- For the place with the same name in Quebec, Canada, see: Denholm, Quebec.
Leyden's monument on the Green, Denholm
|Denholm shown within the Scottish Borders|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Dialling code||01450 870|
Denholm is a small village located between Jedburgh and Hawick in the Scottish Borders region of Scotland, UK. The estimated population of Denholm is 600. It lies in the valley of the River Teviot. Denholm is a Conservation Area listed as 'a planned village as opposed to the traditional unplanned or organic form of village usually found in Roxburghshire.'
The village of Denholm is situated in Teviotdale, about halfway between the towns of Hawick and Jedburgh. It lies in gentle rolling countryside between Rubers Law and the Minto Hills, volcanic outcrops which thrust up through the underlying Old Red Sandstone.
The original settlement of 'Denum' was sited 'at the valleys' where the broad valley of the River Teviot meets the narrow glen of the Dean Burn. The early hamlet was plundered and burnt during English raids of the 16th century. The village we see today dates from the 17th century when it was laid out around the Green.
The population of the village is 653 (in 2011).
The village is built around the Green, which in days gone by was let for grazing to the butchers or smallholders. In the middle of the Green stands Leyden's Monument, which was erected in 1861 in honour of Dr John Leyden (1775–1811), poet, antiquarian and orientalist, who was born in Denholm. The monument was designed by the architect Hector H. Orrock, and sculpted by Alexander Handyside Ritchie. The Green has always been at the heart of village life. Weekly and half-weekly fairs used to be held here. Part of the base of an old mercat cross can still be seen inside the railings surrounding the monument. The cross itself was removed and the base hollowed out sometime in the 19th century to make a water trough for cattle. Westgate Hall built in 1663 stands at the western approaches to the village.
In Main Street, stands The Text House, a category B listed building, erected about 1910 by John Haddon (1845 - 1924), a medical doctor and author of published works on public sanitation and dietetics. The 3-storey house is in the arts and craft style. One of the texts on the front elevation is a reminder to take care with time before it passes, "TAK TENT IN TIME ~ ERE TIME BE TINT", the other text reminds the occupier that there were and will be others living in the house, "ALL WAS OTHERS ~ ALL WILL BE OTHERS".
Council pre-fabs were put up in the Ashloaning at the end of the war followed by the "Crudens semis" and the "Orlits". During the 1950s, six more semi-detached houses were built in The Loaning and ten in Murray Place. All through the 1950s the public water supply was inadequate for the post-war village, but in 1963 a proper supply was finally piped in from Alemoor Loch above Roberton. The way was now open for more housing development. Like most villages, Denholm is expanding, and many new houses have been built in the past few years. Denholm Mill and Denholm Hall Farm have both been developed for housing, but the centre of the village around the Green is a conservation area.
Famous sons of Denholm
- Ainslie Henderson Singer/songwriter
- James Duncan (entomologist)
- John Leyden Orientalist
- James Murray (lexicographer) 1837–1915, Philologist, primary editor of the Oxford English Dictionary from 1879 until his death
- John Scott (botanist), 1836–1860
- William Johnstone (artist), 1897–1981
- "Comparative Population Profile: Denholm Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. Archived from the original on 2011-05-19. Retrieved 2008-09-01.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-09-16. Retrieved 2010-01-31.
- Census of Scotland 2011, Table KS101SC – Usually Resident Population, publ. by National Records of Scotland. Web site http://www.scotlandscensus.gov.uk/ retrieved Oct 2016. See “Standard Outputs”, Table KS101SC, Area type: Settlement
- "Leyden Monument, Listed Building Report". Historic Scotland.
- An inventory of the ancient and historical monuments of Roxburghshire, publ. by Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1956; p.100, no.132
- Dr John Haddon & The Text House
- New Statistical Account of Scotland, Vol III Roxburgh, Peebles, Selkirk, publ.William Blackwood, 1845 pp. 425-439
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Denholm.|
- RCAHMS/Canmore record for Denholm, Westside Mill
- RCAHMS record for Denholm, Teviot Bridge
- SCRAN image of Former Corn Mill, Denholm
- Village website
- Four Denholm Scholars
- Border Bogie Challenge
- John Ramsay's The story of Denholm in my boyhood days (1900)
- Inauguration of the Leyden Monument, 19 October 1861