants i.e. foreign-born, 277,085 are Norwegian-born with one foreign-born parent and 188,757 are Norwegian-born with two foreign-born parents).

Of these 979,254 immigrants and their descendants (foreign-born or Norwegian-born with two foreign-born parents):

Other demographic statistics[edit]

Birth and death rates of Norway in 1950–2008.
Persons with immigrant background by immigration category and country background. Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents. Statistics Norway. 1 January 2010.

The following demographic statistics are from the World Population Review.[21]

  • One birth every 8 minutes
  • One death every 13 minutes
  • One net migrant every 19 minutes
  • Net gain of one person every 10 minutes

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[7]

Population
5,372,191 (July 2018 est.)
3,570,554 (1960)
2,376,952 (1910)
1,583,525 (1860)
Population – comparative

Slightly greater than British Columbia, but slightly less than Singapore and Eritrea.

Population pyramid for Norway in 2017.
Age structure
0–14 years: 18.0% (male 495,403 /female 471,014) (2018 est.)
15–24 years: 12.4% (male 340,672 /female 324,088)
25–54 years: 41.0% (male 1,136,373 /female 1,065,138)
55–64 years: 11.7% (male 318,898 /female 310,668)
65 years and over: 16.9% (male 420,178 /female 489,759)
0–14 years: 18.0% (male 490,915/female 466,515) (2017 est.)
15–24 years: 12.6% (male 343,103/female 326,053)
25–54 years: 41.0% (male 1,125,334/female 1,056,330)
55–64 years: 11.7% (male 315,223/female 307,639)
65 years and over: 16.1% (male 409,057/female 479,876)
0–14 years: 18.8% (male 472,060; female 449,649) (2011 est)
15–64 years: 66.2% (male 1,662,852; female 1,593,501)
65 years and over: 15.0% (male 325,937; female 416,306)
0–14 years: 26.0% (male 476,748; female 452,559) (1960 est)[citation needed]
15–64 years: 63.0% (male 1,125,525; female 1,123,206)
65 years and over: 11.0% (male 175,485; female 214,184)
0–14 years: 35.0% (male 423,253; female 408,204) (1910 est)[citation needed]
15–64 years: 57.3% (male 640,835; female 722,443)
65 years and over: 7.7% (male 82,312; female 99,905)
0–14 years: 35.9% (male 288,510; female 280,249) (1860 est.)[citation needed]
15–64 years: 58.0% (male 446,391; female 472,405)
65 years and over: 6.1% (male 42,130; female 53,840)
Median age
total: 39.3 years. Country comparison to the world: 55th
male: 38.6 years
female: 40 years (2018 est.)
total: 39.2 years Country comparison to the world: 57th
male: 38.4 years
female: 40 years (2017 est.)
total: 39.7 years (2010 est.)
male: 38.8 years
female: 40.5 years
Birth rate
12.2 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 160th
Death rate
8 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 90th
Total fertility rate
1.85 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 143rd
Net migration rate
5.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 24th
5.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
28.9 years

Note: data is calculated based on actual age at first births (2015 est.)

Population growth rate
0.9% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 117th
1.0% (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 82 years. Country comparison to the world: 22nd
male: 79.9 years
female: 84.1 years (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 2.5 deaths/1,000 live births Country comparison to the world: 221st
male: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 2.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Ethnic groups

Norwegian 83.2% (includes about 60,000 Sami), other European 8.3%, other 8.5% (2017 est.)

Languages

Norwegian and Sami

Bokmål (official written only), Nynorsk (official written only), North Sami, Lule Sami, and South Sami

Note: There is no standardized spoken Norwegian. Sami is an official language in nine municipalities in Norway's three northernmost counties: Finnmark, Nordland, and Troms. There are also Finnish-speaking minorities.

Religions

Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran) 69.9%, Roman Catholic 3.0%, other Christians 3.8%, Muslim 3.3%, other religions 0.8%, unaffiliated and humanism 19.2% (2018)[22][23][24]

Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 52.1 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 27.3
elderly dependency ratio: 24.8
potential support ratio: 4

Note: data include Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands

Urbanization
urban population: 82.2% of total population (2018)
rate of urbanization: 1.4% annual rate of change (2015–20 est.)

Note: data include Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 17 years
female: 19 years (2016)
Unemployment, youth ages 15–24
total: 10.4%. Country comparison to the world: 125th
male: 11.7%
female: 9% (2017 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.1 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
under 15 years: 1.1 male(s)/female
15–64 years: 1.0 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/female
total population: 1.0 male(s)/female

Religion[edit]

The Lutheran Church of Norway is the former state church and the vast majority remain at least nominal members. Other religions do, however, enjoy religious freedom and have prospered with immigration in recent years, particularly Islam and Roman Catholicism. Saint Olaf is the patron saint of Norway. He is regarded by some as the eternal king and has a reputation and place in history unchallenged by any other Norwegian King for the last 1000 years.

Religion Members Percent As of 2020[25]
Christianity 4,059,366 75.6%
The Church of Norway (Lutheran) 3,686,715 68.7%
Roman Catholicism 165,254 3.1%
Pentecostalism 40,725 0.8%
Eastern Orthodox Christianity 28,544 0.5%
The Free Lutheran Church 19,313 0.4%
The Swedish Church in Norway 13,108 0.2%
Jehovah's Witnesses 12,661 0.2%
The Mission Society 11,223 0.2%
Baptists 10,823 0.2%
Methodism 10,000 0.2%
Other Christianity 61,000 1.1%
Non-Christian religions 225,138 4.1%
Islam 182,826 3.4%
Buddhism 21,555 0.4%
Hinduism 12,153 0.2%
Sikhism 4,080 0.1%
Bahá'í Faith 1,091 0.0%
Judaism 794 0.0%
Other religions 2,639 0.0%
Non-religious and unknown 983,608 18.3%
Humanism 99,468 1.9%
Total 5,367,580 100.0%

Official languages[edit]

Norwegian (the written standards Bokmål and Nynorsk).
Uralic languagesSouth Sami, Lule Sami, North Sami and Kven – are additional official languages of some municipalities.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In fertility rates, 2.1 and above is a stable population and has been marked blue, 2 and below leads to an aging population and the result is that the population decreases.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Data from Statistics Norway table 05803: Population, births, deaths, marriages, migration and population increase. Figures for 1735–1815 and 1838 are taken from Michael Drake: Population and Society in Norway 1735–1865. Before 1816 estimated mean population.
  2. ^ "Population, 2019". Statistics Norway. 22 February 2019. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Befolkning". SSB (in Norwegian Nynorsk). Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  4. ^ Nina Berglund: Norwegians now number 5 million Norwegians now number 5 million News in English, 18 March 2012
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Max Roser (2014), "Total Fertility Rate around the world over the last centuries", Our World In Data, Gapminder Foundation
  6. ^ "Home". ssb.no.
  7. ^ a b "World Factbook Europe: Norway", The World Factbook, 12 July 2018
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Life expectancy". Our World in Data. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  9. ^ "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 February 2013. Retrieved 2013-02-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ a b Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre, 1. januar 2015 Statistics Norway, 4 March 2015. Accessed 28 December 2015.
  12. ^ a b Fakta om innvandrebefolkningen i Oslo Archived 12 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine IMDi-rapport 5A-2007.
  13. ^ a b c d e "2021-03-09". ssb.no.
  14. ^ "Three categories of immigration background, country of birth and citizenship by country background and sex. 1 January 2012 " Archived 20 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Norway. 26 April 2012. Accessed 27 April 2012. Archived 7 August 2011.
  15. ^ a b Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre, 1. januar 2012 Statistics Norway, retrieved 30 March 2013
  16. ^ Hare, Sophie. "Factbox – facts about Norway". Reuters. 22 July 2011. Accessed 22 July 2011.
  17. ^ Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents
  18. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, 1 January 2021". Statistics Norway (in Norwegian).
  19. ^ Helgason et al. 2000, Zerjal et al. 2001, Passarino et al. 2002, Rootsi et al. 2004, Dupuy et al. 2006, Lindqvist et al. 2006
  20. ^ Passarino et al. 2002, Loogväli et al. 2004, Tambets et al. 2004, Lappalainen et al. 2006
  21. ^ World Population Review: Norway Population 2018, 14 June 2018
  22. ^ Church of Norway Statistics Norway 14.5.2019
  23. ^ Members of Christian communities outside the Church of Norway. Statistics Norway 3.12.2019
  24. ^ Members of religious and life stance communities outside the Church of Norway, by religion/life stance. Statistics Norway 3.12.2019
  25. ^ "2020-12-08". ssb.no.