Temporal range: Early–Middle Miocene
|Dendropithecus macinnesi jaw|
P. Andrews, 1977
Dendropithecus was a slender ape, about 60 centimetres (2.0 ft) in body length. The structure of its arms suggest that it would have been able to brachiate, swinging between trees by its arms, but that it would not have been as efficient at this form of movement as modern gibbons. However, its teeth suggest a very gibbon-like diet, likely consisting of fruit, soft leaves and flowers.
- Andrews, P; Simons, E (1977). "A new Arican Miocene gibbon-like genus, Dendropithecus (Hominoidea, Primates) with distinctive postcranial adaptations: its significance to origin of Hylobatidae". Folia Primatologica. 28 (3): 161–169. doi:10.1159/000155807. PMID 914128.
- Palmer, D., ed. (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 291. ISBN 1-84028-152-9.