Demographics of Suriname

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Suriname, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Most Surinamese people live in the narrow, northern coastal plain. The population is one of the most ethnically varied in the world. Each ethnic group preserves its own culture and many institutions, including political parties, tend to follow ethnic lines. Informal relationships vary: the upper classes of all ethnic backgrounds mix freely; outside of the elite, social relations tend to remain within ethnic groupings. All groups may be found in the schools and workplace.

Population[edit]

Demographics of Suriname, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

According to the 2010 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 525,000 in 2010, compared to only 215,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 28.6%, 65% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 6.5% was 65 years or older .[1] According to 2012 census, there were 270,629 males and 271,009 females in Suriname.[2]

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 215 40.0 54.0 6.0
1955 250 43.2 52.0 4.8
1960 290 47.6 48.3 4.1
1965 332 48.2 47.8 4.0
1970 372 48.3 47.8 3.9
1975 364 47.6 48.5 3.9
1980 366 39.9 55.7 4.4
1985 376 35.8 59.8 4.5
1990 407 33.3 62.0 4.7
1995 436 32.2 62.6 5.2
2000 467 30.6 63.7 5.7
2005 500 29.8 64.1 6.1
2010 525 28.6 65.0 6.5

Total and Percent Distribution of Population by Age (Censuses 2004 & 2012)[edit]

[3]

Age group Population(2004) Percent(2004) Population(2012) Percent(2012)
Total 492.829 100 541.638 100
0-14 146.389 29,81 148.767 27.47
15-59 299.547 60,78 334.949 61,84
60+ 42.189 8,56 54.527 10,07

Vital statistics[edit]

The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates for Suriname. [1]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950-1955 10 000 3 000 7 000 48.0 14.9 33.1 6.56 89 56.0 54.4 57.7
1955-1960 12 000 3 000 9 000 46.0 12.4 33.6 6.56 76 58.7 57.0 60.5
1960-1965 14 000 3 000 11 000 44.8 10.6 34.2 6.56 64 60.5 58.7 62.5
1965-1970 14 000 3 000 11 000 39.7 9.0 30.6 5.95 55 62.4 60.5 64.5
1970-1975 13 000 3 000 10 000 34.9 8.3 26.6 5.29 49 64.0 61.7 66.5
1975-1980 11 000 3 000 8 000 30.2 7.4 22.8 4.20 44 65.1 62.8 67.7
1980-1985 11 000 3 000 8 000 30.0 7.3 22.7 3.70 42 66.5 63.6 69.8
1985-1990 10 000 3 000 7 000 25.4 7.2 18.2 3.00 39 67.1 64.0 70.7
1990-1995 9 000 3 000 6 000 22.5 7.1 15.4 2.60 34 67.6 64.4 71.1
1995-2000 11 000 3 000 8 000 23.6 7.4 16.2 2.80 29 67.8 64.6 71.4
2000-2005 10 000 4 000 6 000 21.0 7.6 13.4 2.60 24 68.1 64.8 71.7
2005-2010 10 000 4 000 6 000 19.1 7.3 11.9 2.42 22 69.6 66.4 73.1
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deaths [4]

Year Population (x1000) Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2009 9 792 3 293 6 499 18,7 6,3 12,4

Ethnic groups[edit]

Population of Surinam according to ethnic group
Ethnic
group
Census 1921 Census 1950[5] Census 1964[5] Census 1972[5] Census 1980[6] Census 2004[5] Census 2012[7]
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Amerindian[8] - - 7,287[9] 2.2 - - 18,037[9] 3.7 - -
East Indian 62,280 31.3 112,633 34.7 142,917 37.6 135,117 27.4 148,443 27.4
Maroons 19,180 9.7 27,698 8.5 35,838 9.4 72,553 14.7 117,567 21.7
Creole 71,657 36.1 114,961 35.5 119,009 31.4 87,202 17.7 84,933 15.7
Javanese 35,270 17.8 48,463 14.9 57,688 15.2 71,879 14.6 73,975 13.7
Mixed 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0 61,524 12.5 72,340 13.4
Chinese[8] - - 5,339[9] 1.6 - - 8,775[10] 1.8 - -
White[8] - - 4,322[9] 1.3 - - 2,264[9] 0.5 - -
Other 10,095 5.1 2,986 0.9 24,155 6.4 2,264 0.5 40,985 7.6
Unknown 186 0.1 522 0.2 0 0.0 32,579 6.6 3,395 0.6
Total 107,723[11] 198,668 324,211 379,607 355,240 492,829 541,638
  • The census used self-identification for ethnic classification.[12]
  • Amerindians are the original inhabitants of Suriname.
  • East Indians, also known locally as Hindustanis, are those whose ancestors emigrated from northern British India in the latter part of the 19th century.
  • Creoles are descendants from slaves from Africa. Prior to the 2004 census, mixed-race people were counted as Creoles.[citation needed] Their ancestors were brought to the country in the 17th and 18th centuries.
  • The Maroon are descendants from slaves from Africa that escaped to the interior of Suriname. Their proportion has increased considerably during the past decades, from 9% in 1964 to 22% in 2012. Part of this increase is probably caused by interchanging identities of Creole and Maroon, causing a decrease in the proportion of Creole and an increase in the proportion Maroon.[citation needed]
  • The Javanese are Asians from formerly Dutch-ruled Indonesia.
  • Whites are principally descended from Dutch colonists.

The current population of Suriname will be different to these census figures, as the census records residents, and notes legal visitors, but does not record illegal immigrants. According to estimates there may be as many as:

Languages[edit]

Dutch (official), Sranan Tongo (Surinamese Creole, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population), Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), Javanese, English (widely spoken), French due to cultural influence from French Guiana, Portuguese and Spanish. Chinese is spoken as well.

Religion[edit]

The 2012 census reported: Christian 48.4%, Hindu 22.3%, Muslim 13.9%, other 15.5%.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  2. ^ "Censusstatistieken 2012". Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek in Suriname (General Statistics Bureau of Suriname). Presentatie Definitieve Resultaten Census 8 Vol. 1, page 26. 
  3. ^ http://www.statistics-suriname.org/index.php/statistieken/downloads/category/30-censusstatistieken-2012#
  4. ^ http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  5. ^ a b c d "National Census Report: Suriname" (PDF). Caricom. 2009. p. 32. 
  6. ^ "National Census Report: Suriname" (PDF). Caricom. 2009. p. 31. Except for the 1980 census, all censuses since the first in 1921 included ethnicity as a variable of interest. For unknown reasons, the government did not allow the Census Bureau to include this variable. 
  7. ^ "Censusstatistieken 2012". Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek in Suriname (General Statistics Bureau of Suriname). Presentatie Definitieve Resultaten Census 8 Vol. 1, page 42. 
  8. ^ a b c Where no separate figures are given, these people are included in Other.
  9. ^ a b c d e [citation needed]This is included in Other in the source
  10. ^ "REPORT ON CENSUS 2004 COVERAGE EVALUATION" (PDF). CENSUS OFFICE GENERAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 2006. p. 28. 
  11. ^ [citation needed]
  12. ^ "REPORT ON CENSUS 2004 COVERAGE EVALUATION" (PDF). CENSUS OFFICE GENERAL BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 2006. p. 30. 
  13. ^ "With Aid and Migrants, China Expands Its Presence in a South American Nation". The New York Times. 10 April 2011. 
  14. ^ "Censusstatistieken 2012". Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek in Suriname (General Statistics Bureau of Suriname). Presentatie Definitieve Resultaten Census 8 Vol. 1, page 39.