Demographics of Nunavut
Nunavut is a territory of Canada. It has a land area of 1,877,787.62 km2 (725,017.85 sq mi). In the 2016 census the population was 35,944, up 12.7% from the 2011 census figure of 31,906. In 2016, 30,135 people identified themselves as Inuit (83.8% of the total population), 190 as North American Indian (0.5%), 165 Métis (0.5%) and 5,025 as non-aboriginal (14.0%).
Nunavut's small and sparse population makes it unlikely the territory will be granted provincial status in the foreseeable future, although this may change if the Yukon, which is marginally less populous, becomes a province.
Communities with more than 1,000 people
The 2016 Canadian census showed a population of 35,944. In terms of 'mother tongue', 34,960 people were reported as learned a single language first. The languages most commonly reported were:
There were also 735 responses of both English and a 'non-official language' (mainly Inuktitut); 10 of both French and a 'non-official language; 25 of both English and French; and about 140 people who either did not respond to the question, or reported multiple non-official languages, or else gave some other unenumerated response. Only English and French were counted as official languages in the census. Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.
Visible minorities and Aboriginals
|Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)|
|Population group||Population||% of total population|
|Visible minority group
|Visible minority, n.i.e.||20||0.1%|
|Multiple visible minority||10||0%|
|Total visible minority population||905||2.5%|
|Multiple Aboriginal identity||55||0.2%|
|Total Aboriginal population||30,555||85.9%|
The majority of Nunavut residents identifying as White (61%), First Nations (58%), Metis (58%), and Visible Minority (65%) live in the capital city of Iqaluit.
|Religious beliefs in the 2001 census|
|Religion||Adherents||% of the population|
|No religious affiliation||1,655||6.21|
While there is some internal migration from the rest of Canada to Nunavut (usually on a temporary basis), there is very little external migration from outside of Canada to Nunavut.
The 2006 census counted a total of only about 450 immigrants in Nunavut, including about 80 from the United Kingdom, about 40 each from the United States and the Philippines, about 30 from Germany, about 20 each from China and India, and just over 10 each from Jamaica and South Africa.
A total of 4,940 people moved to Nunavut from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 5,615 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net influx of 355 from Newfoundland and Labrador; and a net outmigration of 355 to Alberta, 295 to the Northwest Territories, 235 to Ontario and 160 to Quebec. There was a net outmigration of 150 francophones from Nunavut to Quebec during this period. (All net inter-provincial and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given).
The median age in Nunavut is 25.1 years, according to the 2016 census. This is significantly younger than the median age of Canada (41.2 years). Those aged 65 years and over account for 3.8% of the population.
- List of communities in Nunavut
- Demographics of Canada
- Population of Canada by province and territory
- ^a Iqaluit is both the capital of Nunavut and the regional centre for the Qikiqtaaluk Region, while Rankin Inlet and Cambridge Bay are the regional centres for the Kivalliq and Kitikmeot Regions respectively.
- ^b Official language of Nunavut
- "Canada Census 2011". Statistics Canada. Retrieved February 12, 2017.
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census Nunavut [Territory] and Canada". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
- "2001 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada.
- 2011 Census Profile Iqaluit
- 2006 Census Profile Iqaluit
- 2001 Census Profile Iqaluit
- 2011 Census Profile Arviat
- 2006 Census Profile Arviat
- 2001 Census Profile Arviat
- 2011 Census Profile Rankin Inlet
- 2006 Census Profile Rankin Inlet
- 2001 Census Profile Rankin Inlet
- 2011 Census Profile Baker Lake
- 2006 Census Profile Baker Lake
- 2001 Census Profile Baker Lake
- 2011 Census Profile Cambridge Bay
- 2006 Census Profile Cambridge Bay
- 2001 Census Profile Cambridge Bay
- 2011 Census Profile Pond Inlet
- 2006 Census Profile Pond Inlet
- 2001 Census Profile Pond Inlet
- 2011 Census Profile Igloolik
- 2006 Census Profile Igloolik
- 2001 Census Profile Igloolik
- 2011 Census Profile Kugluktuk
- 2006 Census Profile Kugluktuk
- 2001 Census Profile Kugluktuk
- 2011 Census Profile Pangnirtung
- 2006 Census Profile Pangnirtung
- 2001 Census Profile Pangnirtung
- 2011 Census Profile Cape Dorset
- 2006 Census Profile Cape Dorset
- 2001 Census Profile Cape Dorset
- 2011 Census Profile Gjoa Haven
- 2006 Census Profile Gjoa Haven
- 2001 Census Profile Gjoa Haven
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census Nunavut [Territory]: Language". Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
- , Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
- , Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
- StatCan. "Canada Census 2001". Retrieved 28 June 2012.
- "Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-557-XCB2006007". 2007. Cite journal requires
- "Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-556-XCB2006010". 2007. Cite journal requires
- "Statistics Canada catalogue no. 97-F0008-XCB2001005". 2002. Cite journal requires