Demographics of Saint Lucia

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Saint Lucia population pyramid in 2020

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Saint Lucia, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Census population and average annual growth rate
YearPop.±%
1843 20,694—    
1851 24,185+16.9%
1861 26,674+10.3%
1871 31,610+18.5%
1881 38,551+22.0%
1891 42,220+9.5%
1901 49,883+18.2%
1911 48,637−2.5%
1921 51,505+5.9%
1946 70,113+36.1%
1960 86,108+22.8%
1970 100,893+17.2%
1980 113,409+12.4%
1991 133,308+17.5%
2001 157,775+18.4%
2010 165,595+5.0%
Source:[1]

Population[edit]

Demographics of Saint Lucia, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands

According to the 2018 population census Saint Lucia has a population of 179,667.[2] The estimated population of 2018 is 181,889 (the 2019 revision of the World Population Prospects[3][4]). The population is evenly divided between urban and rural areas.

Vital statistics[edit]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) Total fertility rate[5] Infant mortality rate
1950 79 2 820 1 184 1 636 34.1 14.3 19.8
1951 80 2 892 1 389 1 503 34.5 16.6 17.9
1952 81 2 906 1 246 1 660 34.3 14.7 19.6
1953 81 3 069 1 156 1 913 35.9 13.5 22.4
1954 82 3 090 1 028 2 062 35.9 11.9 23.9
1955 83 3 549 1 034 2 515 41.0 11.9 29.0
1956 83 3 571 1 127 2 444 41.0 12.9 28.0
1957 84 3 924 1 270 2 654 44.7 14.5 30.3
1958 85 3 952 1 269 2 683 44.7 14.4 30.4
1959 85 4 108 1 297 2 811 46.1 14.6 31.6
1960 86.444 4 240 1 281 2 959 47.2 14.2 32.9
1961 87.800 4 011 1 228 2 783 44.1 13.5 30.6
1962 89.178 3 935 1 186 2 749 42.7 12.9 29.9
1963 90.577 3 981 1 069 2 912 42.6 11.4 31.2
1964 91.998 4 098 864 3 234 43.2 9.1 34.1
1965 93.441 4 379 842 3 537 45.5 8.7 36.7
1966 94.907 4 307 746 3 561 44.0 7.6 36.4
1967 96.396 4 340 887 3 453 43.6 8.9 34.7
1968 97.908 4 152 821 3 331 41.0 8.1 32.9
1969 99.444 4 057 791 3 266 39.5 7.7 31.8
1970 101.366 3 958 825 3 133 38.0 7.9 30.1
1971 102.779 4 083 802 3 281 38.7 7.6 31.1
1972 104.192 4 151 950 3 201 39.0 8.9 30.1
1973 105.605 4 054 835 3 219 37.7 7.8 30.0
1974 107.018 3 909 827 3 082 36.0 7.6 28.4
1975 108.431 4 051 855 3 196 36.9 7.8 29.1
1976 109.844 3 920 893 3 027 35.2 8.0 27.2
1977 111.257 4 127 815 3 312 36.6 7.2 29.4
1978 112.670 4 029 781 3 248 35.2 6.8 28.4
1979 114.083 3 808 850 2 958 32.7 7.3 25.4
1980 115.499 3 944 843 3 101 33.4 7.1 26.3
1981 117.360 3 860 843 3 017 32.3 7.0 25.2
1982 119.360 4 045 845 3 200 33.4 7.0 26.4
1983 121.083 4 069 795 3 274 33.2 6.5 26.7
1984 122.944 4 159 740 3 419 33.4 5.9 27.5
1985 124.805 4 223 824 3 399 33.4 6.5 26.9 3.5
1986 126.666 3 907 843 3 064 30.4 6.6 23.8
1987 128.527 3 833 934 2 899 29.3 7.1 22.1
1988 130.388 3 643 902 2 741 27.3 6.8 20.5
1989 132.249 3 652 882 2 770 26.9 6.5 20.4
1990 134.110 3 582 874 2 708 25.9 6.3 19.6
1991 135.975 3 572 866 2 706 25.5 6.2 19.3
1992 137.607 3 761 919 2 842 26.5 6.5 20.0
1993 139.909 3 556 907 2 649 24.8 6.3 18.4
1994 142.688 3 684 915 2 769 25.4 6.3 19.1
1995 145.437 3 705 940 2 765 25.2 6.4 18.8
1996 147.062 3 299 950 2 349 22.1 6.4 15.8
1997 149.666 3 444 981 2 463 22.8 6.5 16.3
1998 151.952 2 950 976 1 974 19.3 6.4 12.9
1999 154.220 2 997 981 2 016 19.3 6.3 13.0
2000 155.996 2 904 941 1 963 18.5 6.0 12.5
2001 157.775 2 788 998 1 790 17.6 6.3 11.3
2002 158.644 2 598 960 1 638 16.2 6.0 10.2
2003 159.513 2 486 1 046 1 440 15.4 6.5 8.9
2004 160.382 2 322 1 114 1 208 14.2 6.8 7.4
2005 161.250 2 298 1 110 1 188 14.3 6.9 7.4 1.5 21.3
2006 162.119 2 261 1 029 1 232 13.9 6.3 7.6 1.4 21.7
2007 162.988 2 191 1 029 1 162 13.4 6.3 7.1 1.5 16.9
2008 163.857 2 210 1 022 1 188 13.6 6.2 7.3 1.5 17.6
2009 164.726 2 192 954 1 238 13.3 5.8 7.5 1.5 16.9
2010 165.595 (census) 1 882 737 1 145 11.4 4.5 6.9 1.4 15.4
2011 167.366 2 009 983 1 026 12.0 5.9 6.1 1.5 20.9
2012 169.115 2 103 922 1 181 12.4 5.5 6.9 1.5 16.2
2013 170.745
2014 172.623
2015 174.257 2 069 11.9 26.1
2016 175.819 15.0
2017 177.301 31.0
2018 178.696 15.8

[6][7][8]

Structure of the population[edit]

Structure of the population (01.07.2009) (Estimates) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 84 465 87 905 172 370 100
0-4 7 808 7 536 15 344 8,90
5-9 6 514 6 674 13 188 7,65
10-14 8 047 8 058 16 105 9,34
15-19 8 735 8 651 17 386 10,09
20-24 8 553 8 877 17 430 10,11
25-29 7 422 7 692 15 114 8,77
30-34 6 469 6 848 13 317 7,73
35-39 5 895 6 345 12 240 7,10
40-44 5 644 6 065 11 709 6,79
45-49 5 107 5 434 10 541 6,12
50-54 3 988 3 990 7 978 4,63
55-59 2 977 2 980 5 957 3,46
60-64 2 142 2 417 4 559 2,64
65-69 1 662 1 985 3 647 2,12
70-74 1 410 1 667 3 077 1,79
75-79 1 034 1 242 2 276 1,32
80+ 1 058 1 444 2 502 1,45
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 22 369 22 268 44 637 25,90
15-64 56 932 59 299 116 231 67,43
65+ 5 164 6 338 11 502 6,67

[9]

Ethnic groups[edit]

Saint Lucia's population is predominantly African/black (141,216 in 2010; 85.3% of the total population) or of mixed African-European descent (17,965; 10.8%).[2] 2.2% of the population is East Indian (3,575 residents in 2010) and 0.6% white (991). Saint Lucia also has a small Amerindian (Carib) population. During the past decades the Amerindian (Carib) increased from 366 at the 1991 census (0.3% of the population), 803 at the 2001 census (0.5% of the population) to 951 in 2010 (0.6% of the population.

The remaining 0.5% of the population includes Chinese (0.1%) and people from the Middle East (0.1%).

Ethnic groups of Saint Lucia [10]
Ethnic groups percent
Black
85.3%
Mixed
10.9%
East Indian
2.2%
Other
1.6%
Unspecified
0.1%

Languages[edit]

The official language is English.[11][12] Saint Lucian Creole French (Kwéyòl), which is colloquially referred to as Patois ("Patwa"), is spoken by 95% of the population.[13] This Antillean Creole is used in literature and music, and is gaining official acknowledgement.[13] As it developed during the early period of French colonisation, the Creole is derived chiefly from French and West African languages, with some vocabulary from Carib and other sources. Saint Lucia is a member of La Francophonie.[14]

Religion[edit]

According to the 2010 census, 90.2% percent of the population of Saint Lucia is considered Christian, 2.3% has a non-Christian religion and 5.9% has no religion or did not state a religion (1.4%).[2]

Roughly two thirds of Christians are Roman Catholics (61.5% of the total population), a reflection of early French influence on the island, and 25.5% are Protestant. The Seventh-day Adventists constitute the largest Protestant group, with 10.4% of the population. Pentecostals are the second largest group (8.9%). The next largest group are Evangelicals (2.3% of the population), followed by Baptists (2.2%). Other Christians include Anglicanism (3.4%) and Jehovah's Witnesses (1.1%),

The number of non-Christians is small. These religious groups include the Rastafarian Movement (1.9% of the population), Hinduism (0.3%) and Muslims (0.1%).

Religious groups of Saint Lucia [10]
Religious groups percent
Roman Catholic
61.5%
Protestant
25.5%
Seventh-day Adventist
10.4%
Pentecostal
8.9%
None
5.9%
Baptist
2.2%
Evangelical
2.3%
Other Christian
3.4%
Unspecified
1.4%
Church of God
1.5%
Anglican
1.6%
Rastafarian
1.9%
Jehovah's Witness
1.1%
Other Protestant
0.9%
Other
0.4%

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Annual Statistical Digest" (PDF). 204.188.173.139:9090. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-06. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  2. ^ a b c "Cepal-Celade::Redatam Style Page". 204.188.173.139:9090. Archived from the original on 2013-12-29. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  3. ^ ""World Population prospects – Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  4. ^ ""Overall total population" – World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  5. ^ "Population". 204.188.173.139:9090. 2013-05-13. Archived from the original on 2013-09-29. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  6. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Unstats.un.org. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  7. ^ "Home". 204.188.173.139:9090. Archived from the original on 2013-12-29. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  8. ^ "Demographic Profile : Saint Lucia" (PDF). Caricomstats.org. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  9. ^ "United Nations Statistics Division - Demographic and Social Statistics". Unstats.un.org. Retrieved 2016-07-18.
  10. ^ a b "Central America and Caribbean :: SAINT LUCIA". CIA The World Factbook.
  11. ^ "About St. Lucia". Castries, St. Lucia: St. Lucis Tourist Board. Archived from the original on 5 June 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2011. The official language spoken in Saint Lucia is English although many Saint Lucians also speak a French dialect, Creole (Kwéyòl).
  12. ^ Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs (U.S. Department of State) (12 August 2011). "Background Note: Saint Lucia". United States Department of State. Retrieved 11 November 2011. Languages: English (official); a French patois is common throughout the country.
  13. ^ a b "Kweyolphone Countries Take Stock of the Language's Growth". Government of Saint Lucia. Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2008.
  14. ^ "Welcome to the International Organisation of La Francophonie's official website". Paris: Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. Retrieved 11 November 2011.