Denby railway station

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Denby
Denby Station House, Smithy Houses - geograph.org.uk - 188822.jpg
The station house in 2006
Location
Place Denby
Area Amber Valley
Coordinates 53°01′16″N 1°25′32″W / 53.0211°N 1.4256°W / 53.0211; -1.4256Coordinates: 53°01′16″N 1°25′32″W / 53.0211°N 1.4256°W / 53.0211; -1.4256
Operations
Pre-grouping Midland Railway
Post-grouping London Midland and Scottish Railway
History
1 September 1856 Station opens as Smithy Houses
1 November 1856 renamed Denbey
1 February 1878 renamed Denby
1 June 1930 Station closes to passenger services
4 January 1965 Station closed for goods.[1]
Disused railway stations in the United Kingdom
Closed railway stations in Britain
A B C D–F G H–J K–L M–O P–R S T–V W–Z
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal
The remnants of a platform in 1990

Denby railway station was a railway station which served the village of Denby in Derbyshire, England. It was opened in 1856 as Smithy Houses by the Midland Railway to on its Ripley branch from Little Eaton Junction (approximately 3 miles north of Derby) to Ripley.

Denby itself is a fairly scattered community, but the main part was about a mile away. From November the timetables began to refer to "Denbey", with the correct Post Office spelling being adopted in February 1878.

Initially there was a low platform on the up side, but a new higher platform to match those of the other stations was added at some time later on the down side.

An important cargo was coal all from the many mines and opencast workings. An amount of ironstone was also worked but was of low quality. This meant that the local Denby Iron and Coal Company with their four furnaces 45 feet high - later increased to 60 feet - had to import their ironstone from outside the area. They also imported their coal since the local output was of domestic quality rather than being suitable for smelting.

The railway provided a siding for this company and also built a facility for processing the slag from the iron production. It so happened in 1901, the Nottingham county surveyor, Edgar Purnell Hooley was visiting the site and noticed some tar that had been spilled and covered with iron foundry slag. A major trouble with highways at that time was the dust raised by increasingly speedy vehicles and various ways had been tried unsuccessfully for binding the road surface. He noticed that it had withstood the passage of traffic and obtained a British patent for producing what he called Tarmac. In 1903 he formed the TarMacadam (Purnell Hooley's Patents) Syndicate Limited.[2]

Another customer for the line at this point was the Denby Pottery which had opened in 1809 and had benefitted by the arrival of the railway. It had a siding at Denby Wharf (the terminus of the Little Eaton Gangway) about a third of a mile further north. Each week around three or four vans would be despatched to Chaddesden sidings (near Derby station) where they would be connected to an express to St Pancras and the company's warehouse at the Granary.

Added to all this were consignments of milk and agricultural produce from all the farms in the area

In the Grouping of all lines (into four main companies) in 1923 the station became part of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway .

Passenger services finished in 1930, though the line remained open - primarily for the coal traffic Among the numerous coal workings in the area, the Butterley Company's Denby Hall colliery a mile north of the station was perhaps the most prolific. Investment continued during and after the war, with a washing plant for the colliery which was planned to handle the output of three other collieries, along with the deep Kilburn seam. The facility continued in use until after the station was finally closed in 1965. The track north of the station was lifted completely in 1968 leaving a short length of line in the remains of the station as a head shunt. The station house still survives as a private home, with both platforms greatly overgrown.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Butt, R.V.J., (1995) The Directory of Railway Stations, Yeovil: Patrick Stephens
  2. ^ Sprenger, H., (2009) Rails to Ripley, Southampton: Kestrel