Dendrocalamus strictus

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Dendrocalamus strictus
Bamboo leaves1.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Tribe: Bambuseae
Genus: Dendrocalamus
Species: D. strictus
Binomial name
Dendrocalamus strictus
(Roxb.) Nees
Synonyms[1]
  • Arundo hexandra Roxb. ex Munro nom. inval.
  • Bambos stricta Roxb.
  • Bambusa glomerata Royle ex Munro nom. inval.
  • Bambusa hexandra Roxb. ex Munro nom. inval.
  • Bambusa pubescens Lodd. ex Lindl.
  • Bambusa stricta (Roxb.) Roxb.
  • Bambusa tanaea Buch.-Ham. ex Wall. nom. inval.
  • Bambusa verticillata Rottler ex Munro nom. inval.
  • Dendrocalamus prainiana Varmah & Bahadur nom. inval.
  • Nastus strictus (Roxb.) Sm.

Dendrocalamus strictus is a bamboo species belonging to the Dendrocalamus genus. The culms (stems) are often solid.[2] Common names include male bamboo, solid bamboo, and Calcutta bamboo.[3]

Habit[edit]

It is a tall, dull long green-colored bamboo species, which grows in thickets consisting of a large number of heavily branched, closely growing culms. It reaches a height of 6-18 m.

Appearance[edit]

Culms are green covered with white blooms, which become dull green when mature and turn brown on drying. Young shoots are brown in color covered with white blooms. Culms are straight. Branching occurs from the base to midculm. Aerial roots reach up to a few nodes above the ground. Internode length is 20-30 cm, and diameter is 2.5-12 cm. Culm walls are very thick. Nodes are not prominent.

Culm sheaths are green in young, and turn brown when mature, and are cylindrical. The sheath proper is 18-22 cm in length and 10-17 cm wide. Blade length is 3.5-6.5 cm. Auricles are absent. Upper surfaces of the sheath may or may not be covered with brown hairs. Lower surfaces of the sheath are not hairy. Sheaths fall early.

Distribution[edit]

It is widely found across South and Southeast Asia, particularly India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Thailand. It is also found in Cuba.[4]

Uses[edit]

They are used for making house frames, rafters, tent poles, concrete reinforcement, walls, scaffolding, and fences. The leaves are used for thatching. Used by the British army in India for making lance shafts.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved 2 January 2015. 
  2. ^ De-Zhu Li and Chris Stapleton. "Dendrocalamus strictus". Flora of China. 22. 
  3. ^ "USDA GRIN Taxonomy". Retrieved 2 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Dendrocalamus strictus (male bamboo)". CABI. Retrieved July 8, 2015.