Demographics of Oklahoma

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Oklahoma Population Density Map (2010)

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, as of 2015, the state of Oklahoma has an estimated population of 3,911,338, which is an increase of 159,987 or 4.26% since the year 2010. Oklahoma is the 28th most populous state in the United States.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890258,657
1900790,391205.6%
19101,657,155109.7%
19202,028,28322.4%
19302,396,04018.1%
19402,336,434−2.5%
19502,233,351−4.4%
19602,328,2844.3%
19702,559,2299.9%
19803,025,29018.2%
19903,145,5854.0%
20003,450,6549.7%
20103,751,3518.7%
2019 (est.)3,956,9715.5%
Source: 1910-2010[1]
Distribution of languages of Oklahoma (2000)
English
92.6%
Spanish
4.4%
Cherokee
0.6%
German
0.4%
Vietnamese
0.4%
French
0.3%
Chinese
0.2%
Korean
0.1%
Arabic
0.1%
Tagalog
0.1%
Japanese
0.1%

The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Oklahoma was 3,911,338 on July 1, 2015, a 4.26% increase since the 2010 United States Census.[2]

According to the U.S. Census, as of 2010, Oklahoma has a historical estimated population of 3,751,351 which is an increase of 300,058 or 8.7 percent, since the year 2000.[3] Oklahoma ranks first in the Great Plains region in terms of population, followed by Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, and North Dakota. There has historically been a lot of German American, Irish American and English American immigration to what is now the state of Oklahoma.[4]

In the state, the population was spread out, with 24.8% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 25.8% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.2 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.[5] There were 1,460,450 households, out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. Of all households, 27.5% were made up of individuals, and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 3.04.

It was estimated in 2010, that 5.5% of Oklahoma's residents, 206,382 were foreign born. Of them 31.9% were Naturalized US citizens and 68.1% were Not a US citizen.[6]

The median income for a household in the state was $42,072, and the median income for a family was $51,958 (these figures have risen to 44,287 and 55,296 respectively in 2011). The per capita income for the state was $22,254 (risen to 26,192). It was estimated that 16.9% (has decreased to 16.3%, in 2011)[7] of the population were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.7% of those under the age of 18 and 15.4% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.[8]

As of 2010, about 81.1% of the state's civilian non-institutionalized population has health coverage with 61.8% with private insurance and 31.3% with public coverage. About 18.9% of the state's population has no health insurance coverage and 10.0% of all children 18 years and younger in Oklahoma have no health insurance.[8]

The center of population of Oklahoma is located at 35.598464 N, -96.836786 W, in Lincoln County near the town of Sparks.[9]

Age[edit]

Out of the 3,956,971 people who lived in Oklahoma when the 2019 census [10]was taken, the age breakdown is as follows. There were 251,083 individuals under the age of 5, amounting to 6.3% of Oklahoma’s population. In the 5-9 year old age group, there were 262,753 people which made up 6.6% of the population. The next age group is 10 to 14 years old at 7.1% equaling 280,191 individuals. Those who were between the ages of 15 and 19 made up 6.9% of the population which is 273, 627 people. In the 20-24 year old age group, there were 270,073 individuals, amounting to 6.8% of the population. The next age group is 25 to 34 years old and is the largest one, sitting at 13.6% and consisting of 536,999 people. In the 35-44 year old age group, there were 501,516 people which made up 12.7% of the population. Those who were between the ages of 45 and 54 made up 11.4% of the population which is 452,720 people. The next age group is 55 to 59 years old with 249,998 people and a percentage of 6.3%. In the 60-64 year old age group, there were 242,789 individuals which made up 6.1% of the population. Those who were between the ages of 65 and 74 made up 9.3% of the population which is 368,463 people. The next age group is 75 to 84 years old at 4.9% equaling 192,486 individuals. The last and smallest group are those over 85 years old consisting of 74,273 people which is 1.9% of the population. The median age in Oklahoma is 37 which is a year and a half less than the United States average.[11]

In 2000, 6.8% of Oklahoma's population was reported as under 5, 25.9% under 18, and 13.2% was 65 or older. Females made up approximately 50.9% of the population. The state has an above-average birth rate than most of the United States.

Gender[edit]

According to the most recent census, there were 3,956,971 people living in Oklahoma in 2019. Out of this group, 1,962,477 of them were male and 1,994,494 were female.[12] In percentages, this comes out to 50.5% being female, leaving 49.5% for the male population. This means that for every 100 females that live in Oklahoma, there are 98.4 males. This number does change throughout age groups, though: for every 100 females in the 65 years and above age group, there are 80.8 males and for people who are 18 or older, there are 95.8 males for every 100 females. This data shows us that as groups of people get older, the gender ratio begins to weigh more and more heavily female as time goes on. Out of the total number of 327,229 firms that existed in 2012, 174,395 of them were owned by men and 105,168 were owned by women (the remaining number being co-owned).

Race and Ethnicity[edit]

According to the 2019 census, the people who reported that their only race was white consisted of about 74% of the population. The percentage of people whose race is Black or African American was 7.8% in the 2019 census. Those who are American Indian or Alaska Native made up 9.4% of the population. The percentage of people who are Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander consisted of 0.2% of the population and the Asian percentage was 2.4%. Those who reported two or more races made up 6.3% of the population and the percentage of people who were Hispanic or Latino was 11.1%. Out of those who are American Indian, 125,503 people are from the Cherokee tribe, 441 belong to the Chippewa tribe, 697 are from the Navajo tribe and 1,275 are from the Sioux tribe. Out of those from Asian descent, 14,789 people are Asian Indian, 9,134 are Chinese, 9,436 are Filipino, 2,785 are Japanese, 5,037 are Korean and 25,455 are Vietnamese. Out of those who are Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, 1,180 are Native Hawaiian, 972 are Guamanian or Chamorro and 287 are Samoan. Out of the total number of 327,229 firms that existed in 2012, 64,875 of these were owned by minorities while 249,027 were owned by non minorities (the remaining number being co-owned).

According to the 2010 United States census, the racial and ethnic composition of Oklahoma was the following:[3][13][14]

Ethnically, the Hispanic or Latinos (of any race) make up 11.1% of the population. Major ancestry groups of the Hispanic population include: 7.1% Mexican, 0.3% Puerto Rican, 0.2% Spanish, 0.2% Guatemalan, 0.1% Salvadoran, 0.1% Cuban.

An estimated 7.4 percent of Oklahomans are African American. African Americans are a plurality in southeast Lawton, northeast Oklahoma City, northwest Tulsa, and portions of Muskogee. In Tulsa, prior to the Tulsa race massacre, the historic Black community of Greenwood was once prosperous enough to earn the nickname "the Black Wall Street" in the 1920s.[15][16]

In 2010, Oklahoma had the second-largest Native American population after California, with the highest concentration found in the Tulsa-Broken Arrow metropolitan area (8.3%). As a percentage of population, Oklahoma ranked fourth behind Alaska, New Mexico, and South Dakota with 8.57%.[17] The large Native American population in Oklahoma is largely the result of the Trail of Tears, a series of forced relocations of Native Americans from south eastern states in the 19th century.

Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are mostly concentrated in the Oklahoma City−Norman metropolitan area. Oklahoma City, Norman, and Edmond, which are located within Oklahoma and Cleveland counties have sizable Vietnamese and Indian communities, as well as a significant Korean community that is present there.[18] Oklahoma is also home to a large and growing Hmong (3369) and Burmese (1146) population, more than half of whom reside in the Tulsa-Broken Arrow metropolitan area.[19][20]

As of 2010, the largest ancestry groups in Oklahoma were:[21]

  • 14.6% German
  • 12.6% Irish
  • 9.6% American (most Oklahomans who cite American are primarily of English, Scottish, and Welsh ancestries)[22][23]
  • 8.2% English
  • 7.1% Mexican
  • 2.4% French
  • 2.0% Dutch
  • 1.8% Scottish
  • 1.7% Italian
  • 1.2% Scots-Irish


Demographics of Oklahoma (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 82.59% 8.31% 11.39% 1.71% 0.15%
2000 (Hispanic only) 4.73% 0.19% 0.37% 0.05% 0.02%
2005 (total population) 82.20% 8.55% 11.31% 1.92% 0.16%
2005 (Hispanic only) 6.10% 0.24% 0.35% 0.06% 0.03%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 2.33% 5.76% 2.04% 15.49% 9.51%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 0.50% 5.17% 2.22% 15.19% 9.47%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 32.58% 31.44% -3.27% 25.17% 9.69%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Education[edit]

According to the 2019 census, the percentage of people over 25 years old who had graduated high school by the time the 2019 census was taken was at about 88%. The percentage of people over 25 with at least a bachelor's degree or higher was 25.5%.[24]

Cities and towns[edit]

Oklahoma had 598 incorporated places in 2010, including three cities over 100,000 in population and 40 over 10,000.[25] Two of the fifty largest cities in the United States are located in Oklahoma, Oklahoma City and Tulsa, and 58 percent of Oklahomans live within their metropolitan areas, or spheres of economic and social influence defined by the United States Census Bureau as a metropolitan statistical area. Oklahoma City, the state's capital and largest city, had the largest metropolitan area in the state in 2010, with 1,252,987 people, and the metropolitan area of Tulsa had 937,478 residents.[26]

Oklahoma's largest cities in 2010 were: Oklahoma City (579,999), Tulsa (391,906), Norman (110,925), Broken Arrow (98,850), Lawton (96,867), Edmond (81,405), Moore (55,081), Midwest City (54,371), Enid (49,379), and Stillwater (45,688). Between 2000 and 2010, the cities that led the state in population growth were Blanchard 172.4%, Elgin 78.2%, Piedmont 56.7%, Bixby 56.6%, and Owasso 56.3%.[25]

Housing[edit]

The number of individual housing units as of July 1st, 2019 was 1,749,464. The percentage of housing units occupied by the owner of the property was 65.6%. The median value of these housing units occupied by their owners was $136,800 as of 2019. The median rent, not including tax or any other additions, each month was about $810. There was an average of 2.58 people living in each household in 2019 and 83.2% of all people living in houses were living in the same house that they occupied 12 months ago.

Finance[edit]

The median household income at the time the 2019 census was taken was $52,919. The per capita income from the time that they answered spanning back over the previous 12 months averaged at about $28,422 and the percentage of people living in poverty out of the population mentioned earlier was 15.2%.

Oklahoma has dealt with many socioeconomic issues, as the state's rank of annual household income is below national average and the state's poverty rate exceeds 15 percent, higher in rural areas. The state's 2000 per capita personal income was $23,517, 43rd in the nation. However, Oklahoma's cost of living index also among the lowest in the nation.[1] Oklahoma City suburb Nichols Hills is ranked first on Oklahoma locations by per capita income at $73,661.

Birth data[edit]

Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

Live births by single race/ethnicity of mother
Race 2013[27] 2014[28] 2015[29] 2016[30] 2017[31] 2018[32] 2019[33]
White 40,619 (76.1%) 40,258 (75.5%) 40,143 (75.6%) ... ... ... ...
> Non-Hispanic White 33,978 (63.6%) 33,577 (63.0%) 33,293 (62.7%) 30,499 (58.0%) 28,976 (57.7%) 28,444 (57.1%) 27,427 (55.8%)
American Indian 6,075 (11.4%) 6,051 (11.3%) 5,924 (11.1%) 4,939 (9.4%) 4,846 (9.7%) 4,771 (9.6%) 4,889 (9.9%)
Black 5,092 (9.5%) 5,296 (9.9%) 5,293 (10.0%) 4,394 (8.3%) 4,085 (8.1%) 4,136 (8.3%) 4,101 (8.3%)
Asian 1,583 (3.0%) 1,734 (3.2%) 1,762 (3.3%) 1,377 (2.6%) 1,328 (2.6%) 1,306 (2.6%) 1,251 (2.5%)
Hispanic (of any race) 7,208 (13.5%) 7,219 (13.5%) 7,406 (13.9%) 7,544 (14.3%) 7,441 (14.8%) 7,545 (15.2%) 7,713 (15.7%)
Total Oklahoma 53,369 (100%) 53,339 (100%) 53,122 (100%) 52,592 (100%) 50,214 (100%) 49,800 (100%) 49,143 (100%)
  • Since 2016, data for births of White Hispanic origin are not collected, but included in one Hispanic group; persons of Hispanic origin may be of any race.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2012-12-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". 2015 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. December 2015. Archived from the original (CSV) on December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Oklahoma". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
  4. ^ "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics - Oklahoma". US Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2011-09-04.
  5. ^ "QT-P1 Age Groups and Sex:2010 - Oklahoma". US Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2011-09-04.
  6. ^ "Oklahoma - SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-05.
  8. ^ a b "Oklahoma SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2011-10-07.
  9. ^ "2010 Census Centers of Population by State". U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
  10. ^ "2019 Oklahoma Census Data".
  11. ^ "2019 US Census Data".
  12. ^ "2019 Oklahoma Census QuickFacts".
  13. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder2.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2016-10-12.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-18. Retrieved 2016-05-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "Race Alone or in Combination and Hispanic or Latino: 2010 All census tracks within Oklahoma". US Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-02-10. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  16. ^ Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Greenwood District". Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  17. ^ "P1 Universal Total Population - All US States". US Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  18. ^ "Race Alone or in Combination Oklahoma City". US Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2011-10-06.
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-12-14. Retrieved 2012-12-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "The spice of life". tulsapeople.com.
  21. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder2.census.gov. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12.
  22. ^ David Hackett Fischer, Albion's Seed: Four British Folkways in America, New York: Oxford University Press, 1989, pp.602–645
  23. ^ Sharing the Dream: White Males in a Multicultural America By Dominic J. Pulera.
  24. ^ "Education Attainment 2019 Census Data".
  25. ^ a b Oklahoma Department of Commerce. "2000-2010 Oklahoma Incorporated Place Populations". Archived from the original (xls) on 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
  26. ^ "P1 Total Population All Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas (or parts) within Oklahoma". US Census Bureau. 2010. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
  27. ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_01.pdf
  28. ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr64/nvsr64_12.pdf
  29. ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr66/nvsr66_01.pdf
  30. ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_01.pdf
  31. ^ https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr67/nvsr67_08-508.pdf
  32. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2019-12-21.
  33. ^ "Data" (PDF). www.cdc.gov. Retrieved April 1, 2021.