Denis Dodart

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Denis Dodart
Denis Dodart 1634-1707.jpg
Born 1634
Paris, (France)
Died 5 November 1707
Paris, (France)
Nationality French
Fields naturalist
Institutions Académie royale des Sciences
Alma mater Faculté de Médecine de Paris
Known for botany, médecine
Author abbrev. (botany) Dod.

Denis Dodart was a French physician, naturalist and botanist, who was born in 1634 in Paris and died on 5 November 1707 in the same city.[1]

Biography[edit]

Childhood and humanist education[edit]

Denis Dodart was born in 1634 in a Parisian middle class family that belonged to the bourgoisie. He was a son of Jean Dodart, notary public with a passion for literature, and Marie Dubois, daughter of a lawyer at the Parlement of Paris. He was interested in art and science since young age. He was taugh latin, greek, music, and drawing. Fontenelle mentioned in his Éloge of Monsieur Dodart the library of the Dodart family.[2]

He studied at the University of Paris and gained his Doctorate of Medicine on 13 October 1660. Denis Dodart was noticed for his erudiction, his good eloquency, being open minded. He is described by Guy Patin, dean of the University in a private letter : "Ce jourd'hui [sic] 5 Juillet (1660) nous avons fait la Licence de nos vieux Bacheliers, ils sont 7 en nombre, dont celui qui est le plus fécond, nommé Dodart, âgé de 25 ans, est un des plus sage & des plus fçavans [sic] hommes homme de ce Siècle Ce jeune homme est un prodige de sagesse 6 de science monstrum sin vitio, comme disait Adr. Turnebus de Josepho Scaligero." He adds in another letter "Notre Licentié [sic] qui est si fçavant, s'appelle Dodart. il est le fils d'un Bourgeois de Paris, fort honnête homme. C'est un grand garçon, fort sage, fort modeste, qui sait Hipocrate, Galien, Aristote, Ciceron, Sénèque, & Fernel par coeur. C'est un garçon incomparable, qui n'a pas 26 ans, car la Faculté lui fit grace au premier Examen de quelaues mois qui lui manquait pour son âge, sur la bonne opinion qu'on avait de lui dés auparavant." [3] In 1666 he gained the Doctor of Pharmacy title.

Physcian of Conti family and Port-Royal[edit]

He was elected to the French Academy of Sciences in 1673. In botany he is notable for his early studies of plant respiration and growth. He collaborated with the French engraver Nicolas Robert in several illustrated works including Estampes de Plantes and Mémoires pour servir á l'Histoire des Plantes.

His father Jean Dodart was a Parisian notary and his mother Marie Dubois was the daughter of a lawyer. Suspicion that his parents, like many from the legal professions, had been supporters of the Fronde uprising nearly derailed his election to the Academy of Sciences.[4]

Eponymy[edit]

The nettle species Urtica dodartii was named after him by Linnaeus but this is now considered a variety of Urtica pilulifera, the Roman nettle (U. pilulifera L. var. dodartii (L.) Aschers.).

See also[edit]

Major works[edit]

  • 1676. Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des plantes". Paris, Imprimerie Royale.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peumery (2000). "Les Dodart - père et fils - médecins de roi" (PDF). Histoire des Sciences Médicales. XXXIV. 
  2. ^ Fontenelle, Bernard le Bovier de (1758). Éloge de M. Dodart. Paris: B. Brunet, imprimeur-libraire de l'Académie Française. pp. 190–209. 
  3. ^ Patin, Guy (1692). Lettres choisies de feu Mr Guy Patin,... dans lesquelles sont contenuës plusieurs particularités historiques sur la vie et la mort des sçavans de ce siècle, sur leurs écrits,... augmentées de plus de 300 lettres dans cette dernière édition... :. Paris: J. Petit. 
  4. ^ Sturdy, David J. (1995). Science and Social Status: The Members of the Academie Des Sciences 1666–1750. Boydell & Brewer. p. 461. ISBN 0-85115-395-X. 
  5. ^ IPNI.  Dod. 

External links[edit]