Dendrobium anosmum

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Unscented dendrobium
Dendrobium anosmum Orchi 01.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Epidendroideae
Tribe: Dendrobieae
Subtribe: Dendrobiinae
Genus: Dendrobium
Species: D. anosmum
Binomial name
Dendrobium anosmum
Lindl. (1845)
Synonyms[1]
  • Dendrobium superbum Rchb.f., illegitimate superfluous name presented as synonym (1861)
  • Callista anosma (Lindl.) Kuntze (1891)
  • Dendrobium superbum var. giganteum Rchb.f.
  • Epidendrum caninum Burm.f. (1768)
  • Dendrobium macrophyllum Lindl. (1839)
  • Dendrobium retusum Llanos (1859)
  • Dendrobium macranthum Miq. (1859)
  • Dendrobium superbum var. huttonii Rchb.f. (1869)
  • Dendrobium scortechinii Hook.f. (1890)
  • Dendrobium superbum var. dearei Rolfe (1891)
  • Callista scortechinii (Hook.f.) Kuntze (1891)
  • Dendrobium leucorhodum Schltr. (1912)
  • Dendrobium caninum (Burm.f.) Merr. (1921)
  • Dendrobium anosmum var. dearei (Rolfe) Ames & Quisumb. (1935)
  • Dendrobium anosmum var. huttonii (Rchb.f.) Ames & Quisumb. (1935)

Dendrobium anosmum (unscented dendrobium) is a species of epiphytic orchid. It is widespread across Southeast Asia from Sri Lanka to New Guinea, including Indochina, Indonesia, the Philippines, etc.[1] In 1839, the scented variety was first discovered by Lindley in the Philippines and named Dendrobium macrophyllum, which later on considered as homonym of other species. Six years later, the unscented variety was discovered again in the Philippines, hence, the botanical nomenclature until to this date.

In the Philippines, it is locally known as Sanggumay, a coined Tagalog term for masangsang (overpowering scent) and nakakaumay (tiresome). Other local term includes Latigo (horsewhip) referring to its long pendulous canes which became deciduous before flowering.

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