Hyla microcephala Cope, 1886
Dendropsophus microcephalus is a species of frog in the family Hylidae. It is found in southeastern Mexico (southern Veracruz and northern Oaxaca), Central America (Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama), and northern South America in Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, the Guianas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana ), and northern Brazil. This widespread species might actually be a species complex. Its common names include yellow treefrog, small-headed treefrog, and yellow cricket treefrog.
Males grow to about 25 mm (0.98 in) and females 31 mm (1.2 in) in snout–vent length. It is dorsally smooth and pale to bright yellow with two fairly distinct light brown lines that run in parallel down the length of the body. Upper surfaces of the thighs have dark markings. Ventrally it is pale cream or white, possibly with more yellowish throat. The iris is bronze.
Habitat and conservation
Dendropsophus microcephalus inhabits savanna and forest edge species, often in association with wetlands. It also occurs in disturbed or altered habitats at foothills and low elevations in secondary forests and pasture grasslands or cut-over forests. It can also be found in marshy areas outside or adjacent to forest, including temporarily open areas. Breeding takes place in temporary and permanent pools. It is nocturnal. It altitudinal range is 0–1,300 m (0–4,265 ft)  (to 1,800 m in Colombia) above sea level.
Dendropsophus microcephalus is a very abundant species throughout its range. There are no significant threats to this species that also occurs in many protected areas.
- Bolaños, F.; Santos-Barrera, G.; Solís, F.; Ibáñez, R.; Wilson, L.D.; Savage, J.; Lee, J.; Trefaut Rodrigues, M.; Caramaschi, U; Mijares, A. & Hardy, J. (2008). "Dendropsophus microcephalus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T55558A11318242. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- "Dendropsophus microcephalus". Amphibians of Panama. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- Acosta Galvis, A. R. & D. Cuentas (2016). "Dendropsophus microcephalus (Cope, 1886)". Lista de los Anfibios de Colombia V.05.2015. www.batrachia.com. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2016). "Dendropsophus microcephalus (Cope, 1886)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
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