Demographics of Staten Island
|Borough of New York City|
Location of Staten Island shown in orange.
|City||New York City|
|• Total||102.50 sq mi (265.5 km2)|
|• Land||58.48 sq mi (151.5 km2)|
|• Water||44.02 sq mi (114.0 km2)|
|Population (April 2010 U.S. Census)|
|• Total||468, 730|
|• Density||8,163.1/sq mi (3,151.8/km2)|
Richmond County, also known as Staten Island is a borough of New York City, New York, United States. Staten Island is the least populated of the five boroughs with 468, 730 people but is the third largest in area at 59 sq mi (153 km2).
According to the 2010 Census, there were 468,730 people living in Staten Island, which is an increase of 5.6% since the 2000 Census.
According to the 2010 Census, 64.0% of the population was non-Hispanic White, 9.5% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 0.0% non-Hispanic American Indian and Alaska Native, 7.4% non-Hispanic Asian, 0.2% from some other race (non-Hispanic) and 2.6% of two or more races (non-Hispanic). 17.3% of Staten Island's population was of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin (they may be of any race).
2009 American community survey
According to the 2009 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, Staten Island had a population 491,730, of which 48.7% were males and 51.3% were females. Approximately 6.0% of the population was under five years of age, and 76.9% of the populace was over eighteen years of age. One-eighth (12.5%) of the population was over sixty-five years of age. The median age was 38.4 years.
In terms of race, 98.1% of the population was of one race and 1.9% was of two or more races. The borough's population was 75.7% White (65.8% non-Hispanic White alone), 10.2% Black or African American (9.6% non-Hispanic Black or African American alone), 0.2% American Indian and Alaska Native, 7.4% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 4.6% from Some other race, and 1.9% from Two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race made up 15.9% of the population.
Whites are the racial majority in Staten Island. Of the borough's 491,000 people, over 382,000 are white, which is over three-quarters (75.7%) of the population. Over 323,000 non-Hispanic whites reside in the borough, and they make up 65.8% of the population. The Caucasian population is largely Italian and Irish. Sizable communities of Germans, Russians, Albanians and Poles are present. There are over 175,000 Italian Americans living in Staten Island, and they make up over one-third (35.7%) of the population. Roughly 65,000 Irish Americans live in the borough, and they make up over one-eighth (13.2%) of the population. People of German, Russian, and Polish descent make up 5.7, 3.8, and 3.4% of the population, respectively.
Compared to other New York City boroughs, Blacks are a relatively small percentage of Staten Island's residents. Only one out of every ten residents is Black compared to one out of every four residents in New York City overall. Of the borough's 50,000 Black residents, 47,000 are non-Hispanic, which is just under ten percent of the population. In addition, over 7,200 people identified themselves as "Sub-Saharan African" in the survey, which is equal to 1.5% of Staten Island's total population.
American Indians are a very small minority in Staten Island. Of the borough's 491,000 inhabitants, just over 900 are Native American. Overall, indigenous peoples make up only 0.2% of the population. People of mixed white and Native American ancestry & mixed black and Native American ancestry collectively outnumber people who are Native American alone. Over 630 people are of mixed Caucasian and Native American heritage, and over 410 people are of mixed African American and Native American heritage.
Asians are a smaller minority group compared to blacks and Hispanics, but they are visible and growing. Over 36,600 Asians call Staten Island home, and they represent 7.4% of the borough's population. Chinese Americans and Indian Americans are the two main Asian ethnic groups. Over 12,100 Chinese Americans and 10,000 Indian Americans live in the conurbation. People of Chinese and Indian descent make up 2.5 and 2.0% of the population, respectively. Over 7,700 Filipinos reside here, making up 1.6% of the population. Staten Island is also home to the nations highest percentages of Sri Lankans. The Little Sri Lanka in the Tompkinsville neighborhood of Staten Island is one of the largest Sri Lankan communities outside of the country of Sri Lanka itself.
Hispanics and Latinos are the largest minority group in Staten Island, and they're the second largest group after non-Hispanic whites. Over 78,000 Hispanics and Latinos live in the borough, and they make up 15.9% of the population. Puerto Ricans are the most numerous of the Hispanic subgroups; the borough's 35,600 Puerto Ricans make up 7.2% of its population. In addition, the borough's 15,300 Mexicans make up 3.1% of its population; over 1,200 Cubans form just 0.3% of Staten Island 's population. In addition, over 26,100 people are of other Hispanic and Latino ethnicities, such as Dominican, Salvadoran, Ecuadorian etc.
Approximately 80.0% of the population is native and 20.0% is foreign-born. About 78.2% of the population was born in the United States, and 1.8% was born in Puerto Rico, U.S. Island areas, or abroad to American parents. The 98,000 foreign-born make up one-fifth of the population. Approximately 34.7% of the foreign-born population was born in Europe, 29.4% was born in Asia, 27.6% was born in Latin America, 7.8% was born in Africa, 0.4% was born in other parts of North America, and 0.1% was born in Oceania.
Approximately 71.4% of the population over five years of age spoke English only at home, so 28.6% of the population spoke non-English languages. In addition, 10.1% of the population spoke Spanish, and 12.1% spoke other Indo-European languages. Lastly, 4.6% of the populace spoke an Asian language.
The 2000 census, there were 443,728 people, 156,341 households, and 114,052 families residing in the borough / county. The population density was 2,929.6/km² (7,587.9/mi²). There were 163,993 housing units at an average density of 1,082.7/km² (2,804.3/mi²). The racial makeup is 77.6% White, 9.7% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 5.7% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.1% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.1% of the population.
|Staten Island Compared|
|2000 Census||Staten Island||NY City||NY State|
|Median household income (1999)||$55,039||$38,293||$43,393|
|Per capita income||$23,905||$22,402||$23,389|
|Bachelor's degree or higher||27%||27%||24%|
|Hispanic (any race)||12%||27%||14%|
There were 156,341 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.0% are married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 23.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.31.
The population is spread out with 25.5% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.6 males.
The median income for a household is $55,039, and the median income for a family was $64,333. Males had a median income of $50,081 versus $35,914 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $23,905. About 7.9% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.
Since the 2000 census, a rather large Russian community has been growing in Staten Island, particularly in the South Beach and Great Kills area. The vast majority of the borough's African American and Hispanic residents live north of the Staten Island Expressway, or Interstate 278.
Major racial groups
About 35.7% of Staten Island's residents have Italian origin. The South Shore of Staten Island has the highest proportion of Italians. Well over 75% of the South Shore reports Italian Ancestry.
A good amount of Italian Americans and their descandants in Staten Island are transplants from Brooklyn in the 1960s. Only a small amount are Italian-born.
According to the 2010 Census, Staten Island has a 7.4% non-Hispanic Asian population. The Asian population is mostly concentrated in the areas alongside the Staten Island Expressway. The area around Bradley Avenue has the highest concentration of Asians on Staten Island (Census tract 187.02 has a 24% Asian population, and census tract 189.02 has a 23% Asian population). Other areas with a small concentration of Asians are Graniteville, Willowbrook, Concord, Castleton Corners, Park Hill, Rosebank, South Beach, and Grasmere. There is also a small Asian concentration in Mariners' Harbor (Census Tract 231 is 13% Asian).
Staten Island's Hispanic population was 17.3% as of the 2010 census. While Hispanics can be found in most Staten Island neighborhoods, their concentrations are highest north of the Staten Island Expressway. Roughly half of Staten Island's Hispanics are of Puerto Rican descent. However, the majority of the Hispanics residing in the Port Richmond area are Mexican:
There are 2 census tracts with a Hispanic majority. Census tract 207 in northern Port Richmond is 53% Hispanic, and census tract 133.02 in northern West Brighton is 51% Hispanic. Census tract 213 in Port Richmond is 45% Hispanic, though the Hispanic percentage is brought down due to the area east of Port Richmond Avenue being majority White (though with a noticeable Hispanic presence). Other neighborhoods with a large Hispanic population include Mariners' Harbor, Arlington, Elm Park, Graniteville, New Brighton, St. George, Ward Hill, Stapleton, Park Hill, and Rosebank.
Hispanics are the fastest growing ethnic group on Staten Island. The Hispanic population has increased 51% between the 2000 & 2010 census.
Staten Island has the lowest percentage of Black residents as of the 2010 census, at only 9.5%. Most African Americans reside north of the Staten Island Expressway. The only census tracts to have a Black majority are tracts 319.01, 319.02, and 133.01. Tract 133.01 is the West Brighton Houses (though a few residential homes along Alaska Street are also included), and census tracts 319.01 & 319.02 are in the western portion of Mariners' Harbor (Tract 319.02 is often referred to as Arlington). Back in 2000, tracts 4 & 29 in Park Hill/Stapleton had a Black majority, but that is no longer the case, due to an increasing Hispanic and Asian population in the area.
Some other areas have a noticeable Black presence, although Blacks do not make up the majority (or even a plurality in most cases). These neighborhoods include Mariners' Harbor, Elm Park, Port Richmond, West New Brighton, New Brighton, St. George, Tompkinsville, Stapleton, Ward Hill, Park Hill & Sandy Ground as well as a growing population in Graniteville.
Many African Americans living on Staten Island are descendants of Southern-born migrants of The Great Migration. Aside from this, others are American-born transplants from other boroughs and Southern and Midwestern states. Others are immigrants, or descendants of immigrants, from West Africa and the Caribbean.
As of 2010, 70.39% (306,310) of Staten Island residents age 5 and older spoke English at home as a primary language, while 10.02% (43,587) spoke Spanish, 3.14% (13,665) Russian, 3.11% (13,542) Italian, 2.39% (10,412) Chinese, 1.81% (7,867) other Indo-European languages, 1.38% (5,990) Arabic, 1.01% (4,390) Polish, 0.88% (3,812) Korean, 0.80% (3,500) Tagalog, 0.76% (3,308) other Asian languages, 0.62% (2,717) Urdu, 0.57% (2,479) other Indic languages, and African languages were spoken as a main language by 0.56% (2,458) of the population over the age of five. In total, 29.61% (128,827) of Staten Island's population age 5 and older spoke a mother language other than English.
In terms of religion, the population is largely Roman Catholic, and the Catholic Church exerts strong influence on many aspects of the island's social and cultural life. The Jewish community is large enough that it would be significant in most other parts of the country, but it is slightly less numerous compared to other parts of the New York Metropolitan Area.
- "United State Census Quick Facts: Richmond County, New York". Census.gov. Retrieved May 24, 2012.
- Harrison Peck. "NYC The Official Guide - Must-See Little Sri Lanka: 7 Great Things to See and Do". © 2006–2011 NYC & Company, Inc. All rights reserved. Retrieved 2011-11-27.
- Amy Zavatto (August 5, 2010). "Frommer's - New York City: Exploring Staten Island's Little Sri Lanka". © 2000-2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved. Retrieved 2011-11-27.
- "Ancestry Map of Italian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved August 18, 2008.
- "Richmond County, New York". Modern Language Association. Retrieved August 10, 2013.