Demographics of the Solomon Islands

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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Solomon Islands, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The Solomon Islanders comprise diverse cultures, languages, and customs. Of its,[1] 94.5% are Melanesian, 3% Polynesian, and 1.2% Micronesian.[2] In addition, small numbers of Europeans and Chinese are registered. About 120 vernaculars are spoken.

Most people reside in small, widely dispersed settlements along the coasts. Sixty percent live in localities with fewer than 200 persons, and only 10% reside in urban areas.

The capital city of Honiara is situated on Guadalcanal, the largest island. The other principal towns are Gizo, Auki, and Kirakira.

Most Solomon Islanders are Christian, with the Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, South Seas Evangelical, and Seventh-day Adventist faiths predominating. About 5% of the population maintain traditional beliefs.

The chief characteristics of the traditional Melanesian social structure are:

  • The practice of subsistence economy;
  • The recognition of bonds of kinship, with important obligations extending beyond the immediate family group;
  • Generally egalitarian relationships, emphasising acquired rather than inherited status; and
  • A strong attachment of the people to the land.

Most Solomon Islanders maintain this traditional social structure and find their roots in village life.

The World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from The World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Demographics of Solomon Islands, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Population statistics[edit]


Age structure[edit]

Population growth rate[edit]

2.07% (2014 est.)

Birth rate[edit]

26.33 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Death rate[edit]

3.86 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

-1.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)


urban population: 19% of total population (2010) rate of urbanisation: 4.2% annual rate of change (2010-2015)

Human sex ratio[edit]

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female

total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2012 est.)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

16.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 74.24 years

male: 71.83 years

female: 77.14 years (2012 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

3.51 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Health expenditure[edit]

5.4% of GDP (2009)

Physicians density[edit]

0.186 physicians/1,000 population (2005)

Hospital bed density[edit]

1.4 beds/1,000 population (2005)


noun: Solomon Islander(s)

adjective: Solomon Islander

Ethnic groups[edit]

Melanesian 94.5%, Polynesian 3%, Micronesian 1.2%, European 0.8%, Chinese 0.3%, other 0.4%


Anglican 34%, Roman Catholic 19%, Baptist 17%, United (Methodist/Presbyterian) 11%, Seventh-day Adventist 10%, other Protestant 5%, indigenous beliefs 4% - see Religion in the Solomon Islands


Pijin is the lingua franca in much of the country. English is the official language but is spoken by only 1–2% of the population.

There are 68 indigenous languages.[4]


definition: NA

total population: NA

male: NA

female: NA