Den Helder

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Den Helder
Den Helder water tower in the village
Den Helder water tower in the village
Flag of Den Helder
Flag
Coat of arms of Den Helder
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Den Helder in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°56′N 4°45′E / 52.933°N 4.750°E / 52.933; 4.750Coordinates: 52°56′N 4°45′E / 52.933°N 4.750°E / 52.933; 4.750
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceNorth Holland
Government
 • BodyMunicipal council
 • MayorKoen Schuiling (VVD)
Area
 • Total178.80 km2 (69.04 sq mi)
 • Land45.25 km2 (17.47 sq mi)
 • Water133.55 km2 (51.56 sq mi)
Elevation1 m (3 ft)
Population
(2018)[4]
 • Total55,559
 • Density1,237/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Heldernaar
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
1780–1789
Area code0223
Websitewww.denhelder.nl

Den Helder (Dutch pronunciation: [dɛn ˈɦɛldər] (About this soundlisten)) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. Den Helder occupies the northernmost point of the North Holland peninsula. It is home to the country's main naval base. From here the Royal TESO ferryboat service operates the transportation link between Den Helder and the nearby Dutch Wadden island of Texel to the north.

Etymology[edit]

Before the year 1928 the official name of Den Helder was Helder. The origin of the name Helder is not entirely clear. The name Helder may have come from Helle/Helde, which means "hill" or "hilly grounds", or from Helre, which means a sandy ridge. Another explanation is that the name derived from Helsdeur (Hell's Door), likely because in the water between Den Helder and Texel (called Marsdiep) the current was so strong that many ships were lost.

History[edit]

Huisduinen was the original older part of the city, whereas Helder itself was a nearby smaller hamlet. When a harbour was built near Helder the village began to grow and later became the seat of governance instead of Huisduinen. Due to its strategic location at the tip of the North Holland peninsula, multiple fortifications were built in the area.

Den Helder has played an important part in Dutch shipping. During the Dutch Golden Age, ships would be assembled near Den Helder and sail the world's oceans from there.

On 23 January 1795, the French captured 14 Dutch ships and 850 guns in the town's deep-frozen harbour.[5] In 1799 the city was the target of the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland.

During the 1820s, the North Holland Canal was dug from Amsterdam to Den Helder. The lighthouse Lange Jaap was built in 1877 and is the tallest cast-iron lighthouse in Europe, at 63.45 meters (208.2 ft). In the Second World War most of the city was evacuated.

Population centres[edit]

The municipality of Den Helder consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Den Helder, Huisduinen, Julianadorp, and the hamlets Friese Buurt and De Kooy.

The major areas of Den Helder are Old Den Helder, Nieuw-Den Helder, and De Schooten. Nieuw-Den Helder was built in the 1950s, following World War II, when there was a great need for additional housing. De Schooten was constructed in the 1960s.

Topography[edit]

Satellite image (May 2007)
Lange Jaap lighthouse

DenHelder-plaats-OpenTopo.jpg

Dutch Topographic map of Den Helder (town), March 2014.

Naval base[edit]

Den Helder was the site of a naval base as early as the 18th century. An Anglo-Russian invasion force landed at Den Helder in August 1799 and captured the Batavian navy there (see Battle of Castricum). French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, visiting Den Helder in 1811, was impressed with the town's strategic location and ordered the construction of a fort (Kijkduin) and naval dockyards (Willemsoord). The docks were built during the years 1813-1827. In 1947, it officially became the Royal Netherlands Navy's main centre of operations. Den Helder continues to be the navy's main base today. The Royal Netherlands Naval College is also located in the city, as is the Dutch Navy Museum.

The old naval dockyards of Willemsoord, located in the north of the city, now house restaurants, a cinema, and other recreational facilities. The naval docks and administration have been moved to a new location further east.

Geography and climate[edit]

Den Helder is on the tip of a lowland peninsula jutting out into the North Sea Because of this, Den Helder's climate is heavily moderated by the maritime environment. Also, Den Helder is the sunniest city in the Netherlands.

Climate data for Den Helder, Netherlands (1981-2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 13.7
(56.7)
15.4
(59.7)
20.5
(68.9)
27.9
(82.2)
31.0
(87.8)
31.7
(89.1)
34.6
(94.3)
33.8
(92.8)
32.6
(90.7)
24.7
(76.5)
17.7
(63.9)
15.3
(59.5)
34.6
(94.3)
Average high °C (°F) 5.5
(41.9)
5.5
(41.9)
8.3
(46.9)
11.7
(53.1)
15.4
(59.7)
18.0
(64.4)
20.3
(68.5)
20.6
(69.1)
17.9
(64.2)
14.0
(57.2)
9.7
(49.5)
6.4
(43.5)
12.8
(55)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
3.3
(37.9)
5.6
(42.1)
8.4
(47.1)
12.0
(53.6)
14.7
(58.5)
17.1
(62.8)
17.4
(63.3)
15.0
(59)
11.4
(52.5)
7.5
(45.5)
4.4
(39.9)
10.0
(50)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
0.8
(33.4)
2.8
(37)
5.0
(41)
8.7
(47.7)
11.3
(52.3)
13.8
(56.8)
14.0
(57.2)
11.7
(53.1)
8.5
(47.3)
4.9
(40.8)
2.0
(35.6)
7.1
(44.8)
Record low °C (°F) −18.8
(−1.8)
−20.0
(−4)
−16.0
(3.2)
−5.1
(22.8)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.2
(39.6)
3.9
(39)
0.9
(33.6)
−6.0
(21.2)
−11.9
(10.6)
−13.4
(7.9)
−20.0
(−4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 66.7
(2.626)
45.1
(1.776)
52.8
(2.079)
34.2
(1.346)
45.5
(1.791)
54.6
(2.15)
60.3
(2.374)
77.3
(3.043)
84.0
(3.307)
96.3
(3.791)
83.8
(3.299)
70.2
(2.764)
770.9
(30.35)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 64.1 91.2 134.8 194.2 235.2 219.0 228.2 208.2 148.1 114.2 63.1 51.1 1,751.4
Source: knmi.nl (Klimaatatlas van Nederland, normaalperiode 1971–2000), ISBN 90-389-1191-2 KNMI[6]

Transport[edit]

The watertower of Den Helder

The town is served by two railway stations:

Den Helder can be reached by these main roads:

These roads all have only two lanes. There is no highway leading to Den Helder.

Local government[edit]

The municipal council of Den Helder consists of 31 seats, which are divided as follows (as of 2018 elections):

  • Beter voor Den Helder - 6 seats
  • CDA - 5 seats
  • VVD - 4 seats
  • PVV - 3 seats
  • D66 - 2 seats
  • Seniorenpartij - 2 seats
  • Stadspartij Den Helder - 2 seats
  • ChristenUnie - 2 seats
  • PvdA - 2 seats
  • GroenLinks - 1 seat
  • Behoorlijk Bestuur - 1 seat
  • Gemeentebelangen Den Helder - 1 seat

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

The Frank Boeijen Groep song Haast (rust roest) contains the line " 's avonds in Den Helder". (English- In the evening in Den Helder)

The Rob de Nijs song Jan Klaassen de Trompetter contains the line "hij marcheerde van Den Helder tot Den Briel". (English- He marched from Den Helder to Den Briel)

Film shot in Den Helder[edit]

  • 2008: Den Helder, directed by Jorien Van Nes, (entirely shot on location).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Samenstelling college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Den Helder. Archived from the original on 2 March 2014. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 1784MC". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  5. ^ Tony Jaques, Dictionary of Battles and Sieges: P-Z, p.1009
  6. ^ http://www.knmi.nl

External links[edit]