Demographics of the Middle East

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The Demographics of the Middle East describes populations of the Middle East or the Greater Middle East that includes Northern Africa.

Overview[edit]

Population growth[1]

There are 6,335,000 Jews in the Middle East mostly residing in Israel, there are between 27 and 34 Million Christians across the Middle East, there are 800,000 - 1,100,000 Druze who live in Israel, Syria and Lebanon. There are large communities of Hindus in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf and Saudi Arabia who number over 3.1 Million and an estimated 902,890 Buddhists and 700,000 Yazidi and numerous other religions. Non Muslims are about 43 Million or 23% of the Middle East population, Muslims form the majority and the rest.

# 1990 2008 2010 1990-2008 2016 Growth %
Million 1990-08 1990-10
1 Bahrain 0.49 0.77 1.26 0.3 56% 157%
2 Cyprus 0.58 0.80 0.80 0.2 38% 38%
3 Egypt 57.79 81.53 81.12 23.7 41% 40%
4 Iran 54.40 71.96 73.97 17.6 32% 36%
5 Iraq 18.14 28.22 32.32 10.1 56% 78%
6 Israel 4.68 7.31 7.62 2.6 56% 63%
7 Jordan 3.17 5.91 6.05 2.7 86% 91%
8 Kuwait 2.13 2.73 2.74 0.6 28% 29%
9 Lebanon 2.97 4.14 4.23 1.2 39% 42%
10 Oman 1.84 2.79 2.78 0.9 51% 51%
11 Palestine 1.90 3.91 4.12 2.0 106% 117%
12 Qatar 0.47 1.28 1.76 0.8 174% 274%
13 Saudi Arabia 16.38 24.65 27.45 8.3 50% 68%
14 Syria 12.72 21.23 20.45 8.5 67% 61%
15 Turkey 55.12 71.08 72.85 16.0 29% 32%
16 UAE 1.87 4.37 7.51 2.5 134% 302%
17 Yemen 12.31 23.05 24.05 10.7 87% 95%
x Total 246.96 355.73 371.08 66.9 51 % 61%
x World 5,265.2 6,687.9 6,825 1,422.7 27 % 30%
Source: OECD/World Bank
IEA definition of Middle East

Middle East consists of as Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, United Arab Emirates and Yemen.[1] According to this definition, Middle East has a population of 218 million in 2013, i.e. 3.05% of the total world population (7.2 billion) in 2013.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Population 1971-2010 (pdf pages 89) IEA (OECD/ World Bank) (original population ref OECD/ World Bank e.g. in IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2010 page 57)