Demographics of Utah
Demographic information and data regarding the population of the U.S. state of Utah. Begun as a territory in 1847 and then granted statehood in 1896, Utah was one of the fastest-growing states in the United States throughout the 20th century and especially in the 2000s. The 2010 United States Census reported 2,763,885 lived in Utah, but other estimates claimed there are over 3.1 million residents. From the last official census taken in the year 2000, Utah had a population growth rate of 26%.
The center of population of Utah is located in Utah County in the city of Lehi. As of April 1, 2010 the 2010 Census indicated that Utah had a population of 2,763,885. In 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau determined Utah was the fastest-growing state in the country.
Much of the population lives in cities and towns along the Wasatch Front, a metropolitan region that runs north–south with the Wasatch Mountains rising on the eastern side. Growth outside the Wasatch Front is also increasing. The St. George metropolitan area is currently the second fastest-growing in the country after the Las Vegas metropolitan area, while the Heber micropolitan area is also the second fastest-growing in the country (behind Palm Coast, Florida).
Race and ancestry
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According to 2010 United States Census projections, the racial and ethnic makeup of Utah are as it follows. :
- 88.6% White or European.
- 13% Hispanic/Latino (of any race).
- 1.8% American Indians and Alaskan Natives.
- 2.8% Asian-American.
- 1.3% Pacific Islander.
- 1.6% African American.
- 6.9% Some other race.
The largest ancestry groups in the state are:
- 27.7% English
- 14.9% Scandinavian: (5.9% Danish, 4.3% Swedish, & 2.4% Norwegian)
- 12.4% German
- 7.0% American
- 6.1% Irish
- 4.7% Scottish
- 2.9% Italian
- 2.2% French
- 2.2% Welsh
- 1.4% Scotch Irish
- 1.3% Swiss
Utah County has the largest Icelandic American population, while Sanpete County is about a fifth (17%) Danish American. Swedish Americans and Norwegian Americans outnumbered English American ancestry in Central Utah (i.e. Heber City). Finnish Americans, Russian Americans and Ukrainian Americans are significant in number throughout the state (esp. Carbon County, Utah and Wasatch County, Utah areas). The Wikipedia article Utah Italians describes the state's small but established Italian-American community. And the percentage of persons of Spanish American ancestry including those of Basque descent are also present. Most Utahns are of Northern European descent.
Racial and ethnic groups
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A majority of the state's residents are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). As of 2007, 60.7% of Utahns are counted as members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, although only 41.6% of them are active members. Mormons now make up about 34%–41% of Salt Lake City, while rural areas tend to be overwhelmingly Mormon. Though the LDS Church officially maintains a policy of neutrality in regards to political parties, the church's doctrine has a strong regional influence on politics. Another doctrine effect can be seen in Utah's high birth rate (25 percent higher than the national average; the highest for a state in the U.S.). The Mormons in Utah tend to have conservative views when it comes to most political issues and the majority of voter-age Utahns are unaffiliated voters (60%) who vote overwhelmingly Republican. John McCain polled 62.5% in the 2008 Presidential Election while 70.9% of Utahns opted for George W. Bush in 2004. In 2000 the Religious Congregations and Membership Study reported that the three largest denominational groups in Utah are Mormon, Catholic, and Evangelical Protestant. The LDS church has the highest number of adherents in Utah (at 1,493,612 members), followed by the Catholic Church with 97,085 members reported and the Southern Baptist Convention, reporting 13,258 adherents.
According to a report produced by the Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life the self-identified religious affiliations of Utahns over the age of 18 as of 2008 are:
- The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 58% (labeled as Mormon on survey)
- Unaffiliated 16%
- Catholic 10%
- Evangelicals 7%
- Mainline Protestants 6%
- Black Protestant Churches 1%
- No Answer 1%
- Other Faiths 1%
- Buddhism <.5%
- Eastern Orthodox <.5%
- Hinduism <.5%
- Islam <.5%
- Jehovah's Witnesses <.5%
- Judaism <.5%
- Non denominational <.5%
- Other World Religions <.5%
Margin of error +/- 6%
In 2010 Utah was 62.1% Mormon (members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints). Salt Lake County, was 51.4% LDS. The county with the lowest percentage of LDS was Grand County at 26.5%. The county with the highest percentage of LDS was Morgan County at 86.1% 
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|2012 Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life Survey||Mormons (U.S.)||U.S. Avg.|
|Divorced or separated||9%||13%|
|Children at home (average)||2.6||1.8|
|Attendance at religious services (weekly or more)||77%||40%|
Recently, Utah has experienced an in-migration of population from other U.S. states which served to change the state's sociocultural/political character. The percentage of Utah residents who are Mormon has declined while the number of the religiously unaffiliated has increased.
Southwestern Utah aka "Utah's Dixie" does not have many cultural similarities with the Southeastern United States. The name came from a dispatched settlement drive in the 1850s to advertise the warm desert climate found in Washington County.
The state witnessed some splits and sects of Mormonism are evident: Bickertonites, Church of Christ and ex-Mormons; and the FLDS fundamentalist communes in the rural communities like Hildale in southernmost Utah and the nearby towns of Colorado City, Arizona and Fredonia, Arizona adjacent to the Arizona Strip on the state boundary with Arizona.
Also there is an active lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender community which thrives in the Salt Lake metropolitan area. The national LGBT magazine The Advocate ranked Salt Lake City as one of the nation's 50 hot spots for the subculture in 2005.
Age and gender
In 2000, 49.9% female and 50.1% male constituted the gender makeup of Utah.
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- "Annual Estimates of the Population for the United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" (CSV). 2015 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. December 26, 2015. Retrieved December 26, 2015.
- "Population and Population Centers by State: 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-12-06.
- "Resident Population Data: Population Change". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
- http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/013049.html Utah is Fastest Growing State. Press Release by US Census Bureau. Dated 22 December 2008. Accessed 23 December 2008.
- Deborah Bulkeley, "St. George growth 2nd fastest in U.S.", Deseret Morning News
- American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. "2006–2008 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-07-31.
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- , Salt Lake City Tribune "Mormon portion of Utah population steadily shrinking" 2005
- Utah less Mormon than ever. Matt Canham, Salt Lake Tribune.
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- David E. Campbell and J. Quin Monson. "Dry Kindling: A Political Profile of American Mormons" (PDF). From Pews to Polling Places: Faith and Politics in the American Religious Mosaic. Georgetown University Press.
- Davidson, Lee (August 19, 2008). "Utah's birthrate highest in U.S.". Deseret News.
- "Deseret Morning News – Utah Voters Shun Labels". Deseretnews.com. 2008-01-28. Retrieved 2010-07-31.
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- . Salt Lake Tribune.
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- "Gender in the United States". nationalatlas.gov. Retrieved April 30, 2009.