Demographics of Ontario

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Ontario, one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada, is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province by a large margin, accounting for nearly 40 per cent of all Canadians, and is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nation's capital city, Ottawa, and the nation's most populous city, Toronto.

Vital statistics[edit]

Birth Rate: 10.8/1,000 people [1]

Death Rate: 7.1/1,000 people [2]

Life Expectancy at birth: 81 years (2006 est) [3]

Infant Mortality rate: 5.2 (2007 est) [4]

Historic populations since 1851[edit]

Year Population 5 year
% change
10 year
% change
% Canadian
population
1851 952,004 - - 39.0%
1861 1,396,091 - 46.6% 43.2%
1871 1,620,851 - 16.1% 43.9%
1881 1,926,922 - 18.8% 45.4%
1891 2,114,321 - 9.7% 48.9%
1901 2,182,947 - 3.2% 40.6%
1911 2,527,292 - 15.8% 35.1%
1921 2,933,662 - 16.1% 33.4%
1931 3,431,683 - 17.0% 33.1%
1941 3,787,655 - 10.4% 32.9%
1951 4,597,542 - 21.3% 32.8%
1956 5,404,933 17.6% - 33.6%
1961 6,236,092 15.4% 35.6% 34.2%
1966 6,960,870 11.6% 28.8% 34.9%
1971 7,703,105 10.7% 23.5% 35.7%
1976 8,264,465 7.3% 18.7% 35.9%
1981 8,625,107 4.4% 12.0% 35.4%
1986 9,101,695 5.5% 10.1% 36.0%
1991 10,084,885 10.8% 16.9% 36.9%
1996 10,753,573 10.7% 18.2% 37.3%
2001 11,410,046 6.1% 13.2% 38.0%
2006 12,160,282 6.6% 13.1% 38.4%
2011 12,851,821 5.7% 12.6% 38.4%
2016 13,448,494 4.6% 9.6% 38.3%

Source: Statistics Canada [5]

Age structure[edit]

Age Groups Total Male Female
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,944
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520

[6]

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census) 2011 NHS 2006 Census 2001 Census 1996 Census
Population group Population % Population % Population % Population % Population %
European 8,982,180 67.8% 8,930,835 70.6% 8,879,900 73.8% 8,944,190 79.3% 8,714,680 81.9%
Visible minority group
Source:[7]
South Asian 1,150,415 8.7% 965,990 7.6% 794,170 6.6% 554,870 4.9% 390,055 3.7%
Chinese 754,550 5.7% 629,140 5.0% 576,980 4.8% 481,505 4.3% 391,090 3.7%
Black 627,715 4.7% 539,205 4.3% 473,765 3.9% 411,095 3.6% 356,215 3.3%
Filipino 311,675 2.4% 275,380 2.2% 203,220 1.7% 156,515 1.4% 117,365 1.1%
Arab 210,435 1.6% 151,645 1.2% 111,405 0.9% 88,540 0.8%
Latin American 195,950 1.5% 172,560 1.4% 147,135 1.2% 106,835 0.9% 85,745 0.8%
West Asian 154,670 1.2% 122,530 1% 96,615 0.8% 67,100 0.6%
Southeast Asian 133,855 1% 137,875 1.1% 110,045 0.9% 86,410 0.8% 75,910 0.7%
Korean 88,935 0.7% 78,295 0.6% 69,540 0.6% 53,955 0.5% 35,400 0.3%
Japanese 30,830 0.2% 29,085 0.2% 28,080 0.2% 24,925 0.2% 24,275 0.2%
Arab/West Asian 118,655 1.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 81,130 0.6% 81,130 0.6% 56,845 0.5% 78,915 0.7% 52,170 0.5%
Multiple visible minority 97,970 0.7% 96,735 0.8% 77,405 0.6% 42,375 0.4% 35,160 0.3%
Total visible minority population 3,885,585 29.3% 3,279,565 25.9% 2,745,205 22.8% 2,153,045 19.1% 1,682,045 15.8%
Aboriginal group
First Nations 236,680 1.8% 338,480 2.7% 311,830 2.5% 131,560 1.2%
Métis 120,585 0.9% 89,975 0.7% 81,320 0.7% 48,340 0.4%
Inuit 3,860 0% 5,310 0% 4,250 0% 1,380 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 7,540 0.1% 5,345 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 5,730 0% 7,630 0.1% 6,395 0.1% 1,690 0%
Total Aboriginal population 374,395 2.8% 441,395[8] 3.5% 403,790 3.4% 188,315 1.7% 246,065 2.3%
Total population 13,242,160 100% 12,651,795 100% 12,028,895 100% 11,285,550 100% 10,642,790 100%

There is a striking difference between the Toronto CMA[9] (5,862,850) and the rest of Ontario (7,379,310); in particular, in the Toronto CMA visible minorities account for 51.4% of the population (3,011,900), whereas in the rest of the Toronto the percentage of visible minorities in the overall population is much lower, at 11.8% (873,685). Back in 1996,1,338,095 of 4,232,905 Toronto CMA residents belonged to a visible minority[10], i.e. 31.6% of its population; regarding the rest of Ontario, only 343,950 of its 6,409,885 residents, i.e. 5.4%, were visible minorities.[11]

Ethnic groups[edit]

As of 2016 census.[12]

Ethnic group Responses %
Canadian 3,109,770 23.48
English 2,808,810 21.21
Scottish 2,107,290 15.91
Irish 2,095,465 15.82
French 1,349,255 10.19
German 1,189,670 8.98
Italian 931,805 7.04
Chinese 849,340 6.41
East Indian 774,495 5.85
Dutch (Netherlands) 527,750 3.99
Polish 523,490 3.95
North American Indian 385,505 2.91
Ukrainian 376,440 2.84
Filipino 337,760 2.55
Portuguese 324,930 2.45
British, not included
elsewhere
323,180 2.44
Jamaican 257,055 1.94
Russian 220,850 1.67
Welsh 198,470 1.50
Spanish 171,145 1.29
Hungarian (Magyar) 163,500 1.23
Pakistani 149,060 1.13
Greek 148,555 1.12
American (USA) 140,165 1.06
Métis 137,485 1.04

Note: The table takes dual responses (for example if someone is French-Canadian he/she would be added to both French and Canadian). Some places of one's ethnic origin do not refer to a single specified country of origin, i.e. Spanish refers to people from Spanish speaking countries such as Colombia, Spain, Mexico, Cuba and others; or East Indian where the respondents origin could be from Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, etc.; and the list contains about 200 nationalities known to reside in the province. However, there are options for the respondent to identify the country alone.

Future Projections[edit]

Ethnic origin by regional group
Group 2016[13] 2036[14][15]
Number % of 2016 population (13,448,494) Number % of 2036 estimated population (16,944,000)
European origins 8,982,180 67.8% 9,235,000 54.5%
South Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,515,520 11.5% 3,030,000 17.9%
East and Southeast Asian origins 1,319,845 10% 2,254,000 13.3%
African origins 627,715 4.7% 1,093,000 6.5%
Aboriginal origins 374,395 2.8% 616,000 3.6%
Latin, Central and South American origins 195,950 1.5% 352,000 2.1%
Other 179,100 1.3% 363,000 2.1%
*Percentages total over 100% due to multiple responses, e.g. German-Indian, Norwegian-Irish.

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

Ontario is a very diverse province. For example, 54.8% of the population of Toronto was born outside Canada,[16] which is the second-largest percentage of immigrants in a single city on Earth, after Miami. Hamilton is ranked the third-most diverse urbanized area in Canada (after Toronto and Vancouver).[citation needed]

Interprovincial Migration[edit]

Net cumulative interprovincial migration per Province from 1997 to 2017, as a share of population of each Provinces

Ontario's interprovincial migration rate have shifted over they years. It was negative in the 1970s, positive in the 1980s, but then negative again in the 1990s. It went back to the positive in around the time of the turn of the millenium for a few years, but has been in the negatives constantly from 2003 to 2015, and has been in the positives since then. Over the period from 1971 to 2015, Ontario was the province who experience the second lowest levels of interprovincial in-migration and out-migration, second only to Quebec.[17]

Interprovincial migration in Ontario
In-migrants Out-migrants Net migration
2007 / 2008 61,718 76,468 -14,750
2008 / 2009 57,458 73,059 -15,601
2009 / 2010 59,741 64,403 -4,662
2010 / 2011 58,317 62,324 -4,007
2011 / 2012 60,459 71,070 -10,611
2012 / 2013 54,678 68,579 -13,901
2013 / 2014 57,415 71,979 -14,564
2014 / 2015 62,874 71,569 -8,695
2015 / 2016 71,790 62,713 9,077
2016 / 2017 83,913 58,224 25,689

Language[edit]

The following figures are from the 2016 census.[6] The tables includes languages that were selected by at least 0.99 per cent of respondents. Respondents to the census are able to provide multiple responses for questions relating to knowledge of languages, and mother tongue.

Knowledge of languages[edit]

Knowledge of official languages of Canada in Ontario
Language Percentage
English only
86.05%
French only
0.30%
English and French
11.19%
Neither English nor French
2.46%
Language Responses %
English 12,879,045 97.26
French 1,521,020 11.49
Mandarin 385,395 2.91
Cantonese 341,875 2.58
Spanish 337,615 2.55
Italian 333,645 2.52
Punjabi 282,065 2.13
Hindi 250,095 1.89
Arabic 246,015 1.86
Tagalog 232,935 1.76
Urdu 231,500 1.75
Portuguese 193,520 1.46
German 189,035 1.43
Tamil 157,700 1.19
Persian 145,465 1.10
Polish 142,985 1.08

Mother tongue[edit]

Language Responses %[note 1]
Single responses
English 8,902,320 66.87
French 490,715 3.68
Mandarin 283,735 2.13
Cantonese 275,315 2.07
Italian 231,040 1.74
Punjabi 197,060 1.48
Spanish 191,025 1.43
Arabic 171,370 1.29
Urdu 152,385 1.14
Portuguese 150,000 1.13
Tagalog 163,415 1.23
German 131,525 0.99
Multiple responses
English and French 54,045 0.51
English and non-official language 288,285 2.17
French and non-official language 12,565 0.09
English, French, and non-official language 11,010 0.08

Religious groups[edit]

Religion in Ontario in 2011, Statscan National Household Survey [2]
Christian denominations in Canada
Religion People %
Total 12,651,795 100
Christian 8,167,295 64.6
No Religious Affiliation 2,927,790 23.1
Muslim 581,950 4.6
Hindu 366,720 2.9
Jewish 195,540 1.5
Sikh 179,765 1.4
Buddhist 163,750 1.3
Traditional Aboriginal (Spirituality) 15,905 0.1
Other Religions 53,080 0.4
  • Of Christian faith: Catholic at 3,976,610 (31.4%); United Church 952,465 (7.5%); Anglican 774,560 (6.1%); Presbyterian 319,585 (2.5%); Christian Orthodox 297,710 (2.4%); Baptist 244,650 (1.9%); Pentecostal 213,945 (1.7%); Lutheran 163,460 (1.3%); Other Christian 1,224,300 (9.7%)

Source: Statistics Canada [7] StatsCan 2011 National Household Survey

Census Metropolitan Areas[edit]

City 2016 [18] 2011 [19] 2006 [20] 2001 [21] 1996 [22] 1991 [22]
Toronto 5,928,040 5,583,064 5,113,149 4,682,897 4,263,757 3,898,933
Ottawa-Gatineau 1,323,783 1,236,324 1,130,761 1,063,664 1,010,498 941,814
Hamilton 747,545 721,053 692,911 662,401 624,360 599,760
Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 523,894 477,160 451,235 414,284 382,940 356,421
London 494,069 474,786 457,720 432,451 398,616 381,522
St. Catharines-Niagara 406,074 392,184 390,317 377,009 372,406 364,552
Oshawa 379,848 356,177 330,594 296,298 268,773 240,104
Windsor 329,144 319,246 323,342 307,877 278,685 262,075
Barrie 197,059 187,013 177,061 148,480 118,695 97,150
Greater Sudbury 164,689 160,770 158,258 155,601 160,488 157,613
Kingston 161,175 159,561 152,358 146,838 143,416 136,401
Guelph 151,984 141,097 127,009 117,344 105,420 97,667
Brantford 134,203 135,501 124,607 86,417 100,238 97,106
Peterborough 121,721 118,975 |102,423 100,193 98,060 -
Thunder Bay 121,621 121,596 122,907 121,986 125,562 124,925
Belleville 103,472 101,668 91,518 87,395 87,871 -

As regards ethnic origins and CMA of highest concentration (minimum: 1%):

Ethnic Origin CMA % of population
Chinese Toronto 12.0
East Indian Toronto 11.0
Filipino Toronto 4.7
Jamaican Toronto 3.4
Russian Toronto 2.4
Pakistani Toronto 2.1
Sri Lankan Toronto 2.0
Spanish Toronto 1.8
Greek Toronto 1.7
Iranian Toronto 1.7
Korean Toronto 1.3
Other African origins, n.i.e Toronto 1.1
Jewish Toronto 1.0
Haitian Ottawa-Gatineau 1.1
Croatian Hamilton 1.9
German Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 21.8
Portuguese Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 4.1
Romanian Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 1.9
Swiss Kitchener-Cambridge-Waterloo 1.5
Belgian London 1.1
Lebanese Windsor 3.3
Iraqi Windsor 2.2
American Windsor 1.7
Serbian Windsor 1.4
Arab, n.o.s. Windsor 1.0
British Isles origins, n.i.e. Barrie 3.7
Canadian Greater Sudbury 45.6
French Greater Sudbury 37.7
Vietnamese Guelph 1.6
Dutch Brantford 8.0
Hungarian Brantford 3.2
English Peterborough 39.1
Irish Peterborough 32.5
Scottish Peterborough 26.3
Welsh Peterborough 2.6
Italian Thunder Bay 14.0
Ukrainian Thunder Bay 13.5
Finnish Thunder Bay 11.4
First Nations Thunder Bay 10.5
Polish Thunder Bay 7.1
Swedish Thunder Bay 4.5
Métis Thunder Bay 2.9
Norwegian Thunder Bay 2.8
Slovak Thunder Bay 2.0
Danish Thunder Bay 1.1


See also[edit]

Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The following is the total figure from all respondents, including single, and multi-answered respondents.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2010-08-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-14. Retrieved 2010-08-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2010-08-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2017-09-14. Retrieved 2017-10-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Province/Territory". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  8. ^ Government of Canada, Statistics Canada (2013-05-08). "2011 National Household Survey: Data tables – Aboriginal Ancestry (6), Single and Multiple Aboriginal Ancestry Responses (3), Age Groups (6) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2011 National Household Survey". www12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 2019-08-29.
  9. ^ "Demographics of Toronto", Wikipedia, 2019-10-01, retrieved 2019-10-01
  10. ^ "1996 Census - Toronto CMA".
  11. ^ "1996 Census - Ontario Visible Minority".
  12. ^ "Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity Highlight Tables - Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Ontario, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  13. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Ontario [Province]". Statistics Canada. November 29, 2017. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  14. ^ "Population by visible minority group, place of residence and projection scenario, Canada, 2011 and 2036". Statistics Canada. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  15. ^ "Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada, 2011 to 2036" (PDF). Statistics Canada. September 17, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2019.
  16. ^ "TMMIS - Committees" (PDF). Toronto.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  17. ^ "Interprovincial Migration in Canada: Quebeckers Vote with Their Feet" (PDF). www.fraserinstitute.org. Retrieved 2018-12-26.
  18. ^ "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  19. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2011 and 2006 censuses". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  20. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  21. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.
  22. ^ a b "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Metropolitan : Areas in Decreasing Order of 1996 Population, 1991 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data". Statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.