Demographics of Toronto

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The demographics of Toronto, Ontario, Canada make Toronto one of the most multicultural and multiracial cities in the world. In 2016, 51.5% of the residents of the city proper belonged to a visible minority group, compared to 49.1% in 2011,[1][2] and 13.6% in 1981.[3] Toronto also has established ethnic neighbourhoods such as Chinatown, Corso Italia, Little Italy, Little India, Greektown, Koreatown, Little Jamaica, Little Portugal and Roncesvalles, which celebrate the city's multiculturalism.[4]

Population[edit]

Toronto population by year, within present boundaries
Year City Urban CMA GTA GTHA GH GGH
1834 9,252[5]
1861 65,085[5] 193,844[5]
1901 238,080[5] 440,000[5]
1931 856,955 810,000[6]
1941 951,549 900,000[6]
1951 1,176,622 1,262,000[6]
1961 1,824,481 1,919,000[6]
1971 2,089,729[7] 2,628,045[8]
1976 2,124,291[7] 2,803,101[8]
1981 2,137,395[7] 2,998,947[8]
1986 2,192,721[9] 3,427,170[8] 3,733,085[9]
1991 2,275,771[9] 3,893,933[10] 4,235,756[9]
1996 2,385,421[11] 4,263,759[11] 4,628,883[12] 5,096,682[13] 5,500,186[13] 6,935,499[13]
2001 2,481,494[14] 4,375,899[15] 4,682,897[14] 5,081,826[12] 5,572,104[13] 5,982,678[13] 7,532,246[13]
2006 2,503,281[14] 4,732,361[16] 5,113,149[14] 5,555,912[17] 6,060,471[citation needed] 6,487,892[citation needed] 8,164,593[citation needed]
2011 2,615,060[18] 5,132,794[16] 5,583,064[18] 6,054,191[19] 6,574,140[19] 7,005,486[19] 8,759,312[19]
2016 2,731,571[20] 5,928,040[21] 6,417,516[22] 6,954,433 7,402,321 9,245,438

The last complete census by Statistics Canada estimated there were 2,731,571 living in Toronto,[20] making it the largest city in Canada,[23] and the fourth most populous municipality in North America.[24]

Toronto's population grew by 4.3% from 2011 to 2016, with an annual growth rate of 0.86%.

2011 Census population data for the City of Toronto are to found readily aggregrated at a finer level than the city as a whole at i. the electoral district (riding) level (2003 redistribution)[25] and ii. the neighbourhood level.[26] The three ridings with the largest increase in population between 2006 and 2011 in the City of Toronto have been

  • Trinity-Spadina (25.5%),
  • Etobicoke-Lakeshore (7.3%), and
  • Toronto Centre (7.3%).


Age structure[edit]

As of 2016 census.[27]

Age Groups Total Male Female
0 to 14 years 398,135 204,190 193,945
0 to 4 years 136,000 69,895 66,105
5 to 9 years 135,025 69,345 65,680
10 to 14 years 127,105 64,940 62,165
15 to 64 years 1,906,495 925,070 981,420
15 to 19 years 145,525 74,240 71,280
20 to 24 years 194,750 97,415 97,330
25 to 29 years 232,945 113,905 119,035
30 to 34 years 224,580 108,895 115,680
35 to 39 years 196,310 94,065 102,240
40 to 44 years 182,390 86,535 95,860
45 to 49 years 190,925 90,860 100,065
50 to 54 years 202,405 98,735 103,670
55 to 59 years 182,805 88,145 94,655
60 to 64 years 153,865 72,265 81,600
65 to 85 years 426,945 184,325 242,615
65 to 69 years 130,540 60,360 70,185
70 to 74 years 93,600 42,315 51,285
75 to 79 years 76,160 32,730 43,430
80 to 84 years 60,630 25,670 34,965
85 years and over 66,005 23,245 42,750
85 to 89 years 40,800 15,665 25,135
90 to 94 years 19,680 6,180 13,500
95 to 99 years 4,750 1,275 3,470
100 years and over 770 120 650

Demographics[edit]

Historical Populations
YearPop.±%
18349,252—    
1901238,080+2473.3%
1931856,955+259.9%
1941951,549+11.0%
19511,176,622+23.7%
19611,824,481+55.1%
19712,089,729+14.5%
19762,124,291+1.7%
19812,137,395+0.6%
19862,192,721+2.6%
19912,275,771+3.8%
19962,385,421+4.8%
20012,481,494+4.0%
20062,503,281+0.9%
20112,615,060+4.5%
20162,731,571+4.5%

The neighbourhoods in the City of Toronto that experienced the highest increase in population from 2001 to 2011 (higher than 15%) are:

  • Toronto:
    • Waterfront Communities-The Island (133.6%),
    • Niagara (83.4%),
    • Bay Street Corridor (37.7%),
    • Church-Yonge Corridor (29.6%),
    • Mount Pleasant West (25.4%),
    • Moss Park (24.3%),
    • Junction Area (15.5%)
  • North York:
    • Willowdale East (66.7%),
    • Bayview Village (42.4%),
    • Willowdale West (31.6%),
    • Lansing-Westgate (24.4%),
    • Banbury-Don Mills (16.7%),
    • Bathurst Manor (15.2%)
  • Scarborough:
    • Rouge (59.6%),
    • Clairlea-Birchmount (24.0%),
    • Bendale (21.4%)
  • Etobicoke:
    • Islington-City Centre West (20.9%)
  • East York:
    • Thorncliffe Park (15.7%)

It is the Corso Italia-Davenport neighbourhood whose population has declined the most (-12.8%) in the same time period.

Ethnic diversity[edit]

City of Toronto[edit]

Pie chart of the ethnic breakdown of Toronto from the 2016 census.

  European (47.1%)
  South Asian (12.6%)
  Chinese (11.1%)
  Black (8.9%)
  Filipino (5.7%)
  Latin American (2.9%)
  West Asian (2.2%)
  Southeast Asian (1.5%)
  Korean (1.5%)
  Arab (1.3%)
  Aboriginal (0.9%)
  Japanese (0.5%)
  Multiple visible minorities (1.8%)
  Visible minority not included elsewhere (1.4%)

The 2016 Census indicates that 51.5% of Toronto's population is composed of visible minorities;, compared to 49.1% in 2011,[1][2] and 13.6% in 1981.[28]

According to the 2011 National Household Survey (NHS), 1,264,395 non-Whites, or 20.2% of Canada's visible minority population, live in the city of Toronto; of this, approximately 70% are of Asian ancestry. Annually, almost half of all immigrants to Canada settle in the Greater Toronto Area. In March 2005, Statistics Canada projected that the combined visible minority proportion will comprise a majority in both Toronto and Vancouver by 2012, a projection which, given the 49.1% figure in the 2011 NHS, may actually prove true, at least for the case of Toronto. According to a study released by the Toronto District School Board in December 2012 found that 66 percent of students ages 4 through 18 came from visible minorities. East Asians made the largest ethnic group (33 percent) along with South Asians (28 percent) coming in second of the city of Toronto's overall population.

In particular, the progression of the percentage of visible minorities in the city of Toronto from 2006 to 2016 has been as follows:

Visible minority and Aboriginal population[29][30][31]
Population group Population (2016) % of total population (2016) Population (2011) % of total population (2011) Population (2006) % of total population (2006)
European (White) 1,282,750 47.7% 1,292,365 50.2% 1,300,330 52.5%
Visible minority group South Asian 338,965 12.6% 317,100 12.3% 298,370 12%
Chinese 299,460 11.1% 278,390 10.8% 283,075 11.4%
Black 239,850 8.9% 218,160 8.5% 208,555 8.4%
Filipino 152,715 5.7% 132,445 5.1% 102,555 4.1%
Latin American 77,160 2.9% 71,205 2.8% 64,855 2.6%
Arab 36,030 1.3% 28,920 1.1% 22,485 0.9%
Southeast Asian 41,645 1.5% 46,825 1.8% 37,495 1.5%
West Asian 60,325 2.2% 50,235 2% 42,755 1.7%
Korean 41,640 1.5% 37,225 1.4% 34,220 1.4%
Japanese 13,410 0.5% 12,315 0.5% 11,965 0.5%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 36,975 1.4% 33,670 1.3% 25,195 1%
Multiple visible minorities 47,675 1.8% 37,920 1.5% 31,100 1.3%
Total visible minority population 1,385,850 51.5% 1,264,395 49.1% 1,162,630 46.9%
Aboriginal group First Nations 14,380 0.5% 12,990 0.5% 9,130 0.4%
Métis 7,270 0.3% 4,875 0.2% 3,650 0.1%
Inuit 275 0% 305 0% 195 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 645 0% 920 0% 485 0%
Multiple Aboriginal identities 500 0% 180 0% 145 0%
Total Aboriginal population 23,065 0.9% 19,265 0.7% 13,605 0.5%
Total population 2,691,665 100% 2,576,025 100% 2,476,565 100%

Change between 2011 and 2016:

Increase:

  • Filipino: +20,270 (+0.6%)
  • Black: +21,690 (+0.4%)
  • Chinese: +21,070 (+0.3%)
  • South Asian: +21,865 (+0.3%)
  • Multiple visible minorities: +9,755 (+0.3%)
  • Arab: +7,110 (+0.2%)
  • Latin American: +5,955 (+0.1%)
  • Korean: +4,415 (+0.1%)
  • Aboriginal: +3,800 (+0.2%)
  • Visible minority, n.i.e.: 3,305 (+0.1%)
  • Japanese: +1,095 (-)

Decrease:

  • White: - 9,615 (-2.5%)
  • Southeast Asian: -5,180 (-0.3%)

The most prevalent ethnic origins in the City of Toronto are as follows:

Top 20 Ethnic origins in the City of Toronto Population (2016)[32] Percentage Riding with Highest Concentration Percentage
Chinese 332,830 12.5 Scarborough-Agincourt 47.0
English 331,890 12.3 Beaches-East York 24.2
Canadian 323,175 12.0 Beaches-East York 19.7
Irish 262,965 9.8 Parkdale-High Park 20.0
Scottish 256,250 9.5 Beaches-East York 18.9
East Indian 202,675 7.5 Etobicoke North 22.2
Italian 182,500 6.8 Etobicoke Centre 15.1
Filipino 162,605 6.0 York Centre 17.0
German 130,900 4.9 Parkdale-High Park 9.8
French 122,615 4.6 Parkdale-High Park 8.9
Polish 114,530 4.3 Eglinton-Lawrence 12.0
Portuguese 100,420 3.7 Davenport 22.7
Jamaican 90,065 3.3 Humber River-Black Creek 8.5
Russian 74,465 2.8 York Centre 9.5
Ukrainian 72,340 2.7 Etobicoke Centre 8.1
Sri Lankan 58,180 2.2 Scarborough-Rouge Park 11.1
Greek 57,425 2.1 Toronto-Danforth 7.3
Spanish 56,815 2.1 < 5.0
British Isles origins (other) 52,900 2.0 < 5.0
Iranian 45,540 1.7 Willowdale 12.1
Total population 2,691,665 100

Community Councils[edit]

The top visible-minority groups per Community Council (2011 Census) are as follows:

  • Toronto & East York (643,015): White: 66.9%, Chinese: 10.2%, South Asian: 6.3%, Black: 5.6%
  • North York (635,260): White: 52.3%, Chinese: 13.2%, South Asian: 9.1%, Black 6.7%
  • Scarborough (602,645): White: 32.6%, South Asian: 22.0%, Chinese: 19.5%, Black: 10.3%, Filipino: 6.5%
  • Etobicoke York (595,420): White: 59.5%, Black: 11.4%, South Asian: 11.3%

Τhe progression of the percentage of visible minorities in the aforementioned Community Councils (pre-amalgamation municipalities or pairs thereof) has been far from uniform:

Community Council 1996 Percent change 2001 Percent change 2006 Percent change 2011 Total percent change

(1996-2011)

Toronto & East York 28.7% +3.9% 32.6% +0.5% 33.1% 0.0% 33.1% +4.4%
Etobicoke York 31.1% +6.0% 37.1% +3.4% 40.5% +2.8% 43.3% +12.2%
North York 39.7% +2.9% 42.6% +5.1% 47.7% +3.5% 51.2% +11.5%
Scarborough 51.9% +8.1% 60.0% +7.4% 67.4% +2.9% 70.3% +18.4%

Ridings[edit]

The finest granularity of visible minority data in Toronto readily available by the 2016 Census is that of the federal electoral district (riding; 2013 redistribution). The per-riding data based on the 2003 redistribution was available for the 2001 and 2006 censuses and the 2011 NHS, thus enabling useful comparisons. For instance, visible minorities as a percentage of the population only marginally increased, or even decreased (Toronto-Danforth, Parkdale-High Park, Toronto Centre, and, in the 2006-2011 period, Davenport) in the "Old" Toronto, East York and South Etobicoke ridings, while on the other hand increased significantly in Scarborough and North York. Since, the 2016 Census used the new, 2013 redistribution, such a direct comparison in no longer possible.

Visible Minorities as % of Population (2016 Census) & Top Ethnic Origins
Riding (2013 Redistribution) Percentage Most Populous

Ethnic Origin

Percentage Top Riding for Ethnic Origin

(Percentage)

Most Populous

Visible Minority

Percentage Top Riding for Visible Minority

(Percentage)

Parkdale-High Park 26.2 English 22.3 Irish (20.0); German (9.8); French (8.9) Black 5.3
Etobicoke Centre 27.1 Italian 15.1 Italian (15.1); Ukrainian (8.1) South Asian 5.9
Etobicoke-Lakeshore 27.7 English 17.1 South Asian 5.5
Toronto-St. Paul's 28.3 English 18.5 Black 5.1
Eglinton-Lawrence 31.8 Canadian 14.7 Polish (12.0) Filipino 10.7
Davenport 31.9 Portuguese 22.7 Portuguese (22.7) Black 6.4
University-Rosedale 32.7 English 20.6 Chinese 14.0
Toronto-Danforth 32.8 English 22.9 Greek (7.3) Chinese 12.3
Beaches-East York 33.6 English 24.2 English (24.2); Canadian (19.7); Scottish (18.9) South Asian 10.9
Don Valley West 41.5 English 19.2 Pakistani (5.1) South Asian 13.3
Spadina-Fort York 42.8 English 16.4 Chinese 14.8
York Centre 46.5 Filipino 17.0 Filipino (17.0); Russian (9.5); Jewish (5.6) Filipino 16.5 Filipino (16.5)
Toronto Centre 49.7 English 15.7 South Asian 11.8
York South-Weston 54.9 Portuguese 14.5 Black 23.2
Scarborough Southwest 56.5 Canadian 16.2 Bangladeshi (5.0) South Asian 21.6
Don Valley East 58.4 East Indian 10.6 South Asian 17.1
Willowdale 66.6 Chinese 25.9 Iranian (12.1); Korean (10.6) Chinese 25.3 West Asian (10.9); Korean (10.3)
Scarborough Centre 69.8 Filipino 13.1 South Asian 25.6
Don Valley North 70.4 Chinese 32.4 Chinese 31.3
Scarborough-Guildwood 71.2 East Indian 18.0 South Asian 33.2 South Asian (33.2)
Scarborough-Rouge Park 72.4 East Indian 16.7 Sri Lankan (11.1) South Asian 32.6
Humber River-Black Creek 74.1 Italian 12.8 Jamaican (8.5); Vietnamese (8.0) Black 22.8 Latin American (9.5); Southeast Asian (8.9)
Etobicoke North 75.7 East Indian 22.2 East Indian (22.2); Somali (5.4) South Asian 28.9 Black (23.4)
Scarborough-Agincourt 80.6 Chinese 47.0 Chinese (47.0) Chinese 45.8 Chinese (45.8)
Scarborough North 92.2 Chinese 46.6 Chinese 45.0
Visible Minorities as % of Population
Riding (2003 Redistribution) 2011 NHS 2006 Census 2001 Census
Etobicoke-Lakeshore 23.8 20.8 19.1
Parkdale-High Park 25.6 26.1 26.8
St. Paul's 25.8 23.3 22.4
Etobicoke Centre 27.5 25.3 22.3
Eglinton-Lawrence 28.9 24.7 21.1
Beaches-East York 31.7 31.3 29.4
Toronto-Danforth 32.7 33.9 36.3
Davenport 33.0 33.2 31.6
Trinity-Spadina 37.2 36.5 35.3
Toronto Centre 40.8 41.0 41.3
York Centre 41.0 37.1 30.9
Don Valley West 46.0 43.1 39.4
Scarborough Southwest 51.4 48.4 43.4
York South-Weston 54.3 50.9 47.6
Don Valley East 59.4 57.0 53.7
Willowdale 63.7 59.8 50.8
Scarborough Centre 65.0 61.2 51.8
Scarborough-Guildwood 65.8 61.0 54.2
York West 72.2 68.0 62.8
Etobicoke North 72.9 71.0 63.2
Scarborough-Agincourt 78.8 76.7 69.3
Scarborough-Rouge River 91.0 89.7 84.6

Concentrations of ethnic groups per City of Toronto ridings (2016 Census) are as follows, with the largest proportion of each group in bold. For each of the federal electoral districts in the City of Toronto, the ethnic groups with 5% of more of population are shown, in a rough correspondence with community councils and pre-amalgamation municipalities (highest % for each ethnic group as well the most populous ethnic group in a riding, if a visible minority - are shown in bold):

TORONTO & EAST YORK

Riding Population Ethnic Group #1 % Ethnic Group #2 % Ethnic Group #3 % Ethnic Group #4 %
Spadina-Fort York 114,315 White 56.3 Chinese 14.8 South Asian 8.3 Black 5.1
Beaches-East York 108,435 White 64.5 South Asian 10.9 Black 6.6 Chinese 5.7
Davenport 107,395 White 66.9 Black 6.4 Chinese 5.9 Latin American 5.4
Parkdale-High Park 106,445 White 72.4 Black 5.3
Toronto-Danforth 105,395 White 65.5 Chinese 12.3 South Asian 5.4 Black 5.0
Toronto-St. Paul's 104,940 White 70.8 Black 5.1
University-Rosedale 100,520 White 66.5 Chinese 14.0
Toronto Centre 99,590 White 48.8 South Asian 11.8 Chinese 11.1 Black 9.1

NORTH YORK

Riding Population Ethnic Group #1 % Ethnic Group #2 % Ethnic Group #3 % Ethnic Group #4 % Ethnic Group #5 % Ethnic Group #6 %
Willowdale 117,405 White 33.1 Chinese 25.3 West Asian 10.9 Korean 10.3 South Asian 5.9 Filipino 5.4
Eglinton-Lawrence 112,925 White 67.7 Filipino 10.7 Black 5.5
Don Valley North 109,060 Chinese 31.3 White 29.4 South Asian 10.2 West Asian 7.6
Humber River-Black Creek 107,725 White 25.4 Black 22.8 Latin American 9.5 Southeast Asian 8.9 Filipino 5.5
York Centre 103,760 White 53.1 Filipino 16.5 Black 7.9 Latin American 5.1
Don Valley West 101,790 White 57.9 South Asian 13.3 Chinese 10.6
Don Valley East 93,170 White 40.9 South Asian 17.1 Black 9.3 Chinese 7.5 Filipino 7.4 West Asian 5.5

SCARBOROUGH

Riding Population Ethnic Group #1 % Ethnic Group #2 % Ethnic Group #3 % Ethnic Group #4 % Ethnic Group #5 %
Scarborough Centre 110,450 White 29.4 South Asian 25.6 Filipino 12.5 Black 9.6 Chinese 9.3
Scarborough Southwest 108,295 White 42.0 South Asian 21.6 Black 11.2 Filipino 9.0 Chinese 5.8
Scarborough-Agincourt 104,225 Chinese 45.8 White 19.1 South Asian 14.0 Black 6.3 Filipino 5.4
Scarborough-Rouge Park 101,445 South Asian 32.6 White 26.8 Black 15.9 Filipino 8.7
Scarborough-Guildwood 101,115 South Asian 33.2 White 27.6 Black 14.3 Filipino 7.9 Chinese 5.4
Scarborough North 97,610 Chinese 45.0 South Asian 26.1 Black 7.6 White 7.6 Filipino 6.4

ETOBICOKE & YORK

Riding Population Ethnic Group #1 % Ethnic Group #2 % Ethnic Group #3 % Ethnic Group #4 % Ethnic Group #5 %
Etobicoke-Lakeshore 127,520 White 71.3 South Asian 5.5 Black 5.0
Etobicoke North 116,960 South Asian 28.9 White 23.8 Black 23.4
Etobicoke Centre 116,055 White 72.3 South Asian 5.9 Black 5.9
York South-Weston 115,130 White 44.2 Black 23.2 Latin American 8.5 Filipino 5.9 South Asian 5.7

For each of the federal electoral districts in the City of Toronto, the ethnic origin groups with 7% of more of population are shown, in a rough correspondence with community councils and pre-amalgamation municipalities (highest % for each ethnic group as well the most populous ethnic group in a riding - if not Canadian or English, which are the most frequent ones - are shown in bold):

TORONTO & EAST YORK

Riding Population Ethnic Origin #1 % Ethnic Origin #2 % Ethnic Origin #3 % Ethnic Origin #4 % Ethnic Origin #5 % Ethnic Origin #6 % Ethnic Origin #7 % Ethnic Origin #8 % Ethnic Origin #9 %
Spadina-Fort York 114,315 English 16.4 Chinese 16.0 Irish 14.6 Canadian 14.0 Scottish 13.2 French 7.7 German 7.6
Beaches-East York 108,435 English 24.2 Irish 19.9 Canadian 19.7 Scottish 18.9 French 8.7 German 8.4
Davenport 107,395 Portuguese 22.7 English 13.6 Canadian 12.8 Irish 11.5 Italian 11.1 Scottish 11.0
Parkdale-High Park 106,445 English 22.3 Irish 20.0 Scottish 18.7 Canadian 16.1 German 9.8 French 8.88 Polish 8.5
Toronto-Danforth 105,395 English 22.9 Irish 19.5 Scottish 18.7 Canadian 18.4 Chinese 13.8 French 8.86 German 8.8 Greek 7.3
Toronto-St. Paul's 104,940 English 18.5 Canadian 16.1 Irish 15.2 Scottish 14.8 Polish 10.3 German 7.9 Russian 7.7 Italian 7.3 French 7.2
University-Rosedale 100,520 English 20.6 Irish 16.6 Scottish 16.3 Canadian 15.2 Chinese 14.7 German 8.7 French 7.7 Italian 7.4
Toronto Centre 99,590 English 15.7 Canadian 13.7 Irish 13.4 Scottish 12.6 Chinese 12.5 French 7.2

NORTH YORK

Riding Population Ethnic Origin #1 % Ethnic Origin #2 % Ethnic Origin #3 % Ethnic Origin #4 % Ethnic Origin #5 % Ethnic Origin #6 % Ethnic Origin #7 % Ethnic Origin #8 %
Willowdale 117,405 Chinese 25.9 Iranian 12.1 Korean 10.6
Eglinton-Lawrence 112,925 Canadian 14.7 English 12.6 Polish 12.0 Filipino 11.0 Scottish 9.7 Italian 9.5 Irish 9.2 Russian 8.4
Don Valley North 109,060 Chinese 32.4 East Indian 7.3 Iranian 7.3
Humber River-Black Creek 107,725 Italian 12.8 East Indian 9.2 Jamaican 8.5 Vietnamese 8.0 Canadian 7.4
York Centre 103,760 Filipino 17.0 Italian 13.4 Russian 9.5 Canadian 8.6
Don Valley West 101,790 English 19.2 Canadian 15.1 Scottish 14.9 Irish 14.2 Chinese 11.2
Don Valley East 93,170 East Indian 10.6 Canadian 10.4 English 10.1 Chinese 8.9 Irish 8.1 Scottish 8.0 Filipino 7.8

SCARBOROUGH

Riding Population Ethnic Origin #1 % Ethnic Origin #2 % Ethnic Origin #3 % Ethnic Origin #4 % Ethnic Origin #5 % Ethnic Origin #6 % Ethnic Origin #7 % Ethnic Origin #8 %
Scarborough Centre 110,450 Filipino 13.1 East Indian 12.2 Canadian 11.2 Chinese 10.7 English 7.8 Sri Lankan 7.0
Scarborough Southwest 108,295 Canadian 16.2 English 14.3 Irish 11.5 Scottish 10.9 Filipino 9.5 East Indian 8.2 Chinese 7.2
Scarborough-Agincourt 104,225 Chinese 47.0 East Indian 7.4
Scarborough-Rouge Park 101,445 East Indian 16.7 Canadian 11.8 Sri Lankan 11.1 English 9.8 Filipino 9.3 Jamaican 8.4 Scottish 7.2 Irish 7.0
Scarborough-Guildwood 101,115 East Indian 18.0 Canadian 11.6 English 9.7 Filipino 8.5 Sri Lankan 7.8 Chinese 7.1 Scottish 7.0
Scarborough North 97,610 Chinese 46.6 East Indian 11.8 Sri Lankan 9.4

ETOBICOKE & YORK

Riding Population Ethnic Origin #1 % Ethnic Origin #2 % Ethnic Origin #3 % Ethnic Origin #4 % Ethnic Origin #5 % Ethnic Origin #6 % Ethnic Origin #7 % Ethnic Origin #8 %
Etobicoke-Lakeshore 127,520 English 17.1 Canadian 15.9 Irish 14.4 Scottish 13.5 Polish 9.2 Italian 9.1 Ukrainian 7.6 German 7.1
Etobicoke North 116,960 East Indian 22.2 Canadian 7.9
Etobicoke Centre 116,055 Italian 15.1 English 14.3 Canadian 12.1 Irish 10.8 Scottish 10.4 Ukrainian 8.1 Polish 7.4
York South-Weston 115,130 Portuguese 14.5 Italian 12.8 Canadian 8.7 Jamaican 8.4

Wards[edit]

Top ethnic origin per Toronto ward (as designated by the City of Toronto; 2011 Census data - total responses)

  • English (18): Ward 32 - Beaches-East York (15.2%), Ward 13 - Parkdale-High Park (12.9%), Ward 22 - St. Paul's (12.9%), Ward 36 - Scarborough Southwest (12.8%), [...]
  • Chinese (7): Ward 41 - Scarborough-Rouge Park (52.0%), Ward 39 - Scarborough-Agincourt (49.0%), Ward 24 - Willowdale (27.0%), Ward 40 - Scarborough-Agincourt (22.6%), [...]
  • East Indian (7): Ward 1 - Etobicoke North (23.4%), Ward 42 - Scarborough-Rouge Park (15.9%), Ward 38 - Scarborough Centre (13.1%), Ward 2 - Etobicoke North (11.8%), [...]
  • Italian (4): Ward 9 - York Centre (21.9%), Ward 12 - York South-Weston (15.1%), Ward 7 - York West (14.3%), Ward 4 - Etobicoke Centre (11.8%)
  • Portuguese (2): Ward 17 - Davenport (19.7%), Ward 18 - Davenport (16.4%)
  • Jewish (2): Ward 10 - York Centre (15.0%), Ward 21 - St. Paul's (10.6%)
  • Filipino (2): Ward 15 - Eglinton-Lawrence (10.0%), Ward 35 - Scarborough Southwest (8.7%)
  • Canadian (2): Ward 37 - Scarborough Centre (8.6%), Ward 11 - York South-Weston (7.4%)

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Top ethnic origin per Toronto neighbourhood (as designated by the City of Toronto; 2006 Census data - total responses)

  • English (59): Leaside-Bennington (40%), The Beaches (39%), Rosedale-Moore Park (36%), Kingsway South (35%), [...]
  • Chinese (23): Steeles (70%), Milliken (65%), Agincourt North (56%), Agincourt South-Malvern West (47.1%), [...]
  • Italian (15): Maple Leaf (45%), Humber Summit (34.5%), Pelmo Park-Humberlea (34.2%), Yorkdale-Glen Park (33.6%), [...]
  • East Indian (15): West Humber-Clairville (33%), Mount Olive-Silverstone-Jamestown (30%), Thorncliffe Park (24%), Woburn (22%), [...]
  • Jewish (10): Forest Hill North (32%), Westminster-Branson (31%), Forest Hill South (29%), Bedford Park-Nortown (28%), [...]
  • Portuguese (9): Little Portugal (38%), Caledonia-Fairbank (37%), Weston-Pellam Park (34%), Keelesdale-Eglinton West (32%), [...]
  • Filipino (3): North St. James Town (17%), Ionview (16%), Kennedy Park (13%)
  • Jamaican (3): Beechborough-Greenbrook (15%), Black Creek (10.0%), Mount Dennis (9.7%)
  • Canadian (2): New Toronto (21%), Alderwood (19%)
  • Greek (1): Broadview North (15%)

Toronto CMA[edit]

Ethnic groups in the Toronto CMA (2016)
Source: Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census; Toronto, (CMA) - Ontario
Population %
Ethnic group White 2,804,630 47.8
South Asian 973,225 16.6
Chinese 631,045 10.8
Black 442,020 7.5
Filipino 254,480 4.3
Latin American 132,950 2.3
West Asian 123,755 2.1
Arab 105,610 1.8
Southeast Asian 83,540 1.4
Korean 69,670 1.2
Japanese 20,650 0.4
Multiple minorities 97,185 1.7
Other 77,780 1.3
Aboriginal 46,320 0.8
Total population 5,862,850

Concentrations of ethnic groups per Toronto CMA municipality are as follows, with the largest proportion of each group in bold (only percentages higher than 5% are included):

City/Town Population Ethnic Group #1 % Ethnic Group #2 % Ethnic Group #3 % Ethnic Group #4 % Ethnic Group #5 % Ethnic Group #6 %
Toronto 2,691,665 White 47.7 South Asian 12.6 Chinese 11.1 Black 8.9 Filipino 5.7
Mississauga 715,475 White 42.3 South Asian 23.2 Chinese 7.6 Black 6.6 Filipino 5.1 Arab 5.1
Brampton 590,950 South Asian 44.3 White 26.0 Black 13.9
Markham 327,400 Chinese 45.1 White 21.8 South Asian 17.8
Vaughan 304,145 White 64.4 South Asian 10.1 Chinese 6.8
Richmond Hill 193,800 White 39.8 Chinese 29.4 West Asian 10.4 South Asian 7.7
Oakville 191,720 White 68.4 South Asian 8.9 Chinese 7.0
Ajax 119,180 White 42.3 South Asian 20.9 Black 16.7
Milton 108,935 White 56.3 South Asian 21.0
Pickering 90,995 White 55.9 South Asian 15.2 Black 10.8
Newmarket 82,730 White 72.6 Chinese 6.8
Caledon 66,215 White 80.3 South Asian 10.0
Halton Hills 60,195 White 90.9
Aurora 54,705 White 72.4 Chinese 10.2
Whitchurch-Stouffville 45,345 White 62.3 Chinese 13.1 South Asian 12.4
Georgina 44,765 White 91.8
Bradford West Gwillimbury 34,965 White 77.9 South Asian 5.5
New Tecumseth 33,735 White 90.4
King 24,365 White 86.7
East Gwillimbury 23,435 White 87.2
Uxbridge 20,975 White 92.5

Most common ethnic origins (only percentages higher than 7% are included) per Toronto CMA municipality are as follows, with the largest proportion of each ethnic origin in bold (as well the most populous ethnic group in a riding, if not English or Canadian) :

City/Town Population Ethnic Origin #1 % Ethnic Group #2 % Ethnic Group #3 % Ethnic Group #4 % Ethnic Group #5 % Ethnic Group #6 % Ethnic Group #7 % Ethnic Group #8 %
Toronto 2,691,665 Chinese 12.5 English 12.3 Canadian 12.0 Irish 9.8 Scottish 9.5 East Indian 7.5
Mississauga 715,475 East Indian 15.4 Canadian 10.2 English 9.3 Chinese 9.1
Brampton 590,950 East Indian 33.4 Canadian 10.8 Jamaican 7.8 English 7.4
Markham 327,400 Chinese 46.5 East Indian 10.1
Vaughan 304,145 Italian 31.1 Russian 8.4 Canadian 8.0 Chinese 7.9
Richmond Hill 193,800 Chinese 30.2 Iranian 11.0 Italian 9.9 Canadian 7.3
Oakville 191,720 English 22.1 Canadian 16.7 Scottish 16.4 Irish 16.1 Italian 8.8 German 8.1 Chinese 7.7 French 7.4
Ajax 119,180 Canadian 17.7 English 16.9 East Indian 13.0 Scottish 12.8 Irish 11.8 Jamaican 9.2
Milton 108,935 Canadian 18.6 English 17.4 Scottish 14.1 Irish 12.8 East Indian 11.7 Italian 7.7 Pakistani 7.2
Pickering 90,995 English 20.5 Canadian 19.8 Scottish 15.4 Irish 14.7 East Indian 11.6
Newmarket 82,730 English 26.3 Canadian 23.0 Scottish 19.1 Irish 17.3 Italian 9.7 German 8.0 Chinese 7.7 French 7.7
Caledon 66,215 Italian 27.3 English 21.1 Canadian 19.7 Scottish 15.2 Irish 14.3 East Indian 8.3 German 7.3
Halton Hills 60,195 English 32.5 Canadian 30.0 Scottish 24.1 Irish 22.2 German 10.4 French 9.4 Italian 8.7
Aurora 54,705 English 23.6 Canadian 19.8 Scottish 16.9 Irish 16.7 Italian 12.5 Chinese 11.1 German 8.6
Whitchurch-Stouffville 45,345 English 20.1 Canadian 18.6 Chinese 14.8 Scottish 14.3 Irish 13.7 Italian 11.7
Georgina 44,765 Canadian 36.3 English 35.4 Scottish 24.3 Irish 23.4 German 10.4 French 10.3
Bradford West Gwillimbury 34,965 Canadian 23.3 English 20.6 Italian 15.2 Irish 13.9 Scottish 13.3 Portuguese 11.8
New Tecumseth 33,735 English 33.1 Canadian 31.7 Irish 24.8 Scottish 23.3 German 10.3 Italian 10.2 French 8.6
King 24,365 Italian 34.5 English 18.3 Canadian 16.8 Scottish 13.0 Irish 12.6 German 7.4
East Gwillimbury 23,435 English 34.3 Canadian 30.3 Scottish 22.4 Irish 22.2 German 11.1 Italian 8.7 French 8.6
Uxbridge 20,975 English 40.3 Canadian 32.2 Scottish 26.4 Irish 24.5 German 12.9 French 8.5

Visible minorities as percentage of population and top ethnic origins per riding, in the GTA outside the City of Toronto are as follows:

Visible Minorities as % of Population (2016 Census) & Top Ethnic Origins [GTA outside City of Toronto]
Riding (2013 Redistribution) Percentage Most Populous

Ethnic Origin

Percentage Most Populous

Visible Minority

Percentage
Simcoe--Grey [New Tecumseth only] 7.37 English 33.1 South Asian 1.8
Wellington--Halton Hills [Halton Hills only] 7.43 English 32.5 South Asian 2.3
York--Simcoe 12.5 Canadian 30.6 South Asian 2.9
Dufferin--Caledon [Caledon only] 18.7 Italian 27.3 South Asian 10.0
Oakville 25.5 English 25.3 South Asian 6.8
Newmarket--Aurora 27.7 English 24.5 Chinese 8.7
Mississauga--Lakeshore 28.8 English 19.2 South Asian 8.7
Vaughan--Woodbridge 28.9 Italian 53.5 South Asian 9.4
Oakville North--Burlington [incl. part of Burlington] 33.1 English 20.7 South Asian 11.0
Pickering--Uxbridge 36.0 English 24.2 South Asian 12.5
Thornhill 37.1 Russian 16.4 Chinese 10.5
King--Vaughan 37.3 Italian 31.2 South Asian 12.2
Milton [Town of Milton only] 42.8 Canadian 18.6 South Asian 21.0
Mississauga East--Cooksville 47.8 Polish 10.6 South Asian 15.8
Aurora--Oak Ridges--Richmond Hill 51.7 Chinese 25.0 Chinese 24.1
Mississauga--Streetsville 52.2 East Indian 15.5 South Asian 21.5
Markham--Stouffville 54.9 Chinese 24.5 Chinese 22.5
Ajax 56.7 Canadian 17.7 South Asian 20.9
Brampton Centre 59.8 East Indian 19.9 South Asian 26.2
Richmond Hill 61.6 Chinese 32.3 Chinese 31.5
Mississauga--Erin Mills 64.1 East Indian 15.1 South Asian 24.6
Brampton South 66.6 East Indian 31.4 South Asian 41.5
Brampton North 68.0 East Indian 31.1 South Asian 41.5
Mississauga Centre 70.6 East Indian 18.0 South Asian 26.6
Mississauga--Malton 78.1 East Indian 28.3 South Asian 41.3
Brampton West 78.8 East Indian 31.2 South Asian 43.4
Markham--Unionville 84.6 Chinese 65.6 Chinese 64.5
Markham--Thornhill 84.8 Chinese 41.6 Chinese 40.7
Brampton East 90.6 East Indian 51.4 South Asian 65.9

The following are the twenty (20) more common ethnic origins in the Toronto CMA:

Top 20 Ethnic Origins in the Toronto
CMA, 2016[33]
Population (2016) Percentage City/Town with

Highest Concentration

Percentage Riding with

Highest Concentration

Percentage
Canadian 746,960 12.7 Georgina 36.3 Simcoe--Grey [New Tecumseth only] 31.7
English 732,555 12.5 Uxbridge 40.3 Simcoe--Grey [New Tecumseth only] 33.1
Chinese 700,705 12.0 Markham 46.5 Markham--Unionville 65.6
East Indian 643,370 11.0 Brampton 33.4 Brampton East 51.4
Irish 544,380 9.3 New Tecumseth 24.8 Simcoe--Grey [New Tecumseth only] 24.8
Scottish 543,760 9.3 Uxbridge 26.4 Wellington--Halton Hills [Halton Hills only] 24.1
Italian 484,360 8.3 King 34.5 Vaughan--Woodbridge 53.5
Filipino 274,675 4.7 Toronto 6.0 York Centre 17.0
German 271,815 4.6 Uxbridge 12.9 Wellington--Halton Hills [Halton Hills only] 10.4
French 247,790 4.2 Georgina 10.3 Wellington--Halton Hills [Halton Hills only] 9.4
Polish 237,240 4.0 Mississauga 6.1 Thornhill 12.6
Portuguese 210,420 3.6 Bradford West Gwillimbury 11.8 Davenport 22.7
Jamaican 200,335 3.4 Ajax 9.2 Brampton West 11.3
Ukrainian 144,335 2.4 Oakville 3.6 Etobicoke Centre 8.1
Russian 139,910 2.4 Vaughan 8.4 Thornhill 16.4
Pakistani 122,950 2.1 Milton 7.2 Milton 7.2
Sri Lankan 114,400 2.0 Ajax 4.4 Scarborough-Rouge Park 11.1
British Isles origins (other) 107,900 1.8 Uxbridge 5.8 < 5.0
Spanish 106,685 1.8 Oakville 2.0 < 5.0
Greek 99,145 1.7 Whitchurch-Stoufville 3.8 Toronto-Danforth 7.3
Total population 5,862,855 100

The top 20 ethnic origins in the Toronto CMA, from 1996 to 2016 are as follows:

Top 20 Ethnic Origins in the Toronto
CMA, 2016[33]
Population % 2011[34] Population % 2006 Population % 2001[35] Population % 1996[36] Population %
Canadian 746,960 12.7 English 777,110 14.1 English 804,100 15.9 Canadian 861,945 18.5 English 891,735 21.1
English 732,555 12.5 Canadian 728,745 13.2 Canadian 651,635 12.8 English 783,770 16.9 Canadian 710,755 16.8
Chinese 700,705 12.0 Chinese 594,735 10.8 Scottish 561,050 11.1 Scottish 517,115 11.1 Scottish 534,595 12.6
East Indian 643,370 11.0 East Indian 572,250 10.4 Chinese 537,060 10.6 Irish 487,215 10.4 Irish 480,980 11.4
Irish 544,380 9.3 Scottish 545,365 9.9 Irish 531,865 10.5 Chinese 435,685 9.4 Italian 414,310 9.8
Scottish 543,760 9.3 Irish 543,600 9.8 East Indian 484,655 9.6 Italian 429,385 9.2 Chinese 359,450 8.5
Italian 484,360 8.3 Italian 475,090 8.6 Italian 466,155 9.2 East Indian 345,855 7.4 East Indian 255,685 6.0
Filipino 274,675 4.7 German 262,830 4.8 German 259,015 5.1 French 220,535 4.7 French 236,315 5.6
German 271,815 4.6 French 249,375 4.5 French 241,395 4.8 German 220,140 4.7 German 224,525 5.3
French 247,790 4.2 Filipino 246,345 4.5 Polish 207,495 4.1 Portuguese 171,545 3.7 Portuguese 161,685 3.8
Polish 237,240 4.0 Polish 214,455 3.9 Portuguese 188,110 3.7 Polish 166,695 3.6 Polish 161,005 3.8
Portuguese 210,420 3.6 Portuguese 196,975 3.6 Filipino 181,330 3.6 Jewish 161,215 3.5 Jewish 156,300 3.7
Jamaican 200,335 3.4 Jamaican 177,305 3.2 Jamaican 160,205 3.2 Jamaican 150,840 3.2 Jamaican 133,690 3.2
Ukrainian 144,335 2.4 Jewish 137,165 2.5 Jewish 141,685 2.8 Filipino 140,405 3.0 Filipino 102,525 2.4
Russian 139,910 2.4 Ukrainian 130,350 2.4 Ukrainian 122,510 2.4 Ukrainian 104,485 2.2 Ukrainian 95,500 2.3
Pakistani 122,950 2.1 Russian 118,090 2.1 Russian 102,815 2.0 Dutch (Netherlands) 85,860 1.8 Dutch (Netherlands) 85,250 2.0
Sri Lankan 114,400 2.0 Spanish 105,740 1.9 Spanish 97,255 1.9 Greek 85,375 1.8 Greek 80,330 1.9
British Isles origins (other) 107,900 1.8 Sri Lankan 104,980 1.9 Dutch (Netherlands) 95,560 1.9 Spanish 65,600 1.4 Spanish 62,520 1.5
Spanish 106,685 1.8 British Isles origins (other) 104,070 1.9 Greek 90,585 1.8 Russian 62,540 1.3 Hungarian (Magyar) 44,160 1.1
Greek 99,145 1.7 Dutch (Netherlands) 98,925 1.8 Sri Lankan 80,610 1.6 Hungarian (Magyar) 46,790 1.0 Welsh 44,015 1.0
Total population 5,862,855 100 Total population 5,521,235 100 Total population 5,072,075 100 Total population 4,647,955 100 Total population 4,232,905 100

Change between 2011 and 2016:

Largest increases:

  1. Chinese: +105,970 (+1.2%)
  2. East Indian: +71,120 (+0.6%)
  3. Pakistani: +32,340 (+0.5%)
  4. Filipino: +28,330 (+0.2%)
  5. Jamaican: +23,030 (+0.2%)
  6. Polish: +22,785 (+0.1%)
  7. Russian: +21,820 (+0.3%)
  8. Iranian: +20,845 (+0.3%)
  9. Canadian: +18,215 (-0.5%)
  10. Ukrainian: +13,985 (-)

Largest decreases:

  1. Jewish: -77,970 (-1.5%)
  2. English: -44,555 (-1.6%)
  3. Yugoslavian, n.o.s.: -1,900 (-0.4%)
  4. Scottish: -1,605 (-0.6%)
  5. French: -1,585 (-0.3%)

Ethnic Groups[edit]

Black-Canadians[edit]

Cambodians[edit]

Chinese[edit]

Greeks[edit]

Indo-Canadians[edit]

Italians[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Vietnamese[edit]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Toronto (2011)[37]

  Christian (54.1%)
  Irreligious (24.1%)
  Islam (8.2%)
  Hinduism (5.6%)
  Judaism (3.8%)
  Buddhism (2.7%)
  Sikhism (0.8%)
  Other (0.5%)

Roman Catholics accounted for 33.4% of the population of the city of Toronto in 2001, followed by Protestants with 21.2%. Members of Christian Orthodox churches accounted for 4.9%, and other Christians (those not specifically identifying as Catholic, Protestant or Orthodox) formed 3.9%. The city's religious makeup also includes Islam with 5.5% (including large number of Sunni and Ahmadiyya members), Hinduism (4.1%), Judaism (3.5%), Buddhism (2.1%), Sikh (1%), and other communities; 16.6% reported no religious affiliation.[38]

In particular, the 2001 Census data showed the following data per pre-amalgamation municipality:

  • Toronto (667,320) : Catholic 31.1%, No religious affiliation 26.2%, Protestant 20.8%, Jewish 5.0%, Muslim 4.0%, Christian Orthodox 3.7%, Buddhist 3.4%
  • North York (603,060) : Catholic 30.2%, Protestant 18.0%, No religious affiliation 15.8%, Jewish 10.1%, Muslim 7.8%, Christian Orthodox 5.2%, Christian, not included elsewhere 4.6%, Hindu 4.1%
  • Scarborough (588,675) : Catholic 26.2%, Protestant 22.8%, No religious affiliation 19.7%, Hindu 9.7%, Muslim 7.8%, Christian Orthodox 5.1%, Christian, not included elsewhere 4.7%,
  • Etobicoke (334,570) : Catholic 39.6%, Protestant 24.6%, No religious affiliation 11.3%, Muslim 6.9%, Hindu 4.9%, Christian Orthodox 4.3%, Christian, not included elsewhere 3.5%, Sikh 3.3%
  • York (148,940) : Catholic 45.6%, Protestant 18.8%, No religious affiliation 12.8%, Muslim 5.0%, Christian, not included elsewhere 4.4%, Christian Orthodox 3.9%, Jewish 3.7%
  • East York (114,245) : Protestant 25.3%, Catholic 23.6%, No religious affiliation 17.1%, Muslim 12.5%, Christian Orthodox 12.0%, Hindu 3.7%

The 2011 National Household Survey found that Roman Catholics accounted for 28.2% of the population in the city of Toronto in 2011, followed by those of no religious affiliation at 24.1%, "Other Christian" at 9.7%, and Muslims at 8.2%. Besides those registered in the "other Christian" category there were other Christian denominations who were also registered in the census, including Anglicans (3.8%), Baptists (1.4%), Christian Orthodox (4.3%), Lutheran (0.6%), Pentecostal (1.6%), Presbyterian (1.5%), and United Church (3%). Buddhists (2.7%), Hindu (5.6%), Judaism(3.8%), Sikh (0.8%), Aboriginal spirituality (0.03%) and "Other religions" (0.5%) were also included.[37]

Ethno-religious groups[edit]

Languages[edit]

Mother tongue by population[edit]

City of Toronto[edit]

Top 30 languages City of Toronto, 2016[39] Population %
English 1,375,900 50.9
Cantonese 114,670 4.2
Mandarin 111,405 4.1
Tagalog (Filipino) 83,230 3.1
Spanish 72,850 2.7
Italian 62,640 2.3
Portuguese 59,355 2.2
Tamil 57,535 2.1
Farsi 49,185 1.8
Urdu 37,420 1.4
Russian 36,145 1.3
French 35,440 1.3
Korean 33,665 1.2
Arabic 29,825 1.1
Bengali 28,460 1.1
Greek 27,840 1.0
Gujarati 26,400 1.0
Polish 25,060 0.9
Vietnamese 24,775 0.9
Panjabi (Punjabi) 19,965 0.7
Ukrainian 15,465 0.6
Hindi 15,230 0.6
German 14,515 0.6
Serbian 13,380 0.5
Romanian 12,335 0.5
Hungarian 11,885 0.5
Somali 11,375 0.4
Turkish 8,855 0.3
Albanian 8,495 0.3
Armenian 7,845 0.3

The finest granularity of mother tongue and language spoken in Toronto yet provided by the 2011 Census is that of the federal electoral district (riding; 2003 redistribution).[40] Census tracts (and hence ward and neighbourhood) data is not yet available. For each of the federal electoral districts in the City of Toronto, the top three (3) (or more if having more than 3% of native speakers; single responses are used - it is indicated by way of using bold whether English is the mother tongue of more than 60% of the population or if another language exceeds 10% of native speakers) are as follows:

TORONTO & EAST YORK

  • Trinity-Spadina (137,865): 1. English (60.2%), 2. Cantonese (4.7%), 3. Portuguese (4.5%), 4. Chinese, not otherwise specified (4.5%), 5. Mandarin (3.8%)
  • Toronto Centre (123,430): 1. English (61.7%), 2. Spanish (2.5%), 3. Chinese, not otherwise specified (2.4%)
  • St. Paul's (112,470): 1. English (69.4%), 2. Spanish (3.0%), 3. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (2.6%)
  • Beaches-East York (103,625): 1. English (70.0%), 2. Bengali (3.7%), 3. Greek (2.0%)
  • Parkdale-High Park (100,595) : 1. English (63.0%), 2. Polish (4.3%), 3. Spanish (2.3%)
  • Toronto-Danforth (100,420): 1. English (63.7%), 2. Cantonese (5.8%), 3. Greek (5.0%), 4. Chinese, not otherwise specified (3.6%)
  • Davenport (98,425): 1. English (47.5%), 2. Portuguese (21.4%), 3. Italian (5.9%), 4. Spanish (5.6%)

NORTH YORK

  • Willowdale (135,455): 1. English (35.1%), 2. Chinese, not otherwise specified (9.4%), 3. Persian (9.3%), 4. Korean (7.9%), 5. Mandarin (7.7%)
  • Don Valley West (118,545): 1. English (54.4%), 2. Urdu (5.9%), 3. Persian (4.0%)
  • York Centre (112,950): 1. English (40.5%), 2. Russian (11.9%), 3. Italian (7.6%), 4. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (7.4%) 5. Spanish (5.0%)
  • Eglinton-Lawrence (108,730): 1. English (63.1%), 2. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (5.3%), 3. Italian (4.9%)
  • Don Valley East (106,115): 1. English (42.1%), 2. Mandarin (6.5%), 3. Chinese, not otherwise specified (6.1%) 4. Persian (4.6%), 5. Arabic (3.5%), 6. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (3.2%), 7. Cantonese (3.2%)
  • York West (103,395): 1. English (44.0%), 2. Italian (9.6%), 3. Spanish (8.5%), 4. Vietnamese (5.3%), 5. Urdu (3.0%)

SCARBOROUGH

  • Scarborough-Rouge River (128,905): 1. English (37.4%), 2. Tamil (13.8%), 3. Cantonese (13.1%), 4. Mandarin (4.6%), 5. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (4.3%), 6. Urdu (3.2%)
  • Scarborough-Agincourt (107,465): 1. English (30.2%), 2. Chinese, not otherwise specified (15.8%), 3. Cantonese (14.4%), 4. Mandarin (12.0%), 5. Tamil (5.0%)
  • Scarborough-Guildwood (105,900): 1. English (57.6%), 2. Tamil (8.0%), 3. Gujarati (6.0%), 4 Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (3.9%), 5. Urdu (3.2%)
  • Scarborough Centre (105,880): 1. English (47.7%), 2. Tamil (8.5%), 3. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (6.1%) 4. Chinese, not otherwise specified (3.8%), 5. Cantonese (3.5%)
  • Scarborough Southwest (103,270): 1. English (59.3%), 2. Bengali (6.1%), 3. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (5.0%), 4. Tamil (3.4%)

ETOBICOKE YORK

  • Etobicoke-Lakeshore (119,120): 1. English (59.7%), 2. Polish (5.6%), 3. Ukrainian (3.5%)
  • York South-Weston (111,710): 1. English (49.9%), 2. Portuguese (9.0%), 3. Spanish (8.2%), 4. Italian (7.6%), 5. Vietnamese (3.6%)
  • Etobicoke Centre (109,250): 1. English (54.1%), 2. Italian (5.5%), 3. Ukrainian (4.1%), 4. Spanish (3.2%)
  • Etobicoke North (105,620): 1. English (45.4%), 2. Panjabi (Punjabi) (10.1%), 3. Gujarati (4.8%), 4. Italian (3.8%), 5. Urdu (3.1%), 6. Somali (3.0%)

Toronto CMA[edit]

Top 20 languages Toronto CMA, 2016[41] Population %
English 3,061,820 52.0
Cantonese 247,710 4.2
Mandarin 227,085 3.9
Panjabi (Punjabi) 171,230 2.9
Italian 151,415 2.6
Tagalog (Filipino) 136,115 2.3
Urdu 128,845 2.2
Spanish 126,500 2.2
Tamil 109,580 1.9
Portuguese 104,305 1.8
Farsi 100,640 1.7
Arabic 85,175 1.5
Russian 83,105 1.4
Polish 69,860 1.2
French 65,535 1.1
Gujarati 64,115 1.1
Korean 55,005 0.9
Hindi 48,140 0.8
Vietnamese 48,005 0.8
Greek 41,225 0.7

Following are the corresponding data for the GTA ridings neighbouring the City of Toronto:

IN YORK REGION

  • Oak Ridges-Markham (220,005): 1. English (52.2%), 2. Cantonese (10.9%), 3. Chinese, not otherwise specified (6.6%), 4. Italian (3.5%), 5. Mandarin (3.2%)
  • Vaughan (187,340): 1. English (47.5%), 2. Italian (20.0%), 3. Spanish (3.1%)
  • Thornhill (136,120): 1. English (47.6%), 2. Russian (10.9%), 3. Cantonese (4.5%), 4. Persian (4.1%) 5. Chinese, not otherwise specified (3.9%), 6. Korean (3.2%) 7. Hebrew (3.1%)
  • Markham-Unionville (131,250): 1. English (34.2%), 2. Cantonese (18.1%), 3. Chinese, not otherwise specified (12.7%), 4. Tamil (7.5%), 5. Mandarin (6.0%), 6. Urdu (3.2%)
  • Newmarket-Aurora (129,460): 1. English (77.4%), 2. Italian (2.1%), 3. Russian (1.7%)
  • Richmond Hill (124,865): 1. English (40.4%), 2. Cantonese (10.1%), 3. Persian (9.2%), 4. Russian (7.8%), 5. Mandarin (5.7%), 6. Italian (5.7%), 7. Korean (3.4%)

IN PEEL REGION

  • Bramalea-Gore-Malton (182,545): 1. English (49.3%), 2. Panjabi (Punjabi) (22.2%), 3. Urdu (3.0%)
  • Mississauga-Brampton South (138,495): 1. English (41.6%), 2. Panjabi (Punjabi) (8.0%), 3. Urdu (5.2%), 4. Polish (3.8%), 5. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (3.5%)
  • Mississauga East-Cooksville (131,915): 1. English (40.0%), 2. Polish (6.7%), 3. Urdu (5.0%), 4. Arabic (4.8%), 5. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (4.1%), 6. Spanish (3.2%)
  • Mississauga South (108,685): 1. English (66.0%), 2. Polish (4.9%), 3. Portuguese (2.4%)

IN DURHAM REGION

  • Ajax-Pickering (133,135): 1. English (78.2%), 2. Urdu (2.3%), 3. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (2.1%)
  • Pickering-Scarborough East (104,495): 1. English (76.6%), 2. Tamil (2.4%), 3. Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) (2.4%)

Immigration patterns[edit]

According to the Canadian government, Toronto has the highest per capita immigration rate in the world.[42] Within Canada itself, 43% of all new immigrants to Canada settle in the Greater Toronto Area adding significantly to Toronto's population. According to the 2006 Census,[43] 45.7% of the residents of Toronto were immigrants. For the City of Toronto, the corresponding figure stood at 50.0%[44]

The 2006 Census data[45] show the following temporal patterns in the sources of immigration to Toronto (and retention of immigrants per source country):

  • Recent immigrants (2001-2006, 447,930): India 17.4%, China 14.3%, Pakistan 8.3%, Philippines 7.4%, Sri Lanka 3.9%, Iran 3.2%
  • Period of immigration: 1996-2000 (362,320): India 13.5%, China 13.1%, Pakistan 7.8%, Philippines 5.9%, Sri Lanka 5.2%, Hong Kong 4.3%, Iran 3.4%, Russia 3.2%
  • Period of immigration: 1991-1995 (357,865): Hong Kong 9.1%, India 8.7%, Philippines 8.7%, Sri Lanka 8.3%, China 8.1%, Poland 4.5%, Jamaica 4.1%, Guyana 3.5%, Vietnam 3.3%
  • Period of immigration: Before 1991 (1,152,050): Italy 11.1%, United Kingdom 9.7%, Portugal 5.9%, India 5.6%, Jamaica 5.5%, Hong Kong 4.5%, China 4.4%, Philippines 3.9%, Poland 3.8%, Guyana 3.8%, Vietnam 3.4%

The percentage and breakdown of immigrants per place of birth for each City of Toronto Community Council is as follows:[46]

  • Toronto & East York (642,940): 39.0% (Eastern Asia 6.7%; Southern Europe 6.5%; Southeast Asia 4.1%; Southern Asia 3.7%; Eastern Europe 3.3%; Northern Europe 3.2%)
  • North York (635,265): 54.4% (Eastern Asia 11.3%; Eastern Europe 6.5%; West Central Asia & Middle East 6.1%; Southern Europe 6.0%; Southeast Asia 5.5%; Southern Asia 5.5%)
  • Scarborough (602,610): 57.4% (Eastern Asia 14.3%; Southern Asia 13.9%; Southeast Asia 6.6%; Caribbean & Bermuda 5.1%; South America 3.4%; Southern Europe 3.2%)
  • Etobicoke York (595,370): 49.6% (Southern Europe 11.4%; Southern Asia 7.0%; Eastern Europe 5.8%; Caribbean & Bermuda 4.6%; Southeast Asia 4.2%; South America 4.1%)

The City of Toronto ward with the highest percentage of total immigrants is Ward 41 Scarborough-Rouge River where 71.4% of the total population are immigrants (Eastern Asia 41.4%, Southern Asia 10.7%, Southeast Asia 6.0%, Caribbean & Bermuda 3.8%). At the other end of the spectrum is Ward 16 Eglinton-Lawrence having the lowest percentage of immigrants, 24.7% in particular (Eastern Europe 4.1%, Northern Europe 3.4%, Southern Europe 3.3%).

Highs and lows[edit]

Wards[edit]

  • Largest area (hectares):[47] Ward 42 - Scarborough-Rouge River: 3,928
  • Smallest area (hectares): Ward 18 - Davenport: 474
  • Most populous: Ward 23 - Willowdale: 79,435
  • Least populous: Ward 19 - Toronto-Danforth: 44,420
  • Highest % recent immigrants: Ward 33 - Don Valley East: 24.1%
  • Lowest % recent immigrants: Ward 16 - Eglinton Lawrence: 3.7%
  • Highest % visible minorities: Ward 42 - Scarborough-Rouge River: 88.7%
  • Lowest % visible minorities: Ward 16 - Eglinton Lawrence: 12.6%
  • Highest median household income: Ward 25 - Don Valley West: $86,901
  • Lowest median household income: Ward 14 - Parkdale-High Park: $38,352

Ethnocultural[edit]

Mother tongue[edit]

(highest %)

  • English:[48] Ward 32 - Beaches-East York: 77.7% (Lowest %: Ward 39 - Scarborough-Agincourt: 24.9%)
  • Portuguese: Ward 18 - Davenport: 25.3%
  • Cantonese: Ward 41 - Scarborough-Rouge River: 23.5%
  • Chinese, not otherwise specified: Ward 39 - Scarborough-Agincourt: 22.2%
  • Italian: Ward 9 - York Centre: 20.4%
  • Russian: Ward 10 - York Centre: 19.5%
  • Tamil: Ward 42 - Scarborough-Rouge River: 15.1%
  • Panjabi (Punjabi): Ward 1 - Etobicoke North: 13.3%
  • Urdu: Ward 26 - Don Valley West: 11.2%
  • Greek: Ward 29 - Toronto-Danforth: 10.7%

Home language[edit]

(highest %)

  • English: Ward 16 - Eglinton-Lawrence: 89.9% (Lowest %: Ward 39 - Scarborough-Agincourt: 36.1%)
  • Cantonese: Ward 41 - Scarborough-Rouge River: 22.5%
  • Chinese, not otherwise specified: Ward 39 - Scarborough-Agincourt: 18.3%
  • Portuguese: Ward 18 - Davenport: 17.8%
  • Russian: Ward 10 - York Centre: 17.6%
  • Italian: Ward 9 - York Centre: 12.7%
  • Tamil: Ward 42 - Scarborough-Rouge River: 12.7%
  • Panjabi (Punjabi): Ward 1 - Etobicoke North: 11.0%

Ethnic origin[edit]

(highest %; single responses)

  • Chinese: Ward 41 - Scarborough-Rouge River: 56.1%
  • Portuguese: Ward 17 - Davenport: 28.0%
  • Italian: Ward 9 - York Centre: 27.2%
  • East Indian: Ward 1 - Etobicoke North: 26.0%
  • Jewish: Ward 10 - York Centre: 17.3%
  • Greek: Ward 29 - Toronto-Danforth: 13.0%

Visible minority[edit]

(highest %)

  • Not a visible minority: Ward 16 - Eglinton-Lawrence: 87.4%
  • Chinese: Ward 41 - Scarborough-Rouge River: 57.3%
  • South Asian: Ward 1 - Etobicoke North: 37.9%
  • Black: Ward 8 - York West: 21.8%
  • Filipino: Ward 25 - Scarborough Southwest: 10.4%
  • Latin American: Ward 7 - York West: 9.6%
  • Korean: Ward 23 - Willowdale: 9.4%
  • Southeast Asian: Ward 8 - York West: 7.2%
  • West Asian: Ward 23 - Willowdale: 6.9%
  • Arab: Ward 34 - Don Valley East: 3.0%
  • Japanese: Ward 27 - Toronto Centre-Rosedale: 1.2%

Education[edit]

(highest %)

  • Earned doctorate: Ward 20 - Trinity-Spadina: 3.3%
  • Master's degree: Ward 27 - Toronto Centre-Rosedale: 13.0%
  • Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine: Ward 25 - Don Valley West: 3.5%
  • University certificate above bachelor level: Ward 22 - St. Paul's: 5.5%
  • Bachelor's degree: Ward 22 - St. Paul's: 31.5%
  • University certificate or degree: Ward 22 - St. Paul's: 54.1%

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Focus on Geography Series, 2016 Census: Toronto, City (CSD) - Ontario: Immigration and Ethnocultural diversity". Statistics Canada. Retrieved October 31, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011". 2.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved April 18, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Toronto in Transition: Demographic Change in the Late Twentieth Century Archived March 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.". (PDF). CERIS – The Ontario Metropolis Centre.
  4. ^ "Population by selected ethnic origins (Toronto)". Statistics Canada. 2001. Retrieved May 20, 2006. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Toronto history FAQs: What was the population of Toronto in various years?". City of Toronto Archives. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Canada: 20 Top Census Metropolitan Areas:Population from 1931" (link). Demographia. Demographia. 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-08. 
  7. ^ a b c "Toronto City & CMA Population 1971-2006". Statistics Canada. 2006. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Population Tables for Toronto CMA". Statistics Canada. 1971. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  9. ^ a b c d "1996 Community Profile for Toronto" (PDF). Statistics Canada. City of Toronto. 1996. Retrieved 2007-05-08. 
  10. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Census Metropolitan Areas in Decreasing Order of 1996 Population, 1991 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data". Statistics Canada. 2001-04-17. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  11. ^ a b "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Census Metropolitan Areas, Census Agglomerations and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
  12. ^ a b "2001 Community Profile for Toronto" (PDF). Statistics Canada. City of Toronto. 2001. Retrieved 2007-05-08. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f "Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Census Metropolitan Areas, Census Agglomerations and Census Subdivisions (Municipalities), 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data". Statistics Canada, 2001 Census of Population. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data". Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population. 2007-03-13. Retrieved 2007-03-19. 
  15. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for urban areas, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data". Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  16. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  17. ^ "2006 Community Profile for Toronto, Ontario". Statistics Canada. March 17, 2007. Retrieved 2007-05-08. 
  18. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, census metropolitan areas, census agglomerations and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2011-02-08. 
  19. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for population centres, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  20. ^ a b "Toronto population count". Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population. 2017-02-08. Retrieved 2017-02-09. 
  21. ^ "Toronto population count". Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population. 2017-02-08. Retrieved 2017-02-09. 
  22. ^ "Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census". Statistics Canada. 
  23. ^ "Toronto Quick Facts". Government of Canada, Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, Investment, Science & Technology Branch. Archived from the original on 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  24. ^ "City of Toronto: Toronto Overview". City of Toronto. 2007. Retrieved 2009-03-23. 
  25. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and federal electoral districts (2003 Representation Order), 2011 and 2006 censuses (province of Ontario selected, ordering by Population % change)". Statistics Canada, 2011 Census of Population. 2011-02-08. Retrieved 2012-10-30. 
  26. ^ "Data, Research & Maps". Toronto.ca. 14 July 2017. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  27. ^ [1][dead link]
  28. ^ "Toronto in Transition: Demographic Change in the Late Twentieth Century Archived March 10, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.". (PDF). CERIS – The Ontario Metropolis Centre.
  29. ^ "Statistics Canada: 2006 Aboriginal Population Profile". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  30. ^ "Statistics Canada: 2006 Community Profiles". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  31. ^ "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census subdivision". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  32. ^ "Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity Highlight Tables". Statistics Canada. 
  33. ^ a b "Ethnic Origin, both sexes, age (total), Toronto, 2016 Census". Government of Canada, Statistics. 
  34. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census metropolitan area/Census agglomeration". 
  35. ^ contenu, English name of the content author / Nom en anglais de l'auteur du. "English title / Titre en anglais". 
  36. ^ contenu, English name of the content author / Nom en anglais de l'auteur du. "English title / Titre en anglais". 
  37. ^ a b "2011 NHS Profile, Toronto, Ontario (City)". Statistics Canada. 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  38. ^ "2001 Community Profiles, Toronto, Ontario (City)". Statistics Canada. 2001. Retrieved 19 May 2008. 
  39. ^ Toronto Profile, Toronto 2016
  40. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 Census of Canada: Topic-based tabulations". 
  41. ^ Toronto CMA Profile, Toronto CMA 2016
  42. ^ "Library of Parliament Research Publications". Parl.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  43. ^ "Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations - 20% sample data". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  44. ^ "Population by immigrant status and period of immigration, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations - 20% sample data". 12.statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  45. ^ [2][dead link]
  46. ^ "TMMIS - Committees". Toronto.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. 
  47. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2012-11-15. 
  48. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-06-21. Retrieved 2009-07-17. 

External links[edit]