Denis Jean Achille Luchaire
Luchaire was born in Paris. In 1879 he became a professor at Bordeaux and in 1889 professor of mediaeval history at the Sorbonne; in 1895 he became a member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques, where he obtained the Jean Reynaud prize just before his death.
The most important of Achille Luchaire's earlier works is his Histoire des institutions monarchiques de la France sous les premiers Capétiens (1883 and again 1891); he also wrote:
- Manuel des institutions françaises: période des Capétiens directs (1892)
- Louis VI le Gros, annales de sa vie et de son règne (1890)
- Étude sur les actes de Louis VII (1885).
His later writings deal mainly with the history of the papacy, and took the form of an elaborate work on Pope Innocent III. This is divided into six parts:
- Rome et Italie (1904)
- La Croisade des Albigeois (1905)
- La Papauté et l'Empire (1905)
- La Question d'Orient (1906)
- Les Royautés vassales du Saint-Siège (1908)
- Le Concile de Latran et la réforme de l'Église (1908)
Professor Achilie Luchaire expressed the opinion that "the clerics of the Middle Ages showed almost as much cruelty to the peasants and burghers as did the men of the sword."
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Luchaire, Denis Jean Achille". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 98–99.
- J. W. Thompson, An Economic and Social History of the Middle Ages p.680