Demographics of Venezuela

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The Demographics of Venezuela are the condition and overview of Venezuela's peoples. Demographic topics include basic education, health, and population statistics as well as identified racial and religious affiliations.

The Venezuelan people comprise a combination of heritages. The historically present Amerindians, Spanish colonists, and African slaves have all contributed to varying degrees. Later, waves of European groups (Italians, Portuguese and Germans) migrated to Venezuela in the 20th century, influencing many aspects of Venezuelan life, including its culture, language, food, and music.

About 51.6% of the population is Mestizo, while 43.6% are full white of European ancestry and/or Middle Eastern ancestry. Another 3.7% is black/African, while 2.7% is of full Amerindian ancestry, and 1.0% other races ( principally Asian people).[1][2]

Three Amerindian tribes located in the country are the Wayuu, located in the west, in Zulia State, and the Timoto-cuicas, also in the west, in Mérida State, in the Andes.

About 85% of the population live in urban areas in the northern portion of the country and currently resides in the urban conglomerations (Caracas, Maracay, Maracaibo, Valencia, etc.) that are concentrated in Venezuela's northern coastal mountain strip. Nearly half of Venezuela's geographic area lies south of the Orinoco River; however, this region contains only 5% of the Venezuelan population.

The World Factbook 2011 estimate puts Venezuela's total population at 27,635,743 inhabitants.[3] Additionally, over the past five years, Venezuelan society's general age structure has been trending towards the homologous structure found in Cuba, Western Europe, Japan, and other healthy and rapidly aging societies. Notably, there has been a significant increase in the proportion and gross numbers of elderly Venezuelans (aged 65 and up), as well as a corresponding drop in the total fertility.

Population[edit]

Census population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1873 1,732,411 —    
1881 2,005,139 +1.84%
1891 2,221,572 +1.03%
1920 2,479,525 +0.38%
1926 2,814,131 +2.13%
1936 3,364,347 +1.80%
1941 3,850,771 +2.74%
1950 5,034,838 +3.02%
1961 7,523,999 +3.72%
1971 10,721,522 +3.61%
1981 14,516,735 +3.08%
1990 18,105,265 +2.48%
2001 23,232,553 +2.29%
2011 27,227,930 +1.60%

According to the 2015 revison of the World Population Prospects the total population was 31,108,000 in 2015, compared to only 5,482,000 in 1950. The proportion of children below the age of 15 in 2010 was 29.5%, 64.9% was between 15 and 65 years of age, while 5.6% was 65 years or older .[4]

Total population
(x 1000)
Proportion
aged 0–14
(%)
Proportion
aged 15–64
(%)
Proportion
aged 65+
(%)
1950 5 482 43.5 54.6 1.9
1955 6 758 44.8 53.1 2.0
1960 8 147 45.6 51.9 2.4
1965 9 825 46.4 51.0 2.6
1970 11 588 45.7 51.5 2.8
1975 13 361 43.3 53.6 3.0
1980 15 344 40.7 56.2 3.2
1985 17 508 38.8 57.8 3.4
1990 19 862 37.9 58.4 3.7
1995 22 189 36.3 59.8 3.9
2000 24 481 34.1 61.6 4.3
2005 26 769 31.6 63.5 4.9
2010 28 996 29.6 64.9 5.5
2015 31 108 28.1 65.7 6.2

Structure of the population [5][edit]

Structure of the population (01.07.2011) (Data refer to projections based on the 2001 Population Census) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 14 673 402 14 604 334 29 277 736 100
0-4 1 489 651 1 422 996 2 912 647 9,95
5-9 1 449 771 1 387 490 2 837 261 9,69
10-14 1 407 049 1 348 839 2 755 888 9,41
15-19 1 381 341 1 330 517 2 711 858 9,26
20-24 1 356 690 1 321 939 2 678 629 9,15
25-29 1 247 545 1 233 317 2 480 862 8,47
30-34 1 125 519 1 124 781 2 250 300 7,69
35-39 975 071 981 664 1 956 735 6,68
40-44 901 661 912 835 1 814 496 6,20
45-49 828 558 843 046 1 671 604 5,71
50-54 689 404 706 581 1 395 985 4,77
55-59 572 058 592 013 1 164 071 3,98
60-64 450 502 471 913 922 415 3,15
65-69 319 897 346 672 666 569 2,28
70-74 215 081 246 972 462 053 1,58
75+ 263 604 332 759 596 363 2,04
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 4 346 471 4 159 325 8 505 796 29,05
15-64 9 528 349 9 518 606 19 046 955 65,06
65+ 798 582 926 403 1 724 985 5,89


Structure of the population (01.07.2013) (Data refer to projections based on the 2001 Population Census) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 15 102 533 15 052 819 30 155 352 100
0-4 1 491 898 1 424 743 2 916 641 9,67
5-9 1 464 151 1 400 914 2 865 065 9,50
10-14 1 423 817 1 364 178 2 787 995 9,25
15-19 1 386 506 1 334 874 2 721 380 9,02
20-24 1 359 923 1 323 716 2 683 639 8,90
25-29 1 291 849 1 275 387 2 567 236 8,51
30-34 1 167 219 1 166 307 2 333 526 7,74
35-39 1 032 504 1 040 183 2 072 687 6,87
40-44 917 077 929 479 1 846 556 6,12
45-49 852 761 869 313 1 722 074 5,71
50-54 742 176 762 161 1 504 337 4,99
55-59 604 508 627 863 1 232 371 4,09
60-64 486 985 513 029 1 000 014 3,32
65-69 357 333 386 715 744 048 2,47
70-74 238 848 273 230 512 078 1,70
75-79 157 083 191 869 348 952 1,16
80+ 127 895 168 858 296 753 0,98
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 4 379 866 4 189 835 8 569 701 28,42
15-64 9 841 508 9 842 312 19 683 820 65,27
65+ 881 159 1 020 672 1 901 831 6,31

Vital statistics[edit]

Registration of vital events is in Venezuela not complete. The Population Departement of the United Nations prepared the following estimates. [4]

Period Live births
per year
Deaths
per year
Natural change
per year
CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR* Life expectancy
total
Life expectancy
males
Life expectancy
females
1950–1955 263,000 69,000 193,000 46.5 12.6 34.1 6.46 107 54.3 52.9 55.8
1955–1960 309,000 73,000 236,000 44.9 10.9 34.2 6.46 89 57.1 55.6 58.7
1960–1965 375,000 77,000 298,000 45.1 9.5 35.7 6.66 73 59.9 58.2 61.7
1965–1970 397,000 76,000 320,000 40.1 8.0 32.4 5.90 60 62.6 60.5 64.9
1970–1975 411,000 76,000 334,000 35.1 6.7 28.6 4.94 49 65.0 62.4 67.7
1975–1980 476,000 81,000 395,000 34.2 5.8 28.4 4.47 39 67.3 64.6 70.4
1980–1985 519,000 89,000 430,000 32.0 5.3 26.5 3.96 34 68.9 66.0 72.0
1985–1990 561,000 92,000 468,000 30.3 4.9 25.3 3.65 27 70.5 67.7 73.5
1990–1995 563,000 101,000 461,000 26.9 4.8 22.1 3.25 23 71.5 68.7 74.5
1995–2000 569,000 114,000 455,000 24.5 4.9 19.7 2.94 21 72.1 69.3 75.1
2000–2005 585,000 129,000 456,000 22.9 5.0 17.9 2.72 19 72.7 69.9 75.8
2005–2010 598,000 142,000 456,000 21.4 5.1 16.3 2.55 17 73.7 70.8 76.8
2010–2015 601,000 159,000 442,000 19.9 5.3 14.6 2.40 15 74.5 71.7 77.6
2015–2020 595,000 178,000 417,000 18.4 5.5 12.9 2.28 13 75.3 72.5 78.4
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)

Births and deaths[6][7]

Year Population (x1000) Live births Deaths Natural increase Crude birth rate Crude death rate Rate of natural increase TFR
2009 593,845 123,530 470,315
2010 591,303 130,597 460,706
2011 615,132 136,803 478,329
2012
2013 597,902 147,901 450,001 20.1 5.0 15.1

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Total population[edit]

  • It has a population of 31,292,000 as of 2014.

Population growth rate[edit]

  • 1.508% (2009 estimate).

Sex ratio[edit]

Age Ratio
(males/females)
Total: 1.02
At birth: 1.07
Under 15: 1.07
15–64: 1.01
Over 65: 0.83

Literacy and education[edit]

The accepted formal and demographic definition of the literacy rate is that proportion or percentage of the Venezuelan population older than age 15 that can both read and write. The below are 2006 estimates from the INE.

Population group %
Total population: 95.1%
Male: 95.4%
Female: 94.8%

Ethnicity[edit]

According to an autosomal DNA genetic study conducted in 2008 by the University of Brasilia (UNB) the composition of Venezuela's population is: 60.60% of European contribution, 23% of Amerindian contribution and 16.30% of African contribution.[8]


Religious affiliation[edit]

The overwhelming majority of Venezuelans denote themselves as adherents of Catholicism; this is true nominally if not in practice.

Religious affiliation in Venezuela. (2011)[9][10]
Affiliation % of Venezuela population
Christian 88.3 88.3
 
Catholic 71 71
 
Protestant 17 17
 
Mormon 0.3 0.3
 
Non-Christian faiths 2.7 2.7
 
Jewish 0.05 0.05
 
Muslim 0.4 0.4
 
Santería 1 1
 
Other Non-Christian faiths 1.25 1.25
 
Unaffiliated 9 9
 
Agnostic/indiferent 6 6
 
Atheist 2 2
 
Don't know/refused answer 1 1
 
Total 100 100
 

According to the 2011 census, 88.3 percent of the population is Christian, primarily Roman Catholic (71%), 17 percent Protestant, and the remaining 0.03 percent Mormons (LDS Church).[11] The Venezuelans without religion are 9% (atheist 2%, agnostic or indifferent 6% and doesn't know/doesn't respond 1% ), almost 3% of the population follow other religions (1% of them are of santeria).[9][12]

References[edit]

  •  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the CIA World Factbook.
  • Acosta, Maruja. "Urbanizacion y clases sociales en Venezuela." Revista Interamericana de Planificacion Bogota, 7, No. 26, June 1973, 22–44.
  • The article contains a statistical reference from the Wikipedia public domain Mestizos (2006).

See also[edit]