Demographics of the Solomon Islands
This article is about the demographic features of the population of Solomon Islands, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.
The Solomon Islanders comprise diverse cultures, languages, and customs. Of its, 94.5% are Melanesian, 3% Polynesian, and 1.2% Micronesian. In addition, small numbers of Europeans and Chinese are registered. About 120 vernaculars are spoken.
Most people reside in small, widely dispersed settlements along the coasts. Sixty percent live in localities with fewer than 200 persons, and only 10% reside in urban areas.
Most Solomon Islanders are Christian, with the Anglican, Methodist, Roman Catholic, South Seas Evangelical, and Seventh-day Adventist faiths predominating. About 5% of the population maintain traditional beliefs.
The chief characteristics of the traditional Melanesian social structure are:
- The practice of subsistence economy;
- The recognition of bonds of kinship, with important obligations extending beyond the immediate family group;
- Generally egalitarian relationships, emphasising acquired rather than inherited status; and
- A strong attachment of the people to the land.
Most Solomon Islanders maintain this traditional social structure and find their roots in village life.
- 1 The World Factbook demographic statistics
- 1.1 Population statistics
- 1.2 Age structure
- 1.3 Population growth rate
- 1.4 Birth rate
- 1.5 Death rate
- 1.6 Net migration rate
- 1.7 Urbanisation
- 1.8 Human sex ratio
- 1.9 Infant mortality rate
- 1.10 Life expectancy at birth
- 1.11 Total fertility rate
- 1.12 Health expenditure
- 1.13 Physicians density
- 1.14 Hospital bed density
- 1.15 Nationality
- 1.16 Ethnic groups
- 1.17 Religions
- 1.18 Languages
- 1.19 Literacy
- 2 References
The World Factbook demographic statistics
The following demographic statistics are from The World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.
Population growth rate
2.07% (2014 est.)
26.33 births/1,000 population (2014 est.)
3.86 deaths/1,000 population (2014 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.78 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2014 est.)
urban population: 19% of total population (2010) rate of urbanisation: 4.2% annual rate of change (2010-2015)
Human sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/female
total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2012 est.)
Infant mortality rate
16.17 deaths/1,000 live births (2014 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 74.24 years
male: 71.83 years
female: 77.14 years (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate
3.51 children born/woman (2012 est.)
5.4% of GDP (2009)
0.186 physicians/1,000 population (2005)
Hospital bed density
1.4 beds/1,000 population (2005)
noun: Solomon Islander(s)
adjective: Solomon Islander
total population: NA
- CIA World Factbook. Country profile: Solomon Islands URL Accessed 2007-05-19
- Ethnologue lists 70 living languages in the Solomon Islands; of these, English and Gilbertese are not indigenous.