Demographics of Tamil Nadu

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According to the 2011 census, the total population stood at 72,147,030, with 36,137,975 males, 36,009,055 females, a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, literacy rate of 80.09%,[1] 10.51% of the population below seven years and a population density of 555.[2]

Distribution of population across districts[edit]

As per details from Census 2011, Tamil Nadu has population of 72.1 million, an increase from figure of 62.4 million in 2001 census.[3]

2011 Census[edit]

According to 2011 Census the following table represents the total, male and female population of Tamil Nadu in each district:[4]

District Total Population Male Population Female Population Reference
Ariyalur 754,894 374,703 380,191 [5]
Chennai 4,646,732 2,335,844 2,310,888 [6]
Coimbatore 3,458,045 1,729,297 1,728,748 [7]
Cuddalore 2,605,914 1,311,697 1,294,217 [8]
Dharmapuri 1,506,843 774,303 732,540 [9]
Dindigul 2,159,775 1,080,938 1,078,837 [10]
Erode 2,251,744 1,129,868 1,121,876 [11]
Kancheepuram 3,998,252 2,012,958 1,985,294 [12]
Kanniyakumari 1,870,374 926,345 944,029 [13]
Karur 1,064,493 528,184 536,309 [14]
Krishnagiri 1,879,809 960,232 919,577 [15]
Madurai 3,038,252 1,526,475 1,511,777 [16]
Nagapattinam 1,616,450 798,127 818,323 [17]
Namakkal 1,726,601 869,280 857,321 [18]
Perambalur 565,223 282,157 283,066 [19]
Pudukkottai 1,618,345 803,188 815,157 [20]
Ramanathapuram 1,353,445 682,658 670,787 [21]
Salem 3,482,056 1,781,571 1,700,485 [22]
Sivaganga 1,339,101 668,672 670,429 [23]
Thanjavur 2,405,890 1,182,416 1,223,474 [24]
The Nilgiris 735,394 360,143 375,251 [25]
Theni 1,245,899 625,683 620,216 [26]
Thiruvallur 3,728,104 1,876,062 1,852,042 [27]
Thiruvarur 1,264,277 626,693 637,584 [28]
Thoothukudi 1,750,176 865,021 885,155 [29]
Tiruchirappalli 2,722,290 1,352,284 1,370,006 [30]
Tirunelveli 3,077,233 1,520,912 1,556,321 [31]
Tiruvannamalai 2,464,875 1,235,889 1,228,986 [32]
Vellore 3,936,331 1,961,688 1,974,643 [33]
Viluppuram 3,458,873 1,740,819 1,718,054 [34]
Virudhunagar 1,942,288 967,709 974,579 [35]
Total 72,147,030 36,137,975 36,009,055 [36]

Important facts[edit]

Growth rate[edit]

The officially recorded growth rate of Tamil Nadu according to 2011 census is 15.61%.[37]

Literacy[edit]

Tamil Nadu has performed reasonably well in terms of literacy growth during the decade 2001–2011. The state's literacy rate increased from 73.47% in 2001 to 80.09% in 2011.[38][39]

Sex ratio[edit]

The officially recorded sex ratio is 996 females per 1000 males, which is well above the national average.[40]

Caste demographics[edit]

As per the 2011 Census of India, Scheduled Castes constitute 20% of Tamilnadu's 72 million population. [41][42][43][44] 1.10 per cent of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST).[45] Other Backward Classes(OBCs) form 68% of Tamil nadu population.[46]

Religion Data[edit]

The following table shows the total number of people belonging to each religion in Tamil Nadu:[47]
Note: The data displayed on the page will be according to the parameters selected for viewing.

Religion Population
Hinduism 63,188,168
Christianity 4,418,331
Islam 4,229,479
Jainism 89,265
Buddhism 11,186
Sikhism 14,601
Others 7414
Religion not stated 188,586
Total more than 7 crores
Districts with significant percentage of Christians as per 2001 census
District Christian (%) Christian (numbers)
Tamil Nadu 6.02 3,785,060
Kanyakumari 44.74 745,406
Thoothukudi 16.70 262,718
The Nilgiris 11.45 87,272
Tirunelveli 10.88 296,578
Tiruchirappalli 9.01 218,033
Chennai 7.62 331,261
Dindigul 7.55 145,265
Ramanathapuram 7.08 84,092
Kanchipuram 5.92 170,416
Sivaganga 5.86 67,739
Thanjavur 5.63 124,945
Tiruvallur 5.56 169,719
Ariyalur 5.21 36,261
Pudukkottai 4.55 66,432
Coimbatore 4.34 185,737
Viluppuram 3.90 115,745
Virudhunagar 3.89 68,295
Madurai 3.34 86,352
Cuddalore 3.22 73,611
Teni 3.09 33,830
Nagapattinam 3.07 45,780
Vellore 2.94 102,477
Tiruvarur 2.70 31,621
Tiruvannamalai 2.52 55,180
Erode 2.14 55,414
Perambalur 1.70 8,412
Salem 1.67 50,450
Karur 1.48 13,863
Dharmapuri 1.36 39,019
Namakkal 0.80 13,137
Districts with significant percentage of Muslims as per 2001 census
District Muslim (%) Muslim (numbers)
Tamil Nadu 5.56 3,470,647
Ramanathapuram 14.65 174,079
Vellore 10.08 350,771
The Nilgiris 9.54 72,766
Tirunelveli 9.25 252,235
Chennai 9.02 379,206
Nagapattinam 7.57 112,753
Thanjavur 7.36 163,286
Thiruvarur 7.11 83,243
Pudukkottai 6.69 97,723
Tiruchirappalli 6.46 156,345
Coimbatore 5.33 227,734
Madurai 5.33 137,443
Sivaganga 5.16 59,642
Perambalur 5.01 24,778
Dindigul 4.66 89,680
Thoothukudi 4.63 72,975
Cuddalore 4.48 102,508
Theni 4.39 48,066
Dharmapuri 4.32 123,469
Kanyakumari 4.19 70,360
Karur 3.98 37,272
Kanchipuram 3.95 113,666
Viluppuram 3.71 110,120
Tiruvallur 3.60 99,408
Tiruvannamalai 3.59 78,506
Erode 2.99 77,211
Salem 2.57 77,648
Virudhunagar 2.47 43,309
Namakkal 1.80 26,907
Ariyalur 1.015 7,638

Workforce[edit]

According to the 2001 census, the total number of workers in Tamil Nadu amounts to 27,878,282 with the Work Participation rate being 44.67%. The total number of non-workers amounts to 34,527,397 or 55.33% of the population.[48]

See also[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Tamil Nadu Population Census data 2011". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  2. ^ Primaruy Census Abstract Data of Tamil Nadu
    Note: The data displayed on the page will be according to the parameters selected for viewing.
  3. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/state/tamil+nadu.html
  4. ^ "District Census 2011". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  5. ^ "Ariyalur District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  6. ^ "Chennai District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  7. ^ "Coimbatore District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  8. ^ "Cuddalore District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  9. ^ "Dharmapuri District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  10. ^ "Dindigul District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  11. ^ "Erode District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  12. ^ "Kancheepuram District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  13. ^ "Kanniyakumari (Kanyakumari) District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  14. ^ "Karur District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  15. ^ "Krishnagiri District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  16. ^ "Madurai District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  17. ^ "Nagapattinam District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  18. ^ "Namakkal District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  19. ^ "Perambalur District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  20. ^ "Pudukkottai District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  21. ^ "Ramanathapuram District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  22. ^ "Salem District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  23. ^ "Sivaganga District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  24. ^ "Thanjavur District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  25. ^ "The Nilgiris (Nilgiris) District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  26. ^ "Theni District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  27. ^ "Thiruvallur District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  28. ^ "Thiruvarur (Tiruvarur) District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  29. ^ "Thoothukkudi (Thoothukudi) District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  30. ^ "Tiruchirappalli District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  31. ^ "Tirunelveli District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  32. ^ "Tiruvannamalai District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  33. ^ "Vellore District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  34. ^ "Viluppuram (Villupuram) District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  35. ^ "Virudhunagar District : Census 2011 data". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  36. ^ "Tamil Nadu Population Census data 2011". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  37. ^ "Tamil Nadu Population Census data 2011". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  38. ^ "Tamil Nadu Population Census data 2011". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  39. ^ Literates and literacy rates by sex : 2011
  40. ^ "Tamil Nadu Population Census data 2011". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  41. ^ "Half of India's dalit population lives in 4 states". 
  42. ^ "Why Modi wooed Dalits in Tamil Nadu speech?". 
  43. ^ "Debate over why Tamil Nadu never had a Dalit CM". 
  44. ^ "It's now Dalits vs. non-Dalits". 
  45. ^ "SC/ST population in Tamilnadu 2011" (PDF). 
  46. ^ "OBC community in focus before Tamil Nadu assembly polls". 
  47. ^ "Tamil Nadu Population Census data 2011". Census 2011 - Census of India. 
  48. ^ Primary Census Abstract Data of Tamil Nadu
    Note: The data displayed on the page will be according to the parameters selected for viewing.