Demography of Slough

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Population density in the 2011 census in Slough.

Population[edit]

The modern town of Slough grew from the parish of Upton-cum-Chalvey, Buckinghamshire, England. The populations given below are for the successive institutional areas of the principal local government level that could be recognised as Slough, now in Berkshire.

Year Population Notes
1801 1,018[1] Parish of Upton-cum-Chalvey
1811 1,083[1]
1821 1,268[1]
1831 1,502[1]
1841 2,296[1]
1851 3,573[1]
1861 4,688[1]
1871 5,940[1]
1881 7,030[1]
1891 7,700[1]
1901 11,453[1] Slough Urban District from 1894; area enlarged in 1900[2]
1911 14,982[1]
1921 16,392[1]
1931 33,612[1] area enlarged in 1930/1931[2]
1939 50,620[1] estimate (1941 census not taken due to World War II):Municipal Borough from 1938
1951 66,471[1]
1961 80,781[1]
1971 87,075[1]
1981 96,512[3] Borough of Slough in Berkshire and area enlarged from 1974
1991 101,066[3]
2001 119,070[4] Area enlarged in 1995: Unitary Authority from 1998
2011 140,200[5] Up 16.3% on the 2001 Census, and 6.9% higher than the previous mid-2010 population estimate

Ethnicity[edit]

The following table shows the ethnic group of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 censuses in Slough.

Ethnic Group 2001[6] 2011[7]
Number % Number %
White: British 69,441 58.32% 48,401 34.52%
White: Irish 2,489 2.09% 1,607 1.15%
White: Gypsy or Irish Traveller[note 1] 220 0.16%
White: Other 3,913 3.29% 13,825 9.86%
White: Total 75,843 63.70% 64,053 45.69%
Asian or Asian British: Indian 16,719 14.04% 21,922 15.64%
Asian or Asian British: Pakistani 14,360 12.06% 24,869 17.74%
Asian or Asian British: Bangladeshi 171 0.14% 549 0.39%
Asian or Asian British: Chinese[note 2] 349 0.29% 797 0.57%
Asian or Asian British: Other Asian 2,022 1.70% 7,560 5.39%
Asian or Asian British: Total 33,621 28.24% 55,697 39.73%
Black or Black British: Caribbean 3,470 2.91% 3,096 2.21%
Black or Black British: African 2,275 1.91% 7,548 5.38%
Black or Black British: Other Black 281 0.24% 1,471 1.05%
Black or Black British: Total 6,026 5.06% 12,115 8.64%
Mixed: White and Black Caribbean 1,116 0.94% 1,667 1.19%
Mixed: White and Black African 224 0.19% 607 0.43%
Mixed: White and Asian 845 0.71% 1,429 1.02%
Mixed: Other Mixed 593 0.50% 1,055 0.75%
Mixed: Total 2,778 2.33% 4,758 3.39%
Other: Arab[note 3] 928 0.66%
Other: Any other ethnic group 799 0.67% 2,654 1.89%
Other: Total 799 0.67% 3,582 2.55%
Total 119,067 100.00% 140,205 100.00%

Notes for table above

  1. ^ New category created for the 2011 census
  2. ^ In 2001, listed under the 'Chinese or other ethnic group' heading.
  3. ^ New category created for the 2011 census
Distribution of ethnic groups in Slough according to the 2011 census.
White 
White-British 
White-Irish 
White-Other 
Asian 
Asian-Indian 
Asian-Pakistani 
Asian-Bangladeshi 
Asian-Chinese 
Black 
Black-African 
Black-Caribbean 
Other-Arab 

Languages[edit]

The most common main languages spoken in Slough according to the 2011 census are shown below.[8]

Rank Language Usual residents aged 3+ Proportion
1 English 96,508 72.90%
2 Polish 8,249 6.23%
3 Punjabi 8,247 6.23%
4 Urdu 6,568 4.96%
5 Somali 938 0.71%
6 Tamil 860 0.65%
7 Hindi 825 0.62%
8 Arabic 703 0.53%
9 Gujarati 534 0.40%
10 Tagalog/Filipino 484 0.37%
11 Shona 434 0.33%
12 Italian 412 0.31%
13 Pashto 412 0.31%
14 Romanian 401 0.30%
15 French 395 0.30%
16 Swahili/Kiswahili 393 0.30%
17 Persian/Farsi 382 0.29%
18 Portuguese 373 0.28%
19 Spanish 297 0.22%
20 Bengali (with Sylheti and Chatgaya) 287 0.22%
Other 4,682 3.54%

Religion[edit]

The following table shows the religion of respondents in the 2001 and 2011 censuses in Slough.

Religion 2001[9] 2011[10]
Number % Number %
Christian 63,993 53.75% 57,726 41.17%
Buddhist 294 0.25% 743 0.53%
Hindu 5,340 4.48% 8,643 6.16%
Jewish 139 0.12% 87 0.06%
Muslim 15,897 13.35% 32,655 23.29%
Sikh 10,820 9.09% 14,889 10.62%
Other religion 358 0.30% 482 0.34%
No religion 13,061 10.97% 17,024 12.14%
Religion not stated 9,165 7.70% 7,956 5.67%
Total 119,067 100.00% 140,205 100.00%
Distribution of religions in Slough according to the 2011 census.
Christianity 
Islam 
Judaism 
Hinduism 
Sikhism 
Buddhism 
Other religion 
No religion 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r p 153, The History of Slough, Maxwell Fraser, Slough Corporation, 1973
  2. ^ a b p 151, The History of Slough, Maxwell Fraser, Slough Corporation, 1973
  3. ^ a b Office for National Statistics, downloaded 31 December 2006
  4. ^ A Vision of Britain (Accessed 31 December 2006)
  5. ^ (Accessed 29 November 2013)
  6. ^ "2001 census - theme tables". NOMIS. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Download:local authorities: county / unitary". NOMIS. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Download:local authorities: county / unitary". NOMIS. Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "2001 census - theme tables". Retrieved 17 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "Download:local authorities: county / unitary". NOMIS. Retrieved 17 June 2015.