Demographics of Nova Scotia

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Nova Scotia (Latin for New Scotland; French: Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is a Canadian province located on Canada's southeastern coast. It is the most populous province in the Atlantic Canada, and its capital, Halifax, is a major economic centre of the region. Nova Scotia is the second smallest province in Canada, with an area of 55,284 km². Its population of 921,727[1] makes it the fourth least populous province of the country.

Population[edit]

Nova Scotia is the seventh most populous province in Canada with an estimated 957,600 residents as of 2017. It accounts for 3 percent of the population of Canada. The population density is approximately 17.2 persons/km². Roughly 60% of the population live in rural parts of the province.

Regional municipalities[edit]

Nova Scotia has three regional municipalities.

Name Population
(2016)[2]
Population
(2011)[2]
Change
(%)[2]
Area
(km²)[2]
Population
density[2]
Cape Breton 94,285 97,398 −3.2 2,430.06 38.8
Halifax 403,131 390,096 3.3 5,490.35 73.4
Queens 10,307 10,917 −5.6 2,392.63 4.3
Total regional municipalities 507,723 498,411 1.0 10,313.04 49.2

Towns[edit]

Nova Scotia has 26 towns, not including the former Town of Canso that dissolved to become part of Guysborough County on July 1, 2012 and the former Towns of Bridgetown and Springhill which dissolved on April 1, 2015.[3]

Population centres[edit]

The Halifax population centre is the largest urban area in Nova Scotia. Statistics Canada recognizes a total of 37 population centres in the province.[4]

Population centres of Nova Scotia
Rank Population centre Size group Population in 2011  Population in 2006 
1 Halifax Large urban 297,943 285,480
2 Sydney Medium 31,597 33,496
3 Truro Small 23,261 22,376
4 New Glasgow Small 20,609 20,876
5 Glace Bay Small 19,076 19,968
6 Kentville Small 14,234 13,552
7 Sydney Mines Small 14,135 15,315
8 Amherst Small 9,811 9,598
9 New Waterford Small 8,942 9,661
10 Bridgewater Small 8,310 8,021
11 Yarmouth Small 6,761 7,162
12 Kingston - Greenwood Small 6,595 6,528
13 Antigonish Small 5,084 4,712
14 Wolfville Small 4,269 3,772
15 Windsor Small 4,095 3,986
16 Enfield Small 3,892 3,415
17 Springhill Small 3,868 3,941
18 Lake Echo Small 3,562 3,467
19 Pictou Small 3,437 3,813
20 Port Hawkesbury Small 3,366 3,517
21 Liverpool Small 2,653 2,759
22 Berwick Small 2,504 2,524
23 Lunenburg Small 2,313 2,317
24 Digby Small 2,152 2,097
25 Hammonds Plains Road Small 1,840 3,124
26 Middleton Small 1,749 1,829
27 Shelburne Small 1,686 1,879
28 Still Water Lake Small 1,677 855
29 Lantz Small 1,533 1,626
30 Brookside Small 1,531 1,824
31 Chester Small 1,529 1,496
32 Inverness Small 1,387 1,464
33 Hantsport Small 1,377 1,432
34 Parrsboro Small 1,305 1,401
35 Oxford Small 1,151 1,178
36 Hayes Subdivision Small 1,090 1,053
37 Bridgetown Small 1,014 1,082

Population of Nova Scotia since 1851[edit]

Year Population % change Rank*
5-year 10-year
1851 276,854
3
1861 330,857 19.5
1871 387,800 17.2
1881 440,572 13.6
1891 450,396 2.2
1901 459,574 2.0
1911 492,338 7.1
4
1921 523,837 6.4
7
1931 512,846 - 2.1
1941 577,962 12.7
1951 642,584 11.2
1956 694,717 8.1
Year Population % change Rank*
5-year 10-year
1961 737,007 6.1 14.7
7
1966 756,039 2.6 8.8
1971 788,965 4.4 7.0
1976 828,570 5.0 9.6
1981 847,442 2.3 7.4
1986 873,175 3.0 5.4
1991 899,942 3.1 6.2
1996 909,282 1.0 4.1
2001 908,007 - 0.1 0.9
2006 913,462 0.6 2.8
2011 921,727 0.9 1.5
2016 952,298 0.2 1.1

Source: Statistics Canada [1][5]
* among provinces.
** Preliminary 2006 census estimate.

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2011 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
White 825,050 91%
Visible minority group
Source:[6]
South Asian 4,965 0.5%
Chinese 6,050 0.7%
Black 20,790 2.3%
Latin American 1,360 0.2%
Filipino 1,890 0.2%
Arab 6,290 0.7%
Southeast Asian 1,155 0.1%
West Asian 1,365 0.2%
Korean 960 0.1%
Japanese 445 0%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 720 0.1%
Multiple visible minority 1,290 0.1%
Total visible minority population 47,270 5.2%
Aboriginal group
Source:[7]
First Nations 21,895 2.4%
Métis 10,050 1.1%
Inuit 695 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 225 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 980 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 33,850 3.7%
Total population 906,175 100%

Languages[edit]

Mother tongue in Nova Scotia: Red – majority anglophone, Orange – mixed, Blue – majority francophone.

The 2011 Canadian census showed a population of 921,727.
Of the 904,285 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue the most commonly reported languages were:

Ranking Language Population Percentage
1. English 836,085 92.46%
2. French 31,105 3.44%
3. Arabic 5,965 0.66%
4. Algonquian languages 4,685 0.52%
Mi'kmaq 4,620 0.51%
5. German 3,275 0.36%
6. Chinese 2,750 0.30%
Mandarin 905 0.10%
Cantonese 590 0.06%
7. Dutch 1,725 0.19%
8. Spanish 1,545 0.17%
=9. Tagalog 1,185 0.13%
=9. Persian 1,185 0.13%
11. Polish 825 0.09%
=12. Korean 815 0.09%
=12. Russian 815 0.09%
14. Italian 790 0.09%
15. Greek 775 0.08%
16. Scandinavian languages 595 0.06%
Danish 175 0.02%
Norwegian 125 0.02%
Icelandic 120 0.01%
Swedish 85 0.01%
17. Urdu 540 0.06%
18. Serbo-Croatian languages 520 0.06%
Croatian 210 0.02%
Serbo-Croatian 105 0.01%
Bosnian 90 0.01%
Serbian 115 0.01%
19. Hindi 515 0.06%
20. Vietnamese 450 0.05%
21. Portuguese 380 0.04%
22. Bengali 375 0.04%
23. Panjabi 370 0.04%
24. Celtic languages 330 0.04%
25. Japanese 305 0.03%
26. Ukrainian 300 0.03%
27. Hungarian 280 0.03%
28. Czech 180 0.02%
29. Romanian 170 0.02%
30. Gujarati 105 0.01%

There were also 275 single-language responses for Turkish; 195 for Non-verbal languages (Sign languages); 30 for Malay; 100 for Bantu languages; 70 for Kurdish; 120 for Slovak; and 5 for Estonian. Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.[8]

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 45,195 immigrants living in Nova Scotia.
The most commonly reported origins for these immigrants were: [9]

Country Immigrants
1. United Kingdom 11,665
2. United States 7,960
3. Germany 2,850
4. Netherlands 1,830
5. China 1,740
6. India 1,440
7. Lebanon 1,265
8. Poland 970
9. Kuwait 780
10. Egypt 675
11. former Yugoslavia 670
12. Greece 545
13. Italy 540
14. France 530
15. Iran 520
16. Pakistan 450
17. South Korea 430
18. Ireland (Éire) 425
19. Philippines 420
20. Vietnam 375

There were also 365 immigrants from Australia; 320 from South Africa; 280 from Hong Kong; 255 from Saudi Arabia; 245 from Iraq and from Trinidad and Tobago; 225 from Hungary and from Russia; 220 from Portugal; 215 from Switzerland; 210 from Denmark; and 205 from Belize.

Internal migration[edit]

Net cumulative interprovincial migration per Province from 1997 to 2017, as a share of population of each Provinces

A total of 101,035 people moved to Nova Scotia from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 110,335 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 11,925 people to Alberta and 4,120 to Ontario; as well as a net influx of 4,690 people from Newfoundland and Labrador and 2,930 from New Brunswick. During this period there was a net outmigration of 835 francophones to Quebec and 340 to Alberta; and a net influx of 575 anglophones from Quebec and 145 francophones from New Brunswick. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 500 persons and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[10][11]

Religion[edit]

Majority religion in Nova Scotia by county
Religion (2011)[12]
Religion Population Pct (%)
Catholic 298,270 32.92%
No religious affiliation 197,665 21.81%
United Church 109,700 12.10%
Anglican 100,120 11.05%
Baptist 80,815 8.92%
Other Christian 55,555 6.13%
Presbyterian 23,555 2.60%
Pentecostal 9,595 1.06%
Lutheran 9,485 1.05%
Muslim 8,505 0.94%
Christian Orthodox 3,370 0.37%
Other religions 2,720 0.30%
Buddhist 2,205 0.24%
Hindu 1,850 0.20%
Jewish 1,805 0.20%
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 570 0.06%
Sikh 390 0.04%

Employment[edit]

As of February 2019, the unemployment rate for the province is 6.4 percent. Halifax Regional Municipality 4.9 percent [13]

Income[edit]

Median Household Income
By County By Community
Rank County 2011[14]
1 Halifax County $62,049
2 Hants County $60,186
3 Antigonish County $57,577
Nova Scotia $53,606
4 Inverness County $53,194
5 Kings County $51,850
6 Richmond County $50,745
7 Colchester County $50,568
8 Pictou County $50,417
9 Lunenburg County $48,154
10 Yarmouth County $47,676
11 Victoria County $47,413
12 Cape Breton County $47,224
13 Queens County $45,050
14 Shelburne County $44,267
15 Cumberland County $43,385
17 Annapolis County $43,522
17 Digby County $42,293
18 Guysborough County $42,063
Rank Community 2011[14]
1 Halifax Regional Municipality $62,069
2 Port Hawkesbury $61,013
Nova Scotia $53,606
3 Stewiacke $52,118
4 Mahone Bay $49,158
5 Wolfville $48,671
6 Hantsport $48,584
7 Clark's Harbour $48,102
8 Cape Breton Regional Municipality $47,830
9 Stellarton $46,307
10 Antigonish $45,538
11 Kentville $45,098
12 New Glasgow $44,942
13 Westville $44,647
14 Middleton $44,048
15 Annapolis Royal $43,956
16 Trenton $42,535
17 Pictou $41,905[A]
18 Truro $41,878
19 Windsor $41,859
20 Amherst $41,027
21 Bridgewater $40,049
22 Berwick $39,674
23 Lunenburg $39,529
24 Bridgetown $38,248[A]
25 Oxford $37,734[A]
26 Springhill $36,995[A]
27 Mulgrave $36,200
28 Canso $35,574
29 Shelburne $35,526
30 Yarmouth $34,572
31 Lockeport $33,854[A]
32 Digby $33,437
33 Parrsboro $27,472[A]

Notes[edit]

Gross domestic product[edit]

Nova Scotia GDP is presently approximately $33 billion (Can) annually.

See also[edit]

Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Canada's population Archived November 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. December 18, 2012. Archived from the original on April 13, 2014. Retrieved January 29, 2013.
  3. ^ "Decision NSUARB-MB-10-2" (PDF). Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board. January 19, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2011 and 2006 censuses: Nova Scotia Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Canada.
  5. ^ Population urban and rural, by province and territory (Nova Scotia) Archived 2006-11-21 at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Canada, 2005.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-03-04. Retrieved 2017-03-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), Community Profiles from the 2011 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-03-04. Retrieved 2017-03-03.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link), Aboriginal Population Profile from the 20062011Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  8. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Statistics Canada: 2011 Census Profile". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Archived from the original on 2018-05-27.
  9. ^ contenu, English name of the content author / Nom en anglais de l'auteur du. "English title / Titre en anglais". www12.statcan.ca. Archived from the original on 2008-01-20.
  10. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2006 Census) Archived February 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "2001 Census". www12.statcan.ca. Archived from the original on 2009-02-11.
  12. ^ Statistics Canada Archived 2014-10-26 at the Wayback Machine National Household Survey, for Province of Nova Scotia, 2011 census - 100% data
  13. ^ https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/t1/tbl1/en/tv.action?pid=1410028703. Missing or empty |title= (help) Unemployment rate
  14. ^ a b National Household Survey (NHS) Profile - Select from a List Archived 2014-05-12 at the Wayback Machine Statistics Canada