Demographics of Prince Edward Island

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Canada Prince Edward Island Density 2016

Demographics of the province of Prince Edward Island, Canada. According to the 2011 National Household Survey, the largest ethnic group consists of people of Scottish descent (39.2%), followed by English (31.1%), Irish (30.4%), French (21.1%), German (5.2%), and Dutch (3.1%) descent. Prince Edward Island is mostly a white community and there are few visible minorities. Chinese people are the largest visible minority group of Prince Edward Island, comprising 1.3% of the province's population. Almost half of respondents identified their ethnicity as "Canadian." Prince Edward Island is by a strong margin the most Celtic and specifically the most Scottish province in Canada and perhaps the most Scottish place (ethnically) in the world, outside Scotland. 38% of islanders claim Scottish ancestry, but this is an underestimate and it is thought that almost 50% of islanders have Scottish roots. When combined with Irish and Welsh, almost 80% of islanders are of some Celtic stock, albeit most families have resided in PEI for at least two centuries. Few places outside Europe can claim such a homogenous Celtic ethnic background. The only other jurisdiction in North America with such a high percentage of British Isles heritage is Newfoundland.

Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

Population history[edit]

Population of Prince Edward Island since 1851
Year Population Mean annual
 % change
Five Year
 % change
Ten Year
 % change
Rank Among
Provinces
1850 62,678 n/a n/a n/a 5
1861 80,857 2.6 n/a 29.0 5
1871 94,021 1.5 n/a 16.3 5
1881 108,891 1.5 n/a 15.8 5
1891 109,078 0.017 n/a 0.2 6
1901 103,259 −0.55 n/a -5.3 7
1911 93,728 −0.96 n/a -9.2 9
1921 88,615 −0.56 n/a -5.4 9
1931 88,038 −0.065 n/a -0.7 9
1941 95,047 0.77 n/a 8.0 9
1951 98,429 0.35 n/a 3.6 10
1956 99,285 0.17 0.9 n/a 10
1961 104,629 1.1 5.4 6.3 10
1966 108,535 0.74 3.7 9.3 10
1971 111,635 0.56 2.9 6.7 10
1976 118,225 1.2 5.9 8.9 10
1981 122,506 0.7 3.6 9.7 10
1986 126,640 0.67 3.4 7.1 10
1991 129,765 0.49 2.5 5.9 10
1996 134,557 0.73 3.7 6.3 10
2001 135,294 0.11 0.5 4.2 10
2006 138,581 0.47 2.4 2.9 10
2011 140,204 0.25 1.2 3.6 10
2016 142,907 n/a 1.9 3.1 10
Source: Statistics Canada[1][2]

Population geography[edit]

Census Metropolitan Areas[edit]

City 2016 2011 2006 Land Area km² Density /km²
Charlottetown 69,325 65,523 59,325 917.47 75.6
Summerside 16,587 16,488 16,153 92.43 179.5

Cities and towns[edit]

All statistics according to Canada 2016 Census, unless otherwise specified

Town Population Population (2011) Population Ranking Land Area km2 Area Ranking Density /km2 Density Ranking
Alberton 1,145 1,135 7 4.52 6 253.5 8
Borden-Carleton 724 750 9 12.99 5 55.7 10
Charlottetown 36,094 34,562 1 44.34 1 814.1 1
Cornwall 5,348 5,162 4 28.19 3 189.7 9
Georgetown 555 675 10 1.59 10 348.1 6
Kensington 1,619 1,513 6 3.01 9 537.8 3
Montague 1,961 1,895 5 3.16 8 620.8 2
Souris 1,053 1,173 8 3.47 7 303.7 7
Stratford 9,706 8,574 3 22.53 4 430.8 5
Summerside 14,829 14,751 2 28.49 2 520.5 4

Ethnic origins[edit]

Nationalities in Canada
Dominant self-identified ethnic origin of the population of Prince Edward Island
Ethnic Origin Population Percent
Canadian 60,000 44.98%
Scottish 50,700 38.01%
English 38,330 28.74%
Irish 37,170 27.87%
French 28,410 21.30%
German 5,400 4.05%
Dutch (Netherlands) 4,130 3.10%
Acadian 3,020 2.26%
North American Indian 2,360 1.77%
Welsh 1,440 1.08%
American (USA) 640
Polish 615
Italian 605
Lebanese 525
Danish 420
Norwegian 325
Ukrainian 320
Swedish 315
Belgian 240
Métis 245
Chinese 225
Hungarian (Magyar) 225
British, not included elsewhere 210
Spanish 175
Jewish 165
Russian 160
Swiss 145
Finnish 135
Inuit 120
Information taken from the Canada 2001 Census..[3]
* These percentages sum to more than 100% due to dual responses (e.g. "French-Canadian" generating an entry in both "French" and "Canadian" categories.) Groups with greater than 1,000 responses are included.

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
European 130,310 93.3%
Visible minority group
Source:[4]
Chinese 2,570 1.8%
South Asian 920 0.7%
Black 825 0.6%
Filipino 670 0.5%
Latin American 255 0.2%
Southeast Asian 145 0.1%
Arab 585 0.4%
West Asian 215 0.2%
Korean 210 0.2%
Japanese 110 0.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 55 0%
Multiple visible minority 85 0.1%
Total visible minority population 6,640 4.8%
Aboriginal group
Source:[5]
First Nations 1,870 1.3%
Métis 710 0.5%
Inuit 75 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 20 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 60 0%
Total Aboriginal population 2,735 2%
Total population 139,685 100%

Languages[edit]

Knowledge of languages[edit]

Knowledge of official languages of Canada in Prince Edward Island
Language Percent
English only
86.38%
French only
0.08%
English and French
12.65%
Neither English nor French
0.89%

The question on knowledge of languages allows for multiple responses. The following figures are from the 2016 Canadian Census,[6] and lists languages that were selected by at least one per cent of respondents.

Language Responses %
English 138,735 99.32
French 17,875 12.80
Mandarin 2,105 1.51

Mother tongue[edit]

Mother tongue in Prince Edward Island (red: English, blue: French). The only part of the province to have a Francophone majority is the so-called Evangeline Region.

The 2006 Canadian census showed a population of 135,851. Of the 133,570 singular responses to the question concerning mother tongue the most commonly reported languages were:

Place Language Population Percentage
1 English 125,260 93.78%
2 French 5,345 4.00%
3 Dutch 865 0.65%
4 German 275 0.21%
5 Spanish 220 0.16%
6 Chinese languages 190 0.14%
Mandarin 45 0.03%
Cantonese 15 0.01%
7 Arabic 150 0.11%
8 Hungarian 120 0.09%
9 Algonquian languages 95 0.07%
Mi'kmaq 90 0.07%
10 Serbo-Croatian languages 85 0.07%
Serbian 35 0.03%
Croatian 20 0.01%
Bosnian 15 0.01%
Serbo-Croatian 15 0.01%
11 Japanese 80 0.06%
12 Bantu languages 70 0.05%
12 Polish 70 0.05%
14 Korean 65 0.05%
14 Scandinavian languages 65 0.05%
Danish 40 0.03%
Swedish 15 0.01%
Icelandic 10 0.01%
16 Frisian 55 0.04%
16 Italian 55 0.04%
18 Flemish 40 0.03%
18 Hindi 40 0.03%
20 Creole 35 0.03%
20 Urdu 35 0.03%

There were also 30 single-language responses for Greek and Niger-Congo languages n.i.e.; 25 for Russian; 20 for Ukrainian; 15 for Finnish, Germanic languages n.i.e., Inuktitut, Maltese, Persian and Tagalog; and 10 for Czech, Estonian, Portuguese, Slovenian, Turkish and Vietnamese. In addition, there were also 105 responses of English and a non-official language; 25 of French and a non-official language; 495 of English and French; and 10 of English, French, and a non-official language. (Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.)[7]

Religion[edit]

Religion Population Percent
Total population 133,385 100.0%
Roman Catholic 63,240 47.4%
United Church 26,570 19.9%
No religion 8,705 6.5%
Presbyterian 7,885 5.9%
Anglican 6,525 4.9%
Baptist 5,950 4.5%
Protestant not included elsewhere 5,105 3.8%
Christian not included elsewhere 3,210 2.4%
Pentecostal 975 0.7%
Jehovah's Witnesses 475 0.4%
Salvation Army 340 0.3%
Mormon 215 0.2%
Christian Reformed Church 205 0.2%
Muslim 195 0.1%
Brethren in Christ 165 0.1%
Non-denominational 165 0.1%
Lutheran 160 0.1%
Buddhist 140 0.1%
Greek Orthodox 110 0.1%
Orthodox not included elsewhere 70 0.1%
Jewish 55 0.0%
Aboriginal spirituality 50 0.0%
Pagan 45 0.0%
Seventh-day Adventist 35 0.0%
Hindu 35 0.0%
Ukrainian Catholic 15 0.0%
Evangelical Missionary Church 10 0.0%
Mennonite 10 0.0%
Methodist 10 0.0%
Information taken from the 2001 Canadian Census.[3]

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Charlottetown comprises the entire Island and is the second oldest English diocese in Canada. The Archdiocese of Kingston is the oldest.

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 4,785 immigrants living in Prince Edward Island.
The most commonly reported origins for these immigrants were: [8]

Place Country Population
1 United States 1,255
2 United Kingdom 1,165
3 Netherlands 500
4 Germany 225
5 Yugoslavia 140
6 Belgium 85
7 Colombia 70
7 South Korea 70
9 Australia 65
9 New Zealand 65
11 China 60
11 Lebanon 60

There were also about fifty-five immigrants from Denmark; about fifty each from India, Japan, and Poland; about forty-five each from Hungary, Sierra Leone, and Syria; and about thirty-five from Zimbabwe.

Interprovincial migration[edit]

Net cumulative interprovincial migration per Province from 1997 to 2017, as a share of population of each Provinces

Since 1971, Prince Edward Island mostly had years of positive interprovincial migration. However, in the 2010s, it turned to the negative. This interprovincial migration exceeded all immigration to the province in 2015.[9]

Interprovincial migration in Prince Edward Island
In-migrants Out-migrants Net migration
2008–09 2,522 3,058 −536
2009–10 2,709 2,649 60
2010–11 2,494 2,704 −210
2011–12 2,620 3,238 −618
2012–13 2,294 3,195 −901
2013–14 2,198 3,139 −941
2014–15 2,367 3,049 −682
2015–16 2,874 2,844 30
2016–17 3,124 2,680 444
2017–18 3,193 3,016 177
2018–19 3,922 3,793 129

Source: Statistics Canada

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Canada Archived 2007-02-21 at the Wayback Machine - PEI Population trend
  2. ^ Population urban and rural, by province and territory (Nova Scotia) Archived 2006-11-21 at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Canada, 2005.
  3. ^ a b "PEI 2001 Canadian Census". Archived from the original on 2007-03-23. Retrieved 2007-01-29.
  4. ^ "2006 Canada Census: Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. March 13, 2007. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
  5. ^ "2006 Census: Aboriginal Population Profile". Statistics Canada. January 15, 2008. Retrieved November 3, 2017.
  6. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Prince Edward Island [Province] and Newfoundland and Labrador [Province] - Language". statcan.gc.ca. Statistics Canada. 9 August 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  7. ^ "2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations". statcan.ca. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  8. ^ "2006 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations". statcan.ca. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
  9. ^ Aug 16, Kevin Yarr · CBC News · Posted; August 16, 2016 11:00 AM AT | Last Updated; 2016. "Immigration not keeping pace with people leaving P.E.I. | CBC News". CBC. Retrieved 2018-12-28.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)