Dendrosenecio kilimanjari

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dendrosenecio kilimanjari
Senecio kilimanjari Barranco.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Dendrosenecio
Species:
D. kilimanjari
Binomial name
Dendrosenecio kilimanjari
Synonyms

Senecio kilimanjari Mildbr.
Sources:[1][2]

Dendrosenecio kilimanjari is a giant groundsel found atop Mount Kilimanjaro in Africa. It was originally known as Senecio kilimanjari, but a recent botanical reclassification split off some species formerly in Senecio, putting it and various other species in the new genus Dendrosenecio. Both genera are in the family Asteraceae. The giant grounsels of the genus Dendrosenecio evolved, about a million years ago, from a Senecio that established itself on Mount Kilimanjaro, with those that survived adapting into Dendrosenecio kilimanjari. This later colonised other mountains by some means - the standard distance for wind dispersal of seeds is a few metres - and these isolated populations adapted in ways different from the parent population, creating new species.[3]

Infraspecific name synonymy[edit]

The names for the giant groundsels have become somewhat confusing:

  • Dendrosenecio kilimanjari (Mildbr.) E.B.Knox subsp. cottonii (Hutch. & G.Taylor) E.B.Knox
    • Dendrosenecio johnstonii (Oliv.) B.Nord. subsp. cottonii (Hutch. & G.Taylor) B.Nord.
    • Senecio cottonii Hutch. & G.Taylor
    • Senecio johnstonii Oliv. subsp. cottonii (Hutch. & G.Taylor) Mabb.
    • Senecio johnstonii Oliv. var. cottonii (Hutch. & G.Taylor) C.Jeffrey[4]
  • Dendrosenecio kilimanjari (Mildbr.) E.B.Knox subsp. kilimanjari
A large Dendrosenecio kilimanjari, near Barranco Camp, Kilimanjaro National Park, Tanzania

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Senecio kilimanjari record n° 98706". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-05-04.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Dendrosenecio kilimanjari record n° 177712". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-05-14.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ Knox, Eric B. (2004). "Adaptive radiation of African montane plants". In Ulf Dieckmann; Michael Doebeli; Diethard Tautz; Johan A. J. Metz. Adaptive Speciation. Cambridge University Press. p. 476. ISBN 0-521-82842-2. Retrieved 2008-03-29.
  4. ^ "Dendrosenecio kilimanjari (Mildbr.) E.B.Knox subsp. cottonii (Hutch. & G.Taylor) E.B.Knox record n° 105270". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-05-13.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ "Dendrosenecio kilimanjari (Mildbr.) E.B.Knox subsp. kilimanjari (Hutch. & G.Taylor) E.B.Knox record n° 105271". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-05-13.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]