Demographics of Yukon

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Yukon is the westernmost of Canada's three northern territories. Its capital is Whitehorse. People from Yukon are known as Yukoners (French: Yukonnais). Unlike in other Canadian provinces and territories, Statistics Canada uses the entire territory as a single at-large census division.

Population of Yukon: 35,874 (2016)[1]

Population history[edit]

Year Population Five-year
% change
Ten-year
% change
Rank among provinces
and territories
1901 27,219 n/a n/a 10
1911 8,512 n/a -68.7 10
1921 4,157 n/a -51.1 10
1931 4,230 n/a 1.8 11
1941 4,914 n/a 16.2 11
1951 9,096 n/a 85.1 12
1956 12,190 34.0 n/a 12
1961 14,628 20.0 60.8 12
1966 14,382 -1.7 18.0 12
1971 18,390 27.9 25.7 12
1976 21,835 18.7 51.8 12
1981 23,150 6.0 25.9 12
1986 23,505 1.5 7.6 12
1991 27,797 18.3 20.1 12
1996 30,766 10.7 30.9 12
2001 28,674 -6.8 3.2 12
2006 30,372 5.9 -1.3 12
2011 33,897 11.6 18.2 12
2016 35,874 5.8 13.6 13

Source: Statistics Canada[2][3][4][1]

Population geography[edit]

Major communities[edit]

Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories
The largest communities by population[5]
Community 2016 2011 2006 2001
Whitehorse 25,085 23,276 20,461 19,058
Dawson City 1,375 1,319 1,327 1,251
Watson Lake 790 802 846 912
Haines Junction 613 593 589 531
Carmacks 493 503 425 431
Mount Lorne 437 408 370 379
Ibex Valley 411 346 376 315
Pelly Crossing 353 336 296 328
Faro 348 344 341 313
Carcross 301 289 280 152
Ross River 293 352 313 337
Tagish 249 391 222 206
Old Crow 221 245 253 299
Mayo 200 226 248 267

Visible minorities and Indigenous Peoples[edit]

Census divisions by province and territory
Canada 2016 Census Population % of total population
Visible minority group
Source:[6]
Filipino 1,190 3.4%
South Asian 500 1.4%
Chinese 415 1.2%
Black 270 0.8%
Southeast Asian 180 0.5%
Latin American 130 0.4%
Korean 70 0.2%
Japanese 65 0.2%
West Asian 30 0.1%
Arab 10 0%
Other visible minority 15 0%
Mixed visible minority 120 0.3%
Total visible minority population 3,000 8.5%
Indigenous group
Source:[7]
First Nations 6,685 19%
Métis 1,015 2.9%
Inuit 230 0.7%
Total Indigenous population 8,195 23.3%
European 23,920 68.1%
Total population 35,874 100%
Yukon to Canada Comparison[8]
Total population Total aboriginal First Nation Métis Inuit Multiple Other Percentage of total
Yukon Total 30,650 6,175 5,330 550 95 30 170 20.1%
Male 15,810 2,965 2,850 260 40 10 80 18.7%
Female 14,840 3,210 2,750 290 55 20 90 21.6%
Canada Total 28,528,125 799,010 529,035 204,115 40,225 6,415 19,215 2.8%
Male 14,046,880 390,870 258,330 101,435 20,180 3,175 7,750 2.8%
Female 14,481,245 408,140 270,700 102,685 20,040 3,240 11,465 2.8%
Communities in order of percent of Indigenous population[8]
Rk Name Total pop. Indigenous pop. Percent Rk Name Total pop. Indigenous pop. Percent
1 Upper Liard 110 110 100% 12 Beaver Creek 130 60 46.1%
2 Two Mile Village 100 100 100% 13 Haines Junction 575 230 40.0%
3 Two and One-Half Mile Village 40 40 100% 14 Ibex Valley 320 90 28.2%
4 Old Crow 280 250 89.3% 15 Watson Lake 995 220 27.1%
5 Pelly Crossing 240 205 84.5% 16 Dawson City 1280 345 26.9%
6 Ross River 350 275 78.6% 17 Tagish 165 40 26.7%
7 Carcross 275 185 67.3% 18 "Unorganised" 1855 345 18.6%
8 Burwash Landing 60 40 66.7% 19 Whitehorse 20,960 2,775 13.2%
9 Teslin 305 195 63.9% 20 Mount Lorne 400 35 8.75%
10 Carmacks 465 295 63.4% 21 Faro 1260 80 6.34%
11 Mayo 320 200 62.5% 22 Stewart Crossing 45 0 0%

Languages[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census showed a population of 30,372.
Of the 29,940 singular responses to the census question concerning 'mother tongue' the most commonly reported languages were:

1. English 25,655 85.69%
2. French 1,105 3.69%
3. German 775 2.59%
4. Athapaskan languages 650 2.17%
Gwich'in 75 0.25%
North Slavey 30 0.10%
5. Chinese 260 0.87%
Cantonese 85 0.28%
Mandarin 70 0.23%
6. Malayo-Polynesian languages 165 0.55%
Tagalog 145 0.48%
7. Dutch 140 0.47%
8. Spanish 130 0.43%
9. Vietnamese 105 0.35%
10. Yugoslavian languages 95 0.32%
Slovenian 45 0.15%
11= Hungarian 80 0.27%
11= Panjabi 80 0.27%
13. Tlingit 70 0.23%
14= Algonquian languages 55 0.18%
Cree 50 0.17%
14= Russian 55 0.18%
14= Inuktitut 55 0.18%

There were also about 40 single-language responses for Ukrainian; 30 each for Czech and the Scandinavian languages; and about 25 single-language responses each for Italian and Japanese. In addition, there were also 130 responses of both English and a 'non-official language'; 10 of both French and a 'non-official language'; 110 of both English and French; and about 175 people who either did not respond to the question, or reported multiple non-official languages, or else gave some other unenumerated response. Yukon's official languages are English and French. (Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.)[9]

Religion[edit]

Religious beliefs in Yukon (2011 census)[10]
Religion Adherents % of the population
Irreligious 16,635 49.92%
Christianity 15,375 46.14%
Traditional (Indigenous) Spirituality 395 1.19%
Buddhism 290 0.87%
Hinduism 165 0.5%
Sikhism 90 0.27%
Islam 40 0.12%
Judaism 20 0.06%
Other religions 300 0.9%
Total 33,320 100%

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

Net cumulative interprovincial migration per Province from 1997 to 2017, as a share of population of each Provinces

The 2016 Canadian census counted a total of 4,410 immigrants living in Yukon.
The most commonly reported countries of birth for these immigrants were: [11]

Immigrants in Yukon by country of birth (2016 Census)[12]
Rank Country Population # % of total immigrants
1 Philippines 1,010 22.9%
2 United States 555 12.6%
3 United Kingdom 515 11.7%
4 Germany 435 9.9%
5 China 225 5.1%
6 Netherlands 135 3.1%
7 Switzerland 135 3.1%
8 India 115 2.6%
9 France 75 1.7%
10 Uzbekistan 65 1.5%
11 South Korea 55 1.2%
12 Vietnam 55 1.2%
13 Australia 20 1.1%
14 Czech Republic 50 1.1%
15 South Africa 50 1.1%

Internal migration[edit]

A total of 7,400 people moved to Yukon from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 10,505 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net influx of 230 from the Northwest Territories; and a net outmigration of 2,505 to Alberta, 915 to British Columbia and 115 to New Brunswick. There was a net influx of 120 francophones from Quebec during this period. All net inter-provincial and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.[13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses". Statistics Canada. February 2, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  2. ^ Population urban and rural, by province and territory Archived 2007-03-10 at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Canada. Last accessed February 13, 2007.
  3. ^ Canada's population Archived November 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  4. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-04-11. Retrieved 2012-04-28.
  5. ^ "Census Program". Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  6. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Yukon [Territory] and Canada [Country]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  7. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census Yukon [Territory] and Canada [Country] Aboriginal peoples". Statistics Canada. August 9, 2019. Retrieved March 16, 2021.
  8. ^ a b "Aboriginal Data - Census '96" (PDF). Eco.gov.uk. Retrieved 27 May 2018.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ contenu, English name of the content author / Nom en anglais de l'auteur du. "English title / Titre en anglais". 12.statcan.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. {{cite web}}: |first= has generic name (help)
  10. ^ StatCan. "NHS Profile, Yukon, 2011". Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  11. ^ contenu, English name of the content author / Nom en anglais de l'auteur du. "English title / Titre en anglais". 12.statcan.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018. {{cite web}}: |first= has generic name (help)
  12. ^ "Immigrant population by place of birth, period of immigration, 2016 counts, both sexes, age (total), Yukon, 2016 Census – 25% Sample data".
  13. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2006 Census) Archived February 11, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "File not found - Fichier non trouvé". 12.statcan.ca. Retrieved 27 May 2018.