Demographics of Saskatchewan

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Population density of Saskatchewan, 2016

Saskatchewan is the middle province of Canada's three Prairie Provinces. It has an area of 651,900 km² (251,700 mi²) and a population of 1,117,503 (Saskatchewanians) as of January 2014. Most of its population lives in the southern half of the province. The most populous city is Saskatoon with a population of 260,600 (2011) in the Census Metropolitan Area (CMA), followed by the province's capital, Regina with a population of 210,556 (2011) in the CMA. The province's population makeup is also notable for German being the largest European ethnic group and also for the second-largest proportion of people of indigenous descent of any of the provinces, after Manitoba.

Population history[edit]

Year Population Five-year
% change
Ten-year
% change
Rank among
provinces
1901 91,279 n/a n/a 8
1911 492,432 n/a 439.5 3
1921 757,510 n/a 53.8 3
1931 921,785 n/a 21.7 3
1941 895,992 n/a -2.8 3
1951 831,728 n/a -7.2 5
1956 880,665 5.9 n/a 5
1961 925,181 5.1 11.2 5
1966 955,344 3.3 8.5 6
1971 926,242 -3.0 0.1 6
1976 921,325 -0.5 3.6 6
1981 968,313 5.1 4.5 6
1986 1,009,613 4.3 9.6 6
1991 988,928 -2.0 2.1 6
1996 976,615 -1.2 -3.3 6
2001 978,933 0.2 -1.0 6
2006 985,386 0.7 0.9 6
2011 1,053,960 7.0 7.6 6
2016 1,098,352 6.3 11.4 6

Source: Statistics Canada.[1][2]

Ethnic origins[edit]

Note: The following statistics include a combination of individual and multiple responses from the 2001 Census, and therefore do not add up to 100%.[3]

Future projections[edit]

Ethnic origin by regional group
Group 2016[4] 2036[5][6]
Number % of 2016 population (1,098,352) Number % of 2036 estimated population (1,378,000)
European origins 779,665 72.8% 756,000 54.9%
Aboriginal origins 175,020 16.3% 289,000 21.0%
East and Southeast Asian origins 56,460 5.3% 175,000 12.7%
South Asian and Middle Eastern origins 36,325 3.4% 103,000 7.5%
African origins 14,925 1.4% 35,000 2.5%
Latin, Central and South American origins 4,195 0.4% 11,000 0.8%
Other 3,970 0.4% 10,000 0.7%
*Percentages total over 100% due to multiple responses, e.g. German-Indian, Norwegian-Irish.

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Indigenous and visible minority identity (2016):[7][8]

  European Canadian (72.9%)
  Visible minority (10.8%)
  First Nations (10.7%)
  Métis (5.4%)
  Other Indigenous (0.2%)
Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2016 Census)
Population group Population % of total population
European 779,665 72.8%
Visible minority group
Source:[9]
South Asian 29,960 2.8%
Chinese 15,545 1.5%
Black 14,925 1.4%
Filipino 32,340 3%
Latin American 4,195 0.4%
Arab 4,300 0.4%
Southeast Asian 5,745 0.5%
West Asian 2,065 0.2%
Korean 1,875 0.2%
Japanese 955 0.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 1,150 0.1%
Multiple visible minority 2,820 0.3%
Total visible minority population 115,875 10.8%
Aboriginal group
Source:[10]
First Nations 114,570 10.7%
Métis 57,880 5.4%
Inuit 360 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 905 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 1305 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 175,020 16.3%
Total population 1,070,560 100%

Languages[edit]

Knowledge of languages[edit]

Knowledge of official languages of Canada in Saskatchewan
Language Percent
English only
94.48%
French only
0.05%
English and French
4.74%
Neither English nor French
0.73%

The question on knowledge of languages allows for multiple responses. The following figures are from the 2016 Canadian Census,[11] and lists languages that were selected by at least one per cent of respondents.

Language Responses %
English 1,062,275 99.23
French 51,325 4.79
Tagalog 28,655 2.68
Cree[note 1] 21,870 2.04
German 17,390 1.62
Ukrainian 13,090 1.22

Mother tongue[edit]

Languages of Saskatchewan (2016):[12]

  English (82.4%)
  French (1.4%)
  Other language (14.5%)
  Multiple (1.7%)

The 2006 census showed a population of 968,157. Of the 946,250 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue the languages most commonly reported were:

Language 2006 % 2001 %
1. English 811,275 85.7% 817,955 85.8%
2. German 28,555 3.0% 32,515 3.4%
3. Algonquian languages 26,525 2.8% 23,735 2.5%
Cree 24,255 2.6% 22,055 2.1%
Ojibway 1,745 0.2% 1,375 0.1%
4. Ukrainian 16,350 1.7% 19,650 2.1%
5. French 16,060 1.7% 17,775 1.9%
6. Chinese 7,475 0.8% 6,015 0.6%
Cantonese 1,720 0.2% 1,425 0.2%
Mandarin 715 0.1% 395 <0.1%
7. Athapaskan languages 7,145 0.8% 6,315 0.7%
Dene 7,135 0.8% 6,310 0.7%
8. Polish 2,510 0.4% 3,015 0.3%
9. Hungarian 2,190 0.2% 2,700 0.3%
10. Tagalog (Filipino/Pilipino) 2,170 0.2% 1,545 0.2%
11. Dutch 1,785 0.2% 1,930 0.20%
12. Scandinavian languages 1,690 0.2% 2,320 0.2%
Norwegian 830 0.1% 1,260 0.1%
Danish 420 <0.1% 430 0.1%
Swedish 355 <0.1% 525 0.1%
13. Arabic 1,525 0.12% 1,090 0.11%
14. Russian 1,400 0.2% 1,440 0.2%
15. Vietnamese 1,305 0.1% 1,390 0.2%
16. Serbo-Croatian languages 1,250 0.1% 1,235 0.1%
Croatian 450 0.1% 435 0.1%
Bosnian 335 <0.1% N N
Serbian 270 <0.1% 210 <0.1%
Serbo-Croatian 195 <0.1% 590 0.1%
17. Greek 1,060 0.1% 980 0.1%
18. Panjabi (Punjabi) 850 0.1% 540 0.1%
19. Persian 785 0.1% 415 <0.1%
20. Romanian 770 0.1% 775 0.1%
21. Italian 735 0.1% 895 0.1%
22. Korean 675 0.1% 425 <0.1%
23. Germanic languages n.i.e. 605 0.1% 375 <0.1%
24. Siouan languages (Dakota/Sioux) 410 <0.1% 345 <0.1%
25. African languages n.i.e. 405 <0.1% 130 0.01%
26. Portuguese 380 <0.1% 405 <0.1%
27. Finnish 365 <0.1% 435 <0.1%
28. Hindi 355 <0.1% 320 <0.1%
29. Lao 340 <0.1% 275 0.03%
30. Urdu 330 <0.1% 425 <0.1%
31= Bantu languages 325 <0.1% 170 <0.1%
Swahili 105 <0.1% 110 <0.1%
31= Czech 325 <0.1% 415 <0.1%
33. Berber 310 <0.1% 185 <0.1%
34. Japanese 290 <0.1% 185 <0.1%
35. Niger–Congo languages n.i.e. 285 <0.1% 100 <0.1%
36. Tigrigna 215 <0.1% 190 <0.1%
37= Gujarati 210 <0.1% 225 0.02%
37= Slovak 210 <0.1% 100 <0.1%
37= Somali 210 <0.1% 35 ~
40. Bengali 190 <0.1% 70 <0.1%

Note: "n.i.e.": not included elsewhere

There were also 175 single-language responses for Non-verbal languages (Sign languages); 170 for Amharic; 155 for Turkish; 140 for Sinhala; 135 for Slavic languages n.i.e.; 130 for Slovenian; 120 for Pashto; 115 for Malay; 115 for Malayalam; 115 for Thai; 110 for Ilocano; 110 for Khmer; 100 for Celtic languages; and 100 for Sino-Tibetan languages n.i.e. In addition there were also 6,080 responses of both English and a non-official language; 245 of both French and a non-official language; 1,130 of both English and French; and 140 of English, French and a non-official language. Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.[13]

Religion[edit]

Saskatchewan Religion statistics

Religious affiliation (2011):[14]

  Christian (72.1%)
  Sikh (0.8%)
  Buddhist (0.4%)
  Muslim (0.5%)
  Jewish (0.1%)
  Hindu (0.4%)
  Aboriginal spirituality (1.2%)
  Other religions (0.3%)
  Irreligious (24.4%)

Christian sub-affiliation (2011):[14]

  Roman Catholic (41.0%)
  United Church (18.5%)
  Lutheran (8.8%)
  Anglican (7.5%)
  Baptist (2.2%)
  Pentecostal (2.2%)
  Orthodox (1.8%)
  Presbyterian (1.1%)
  Other Christian (16.9%)

According to the Canada 2001 Census, the most practiced religions in the province were:[15]

With increase immigration from highly religious countries such as the Philippines, the Christian population continues to rise, particularly the Catholic denomination, as well as small amounts of Protestants. 151,455 people declared themselves as without religion.

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2016 Canadian census counted a total of 112,490 immigrants living in Saskatchewan.
The most commonly reported countries of birth for all immigrants living in Saskatchewan were:[16]

Rank Place of Origin Total
1. Philippines 26,865
2. India 9,630
3. China 7,485
4. United Kingdom 7,020
5. Pakistan 6,860
6. United States 4,845
7. Ukraine 3,280
8. Vietnam 2,620
=9. Germany 2,575
=9. Bangladesh 2,575
11. South Africa 1,775
12. Nigeria 1,695
13. Poland 1,390
14. Mexico 1,330
15. Netherlands 1,220
16. Iraq 1,175
17. Syria 1,155
18. South Korea 1,125
19. Ireland 840
20. Jamaica 815

There were also about 800 immigrants from Russia; 785 from Iran; 770 from Hong Kong; 695 from Romania; 635 from Ethiopia and Somalia; 630 from El Salvador; 605 from Greece; 595 from Eritrea; 585 from Serbia; 570 from Italy; 560 from Myanmar; and 555 from Colombia.

Recent immigration[edit]

The 2016 Canadian census counted a total of 47,940 people who immigrated to Saskatchewan between 2011 and 2016.

Recent immigrants to Saskatchewan by place of birth (2011 to 2016)[17]
Rank Country Population % of recent immigrants
1 Philippines 16,615 34.7%
2 India 6,150 12.8%
3 Pakistan 3,465 7.2%
4 China 3,340 7%
5 Bangladesh 1,500 3.1%
6 Ukraine 1,320 2.8%
7 Syria 1,110 2.3%
8 Nigeria 1,035 2.2%
9 Vietnam 860 1.8%
10 United Kingdom 855 1.8%
11 United States 750 1.6%
12 South Africa 550 1.1%
13 Ireland 525 1.1%
14 South Korea 475 1%
15 Mexico 435 0.9%

Interprovincial migration[edit]

Net cumulative interprovincial migration per Province from 1997 to 2017, as a share of population of each Provinces

Interprovincial migration has long been a demographic challenge for Saskatchewan, and it was often said that "Saskatchewan's most valuable export [was] its young people".[18] The trend reversed in 2006 as the nascent oil fracking industry started growing in the province, but returned to negative net migration starting in 2013. Most people migrating from Saskatchewan move west to Alberta or British Columbia.[19]

Interprovincial migration in Saskatchewan
In-migrants Out-migrants Net migration
2008–09 18,127 15,144 2,983
2009–10 17,237 15,084 2,153
2010–11 16,602 16,057 545
2011–12 19,386 17,508 1,878
2012–13 16,982 16,590 392
2013–14 16,371 18,210 −1,839
2014–15 15,346 19,874 −4,528
2015–16 15,260 19,532 −4,272
2016–17 13,130 18,890 −5,760
2017–18 11,637 20,112 −8,475
2018–19 11,637 23,607 −9,688

Source: Statistics Canada

See also[edit]

Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Includes Cree-Montagnais languages not otherwise specified

References[edit]

  1. ^ The history of Saskatchewan's population from Statistics Canada
  2. ^ Canada's population Archived November 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  3. ^ Ethnic origins Archived 2007-03-13 at the Wayback Machine from Statistics Canada
  4. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Saskatchewan [Province] and Canada [Country]". Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  5. ^ "Population by visible minority group, place of residence and projection scenario, Canada, 2011 and 2036". Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Projections of the Aboriginal Population and Households in Canada 2011 to 2036" (PDF). Retrieved 19 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples Highlight Tables". 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  8. ^ "Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity Highlight Tables". 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  9. ^ [1], Community Profiles from the 2016 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  10. ^ [2], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  11. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Saskatchewan [Province] and Quebec [Province] - Language". statcan.gc.ca. Statistics Canada. 9 August 2019. Retrieved 15 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Language Highlight Tables". 2016 Census. Statistics Canada. 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  13. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  14. ^ a b "Religion (108) for the Population in Private Households of Canada". 2011 National Household Survey. Statistics Canada. 2019. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  15. ^ Statistics Canada. "Population by religion, by province and territory (2001 Census) (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan)". Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  16. ^ Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Place of Birth (272), Age (7A) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
  17. ^ "Immigrant population by place of birth, period of immigration, 2016 counts, both sexes, age (total), Saskatchewan, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data".
  18. ^ Elliot, Doug (2005). Interprovincial Migration - in the Encyclopedia of Saskatchewan. Regina: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina. pp. 483–484.
  19. ^ "Exodus of Saskatchewan residents to Alberta, British Columbia, continues to plague province | Globalnews.ca". globalnews.ca. 2018-06-06. Archived from the original on 2018-12-29. Retrieved 2018-12-28.