Demographics of Tamil Nadu

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Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
190119,252,630—    
191120,902,616+0.83%
192121,628,518+0.34%
193123,472,099+0.82%
194126,267,507+1.13%
195130,119,047+1.38%
196133,686,953+1.13%
197141,199,168+2.03%
198148,408,077+1.63%
199155,858,946+1.44%
200162,405,679+1.11%
201172,147,030+1.46%
source:[1]

According to the 2011 Census of India, the total population of the state of Tamil Nadu stood at 72,147,039, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%, 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population density of 555.[citation needed]

Distribution of population across districts[edit]

As per details from Census 2011, Tamil Nadu has population of 72.1 million, an increase from figure of 62.4 million in 2001 census.[citation needed]

2011 Census[edit]

According to 2011 Census the following table represents the total, male and female population of Tamil Nadu in each district:[citation needed]

Districts with population and area as per 2011 census
District Total Population Male Population % Female Population % reference
Ariyalur 754,894 374,703 49.6 380,191 50.4
Chennai 4,646,732 2,335,844 50.3 2,310,888 49.7
Coimbatore 3,458,045 1,729,297 50.0 1,728,748 50.0
Cuddalore 2,605,914 1,311,697 50.3 1,294,217 49.7
Dharmapuri 1,506,843 774,303 51.4 732,540 48.6
Dindigul 2,159,775 1,080,938 50.0 1,078,837 50.0
Erode 2,251,744 1,129,868 50.2 1,121,876 49.8
Kancheepuram 3,998,252 2,012,958 50.3 1,985,294 49.7
Kanniyakumari 1,870,374 926,345 49.5 944,029 50.5
Karur 1,064,493 528,184 49.6 536,309 50.4
Krishnagiri 1,879,809 960,232 51.1 919,577 48.9
Madurai 3,038,252 1,526,475 50.2 1,511,777 49.8
Nagapattinam 1,616,450 798,127 49.4 818,323 50.6
Namakkal 1,726,601 869,280 50.3 857,321 49.7
Perambalur 565,223 282,157 49.9 283,066 50.1
Pudukkottai 1,618,345 803,188 49.6 815,157 50.4
Ramanathapuram 1,353,445 682,658 50.4 670,787 49.6
Salem 3,482,056 1,781,571 51.2 1,700,485 48.8
Sivaganga 1,339,101 668,672 49.9 670,429 50.1
Thanjavur 2,405,890 1,182,416 49.1 1,223,474 50.9
The Nilgiris 735,394 360,143 49.0 375,251 51.0
Theni 1,245,899 625,683 50.2 620,216 49.8
Thiruvallur 3,728,104 1,876,062 50.3 1,852,042 49.7
Thiruvarur 1,264,277 626,693 49.6 637,584 50.4
Thoothukudi 1,750,176 865,021 49.4 885,155 50.6
Tiruchirappalli 2,722,290 1,352,284 49.7 1,370,006 50.3
Tirunelveli 3,077,233 1,520,912 49.4 1,556,321 50.6
Tiruppur 2,479,052 1,246,159 50.3 1,232,893 49.7
Tiruvannamalai 2,464,875 1,235,889 50.1 1,228,986 49.9
Vellore 3,936,331 1,961,688 49.8 1,974,643 50.2
Viluppuram 3,458,873 1,740,819 50.3 1,718,054 49.7
Virudhunagar 1,942,288 967,709 49.8 974,579 50.2
Total 72,147,030 36,137,975 50.1 36,009,055 49.9

Important facts[edit]

Growth rate[edit]

The officially recorded growth rate of Tamil Nadu according to 2011 census is 15.61%.[citation needed]


Tamil Nadu has performed reasonably well in terms of literacy growth during the decade 2001–2011. The state's literacy rate increased from 73.47% in 2001 to 80.09% in 2011. The state came second in the CBSE pass percentage at 92.3% after Trivandrum Region.[citation needed]

Sex ratio[edit]

The officially recorded sex ratio is 996 females per 1000 males, which is well above the national average.[citation needed]

Caste demographics[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 20.01 percent and 1.10 percent of Tamil Nadu's 72M population. The Other Backward Classes (OBCs) formed 68% of the state's population[citation needed].

Religion Data[edit]

The following table shows the total number of people belonging to each religion in Tamil Nadu:
Note: The data displayed on the page will be according to the parameters selected for viewing.

Religion Population(2011) Population(2001)
Hinduism 87.58% 88.1%
Christianity 6.12% 6.06%
Islam 5.86% 5.56%
Jainism .12%
Buddhism .02%
Sikhism .02%
Others .01%
Religion not stated .26%
Total 100%

Workforce[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the total number of workers in Tamil Nadu amounts to 27,878,282 with the Work Participation rate being 44.67%. The total number of non-workers amounts to 34,527,397 or 55.33% of the population.[2]

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  2. ^ Primary Census Abstract Data of Tamil Nadu Archived August 29, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
    Note: The data displayed on the page will be according to the parameters selected for viewing.

Caste Demographics : 44) http://infoelections.com/infoelection/index.php/tn/7434-caste-religion-wise-population-in-tamil-nadu.html