Demographics of Winnipeg

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Winnipeg also prominent in the size and ratio of its First Nations population, which plays an important part in the city's makeup. About 11% of Winnipeggers are of First Nations descent, which vastly exceeds the national average of 4.3%.

Population history[edit]

Population history
YearPop.±%
1871241—    
18817,995+3217.4%
189126,529+231.8%
190142,540+60.4%
1911136,035+219.8%
1921179,097+31.7%
1931218,785+22.2%
1941221,969+1.5%
1951235,710+6.2%
1961265,420+12.6%
1966257,005−3.2%
1971246,246−4.2%
1976560,874+127.8%
1981564,373+0.6%
1986592,551+5.0%
1991616,790+4.1%
1996618,477+0.3%
2001619,544+0.2%
2006633,451+2.2%
2011663,617+4.8%
2016705,244+6.3%
The drastic population increase between 1971 and 1976 was due in part to Winnipeg's amalgamation in 1972.[1][2][3][4][5][6]
Metro population
YearPop.±%
1991660,450—    
1996667,209+1.0%
2001671,274+0.6%
2006694,668+3.5%
2011730,018+5.1%
2016778,489+6.6%
Sources:[7][8]

Population[edit]

As of the Canada 2016 Census there were 705,244 people living in Winnipeg proper,[9] with 778,489 living in the Winnipeg CMA.[10] The median age of the population is 39 years old,[11] 38 for men and 40 for women.

Languages[edit]

In 2011, Tagalog was officially the second most common mother tongue in Winnipeg, accounting for about 5% of the population,[12] followed by French which is the mother-tongue for about 4% of the population.

Ethnicities[edit]

Ethnic Origins[13][14]
Population Percentage
English 137,075 20.7
Scottish 113,465 17.1
Canadian 108,955 16.4
German 105,910 16.0
Ukrainian 98,860 14.9
Irish 85,800 12.9
French 85,025 12.8
Filipino 58,255 9.0

The Aboriginal community is large in Winnipeg. Winnipeg not only has the highest percentage of Aboriginals (11.1%) for any major Canadian city (population 100,000+),[15] but also has the highest total number of Aboriginals living off of the reserves in one city, despite only being the 7th largest city in Canada. There are 72,335 who live in Winnipeg as of 2011, approximately 20,000 more than 10 years ago. That number is more than 30,000 more Aboriginals than the second city with 41,985, which is Edmonton. Winnipeg also has the highest Metis population in both percentage (6.3%) and numbers (41,235), and the 4th highest First Nations percentage (4.6%), however the most in numbers (29,485).

Winnipeg also has the largest Filipino community ratio (8.7%) for any major Canadian city, however the city of Toronto has more Filipinos by total population (132,445) than Winnipeg (56,400). Winnipeg's Filipino population is largely concentrated in the West End and North End areas of the city. The neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Arlington Street is 45% Filipino,[16] and the neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Wall Street is 47% Filipino.[17][18]

Winnipeg also has the largest multiracial population of any large Canadian city - if Metis people are included in the counting. Metis people are of a mixed race background, however are not categorized with the "more than one visible minority" category on the 2011 National Household Survey; they have their own category. Nonetheless, there are 45,005 people of mixed race backgrounds in Winnipeg, making that both the highest ratio (6.9%) and in total numbers (Toronto is second with 42,795).

Top 20 Ethnic Origins in the Winnipeg
CMA (2011;[19] Total Responses)
Population % 2006[20] Population %
English 153,060 21.4 English 156,290 22.8
Scottish 126,320 17.7 Scottish 126,740 18.5
Canadian 123,445 17.3 German 121,565 17.7
German 121,470 17.0 Canadian 117,225 17.1
Ukrainian 115,230 16.1 Ukrainian 110,335 16.1
French 97,720 13.7 French 97,410 14.2
Irish 94,820 13.3 Irish 95,185 13.9
Filipino 58,535 8.2 Polish 58,050 8.5
Polish 58,440 8.2 Métis 42,175 6.1
Métis 46,070 6.4 Filipino 38,275 5.6
First Nations 40,010 5.6 First Nations 36,515 5.3
Dutch 29,060 4.1 Dutch 30,310 4.4
Russian 25,415 4.1 Russian 23,385 3.4
Chinese 20,410 2.9 Italian 18,580 2.7
East Indian 19,855 2.8 Icelandic 17,655 2.6
Italian 18,410 2.6 Chinese 16,695 2.4
Icelandic 18,210 2.5 East Indian 13,545 2.0
Swedish 13,910 1.9 Swedish 13,470 2.0
Norwegian 12,340 1.7 Jewish 12,210 1.8
Jewish 11,995 1.7 Welsh 11,350 1.6
Portuguese 11,490 1.6 Belgian 10,680 1.6
Total population 714,640 100 Total population 686,040 100
Visible minority and Aboriginal population[21][22][23]
Population group Population (2011) % of total population (2011) Population (2006) % of total population (2006)
European 438,470 67.5% 460,045 73.5%
Visible minority group South Asian 22,940 3.5% 15,080 2.4%
Chinese 14,975 2.3% 12,660 2%
Black 17,410 2.7% 14,200 2.3%
Filipino 56,400 8.7% 36,820 5.9%
Latin American 6,475 1% 5,390 0.9%
Arab 2,670 0.4% 2,115 0.3%
Southeast Asian 6,990 1.1% 5,325 0.9%
West Asian 1,970 0.3% 1,885 0.3%
Korean 2,690 0.4% 2,065 0.3%
Japanese 1,400 0.2% 1,725 0.3%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 1,495 0.2% 1,585 0.3%
Multiple visible minorities 3,770 0.6% 3,060 0.5%
Total visible minority population 139,190 21.4% 101,910 16.3%
Aboriginal group First Nations 29,485 4.6% 24,950 4%
Métis 41,235 6.3% 37,385 6%
Inuit 370 0.1% 280 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 530 0.1% 770 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identities 745 0.1% 355 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 72,335 11.1% 63,745 10.2%
Total population 649,995 100% 625,700 100%

Racial history[edit]

Winnipeg Racial Demographics History [24]
Racial Group 1996

%

1996

population

2001

%

2001

population

2006

%

2006

population

2011

%

2011

population

European 81% 495,485 77.9% 473,920 73.5% 460,045 67.5% 438,470
Visible Minority Black 1.6% 9,845 1.9% 11,275 2.3% 14,200 2.7% 17,410
East Asia1 2.2% 13,560 2.2% 13,390 2.7% 16,750 2.9% 19,065
Latin America 0.6% 3,890 0.7% 4,500 0.9% 5,390 1.0% 6,475
South Asian 1.9% 11,330 2.0% 12,165 2.4% 15,080 3.5% 22,940
Southeast Asia2 4.9% 29,725 5.8% 35,030 6.7% 42,145 9.8% 63,390
West Asian & Arab 0.3% 1,600 0.3% 1,880 0.6% 4,000 0.7% 4,640
Multiracial3 0.2% 1,305 0.3% 1,710 0.5% 3,060 0.6% 3,770
Other 0.2% 1,435 0.3% 1,960 0.3% 1,585 0.2% 1,495
Total 11.9% 72,690 13.5% 81,910 16.3% 101,910 21.4% 139,190
Aboriginal4 First Nations 3.2% 19,535 3.6% 22,070 4.0% 24,950 4.6% 29,485
Métis 3.7% 22,730 4.8% 29,010 6.0% 37,385 6.3% 41,235
Total 7.1% 43,460 8.6% 52,420 10.2% 63,745 11.1% 72,335

Notes:

  • ^1 Includes the markings of; Chinese, Japanese and Korean
  • ^2 Includes the markings of; Filipino and Southeast Asian
  • ^3 Does not include the marking of; Metis
  • ^4 Includes all Aboriginal markings; First Nations, Metis, Inuit (Inuk), Multiple Aboriginals and Other Aboriginals

Immigration[edit]

According to the 2011 National Household Survey,[14] in the past 10 years (2001 to 2011), Winnipeg has had 62,200 immigrants, which is just under 10% of the population (9.6%). Most of which (44,780) came in the last 5 years.

Immigrants by Place of Birth to Winnipeg (2006 to 2011) [14]
Rank Country Population # % of immigrants
1 Philippines 21,360 47.7%
2 India 5,625 12.6%
3 China 2,420 5.4%
4 South Korea 1,065 2.4%
5 Nigeria 865 1.9%
6 Ukraine 735 1.6%
7 United States of America 600 1.3%
8 Ethiopia 580 1.3%
9 Pakistan 560 1.3%
10 Israel 505 1.1%

Religions[edit]

In 2001, 21% of Winnipeg was not religious,[24] which has increased by about 8 percent in 10 years, as in 2011 28.7% of the population was not religious.

Religions In Winnipeg [25]
Religion Population Percent of Population
Christian 414,270 63.73%
Hindu 6,795 1.05%
Buddhist 6,260 0.96%
Jewish 10,535 1.62%
Muslim 11,230 1.73%
Sikh 9,800 1.51%
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,775 0.27%
Other Religion 2,835 0.44%
No Religion 186,510 28.69%
Total Population 650,000 100%

About 32% of males in Winnipeg are not religious, while about 26% of females are non-religious.[25]

Income[edit]

The 2011 National Household Survey data showed that Winnipeg's after-tax median household income was $50,537.[23] This marking was slightly lower than the national average ($54,098),[26] although is still in the bottom 10 of lowest median incomes in Canada.[27] A study in 2013 showed that Winnipeg had two of the three poorest postal-code areas in all of Canada (R3A and R3B, both located in the inner-city) in regards to family income, in fact the two poorest that are located in cities (the poorest was a First Nations reserve in the Cape Breton area).[28]

8,610 of Winnipeg's residents (who earn income) make and keep over $100,000 a year, which is 1.7% of the population. This ratio is higher nationally, at 2.6%.

The gender differences in income were less in Winnipeg by about 9% compared to the national medians. The median income for a male in Winnipeg is $31,300, where as for a female the median is $23,739. This means a male on average makes about 31.9% more money than a female. This ratio is 40.5% nationwide.

Education[edit]

According to the 2011 National Household survey,[23] for those aged 25 to 64;

  • 12.7% had no diploma, degree or certificate
  • 87.3% had a high school diploma (or equivalent too)
  • 62.1% had a post-secondary education
    • 34.0% had a university education
    • 28.1% had a non-university education (trades, colleges, apprenticeships, etc.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-10-19. Retrieved 2014-08-30. , Censuses 1871–1931
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-09. Retrieved 2014-08-30. , Census 1941–1951
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-23. Retrieved 2014-08-30. , Census 1961
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-23. Retrieved 2014-08-30. , Canada Year Book 1974: Censuses 1966, 1971
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-12-23. Retrieved 2014-08-30. , Canada Year Book 1988: Censuses 1981, 1986
  6. ^ [1], Census 1991–2006
  7. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2006 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  8. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 1991 and 1996 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. 1997. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "Winnipeg city population profile". Census Canada. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Winnipeg CMA population profile". Census Canada. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  11. ^ [2], "Census - Population (Winnipeg 2011)"
  12. ^ "Tagalog is 2nd-most common mother tongue in Winnipeg - CBC News". cbc.ca. 
  13. ^ "Winnipeg City". Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada Highlight Tables, 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  14. ^ a b c Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census subdivision". www12.statcan.gc.ca. 
  15. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Census Program". www12.statcan.gc.ca. 
  16. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census tract". www12.statcan.gc.ca. 
  17. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Census tract". www12.statcan.gc.ca. 
  18. ^ Petz, Sarah. Filipinos find a home in Winnipeg as family ties drive immigration in Manitoba, National Post, May 29, 2014.
  19. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "NHS Profile, Winnipeg, CMA, Manitoba, 2011". 
  20. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts". 
  21. ^ [3], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  22. ^ [4], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  23. ^ a b c [5], National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
  24. ^ a b [6], Winnipeg Census Profiles
  25. ^ a b [7], Religion Section of NHS (Winnipeg)
  26. ^ Canada, Government of Canada, Statistics. "2011 National Household Survey Profile - Province/Territory". www12.statcan.gc.ca. 
  27. ^ "Windsor, Ont. and Sherbrooke, Que. top 'low-income' list as new data reveals Canada's poorest cities". nationalpost.com. 11 September 2013. 
  28. ^ "Income by postal code: Mapping Canada's richest and poorest neighbourhoods". globalnews.ca.