Demographics of the Marshall Islands

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of the Marshall Islands, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The people of the Marshall Islands are of Micronesian origin, which is traced to a combination of peoples who emigrated from Southeast Asia in the remote past. The matrilineal Marshallese culture revolves around a complex system of clans and lineages tied to land ownership.

Virtually all Marshallese are Christian, most of them Protestant (see Religion in the Marshall Islands). Other Christian denominations include Roman Catholicism, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Salvation Army, and Jehovah's Witness. There is also a small presence of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and the Baháʼí Faith.

Both Marshallese and English are official languages. Marshallese is spoken by most of the urban population. Both the Nitijela (parliament) and national radio use Marshallese.

The public school system provides education through grade 12, although admission to secondary school is selective. The elementary program employs a bilingual/bicultural curriculum. English is introduced in the first grade. There are two post-secondary institutions in the Marshall Islands: The College of the Marshall Islands and the University of the South Pacific.

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

Demographics of the Marshall Islands, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[1]


  • 77,917 (July 2020 est.)

Age structure[edit]

  • 0–14 years: 32.94% (male 13,090/female 12,575)
  • 15–24 years: 19.09% (male 7,568/female 7,308)
  • 25–54 years: 37.35% (male 14,834/female 14,270)
  • 55–64 years: 5.92% (male 2,269/female 2,341)
  • 65 years and over: 4.7% (male 1,805/female 1,857) (2020 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

  • 1.43% (2020 est.)

Birth rate[edit]

  • 22.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)

Death rate[edit]

  • 4.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

  • -4.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

  • at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
  • 0–14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 15–24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 25–54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 55–64 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 0.97 male(s)/female
  • Total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2020 est.)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

  • Total: 17.4 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Male: 19.7 deaths/1,000 live births
  • Female: 15.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

  • Total population: 74.1 years
  • Male: 71.8 years
  • Female: 76.5 years (2020 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

  • 2.86 children born/woman (2020 est.)


  • Marshallese (singular and plural)
  • Marshallese (adjective)

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Marshallese: 92.1%
  • Mixed Marshallese: 5.9%
  • Other: 2% (2006)



 This article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook website


  1. ^ "Australia-Oceania :: MARSHALL ISLANDS". CIA The World Factbook.