Demographics of Punjab, India

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According to the 2011 Census of India, Punjab, India has a population of around 27.7 million. Sikhism is the most practiced faith in Punjab, and roughly 58% of the population belongs to the Sikh faith. Around 38% of the population practices Hinduism. Other faiths include Islam, Buddhism, Christianity and Jainism.[3]

The holiest of Sikh Shrines, the Harmandir Sahib (or Golden Temple), is in The Holy city of Amritsar. The Akal Takht which resides within the Golden temple complex is the temporal seat of Sikhs. Of the five Takhts(Temporal Seat) of Sikhism, three are in Punjab. Anandpur Sahib is where Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa on Vaisakhi. During major holidays on the Sikh calendar (such as Vaisakhi, Hola Mohalla, Gurpurb or Diwali), many Sikhs gather and march through virtually every city, town and village in Punjab. Sikhism is so common in fact, that at least one Sikh Gurdwara can be found in every village, town and city (in various styles and sizes).

The Punjabi language, written in the Gurmukhi script is the official language of the state. Muslims form slight majority in the Malerkotla town. The Muslim population in Punjab has increased to 1.93% due to labourer workers from other Indian states, mainly Bihar and Uttar Pradesh.

Castes of Punjab
Caste Population (%) Notes
OBC 22%[4][5] includes Sainis, Kambojs, Lobanas, Tarkhans/Ramgarhias, Arains, Gurjars, Telis, Banjaras, Lohars[6]
Scheduled Castes (Dalits) 31.94%[7] includes Mazhabi Sikhs - 10%, Chamars/Ad-Dharmis - 13.1%, Balmikis/Bhanghi - 3.5%, Bazigar - 1.05%, Others - 4%[8]
Forward caste 41% includes Jat Sikhs - 21%,[9] Brahmins, Khatri, Bania, Thakurs/Rajputs
Others 3.8%[10] includes Muslims, Christians, Buddhists, Jains
Religious population by district (2011)[3]
# District Sikh Hindu Muslim Christian Jain Buddhist Other religions Religion not stated
1 Amritsar 1716935 690939 12502 54344 3152 876 1044 10864
2 Barnala 467751 112859 13100 622 246 108 481 360
3 Bathinda 984286 380569 16299 2474 1266 246 559 2826
4 Faridkot 469789 141363 3125 1227 1109 155 103 637
5 Fatehgarh Sahib 427521 152851 16808 1698 178 48 251 808
6 Firozpur 1090815 906408 6844 19358 1143 454 278 3774
7 Gurdaspur 1002874 1074332 27667 176587 580 405 812 15066
8 Hoshiarpur 538208 1000743 23089 14968 2034 3476 531 3576
9 Jalandhar 718363 1394329 30233 26016 4011 11385 805 8448
10 Kapurthala 453692 336124 10190 5445 553 6662 334 2168
11 Ludhiana 1863408 1502403 77713 16517 19620 2007 1254 15817
12 Mansa 598443 156539 10375 917 1577 123 493 1284
13 Moga 818921 158414 9388 3277 436 178 365 4767
14 Muktsar 638625 254920 4333 1681 744 240 433 920
15 Patiala 1059944 783306 40043 5683 1914 245 1410 3141
16 Rupnagar 361045 304481 14492 2094 653 118 143 1601
17 Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar 478908 476276 29488 5342 1257 257 239 2861
18 Sangrur 1077438 389410 179116 2406 3222 268 1038 2271
19 Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar 192885 401368 6829 1479 695 5885 266 2903
20 Tarn Taran 1044903 60504 3855 6095 650 101 47 3472
Punjab (Total) 16004754 10678138 535489 348230 45040 33237 10886 87564
Religious population proportion by district (2011)[3]
# District Sikh Hindu Muslim Christian Jain Buddhist Other religions Religion not stated
1 Amritsar 68.94% 27.74% 0.50% 2.18% 0.13% 0.04% 0.04% 0.44%
2 Barnala 78.54% 18.95% 2.20% 0.10% 0.04% 0.02% 0.08% 0.06%
3 Bathinda 70.89% 27.41% 1.17% 0.18% 0.09% 0.02% 0.04% 0.20%
4 Faridkot 76.08% 22.89% 0.51% 0.20% 0.18% 0.03% 0.02% 0.10%
5 Fatehgarh Sahib 71.23% 25.47% 2.80% 0.28% 0.03% 0.01% 0.04% 0.13%
6 Firozpur 53.76% 44.67% 0.34% 0.95% 0.06% 0.02% 0.01% 0.19%
7 Gurdaspur 43.64% 46.74% 1.20% 7.68% 0.03% 0.02% 0.04% 0.66%
8 Hoshiarpur 33.92% 63.07% 1.46% 0.94% 0.13% 0.22% 0.03% 0.23%
9 Jalandhar 32.75% 63.56% 1.38% 1.19% 0.18% 0.52% 0.04% 0.39%
10 Kapurthala 55.66% 41.23% 1.25% 0.67% 0.07% 0.82% 0.04% 0.27%
11 Ludhiana 53.26% 42.94% 2.22% 0.47% 0.56% 0.06% 0.04% 0.45%
12 Mansa 77.75% 20.34% 1.35% 0.12% 0.20% 0.02% 0.06% 0.17%
13 Moga 82.24% 15.91% 0.94% 0.33% 0.04% 0.02% 0.04% 0.48%
14 Muktsar 70.81% 28.26% 0.48% 0.19% 0.08% 0.03% 0.05% 0.10%
15 Patiala 55.91% 41.32% 2.11% 0.30% 0.10% 0.01% 0.07% 0.17%
16 Rupnagar 52.74% 44.47% 2.12% 0.31% 0.10% 0.02% 0.02% 0.23%
17 Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar 48.15% 47.88% 2.96% 0.54% 0.13% 0.03% 0.02% 0.29%
18 Sangrur 65.10% 23.53% 10.82% 0.15% 0.19% 0.02% 0.06% 0.14%
19 Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar 31.50% 65.55% 1.12% 0.24% 0.11% 0.96% 0.04% 0.47%
20 Tarn Taran 93.33% 5.40% 0.34% 0.54% 0.06% 0.01% 0.00% 0.31%
Punjab (Total) 57.69% 38.49% 1.93% 1.26% 0.16% 0.12% 0.04% 0.32%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census Population" (PDF). Census of India. Ministry of Finance India. Retrieved 2008-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population by religious community: Punjab". 2011 Census of India. Retrieved 2015-08-27. 
  3. ^ "Although the OBC share in the country’s population is about 41 per cent, in states like Punjab, the concentration of the OBC population is less than 25 per cent". Hindustantimes.com. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Congress takes on Punjab CM for not implementing reservation policy in state". Punjabnewsexpress.com. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Common List of OBCs State PUNJAB". Punjabbackfinco.gov.in. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  6. ^ "The highest SC population, 31.9 per cent of the state's total number, is in Punjab - Indian Express". Archive.indianexpress.com. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  7. ^ "PUNJAB DATA HIGHLIGHTS: THE SCHEDULED CASTES" (PDF). Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  8. ^ "The Jats in Punjab comprise only 21 per cent population, yet they have been ruling and dominating politics in Punjab for decades - India Today". Indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved July 6, 2016. 
  9. ^ "Punjab Religion Data - Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. Retrieved July 6, 2016.