Demolished public housing projects in Atlanta

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In 1994 the Atlanta Housing Authority, encouraged by the federal HOPE VI program, embarked on a policy created for the purpose of comprehensive revitalization of severely distressed public housing developments. These distressed public housing properties were replaced by mixed-income communities. [1]

Replaced by mixed-income communities[edit]

Capitol Homes[edit]

Capitol Homes was completed on April 7th, 1942, designed to serve white families in low-rise housing.[2] The six hundred ninety-four units demolished units were replaced by Capitol Gateway, which includes 1,000 units of housing for various income levels.[3]

Carver Homes[edit]

The George Washington Carver Homes project in southeast Atlanta was finished on February 17, 1953[2], costing $8.6 million and consisting of 990 units for African-Americans.[4] The project was located near Joyland, an amusement park for black Atlantans. The project was demolished and was partially replaced with the Villages at Carver.[5] It is currently undergoing further revitalization by the AHA.

Eagan Homes[edit]

John Eagan Homes was a 677-unit complex built in 1941 for black families. It cost $2 million to build and was located in Vine City.[6] The complex was torn down in the 2000s and replaced by Magnolia Park.[7]

East Lake Meadows[edit]

The East Lake Meadows project, built in 1971, was one of the most infamous of all of Atlanta's public housing.[8] At the time the nation's largest turnkey project,[9] East Lake Meadows was immediately plagued by maintenance problems due to poor construction.[10] Crime rates soared, and reporter Bill Seldon for the Atlanta Constitution highlighted the project in a series of articles comparing the high number of killings in Atlanta to Vietnam. These articles led to East Lake Meadows gaining the nickname of "Little Vietnam", and helped contribute to the turning of public opinion against public housing.[11]

In the 1990s, as part of his efforts to revitalize the East Lake neighborhood, developer and philanthropist Tom Cousins began working with the AHA to replace East Lake Meadows with a mixed-income community.[12] This took place in a larger context of tearing down Atlanta's public housing. In addition to mixed-income housing units, the redevelopment plan included an education center, a private golf course, and various local amenities.[13] Over the course of ten years, East Lake Meadows was demolished and replaced with The Villages at East Lake, the total project costing $172 million.[14]

Grady Homes[edit]

Completed in 1942[2], Grady Homes originally contained 495 units for black families.[15] Located in the Sweet Auburn neighborhood, it was demolished and replaced with the Auburn Pointe mixed-income community.[16]

Harris Homes[edit]

Built in 1957[2], this 510 unit housing site was created to mark the racial divide between white and black Atlanta.[17] However, its proximity to an African-American neighborhood meant few whites chose to live there, and it was mostly vacant until desegregation.[18] It was replaced by Ashley Collegetown.[19] The adjacent John O. Chiles Senior Residence Building was renovated.[20]

John Hope Homes[edit]

Built adjacent to University Homes in 1941[2], John Hope Homes was originally built for black families.[21] In the 2000s, it was demolished and replaced with The Villages at Castleberry Hill.[22]

McDaniel-Glenn Homes[edit]

The McDaniel-Glenn housing project was built in 1967, with the Martin Luther King Memorial Building (a highrise for the elderly) constructed in 1970. Part of the Mechanicsville neighborhood, the complex was demolished in 2006.[23] By 2007, Columbia Residential had completed their redevelopment of the property, named Columbia at Mechanicsville Station.[24]

Perry Homes[edit]

Perry Homes was completed in 1954 with 1,100 units for black families.[2][25][26] Part of the project was destroyed by a tornado on March 24, 1975, with the buildings being replaced in 1976-77.[27] The project's demolition was completed in 1999,[28] and it was replaced with the West Highlands development. In addition to mixed-income housing, it includes various other amenities such as a YMCA.[29]

Techwood/Clark Howell[edit]

Techwood Homes was the first federally funded public housing project in the United States, with 1,230 units opening in 1936.[30] Located in the Centennial Hill district of Downtown Atlanta, it was joined by Clark Howell Homes (both all white) in 1940.[31] In the run-up to the 1996 Olympics, Techwood and Clark Howell Homes were demolished and replaced by Centennial Place.[32][33]

Demolished[edit]

Antoine Graves[edit]

Senior citizen highrise built 1965. Architect John C. Portman, Jr. who designed numerous high-rises in Downtown Atlanta (AmericasMart, Peachtree Center, Hyatt Regency Atlanta, etc.) One of Portman's earliest and most influential projects, his first atrium building and only public housing project.[34] Located at 126 SE Hilliard St. SE, Downtown. Demolished 2009 including annex. Portman pleaded to save the building to no avail.

Bankhead Courts[edit]

Built 1970, consisted of 550 housing units. As of January 2011, "demolition was underway".[35]

Bowen Homes[edit]

Bowen Homes was built in 1964[2], named after John W. E. Bowen, Sr.[36] and was a sprawling complex of orange-colored duplexes, containing an elementary school and a library.[37] They were located along Donald Lee Hollowell Parkway (originally Bankhead Highway) just inside I-285 (the "Perimeter"). The site is now classified as part of the neighborhood of Brookview Heights.

In 1980 a water tube boiler explosion at the onsite Gate City Day Care Center killed 4 children and a teacher and injured seven others. The residents of Bowen Homes thought the deaths were related to the Atlanta child killings of the late 1970s - early 1980s but it turned out to be a faulty water tube overheating.

A furnace exploded on June 4, 2007, with no fatalities and one injury. Interior damage was cause to the building.

A.D. Williams elementary school still standing to this day

Rapper Shawty Lo was raised in Bowen Homes (one of his mixtapes Bowen Homes Carlos, is dedicated to the project), and the project was also featured in rapper T.I.'s video What Up, What's Haapnin' (seen as a "diss" to Shawty). Other musical groups from Bowen Homes include Shop Boyz[38] and Hood Rock.[39] Boxer Evander Holyfield grew up in Bowen.[40]

In the half year between June 2007 and January 2008. In 2008, 913 residents had to leave the complex of 104 buildings, which contained 650 units . Bowen Homes was the last large family housing project left in Atlanta and its razing made Atlanta America's first major city to completely do away with its large family housing projects (some senior and other minor properties remained).[41] Demolished June 3, 2009.[42]

Englewood Manor[edit]

Built in 1970. 324 units of Englewood manor were Demolished 2009 by the Atlanta Housing Authority and the land still site empty to this day. Since 1970, this property has been and still is under the control of the Atlanta Housing Authority.

Gilbert Gardens[edit]

Built in the 1960s torn down in 2004.[citation needed]

Herndon Homes[edit]

Herndon Homes was completed in 1941, containing 520 units for African Americans. It was demolished in 2010.[43] The project was named for Alonzo F. Herndon, who was born a slave, and through founding the Atlanta Life Insurance Company became Atlanta's richest African American.[44] video

On June 15, 2016 Atlanta Housing Authority announced a development team has been selected to create a mixed-income community on the site.[45] but was possibly held off to rebuild the housing project for historical purposes because the apartments were dedicated to Alonzo F. Herndon. Herndon Homes was a filming location for the motion picture The Lottery Ticket.[46]

Hollywood Courts[edit]

As of January 2011, the 202 public housing units "demolition was almost complete".[35]

Jonesboro North[edit]

145 units Torn down in 2008.[47] video

Jonesboro South[edit]

160 units Torn down in 2008.[47] video Rapper Young Thug was raised up in Jonesboro South Apartments (JBS). Young Money Entertainment and Young Thug threw money from a helicopter after finding out that everyone must move out.

Leila Valley[edit]

225 units Torn down in 2008.[48] video

Palmer House[edit]

Senior citizen highrise. Named for Charles Forrest Palmer, first president of the Atlanta Housing Authority. Demolished floor-by-floor during Spring 2011.[49][50]

Roosevelt House[edit]

Senior citizen highrise with 150 apartments located at the southwest corner of Centennial Olympic Park Drive and North Avenue. Built 1973. Named for Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the American president who with Atlanta developer Charles Forrest Palmer founded the national public housing policy. Contained 150 apartments. The last residents left in 2009. Demolished with explosives on February 27, 2011.[49][50]

Thomasville Heights Projects[edit]

Built 1967, 350 units demolished 2010.[35]

Public Works Administration: Architect's drawing of the University Housing Project in Atlanta, Georgia will replace slums depicted in 53227(1596), 1934

University Homes[edit]

Built in 1938 on the site of the former Beaver Slide slum. Seen as the African American counterpart to Techwood Homes, the first public housing project in the nation. Architect William Augustus Edwards. Demolished 2008-9. As of April 2011 still in the planning stages to become another mixed-income community.

U-Rescue Villa[edit]

Torn down in May 2008.[51]

Section 8 communities[edit]

The View at Rosa Burney[edit]

The apartment units once apart of the Mc Daniel Glenn housing project where cleaned up and turned into a section 8 apartment complex.[citation needed]

The Element at Kirkwood Apartments[edit]

The apartment units once were a part of the Eastlake Meadows housing project but the Atlanta Housing Authority decided to keep the units and turn them into Section 8 housing.[citation needed]

Edgewood Court[edit]

The Edgewood Court housing project, built in 1950, is a Section 8 housing project with 204 available units.[52]

Forest Cove[edit]

Is a Section 8 community that gets public housing subsidies from the Atlanta Housing Authority.

Not Demolished[edit]

Martin Street Plaza[edit]

Martin Street Plaza, in Summerhill, also known as the Summerhill Projects, built in 1979 continue operating today.[citation needed]

Westminister[edit]

Westminster is a 32 unit public housing community in Atlanta, Georgia.

East Lake Highrise[edit]

East Lake Highrise is a 150 unit affordable housing community in Atlanta,East Lake Highrise is owned and managed by the Atlanta Housing Authority also is the last remaining structure of the East lake meadows housing project.

Cosby Spear Highrise[edit]

Cosby Spear Highrise is a 282 unit affordable housing community in Atlanta, Georgia. The community is located in the 5th Congressional District of Georgia also the last remaining structure of the U-Rescue Villa housing project.

Hillcrest Homes[edit]

Hillcrest(now demolished) used to be owned by the Atlanta housing Authority but was sold to the East Point Housing Authority and now sits vacant after the EHA failed to give out section 8 applications.

Hidden Village Homes[edit]

Hidden Village Homes is an abandoned housing project once owned by the AHA located 2208 verbena st Nw Atlanta.The complex sits in the Dixie Hill neighborhood,reasons of closing are unknown.

John O. Chiles[edit]

John O. Chiles ( Harris IIi ) is a 190 unit affordable housing community in Atlanta, Georgia. The community is located in the 5th Congressional neighborhood the last remaining structure of Harris Homes.

Tucker Homes[edit]

Built in the 1940s (still standing) the housing project was renovated in 2004 and sold as a private development.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Housing, Atlanta (2011-04-11). ""How We Made Things Work", Atlanta Housing Authority Blog". Atlantahousingauthority.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Project Finding Aids". Atlanta Housing Authority. Missing or empty |url= (help)
  3. ^ http://www.praxis3.com/p3/portfolio/capitol-gateway/
  4. ^ Schank, Katie. Producing the Projects: Atlanta and the Cultural Creation of Public Housing, 1933-2011. Proquest LLC, 2016. Proquest.
  5. ^ https://affordablehousingonline.com/housing-search/Georgia/Atlanta/Villages-at-Carver-IIi/10057262
  6. ^ Schank, Katie. Producing the Projects: Atlanta and the Cultural Creation of Public Housing, 1933-2011. Proquest LLC, 2016. Proquest.
  7. ^ https://creativeloafing.com/content-184426-Cover-Story:-Where'd-the-neighbors-go?
  8. ^ https://www.atlantastudies.org/2017/03/16/whats-in-a-name-east-lake-meadows-and-little-vietnam/
  9. ^ Martin, Harold H. Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events: Years of Change and Challenge, 1940-1976. Vol. III, The University of Georgia Press, with the Atlanta Historical Society, 1987.
  10. ^ https://www.atlantastudies.org/2017/03/16/whats-in-a-name-east-lake-meadows-and-little-vietnam/
  11. ^ https://www.atlantastudies.org/2017/03/16/whats-in-a-name-east-lake-meadows-and-little-vietnam/
  12. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=fw8AAAAAMBAJ&lpg=PA111&dq=%22Tom%20Cousins%22&pg=PA106#v=onepage&q=%22Tom%20Cousins%22&f=false
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  14. ^ https://buildhealthyplaces.org/whats-new/the-villages-of-east-lake-atlanta-georgia/
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  16. ^ http://www.integral-online.com/Public/Docs/MPC_White_Papers/Auburn%20Pointe%20MPC.pdf
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  18. ^ Stone, Clarence. Regime Politics: Governing Atlanta 1946-1988. University Press of Kansas, 1989.
  19. ^ http://www.integral-online.com/Public/Docs/MPC_White_Papers/MPC_Collegetown.pdf
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  22. ^ https://www.hudexchange.info/onecpd/assets/File/ga-atlanta-2007-Amendment%20to%20MOA-Section-106.pdf
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  24. ^ https://www.tsw-design.com/portfolio-items/mcdaniel-glenn/
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  27. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1975/03/25/archives/3-die-and-governors-mansion-is-damaged-by-atlanta-tornado.html
  28. ^ "Blighted housing project could become site of 462-acre community with golf course, ''Atlanta Journal-Constitution'', 2000-04-01". Atlantasupperwestside.com. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  29. ^ https://www.bizjournals.com/atlanta/stories/2004/11/01/focus11.html
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  31. ^ Schank, Katie. Producing the Projects: Atlanta and the Cultural Creation of Public Housing, 1933-2011. Proquest LLC, 2016. Proquest.
  32. ^ http://www.artery.org/Techwood.htm
  33. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1996/11/24/realestate/a-new-mixed-income-village-for-downtown-atlanta.html
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  36. ^ Roberta Hughes Wright; Wilbur B. Hughes; Gina Renée Misiroglu (1996). Lay down body: living history in African American cemeteries. Visible Ink Press. ISBN 978-0-7876-0651-0. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
  37. ^ Eric Strigus, "Bowen Homes tenants learn about relocation", Atlanta Journal-Constitution, June 25, 2008 Archived December 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  38. ^ Vibe Media Group (August 2007). Vibe. Vibe Media Group. ISSN 1070-4701. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
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  40. ^ Johnson Publishing Company (January 1991). Ebony. Johnson Publishing Company. ISSN 0012-9011. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
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  42. ^ Rose Scott, "Georgia State Professor To Testify On Preserving Public Housing", PBS Atlanta, April 27, 2010
  43. ^ "Herndon Homes Site To Be Redeveloped Into Mixed-Income "Urban Community"". What Now Atlanta.
  44. ^ Franklin M. Garrett (March 1, 2011). Atlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events, 1880s-1930s. University of Georgia Press. p. 610. ISBN 978-0-8203-3904-7. Retrieved July 24, 2013.
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  46. ^ "On the Set of Lottery Ticket". Comingsoon.net. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 11 July 2018.
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  48. ^ "Leila Valley- Atlanta, Ga". YouTube. 2009-01-04. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
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  50. ^ a b "Ariel Hart, "Atlanta building - and old public housing model - demolished", 'Atlanta Journal-Constitution, February 27, 2011". Ajc.com. Retrieved 2013-02-28.
  51. ^ Old Fourth Ward Master Plan Archived July 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  52. ^ "About". Edgewood Court Redevelopment. Retrieved 11 July 2018.

External links[edit]